New York's 12th Congressional District elections, 2012

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New York's 12th Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
June 26, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Carolyn Maloney Democratic Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Nydia Velazquez Democratic Party
Nydia Velazquez.jpg

New York U.S. House Elections
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2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of New York.png
The 12th congressional district of New York held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.

Carolyn Maloney was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[1]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
April 16, 2012
June 26, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: New York has a closed primary system, meaning only registered members of a particular party may vote in that party's primary.

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by June 1. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 12, or October 26 in person.[2]

See also: New York elections, 2012

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent is Nydia Velazquez (D), who was first elected to the House in 1992. Due to redistricting, Valazquez will run for the 7th district; 14th District incumbent Carolyn Maloney will run in the new 12th.

This will be the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. New York's 12th Congressional District is located in the southeastern portion of the state and includes parts of New York City.[3]

Fusion voting

New York is one of eight states that have "electoral fusion" -- which allows more than one political party to support a common candidate. This creates a situation where one candidate will appear multiple times on the same ballot, for the same position. Electoral fusion was once widespread across the United States, but is now commonly practiced only in New York.

Opponents of fusion voting argue that the process results in dealmarking to ensure that patronage is rampant.[4] Proponents maintain that fusion voting allows for minor parties to actually make a difference during the election, allowing voters the opportunity to vote for a minority party platform but still affect the general election result.[5]

Candidates appearing in the general election will be listed below with colored dots corresponding to any party they will represent on the ballot.


Candidates

Note: Election results were added on election night as races were called. Vote totals were added after official election results had been certified. For more information about Ballotpedia's election coverage plan, click here. If you find any errors in this list, please email: Geoff Pallay.

General election candidates

Democratic Party Working Families Party Carolyn Maloney Green check mark transparent.png
Republican Party Conservative Party Independence Party of America Christopher Wight


June 26, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

Conservative Party Conservative candidate

Working Families Party Working Families candidate

Independence Party of America Independence candidate

Map of the 12th congressional district of New York before and after the 2010 redistricting. Click on the link for an interactive map of the congressional districts in New York. For an interactive map of the districts prior to the 2010 Census, click here.

Election Results

General Election

U.S. House, New York District 12 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngCarolyn Maloney Incumbent 72.1% 193,455
     Republican Christopher Wight 17.4% 46,692
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 10.5% 28,140
Total Votes 268,287
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in New York

Following the results of the 2010 Census, New York lost two congressional seats, bringing its total number of representatives down from 29 to 27. A new map has yet to be finalized. According to a report in the Washington Post political blog "The Fix," New York is one of the top 10 redistricting battles in the nation.[7]

The 12th district was re-drawn after the 2010 Census. The new district is composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.[8][9]

Registration statistics

As of October 29, 2012, District 12 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the New York State Board of Elections:

New York Congressional District 12[10]
Congressional District District Total Democrats Republicans Other & Unaffiliated Advantage Party Advantage Change in Advantage from 2010
District 12 381,541 231,458 55,575 94,508 Democratic 316.48% -444.58%
"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. New York's 12th District became more Democratic because of redistricting.[11]

  • 2012: 77D / 23R
  • 2010: 75D / 25R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measures each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. New York's 12th Congressional District has a PVI of D+28, which is the 21st most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by Barack Obama (D), 81-19 percent over John McCain (R). In 2004, John Kerry (D) won the district 77-23 percent over George W. Bush (R).[12]

District history

2010

This is the 12th congressional district prior to the 2011 redistricting.

On November 2, 2010, Nydia Velazquez was re-elected to the United States House for a tenth term. She defeated Alice Gaffney (Conservative).[13]

United States House, New York General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngNydia Velazquez Incumbent 79.1% 68,624
     Blank/Scattering 15.7% 13,647
     Conservative Alice Gaffney 5.2% 4,482
Total Votes 86,753

See also

References