New York's 18th Congressional District elections, 2012

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New York's 18th Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
June 26, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Sean Maloney Democratic Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Nita Lowey Democratic Party
Nita Lowey.jpeg

New York U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8District 9District 10District 11District 12District 13District 14District 15District 16District 17District 18District 19District 20District 21District 22District 23District 24District 25District 26District 27

2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of New York.png
The 18th congressional district of New York held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.

Sean Maloney was elected on November 6, 2012.[1]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
April 16, 2012
June 26, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: New York has a closed primary system, meaning only registered members of a particular party may vote in that party's primary.

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by June 1. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 12, or October 26 in person.[2]

See also: New York elections, 2012

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent is Nita Lowey (D), who was first elected to the House in 1988. Due to redistricting, Lowey is running in the redrawn 17th district, and 19th district incumbent Nan Hayworth is running in the new 18th.

This will be the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. New York's 18th congressional district is located in the southeastern portion of the state and includes Orange and Putnam counties and parts of Westchester and Putnam counties..[3]

Fusion voting

New York is one of eight states that have "electoral fusion" -- which allows more than one political party to support a common candidate. This creates a situation where one candidate will appear multiple times on the same ballot, for the same position. Electoral fusion was once widespread across the United States, but is now commonly practiced only in New York.

Opponents of fusion voting argue that the process results in dealmarking to ensure that patronage is rampant.[4] Proponents maintain that fusion voting allows for minor parties to actually make a difference during the election, allowing voters the opportunity to vote for a minority party platform but still affect the general election result.[5]

Candidates appearing in the general election will be listed below with colored dots corresponding to any party they will represent on the ballot.

Candidates

Note: Election results were added on election night as races were called. Vote totals were added after official election results had been certified. For more information about Ballotpedia's election coverage plan, click here. If you find any errors in this list, please email: Geoff Pallay.

General election candidates

Democratic Party Working Families PartySean Maloney Green check mark transparent.png
Republican Party Conservative Party Nan Hayworth


June 26, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

Conservative Party Conservative Primary

Working Families Party Working Families Primary

Independence Party of America Independence candidate



Race background

General election

Competitiveness

New York's 18th is considered to be Leaning Republican according to the New York Times race ratings. Republican incumbent Nan Hayworth is challenged by Sean Maloney (D). Democrats have made her a top target in this year's election. [15]

Using the Federal Election Commission's October Quarterly campaign finance filings, the Brennan Center for Justice at The New York University School of Law published a report on October 22nd focusing on the 25 House races rated most competitive by The Cook Political Report, including the race for New York's 18th. The report examines the relative spending presence of non-candidate groups, candidates, and small donors in these races - "which will likely determine which party will control the House." [16]

Incumbent Nan Hayworth has raised more money in the NY House election than her opponent, a trend shared by 13 other Republicans in contested House races in 2012. She has raised $2.2 million through June 30th, more than double the $738,382 she raised two years ago at this time. She has $1.5 million in the bank, compared to $775,000 four years ago. Her opponent, Sean Maloney in comparison has $264,364 in the bank and raised $675,771 through June 30th. Timothy Persico, Maloney’s campaign manager, alleges Hayworth is raising her money through special interests-“PACS and corporate lobbyists have sent over a million dollars to Congresswoman Hayworth because she’s worth every penny.”[18]

New York's 18th District has been included in the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's "Red to Blue List," which identifies districts that the organization has specifically targeted to flip from Republican to Democratic control.[19]

Incumbent Nan Hayworth is a part of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program, a program to help House Republicans stay on offense and increase their majority in 2012.[20]

Democratic primary

Map of the 18th congressional district of New York before and after the 2010 redistricting. Click on the link for an interactive map of the congressional districts in New York. For an interactive map of the districts prior to the 2010 Census, click here.

A field of five Democrats sought their party's nod in the June 26 primary.

According to The New York Times, cardiologist and Cortlandt town council member[21] Rich Becker and former Bill Clinton aide Sean Maloney were the frontrunners. The Times endorsed Becker, based on the paper's concerns about Maloney's handling of an investigation of Eliot Spitzer.[22] Maloney, unsurprisingly, gained the endorsement of his former boss, Bill Clinton,[22] along with the nod from major unions in the state, including the New York State United Teachers, the state AFL-CIO, and some large SEIU locals.[23]

Wrappinger Falls Mayor Matt Alexander,[24] Tuxedo Park Mayor Tom Wilson,[25] and local hero Duane Jackson also ran.[23] Jackson, a street vendor, thwarted a bomb attempt in Times Square.[23]

Maloney stressed his endorsements, as well as his fundraising advantage over the rest of the Democratic candidates -- the funding, he says, will be necessary to unseat Hayworth in the general. Alexander, on the other hand, said that money will pour in to whoever opposes Hayworth.[9]

Independence Ticket

Hayworth has been removed from the Independence ticket by the state appeals court, upholding a ruling by the state Supreme Court that only the names on her petition that were signed were valid. The names printed on the petition were not counted and as a result, Hayworth did not have enough signatures to remain on the Independence ticket. In 2010, she received 5,400 Independence votes. The loss of the Independence votes in the 2012 election is expected to tighten the race.[26]

Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in New York

Following the results of the 2010 Census, New York lost two congressional seats, bringing its total number of representatives down from 29 to 27.

Under the new map, the district is less strongly Democratic.[27]

According to a report in the Washington Post political blog "The Fix," New York is home one of the top 10 redistricting battles in the nation.[28]

The 18th district was re-drawn after the 2010 Census. The new district is composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.[29][30]

Registration statistics

As of October 29, 2012, District 18 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the New York State Board of Elections:

New York Congressional District 18[31]
Congressional District District Total Democrats Republicans Other & Unaffiliated Advantage Party Advantage Change in Advantage from 2010
District 18 398,487 139,614 134,224 124,649 Democratic 4.02% -74.31%
"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. New York's 18th District became more balanced because of redistricting.[32]

  • 2012: 49D / 51R
  • 2010: 48D / 52R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measures each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. New York's 18th congressional district has a PVI of R+2, which is the 215th most Republican district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by Barack Obama (D), 52-48 percent over John McCain (R). In 2004, George W. Bush (R) won the district 54-46 percent over John Kerry (D).[33]

District history

This is the 18th congressional district prior to the 2011 redistricting.

2010

On November 2, 2010, Nita Lowey was re-elected to the United States House for a twelfth term. She defeated Jim Russell (R who also ran on the Conservative Party ticket).[34]

U.S. House, New York Congressional District 18 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngNita M. Lowey Incumbent 61.7% 115,619
     Republican Jim Russell 33% 61,845
     Blank/Scattering 5.3% 9,900
Total Votes 187,364

See also

References

  1. York ABC News "2012 General Election Results"
  2. New York State Board of Elections "Voting Deadline Page," Accessed June 30, 2012
  3. New York Redistricting Map "Map" Accessed September 25, 2012
  4. Electoral fusion ruins elections
  5. Working Family Party: Fusion voting
  6. PolitickerNY "Democrat emerges to take on Nan Hayworth," accessed December 23, 2011
  7. PolitickerNY "Hayworth opponent officially declares campaign," November 10, 2011
  8. Tom Wilson campaign site "Wilson announces campaign for New York's 19th Congressional District," January 17, 2012
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 New York Board of Elections "Filings for June 26, 2012 Federal Primary," April 17, 2012
  10. New York Board of Elections "Filings for June 26, 2012 Federal Primary," April 18, 2012
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 New York Board of Elections "List of Filings for June 26, 2012 Federal Primary," accessed May 30, 2012
  12. New York Elections "2012 Candidate List" accessed October 17, 2012
  13. New York Elections "2012 Candidate List" accessed October 17, 2012
  14. Record Online "Court says Rep. Hayworth can't run on Independence Party line" accessed August 21, 2012
  15. New York Times "House Race Ratings," Accessed August 10, 2012
  16. Brennan Center for Justice, "Election Spending 2012: 25 Toss-Up House Races," October 22, 2012
  17. The Cook Political Report, "House: Race Ratings", updated October 18, 2012
  18. “Republicans Outraising Democratic Rivals In House Races” Bloomberg.com Accessed August 2, 2012.
  19. DCCC, "Red to Blue 2012"
  20. NRCC "Patriot Program 2012"
  21. Somers Daily Voice "New York Times Endorses Becker In Democratic Primary," June 19, 2012
  22. 22.0 22.1 New York Times "Primary Day Is June 26," June 15, 2012
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Policker "Sean Patrick Maloney Rolling Up Labor Support," June 8, 2012
  24. PolitickerNY "Hayworth opponent officially declares campaign," November 10, 2011
  25. Tom Wilson campaign site "Wilson announces campaign for New York's 19th congressional district," January 17, 2012
  26. Record Online "Court says Rep. Hayworth can't run on Independence Party line" Accessed August 21, 2012
  27. Politico "Incumbents at risk in final N.Y. map," March 19, 2012
  28. Washington Post, "The Fix," "Redistricting battles hit a fever pitch," June 3, 2011
  29. Moonshadow Mobile's CensusViewer "New York's congressional districts 2001-2011 comparison"
  30. Labels & Lists "VoterMapping software voter counts"
  31. New York State Board of Elections, "District Active Enrollment 2012," April, 2012
  32. "2011 Redistricting and 2012 Elections in New York," September 2012
  33. Cook Political Report "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" Accessed October 2012
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"