Difference between revisions of "New York's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012"

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{{nydis4congtoc}}{{tnr}}The [[New York's 4th congressional district|4th congressional district of New York]] held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.
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{{nydis4congtoc}}{{tnr}}The [[New York's 4th Congressional District|4th Congressional District of New York]] held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.
 
[[Carolyn McCarthy]] was re-elected on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/Elections/New York ''ABC News'' "2012 General Election Results"]</ref>
 
[[Carolyn McCarthy]] was re-elected on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/Elections/New York ''ABC News'' "2012 General Election Results"]</ref>
 
{{Congintro2012
 
{{Congintro2012
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|Primary date=June 26, 2012
 
|Primary date=June 26, 2012
 
|Primary=New York had a [[Closed primary|closed primary]] system, meaning only registered members of a particular party could vote in that party's primary.
 
|Primary=New York had a [[Closed primary|closed primary]] system, meaning only registered members of a particular party could vote in that party's primary.
|Voter registration=Voters had to register to [[Voting in the 2012 primary elections|vote in the primary]] by June 1. For the [[Voting in the 2012 general elections|general election]], the voter registration deadline was October 12, or October 26 in person.<ref>[http://www.elections.ny.gov/VotingDeadlines.html ''New York State Board of Elections'' "Voting Deadline Page," Accessed June 30, 2012]</ref>
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|Voter registration=Voters had to register to [[Voting in the 2012 primary elections|vote in the primary]] by June 1, 2012. For the [[Voting in the 2012 general elections|general election]], the voter registration deadline was October 12, 2012, or October 26, 2012 in person.<ref>[http://www.elections.ny.gov/VotingDeadlines.html ''New York State Board of Elections'' "Voting Deadline Page," Accessed June 30, 2012]</ref>
 
|State=New York
 
|State=New York
 
|Incumbent=The incumbent was [[Carolyn McCarthy]] (D), who was first elected to the House in 1996. }}
 
|Incumbent=The incumbent was [[Carolyn McCarthy]] (D), who was first elected to the House in 1996. }}
  
This was the first election using [[Congressional redistricting maps implemented after the 2010 Census|new district maps based on 2010 Census data]]. [[New York's 4th congressional district]] was located in the eastern portion of the [[New York|state]] and included Nassau county.<ref>[http://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php/File:New_York_Congress_Map_2012.jpg ''New York Redistricting Map'' "Map" Accessed August 31, 2012]</ref>
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This was the first election using [[Congressional redistricting maps implemented after the 2010 Census|new district maps based on 2010 Census data]]. [[New York's 4th Congressional District]] was located in the eastern portion of the [[New York|state]] and included Nassau county.<ref>[http://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php/File:New_York_Congress_Map_2012.jpg ''New York Redistricting Map'' "Map" Accessed August 31, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Fusion voting==
 
==Fusion voting==
New York was one of eight states that had "electoral fusion" -- which allowed more than one political party to support a common candidate. This created a situation where one candidate appeared multiple times on the same ballot, for the same position. Electoral fusion was once widespread across the United States, but as of 2012, was commonly practiced only in New York.
+
{{Fusionvoting}}
 
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Opponents of fusion voting argued that the process resulted in dealmarking to ensure that patronage was rampant.<ref>[http://wnymedia.net/wnymedia/buffalopundit/2010/05/electoral-fusion-ruins-new-york-some-more/ Electoral fusion ruins elections]</ref> Proponents maintained that fusion voting allowed for minor parties to actually make a difference during the election and allowed voters the opportunity to vote for a minority party platform but still affect the general election result.<ref>[http://www.workingfamiliesparty.org/elections/fusion-the-secret-weapon/ Working Family Party: Fusion voting]</ref>
+
 
+
Candidates that appeared in the general election are listed below with colored dots corresponding to any party they represented on the ballot.
+
  
 
==Candidates==
 
==Candidates==
Line 22: Line 18:
  
 
{{nycong4cand12}}
 
{{nycong4cand12}}
 +
 +
==Election results==
 +
===General Election===
 +
{{Template:Nydis4genelecbox12}}
  
 
==Impact of redistricting==
 
==Impact of redistricting==
[[File:New York's 4th Congressional District Before and After the 2010 Census Redistricting.jpg|link=http://nycd2011.ballotpedia.censusviewer.com/client|thumb|450px|[http://nycd2011.ballotpedia.censusviewer.com/client Map of the 4th congressional district of New York] before and after the [[Redistricting in New York|2010 redistricting]]. Click on the link for an interactive map of the congressional districts in New York. For an interactive map of the districts prior to the 2010 Census, click [http://nycd2001.ballotpedia.censusviewer.com/client here].]]
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[[File:New York's 4th Congressional District Before and After the 2010 Census Redistricting.jpg|link=http://nycd2011.ballotpedia.censusviewer.com/client|thumb|450px|[http://nycd2011.ballotpedia.censusviewer.com/client Map of the 4th Congressional District of New York] before and after the [[Redistricting in New York|2010 redistricting]]. Click on the link for an interactive map of the congressional districts in New York. For an interactive map of the districts prior to the 2010 Census, click [http://nycd2001.ballotpedia.censusviewer.com/client here].]]
 
::''See also: [[Redistricting in New York]]''
 
::''See also: [[Redistricting in New York]]''
Following the results of the 2010 Census, New York lost two congressional seats, bringing its total number of representatives down from 29 to 27. Under the new map, the 4th district had become less favorable toward incumbent [[Carolyn McCarthy]].
+
Following the results of the 2010 Census, New York lost two congressional seats, bringing its total number of representatives down from 29 to 27. Under the new map, the 4th District had become less favorable toward incumbent [[Carolyn McCarthy]].
  
 
According to a report in the ''Washington Post'' political blog "The Fix," New York was one of the top 10 redistricting battles in the nation.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/post/redistricting-battles-hit-a-fever-pitch/2011/06/03/AGN7h7HH_blog.html ''Washington Post, "The Fix,"'' "Redistricting battles hit a fever pitch," June 3, 2011]</ref>
 
According to a report in the ''Washington Post'' political blog "The Fix," New York was one of the top 10 redistricting battles in the nation.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/post/redistricting-battles-hit-a-fever-pitch/2011/06/03/AGN7h7HH_blog.html ''Washington Post, "The Fix,"'' "Redistricting battles hit a fever pitch," June 3, 2011]</ref>
  
The [[New York's 4th congressional district|4th district]] was re-drawn after the 2010 Census. The new district was composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.<ref>[http://www.censusviewer.com/district-maps/2012/08/new-york-congressional-districts-comparison-2001-2011/ ''Moonshadow Mobile's CensusViewer'' "New York's congressional districts 2001-2011 comparison"]</ref><ref>[http://www.votermapping.com ''Labels & Lists'' "VoterMapping software voter counts"]</ref>
+
The [[New York's 4th Congressional District|4th District]] was re-drawn after the 2010 Census. The new district was composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.<ref>[http://www.censusviewer.com/district-maps/2012/08/new-york-congressional-districts-comparison-2001-2011/ ''Moonshadow Mobile's CensusViewer'' "New York's congressional districts 2001-2011 comparison"]</ref><ref>[http://www.votermapping.com ''Labels & Lists'' "VoterMapping software voter counts"]</ref>
*21 percent from the [[New York's 3rd congressional district|3rd congressional district]]
+
*21 percent from the [[New York's 3rd Congressional District|3rd Congressional District]]
*79 percent from the [[New York's 4th congressional district|4th congressional district]]
+
*79 percent from the [[New York's 4th Congressional District|4th Congressional District]]
  
 
===Registration statistics===
 
===Registration statistics===
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====Cook Political Report's PVI====
 
====Cook Political Report's PVI====
 
:''See also: [[Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index]]''
 
:''See also: [[Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index]]''
In 2012, ''Cook Political Report'' released its updated figures on the [[Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index|Partisan Voter Index]], which measured each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. [[New York's 4th congressional district]] had a PVI of D+3, which was the 167th most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by [[Barack Obama]] (D), 54-46 percent over [[John McCain]] (R). In 2004, [[John Kerry]] (D) won the district 54-46 percent over George W. Bush (R).<ref>[http://cookpolitical.com/application/writable/uploads/2012_PVI_by_District.pdf ''Cook Political Report'' "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" Accessed October 2012]</ref>
+
In 2012, ''Cook Political Report'' released its updated figures on the [[Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index|Partisan Voter Index]], which measured each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. [[New York's 4th Congressional District]] had a PVI of D+3, which was the 167th most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by [[Barack Obama]] (D), 54-46 percent over [[John McCain]] (R). In 2004, [[John Kerry]] (D) won the district 54-46 percent over George W. Bush (R).<ref>[http://cookpolitical.com/application/writable/uploads/2012_PVI_by_District.pdf ''Cook Political Report'' "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" Accessed October 2012]</ref>
  
 
==District history==
 
==District history==
 +
{{ballot access short}}
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
[[File:NY4.jpg|thumb|300px|This was the 4th congressional district prior to the [[Redistricting in New York|2011 redistricting]].]]
+
[[File:NY4.jpg|thumb|300px|This was the 4th Congressional District prior to the [[Redistricting in New York|2011 redistricting]].]]
 
On November 2, 2010, [[Carolyn McCarthy]] was re-elected to the [[United States House]] for an eighth term. She defeated Francis X. Becker, Jr. ([[Republican|R]]) who also ran on the [[Conservative Party]] and [[Independence Party]] tickets).<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'' "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"]</ref>  
 
On November 2, 2010, [[Carolyn McCarthy]] was re-elected to the [[United States House]] for an eighth term. She defeated Francis X. Becker, Jr. ([[Republican|R]]) who also ran on the [[Conservative Party]] and [[Independence Party]] tickets).<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'' "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"]</ref>  
  

Revision as of 09:55, 13 February 2014

2014



CongressLogo.png

New York's 4th Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
June 26, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Carolyn McCarthy Democratic Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Carolyn McCarthy Democratic Party
Carolyn McCarthy.jpeg

New York U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8District 9District 10District 11District 12District 13District 14District 15District 16District 17District 18District 19District 20District 21District 22District 23District 24District 25District 26District 27

2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of New York.png
The 4th Congressional District of New York held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.

Carolyn McCarthy was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[1]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
April 16, 2012
June 26, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: New York had a closed primary system, meaning only registered members of a particular party could vote in that party's primary.

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by June 1, 2012. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 12, 2012, or October 26, 2012 in person.[2]

See also: New York elections, 2012

Incumbent: The incumbent was Carolyn McCarthy (D), who was first elected to the House in 1996.

This was the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. New York's 4th Congressional District was located in the eastern portion of the state and included Nassau county.[3]

Fusion voting

New York is one of eight states that have "electoral fusion" -- which allows more than one political party to support a common candidate. This creates a situation where one candidate will appear multiple times on the same ballot, for the same position. Electoral fusion was once widespread across the United States, but is now commonly practiced only in New York.

Opponents of fusion voting argue that the process results in dealmarking to ensure that patronage is rampant.[4] Proponents maintain that fusion voting allows for minor parties to actually make a difference during the election, allowing voters the opportunity to vote for a minority party platform but still affect the general election result.[5]

Candidates appearing in the general election will be listed below with colored dots corresponding to any party they will represent on the ballot.


Candidates

Note: Election results were added on election night as races were called. Vote totals were added after official election results had been certified. For more information about Ballotpedia's election coverage plan, click here. If you find any errors in this list, please email: Geoff Pallay.

General election candidates

Democratic Party Working Families PartyIndependence Party of America Carolyn McCarthy Green check mark transparent.png
Republican Party Francis Becker Jr.
Conservative Party Frank Scaturro


June 26, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

Conservative Party Conservative candidate

Working Families Party Working Families candidate

Independence Party of America Independence candidate


Election results

General Election

U.S. House, New York District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngCarolyn McCarthy Incumbent 54.7% 163,955
     Republican Francis Becker Jr. 28.6% 85,693
     Conservative Frank Scaturro 5.2% 15,603
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 11.4% 34,233
Total Votes 299,484
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Impact of redistricting

Map of the 4th Congressional District of New York before and after the 2010 redistricting. Click on the link for an interactive map of the congressional districts in New York. For an interactive map of the districts prior to the 2010 Census, click here.
See also: Redistricting in New York

Following the results of the 2010 Census, New York lost two congressional seats, bringing its total number of representatives down from 29 to 27. Under the new map, the 4th District had become less favorable toward incumbent Carolyn McCarthy.

According to a report in the Washington Post political blog "The Fix," New York was one of the top 10 redistricting battles in the nation.[9]

The 4th District was re-drawn after the 2010 Census. The new district was composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.[10][11]

Registration statistics

As of October 29, 2012, District 4 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the New York State Board of Elections:

New York Congressional District 4[12]
Congressional District District Total Democrats Republicans Other & Unaffiliated Advantage Party Advantage Change in Advantage from 2010
District 4 380,041 189,627 168,191 22,223 Democratic 12.75% -10.06%
"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. New York's 4th District became more balanced because of redistricting.[13]

  • 2012: 52D / 48R
  • 2010: 55D / 45R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measured each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. New York's 4th Congressional District had a PVI of D+3, which was the 167th most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by Barack Obama (D), 54-46 percent over John McCain (R). In 2004, John Kerry (D) won the district 54-46 percent over George W. Bush (R).[14]

District history

Candidate ballot accecss
Ballot Access Requirements Final.jpg

Find detailed information on ballot access requirements in all 50 states and Washington D.C.

2010

This was the 4th Congressional District prior to the 2011 redistricting.

On November 2, 2010, Carolyn McCarthy was re-elected to the United States House for an eighth term. She defeated Francis X. Becker, Jr. (R) who also ran on the Conservative Party and Independence Party tickets).[15]

U.S. House, New York Congressional District 4 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngCarolyn McCarthy Incumbent 53.6% 94,483
     Republican Francis X. Becker, Jr. 46.4% 81,718
     Blank/Scattering 0% 52
Total Votes 176,253

See also

References