New York's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012

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New York's 7th Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
June 26, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Nydia Velazquez Democratic Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Joseph Crowley Democratic Party
Joseph Crowley.jpeg

New York U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8District 9District 10District 11District 12District 13District 14District 15District 16District 17District 18District 19District 20District 21District 22District 23District 24District 25District 26District 27

2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of New York.png
The 7th congressional district of New York held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012.

Nydia Velazquez was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[1]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
April 16, 2012
June 26, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: New York had a closed primary system, meaning only registered members of a particular party could vote in that party's primary.

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by June 1. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 12, or October 26 in person.[2]

See also: New York elections, 2012

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent was Joseph Crowley (D), who was first elected to the House in 1998. Due to redistricting, Crowley ran in the new 14th district, and 12th district incumbent Nydia Velazquez ran in the 7th.

This was the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. New York's 7th congressional district was located in the eastern portion of the state and included Kings county.[3]

Fusion voting

New York is one of eight states that have "electoral fusion" -- which allows more than one political party to support a common candidate. This creates a situation where one candidate will appear multiple times on the same ballot, for the same position. Electoral fusion was once widespread across the United States, but is now commonly practiced only in New York.

Opponents of fusion voting argued that the process resulted in dealmarking to ensure that patronage was rampant.[4] Proponents maintained that fusion voting allowed for minor parties to actually make a difference during the election,by allowing voters the opportunity to vote for a minority party platform but still affect the general election result.[5]

Candidates who appeared in the general election are listed below with colored dots corresponding to any party they represented on the ballot.


Note: Election results were added on election night as races were called. Vote totals were added after official election results had been certified. For more information about Ballotpedia's election coverage plan, click here. If you find any errors in this list, please email: Geoff Pallay.

General election candidates

Democratic PartyWorking Families Party Nydia Velazquez Green check mark transparent.png
Conservative Party James Murray

June 26, 2012 primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

  • No Republican candidates have declared an intent to run

Conservative Party Conservative candidate

Working Families Party Working Families candidate

Election Results

General Election

U.S. House, New York District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngNydia Velazquez Incumbent 79% 141,322
     Conservative James Murray 4.4% 7,811
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 16.6% 29,692
Total Votes 178,825
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Race background

Map of the 7th congressional district of New York before and after the 2010 redistricting. Click on the link for an interactive map of the congressional districts in New York. For an interactive map of the districts prior to the 2010 Census, click here.

Democratic primary

Due to Redistricting in New York, 12th district incumbent Nydia Velazquez ran in the 7th district, which included most of her former territory, and adds some of the Lower East Side.[8] Velazquez faced three primary challengers: Dan O'Connor, George Martinez, and Erik Dilan.

Dilan, a city councilman, was seen by some as the greatest challenge to Velazquez.[9] He was encouraged to run by Vito Lopez, chair of the Brooklyn Democratic Party and a member of the New York Assembly. Lopez wanted to see Velazquez defeated, as he said she has rudely slighted him.[10] In return, Velazquez commented, "I advocate for cleaner politics, and he appoints cronies as judges."[10]

Bringing up a common theme in New York politics, Dilan said Velazquez had "the worst voting record on Israel in the New York congressional delegation."[11] Velazquez, however, was endorsed by what one Democratic source called "the three top Jewish Democrats in the state": U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer, U.S. Representative Jerrold Nadler, and New York Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver.[8] Velazquez was also endorsed by President Barack Obama.[9]

Dilan responded to questions of his fundraising sources -- a significant portion come from the real estate industry, which both Dilan and Lopez influence on the city and state level -- by responding that Velazquez received even more from banks.[12]

Martinez was a member of the Occupy Wall Street movement, and frequently delivered his messages in rap form. He was involved with an initiative called "Bum Rush the Vote."[13]

O'Connor was an economist by training and works in the renewable energy industry.[14]

Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in New York

Following the results of the 2010 Census, New York lost two congressional seats, bringing its total number of representatives down from 29 to 27.

The newly redrawn 7th includes most of 12th district incumbent Nydia Velazquez's territory, along with a large chunk of the Lower East Side.[8]

According to a report in the Washington Post political blog "The Fix," New York was one of the top 10 redistricting battles in the nation.[15]

The 7th district was re-drawn after the 2010 Census. The new district was composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.[16][17]

Registration statistics

As of October 29, 2012, District 7 had the following partisan registration breakdown according to the New York State Board of Elections:

New York Congressional District 7[18]
Congressional District District Total Democrats Republicans Other & Unaffiliated Advantage Party Advantage Change in Advantage from 2010
District 7 326,120 232,330 24,980 68,810 Democratic 830.06% 299.34%
"Party advantage" is the percentage gap between the two major parties in registered voters. "Change in advantage" is the spread in difference of party advantage between 2010 and 2012 based on the congressional district number only.

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012 study

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. New York's 7th District became more Democratic because of redistricting.[19]

  • 2012: 81D / 19R
  • 2010: 83D / 17R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measured each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. New York's 7th congressional district had a PVI of D+31, which was the 14th most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by Barack Obama (D), 85-15 percent over John McCain (R). In 2004, John Kerry (D) won the district 80-20 percent over George W. Bush (R).[20]

District history

This is the 7th congressional district prior to the 2011 redistricting.


On November 2, 2010, Joseph Crowley was re-elected to the United States House for a seventh term. He defeated Kenneth A. Reynolds (R who also ran on the Conservative Party ticket), and Anthony Gronowicz (Green).[21]

U.S. House, New York Congressional District 7 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJoseph Crowley Incumbent 72.7% 71,247
     Republican Kenneth A. Reynolds 16.5% 16,145
     Blank/Scattering 9.7% 9,541
     Green 1.1% 1,038
Total Votes 97,971

See also


  1. York ABC News "2012 General Election Results"
  2. New York State Board of Elections "Voting Deadline Page," Accessed June 30, 2012
  3. New York Redistricting Map "Map" Accessed August 31, 2012
  4. Electoral fusion ruins elections
  5. Working Family Party: Fusion voting
  6. Dan O'Connor campaign website, accessed January 27, 2012
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 New York Board of Elections "List of Filings for June 26, 2012 Federal Primary," accessed May 30, 2012
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Jewish Press "Schumer, Silver, Nadler to Endorse Velázquez, Rebuffing Anti-Zionist Charges," June 3, 2012
  9. 9.0 9.1 Capital New York "Obama endorses Nydia Velazquez," June 15, 2012
  10. 10.0 10.1 New York Times "With Three Spirited Primaries, Competitive Democracy Is Breaking Out," June 18, 2012
  11. [" New York Daily News "Dilan Bashes Velazquez On Israel; She Bashes Back," May 30, 2012]
  12. Capital New York "The congressional challenger from New York real estate," June 18, 2012
  13. Salon "An Occupier Eyes Congress," June 18, 2012
  14. Dan O'Connor campaign website "Biography," Accessed June 19, 2012
  15. Washington Post, "The Fix," "Redistricting battles hit a fever pitch," June 3, 2011
  16. Moonshadow Mobile's CensusViewer "New York's congressional districts 2001-2011 comparison"
  17. Labels & Lists "VoterMapping software voter counts"
  18. New York State Board of Elections, "District Active Enrollment 2012," April, 2012
  19. "2011 Redistricting and 2012 Elections in New York," September 2012
  20. Cook Political Report "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" Accessed October 2012
  21. U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"