Nick Rahall

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Nick Rahall
Nick Rahall.jpg
U.S. House, West Virginia, District 3
In office
January 3, 1993-present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 21
PredecessorBob Wise (D)
Aide to Sen. Robert Byrd (WV)
Delegate to the Democratic National Convention
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$16.79 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 1976
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$5,766,952
Term limitsN/A
High schoolWoodrow Wilson High School, W.Va.
Bachelor'sDuke University
BirthdayMay 20, 1949
Place of birthBeckley, W.Va.
Net worth$2,776,087.50
Office website
Campaign website
Nick Joe Rahall II (b. May 20, 1949, in Beckley, West Virignia) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of West Virginia. Rahall represents the 3rd Congressional District of West Virginia. He was first elected to the House in 1976 to represent West Virginia's 4th Congressional District; when that district was eliminated in 1992, Rahall ran for the 3rd District seat and won. Rahall won re-election in 2012.

Rahall is running for re-election in 2014. He won the Democratic nomination in the primary on May 13, 2014.[1]

Prior to his election to the U.S. House, Rahall worked as a staff member in the office of the majority whip in the U.S. Senate.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Rahall is a more moderate left of center Democratic Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Democratic Party line more than his fellow members.


Upon graduating from Duke University, Rahall joined Sen. Robert Byrd's staff. After that, he went into business and launched his own political career.[3]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Rahall's academic, professional and political career:[2]

  • 1977-Present: U.S. House of Representatives
  • 1993-Present: Representative of West Virginia's 3rd Congressional District
  • 1977-1993: Representative of West Virginia's 4th Congressional District

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Rahall serves on the following committees:[4][5]


Rahall served on the following House committees:[2]

  • Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure Ranking member
    • Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation
    • Subcommittee on Economic Development, Public Buildings and Emergency Management
    • Subcommittee on Highways and Transit
    • Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines and Hazardous Materials
    • Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment


Legislative actions

113th Congress


The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Rahall's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security


Voted "Yes" Rahall voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Rahall voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Rahall voted for House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Rahall voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[11]


Farm Bill
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "No" Rahall voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[12] The bill passed included farm policy, but it did not include food stamps.[13]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[14] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[15] Rahall voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[17] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Rahall voted for HR 2775.[18]


King Amendment

Yea3.png In June 2013, the House approved an amendment to the Department of Homeland Security spending bill that would end the department's discretion policies by cutting off funding for the proposed DREAM Act, which would have temporarily halted the deportations of young immigrants if they have served in the military or are attending college. This vote overturns an executive order signed by President Obama that formalized a process for the "Dreamers" to remain in the U.S.[19][20][21]

The amendment, offered by Rep. Steve King (R) of Iowa, passed the House by a vote of 224-201 and was approved mostly along party lines. However, three Democrats supported the amendment and six Republicans opposed it, while nine members did not vote.[21]Rahall was one of the three Democratic members who voted in favor of the amendment.[20]

The amendment would effectively demand the government force out "Dreamers" who came to the U.S. as children.[21] It contrasts with comprehensive immigration reform efforts, including proposed DREAM Act style legislation, and would resume the deportation of hundreds of thousands of immigrants brought illegally to the United States as children.[22] The amendment was the first immigration-related vote in either chamber of Congress in 2013, and it blocks many of the provisions that are mirrored in the Senate’s Gang of Eight bill.[23][21]


Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "No" Rahall voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[24]

Social issues

House vote on abortion ban

Yea3.png On June 18, 2013, the House voted 228-196 on HR1797, mostly along party lines, to approve a ban on abortions occurring after 20 weeks of pregnancy.[25][26][27] A number of members crossed over party lines in their votes. The vote was largely symbolic, as the Senate was not expected to take up the bill, and the White House threatened to veto the legislation.[28] Rahall was one of six Democratic members who voted in favor of the ban.

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Rahall voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[29]

Power plant regulations

As the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prepared to release new power plant CO2 regulations in September 2013, Rahall faced pressure from his 2014 opponent, Evan Jenkins. In July 2013, Rahall appeared at an EPA ceremony to rename the organization's headquarters. He insisted that his appearance was to afford him time to speak with Gina McCarthy, EPA administrator, but Jenkins claimed it was a "public show of meeting with the EPA."[30]

War on umbrellas

During a transportation news conference in September 2013, Rahall mistook an umbrella for a lump of coal. The National Republican Congressional Committee released a press release that stated the following:

"The chief economic staple of West Virginia is coal. But Congressman Nick Rahall has been in Washington so long he seems to have forgotten what coal looks like."[30]


A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members.[31] According to the report, Rahall helped secure $20 million toward a parking garage with a bus and taxi facility in downtown Beckley. The project is about a half-mile from his son's home, less than one mile from a commercial property owned by the lawmaker, and a little more than a mile from his residence.[32]

Campaign themes


Rahall’s website highlights the following campaign themes:[33]


Protecting coal miners, their jobs, their families and their safety has always been a top priority for me and will continue to be. I will continue to oppose the President and EPA when they propose laws and regulations that will hurt West Virginia and cost us coal industry jobs. And, I will continue my longtime fight to promote mine safety and ensure that retired miners receive the full pension and benefits they were promised.


I will continue my fight to create new, high-paying jobs and preserve the ones we have. As the ranking Member on the Transportation Committee, I will keep pushing to bring needed highway and interstate improvements, along with the jobs they create, to our state. We will keep working to improve the job creation environment for small businesses and help industry and our universities work together to bring hi-tech jobs to West Virginia, as well as doing all we can to continue to build West Virginia’s reputation as one of America’s top destinations for outdoor recreation and tourism.


My efforts to promote products “Made in America” and “Made in West Virginia” will continue. I support tax incentives for companies that create American jobs and oppose tax breaks for companies that ship our jobs overseas.


I have always believed that quality healthcare must be accessible, affordable, and available for every West Virginian. Let's fix portions of the new healthcare law that need to be corrected while ensuring that Insurance companies can no longer deny coverage based on pre-existing conditions or place arbitrary financial caps on the amount of coverage patients can receive. And, as I voted to do, let's allow patients to be able to keep their existing plans.


Nothing is more important than our nation’s commitment to seniors. Social Security and Medicare benefits have been earned. They are not give-away programs. I will continue to steadfastly oppose anyone in Congress who tries to raise the retirement age, slash Social Security benefits, phase out Medicare or turn it into a voucher program that will mean higher out-of-pocket costs for seniors.


I believe in maintaining a strong military. I also believe that we must provide proper training, pay and benefits to members of the military. In addition, it is critical that we honor our long-standing commitment to our veterans. [34]

—Nick Rahall,


According to his website, Rahall's campaign platform included the following issues:[35]

  • Jobs and technological development in West Virginia
  • Energy independence



Heading into the primary, Rahall was endorsed by the West Virginia AFL-CIO's Committee on Political Education.[36]



See also: West Virginia's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014

Rahall is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent West Virginia's 3rd District. Rahall won the Democratic nomination in the primary on May 13, 2014. He defeated Richard Ojeda.[1] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Rahall is a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program.[37] The program is designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[38]

The National Republican Congressional Committee listed Rahall's seat as one of seven early targets in the 2014 congressional elections.[39] The seven targets align perfectly with the seven most Republican districts currently held by Democrats, according to FairVote's partisanship index. Rahall's district ranks as the 3rd most Republican (40% D).[40]

On April 6, 2014 on CNN's Inside Politics, John King said that Rahall was "about to retire a couple of weeks ago. And the leadership convinced him not to do that." In an interview with, Rahall called King's comments "completely false". He added, “I gave absolutely no consideration to withdrawing from this race. The Democrat Party has always intended to support me and they and the voters will do just that. I would not give up this seat, which belongs to the people, without a fight.”[41]

Democratic primary results

U.S. House, West Virginia District 3 Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngNick Rahall Incumbent 66.4% 36,844
Richard Ojeda 33.6% 18,610
Total Votes 55,454
Source: Results via Associated Press


See also: West Virginia's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012

Rahall won re-election in 2012.[42] He was unopposed in the Democratic primary. In the November 6, 2012 general election, he defeated Republican Rick Snuffer.[43][44]

U.S. House, West Virginia District 3 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngNick Rahall Incumbent 53.5% 102,519
     Republican Rick Snuffer 46.5% 88,999
Total Votes 191,518
Source: West Virginia Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Potential general election match-up
Poll Nick Rahall (D) Evan Jenkins (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Tarrance Group
March 3-5, 2014
Garin-Hart-Yang Research
April 15-16, 2014
DMF Research
April 22-27, 2014
AVERAGES 46.67% 44.33% 9% +/-5.03 401.67
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

Sabato's Crystal Ball

Kyle Kondik, Managing Editor of Larry Sabato’s Crystal Ball, has changed West Virginia's 3rd Congressional District from “Toss-Up” to “Leans Republican.” Kondik listed the following reasons for the change: the Tarrance Group poll above, the false rumor that Rahall considered retiring, "the overwhelming support voters gave to Mitt Romney in 2012" in the third district, and Rahall's inability to separate himself from Obama, who is largely unpopular in the district.[63]



House Majority PAC's December 2013 ad, "Cannot Change."

House Majority PAC's March 2014 ad, "Nick Rahall - Stick."

House Majority PAC's March 2014 ad, "Evan Jenkins - Worry."

House Majority PAC's April 2014 ad, "WV-03: Evan Jenkins - Spill."

"Rahall: Cecil 30."

House Majority PAC's April 2014 ad, "WV-03: Evan Jenkins - 'Counting'."

Nick Rahall's May 4, 2014 ad, "My Home."

House Majority PAC, "WV-03: Evan Jenkins - 'Crystal Ball'."


Americans for Prosperity's February 2014 ad, "Tell Rep. Rahall to Stop Obamacare."

American Energy Alliance's April 2014 ad, "Killing Coal."

"Evan Jenkins: Backbone."

Americans for Prosperity's April 2014 ad, "Your Plan Has Been Cancelled."

House Majority PAC

See also: House Majority PAC

House Majority PAC launched an ad buy on December 10, 2013, for Nick Rahall (D).[64] The ad ran throughout southern West Virginia for ten days and cost approximately $150,000.[64]

“Right-wing, Koch Brothers-funded groups are spending big to prop up a two-time party-switcher, but Mountaineers know Nick Rahall is a fighter for southern West Virginia,” said Andy Stone, Communications Director for House Majority PAC.[64]

House Majority PAC released another $65,000 ad buy in March 2014 defending Rahall's record on coal.[65][66]

In the ad, a man identified as retired coal miner Rick Ryan goes after the “New York billionaires” for paying for attack ads against Rahall.[65]

“Nick Rahall isn’t against coal. He saved my job and 500 others when he stopped Washington from closing the Hobet Mine...Those billionaires want you to vote for Evan Jenkins, a man the Gazette called a ‘shill’ for insurance companies,” Ryan said in the ad.[65]

The group released a third ad for Nick Rahall on March 11, 2014, "Worry."[67]

The ad featured a West Virginia coal-mining family warning "we both could get hurt" if Rahall's opponent, state Rep. Evan Jenkins, wins the race.[67] At the same time, the group paid $60,000 to put out the ad and keep another running.[67]

House Majority PAC released a $65,000 ad buy, "Spill", in April 2014 accusing Jenkins of delaying a water safety bill. The ad also ties Jenkins to the Koch bothers.[68]

“Worry” Controversy

The ad "Worry," created by House Majority PAC in support of Nick Rahall (D), claimed that Evan Jenkins (R) “vowed to repeal black lung benefits” and “supports letting insurance companies charge women more for healthcare.”[69] called the claims "bogus" explaining that, although Jenkins has promised to repeal the Affordable Care Act, doing so would not repeal the Federal Black Lung Benefits Program.[70] Jenkins supports repealing and replacing the ACA, but he has not explained how he would replace it. According to Jenkins’s website, "he is firmly opposed to any cuts to the Federal Black Lung Benefit Program."[71] Jenkins’s campaign also explained that he "would support a replacement bill that prohibits gender-based ratings when setting premiums."[70]

According to, “The fight comes down to who would better protect the expanded black lung protections that the late Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.Va., added to the Affordable Care Act.”[72]


See also: Americans for Prosperity

Americans for Prosperity launched a $30,000 radio ad attacking incumbent Nick Rahall on February 10, 2014.[73]

American Energy Alliance

The American Energy Alliance launched the TV ad, "Killing Coal", attacking Rep. Nick Rahall on April 1, 2014. The campaign is backed by a $113,000 buy.[74]

National Republican Congressional Committee

The National Republican Congressional Committee targeted Rahall with a $15,000 radio ad attacking him over Obamacare. The race has proved to be a moneymaker--the U.S. Chamber of Commerce spent almost $200,000 in ads supporting Rahall's opponent, Evan Jenkins[75]


Jenkins launched his first ad, "Evan Jenkins: Backbone," which attacks Rahall and House Majority PAC for their false claims in the "Worry" ad. After citing's argument that the claims made by Rahall and HMP are "bogus," the narrator says, "Nick Rahall, a lying politician, just like Obama."[76]


Rahall launched an ad featuring Cecil Roberts, president of the United Mine Workers Association. In the ad, Roberts “accuses 'billionaires' of 'telling lies' about Rahall.”[76]

Campaign donors


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Rahall's reports.[77]

Nick Rahall (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[78]April 15, 2013$109,681.30$142,748.79$(35,322.74)$217,107.35
July Quarterly[79]July 15, 2013$217,107.35$182,325.11$(45,026.77)$354,405.69
October Quarterly[80]October 15, 2013$354,405.69$158,529.65$(39,200.90)$473,734.44
Year-end[81]January 31, 2014$473,734$428,313$(62,168)$839,880
April Quarterly[82]April 15, 2014$839,880.26$324,255.05$(65,788.24)$1,098,347.07
Running totals

Comprehensive donor information for Rahall is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Rahall raised a total of $5,766,952 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2013.[83]

Nick Rahall's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (West Virginia, District 3) Won $1,359,430
2010 US House (West Virginia, District 3) Won $1,261,182
2008 US House (West Virginia, District 3) Won $794,933
2006 US House (West Virginia, District 3) Won $565,269
2004 US House (West Virginia, District 3) Won $539,122
2002 US House (West Virginia, District 3) Won $578,593
2000 US House (West Virginia, District 3) Won $668,423
Grand Total Raised $5,766,952


Breakdown of the source of Rahall's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Rahall won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that re-election cycle, Rahall's campaign committee raised a total of $1,359,430 and spent $1,720,828.[84]

Cost per vote

Rahall spent $16.79 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of the source of Rahall's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Rahall won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Rahall's campaign committee raised a total of $1,261,182 and spent $2,149,018.[85]


Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[86]

Rahall most often votes with:

Rahall least often votes with:

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Rahall is a "centrist Democrat," as of June 26, 2013.[87]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Rahall missed 744 of 21,630 roll call votes from January 1977 to April 2013. This amounts to 3.4%, which is worse than the median of 2.1% among current congressional representatives as of April 2013.[88]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Rahall paid his congressional staff a total of $1,134,011 in 2011. Overall, West Virginia ranks 33rd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[89]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Rahall was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Rahall's staff was given an apparent $14,500.00 in bonus money.[90]

Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Rahall's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $2,220,593 to $3,331,582. That averages to $2,776,087.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic House members in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Rahall ranked as the 117th most wealthy representative in 2012.[91]

Nick Rahall Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-47%
Average annual growth:-6%[92]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[93]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

National Journal vote ratings


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Rahall ranked 151st in the liberal rankings in 2012.[94]


See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Rahall was 1 of 2 members of congress who ranked 174th in the liberal rankings.[95]

Political positions

Voting with party


Rahall voted with the Democratic Party 93.5% of the time, which ranked 191st among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[96]


Rahall and his wife, Melinda, have three children and three grandchildren.[2]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "Nick + Rahall + West + Virginia + Congress"

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Nick Rahall News Feed

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See also

External links


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  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Biographical Directory of U.S. Congress, "Rahall," accessed June 26, 2013
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Nick Joe Rahall II," accessed November 18, 2011
  4., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 69 - Requires Threat Assessment of Pipeline Vulnerabilities to a Terrorist Attack - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2642 - Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed October 14, 2013
  13. New York Times, "House Republicans push through Farm Bill, without food stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
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  22. Fox News, "House votes to resume deporting young DREAM Act immigrants," accessed June 10, 2013
  23. Huffington Post, "Steve King's Amendment to the Immigration Bill worsens the GOP's Latino problem," accessed June 10, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
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  34. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
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  40. FairVote, "NRCC Targets Foreshadow Power of Partisanship in 2014 Elections," January 18, 2013
  41. Logan Banner, "Rahall denies he considered retirement," accessed April 8, 2014
  42. Washington Post: The Fix, "Romney and Santorum demonstrate hugely different bases of support," January 4, 2012
  43. West Virginia Metro News, "2012 Primary Results," May 8, 2012
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  66. National Journal, "Election day in FL-13; House majority PAC defends Rahall in WV-03; Crist Outraised Scott in Feb.," accessed March 11, 2014
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  92. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  93. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
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Political offices
Preceded by
Bob Wise
U.S. House of Representatives - West Virginia, 3rd District
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Ken Hechler
U.S. House of Representatives - West Virginia, 4th District
Succeeded by
District 4 eliminated