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Revision as of 15:12, 23 September 2013

North Carolina House of Representatives

Seal of North Carolina.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 9, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Thom Tillis, (R)
Majority Leader:   Edgar V. Starnes, (R)
Minority leader:   Larry Hall, (D)
Structure
Members:  120
   Democratic Party (43)
Republican Party (77)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art II, North Carolina Constitution
Salary:   $13,951/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (120 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (120 seats)
Redistricting:  North Carolina Legislature has control
The North Carolina House of Representatives is the lower house of the North Carolina General Assembly. The legislature meets at the State Capitol of Raleigh.

As of December 2014, North Carolina is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Membership

The House of Representatives consists of 120 members who serve a term of two years. Each member represents an average of 79,462 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 67,078 residents.[2] The presiding officer of the House of Representatives is the Speaker of the House. The Speaker is elected by the members from their membership for a two-year term. The Speaker’s duties include maintaining order in the House and appointing members to the House standing committees. [3]

Sessions

Section 11 of Article II of the North Carolina Constitution establishes that the North Carolina General Assembly, which the House is a part of, is to convene a new regular session every two years, and that the dates for these sessions are to be set by law. Sessions in the General Assembly of North Carolina last two years and begin on odd numbered years after elections. Sessions begin at noon on the third Wednesday after the second Monday in January.[4]

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature is projected to be in session from May 14 through July 1.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 9 through July 26.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2012-2013 legislative swession included tax reform, cutting government regulations and reshaping the state's public schools.[5]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House convened on May 16 and adjourned July 3.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in regular session from January 26 through mid June. [6] A special session dealing with redistricting began July 13 and ended July 28. The redistricting session covered more than just redistricting, with Republicans overriding five of Governor Perdue's vetoes. Some of the overturned vetoes include the Women's Right to Know Act and state regulatory overhaul. Democratic lawmakers achieved victory in sustaining the veto on the voter I.D. bill. [7]

A second special session was called for September 12 to consider constitutional amendments, including a potential ban on same-sex marriage.[7]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House was in session from May 12 to July 11. [8]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. North Carolina was given a grade of A in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[9]

Elections

2012

See also: North Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of North Carolina House of Representatives were held in North Carolina on November 6, 2012. All 120 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 29, 2012 and the primary election day was May 8, 2012.

During the 2012 election, the total contributions to the 290 House candidates was $18,937,780. The top 10 contributors were: [10]


This chamber was mentioned in a November 2012 Pew Center on the States article that addressed supermajorities at stake in the 2012 election. Supermajority generally means a party controls two-thirds of all seats. While it varies from state to state, being in this position gives a party much greater power. Going into the election, Republicans in the North Carolina House have a solid majority and are seeking a supermajority.[11]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: North Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of North Carolina's House of Representatives were held in North Carolina on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 26, 2010. The primary election day was May 4, 2010. The second primary election was held on June 22, 2010.

During the 2010 election, the total contributions to the 268 House candidates was $17,390,203. The top 10 contributors were: [12]

2008

See also: North Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of North Carolina's House of Representatives were held in North Carolina on November 4, 2008.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 29, 2008. The primary election day was May 6, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to the 233 House candidates was $14,037,756. The top 10 contributors were: [13]

2006

See also: North Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of North Carolina's State House of Representatives consisted of a primary election day on May 2, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to the 220 House candidates was $15,381,190. The top 10 contributors were: [14]

2004

See also: North Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of North Carolina's State House of Representatives consisted of a primary election day on July 20, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to the 263 House candidates was $14,234,075. The top 10 contributors were: [15]

2002

See also: North Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of North Carolina's State House of Representatives consisted of a primary election day on June 11, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to the 322 House candidates was $11,732,634. The top 10 contributors were: [16]

2000

See also: North Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of North Carolina's State House of Representatives consisted of a primary election day on May 2, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to the 265 House candidates was $12,530,685. The top 10 contributors were: [17]

Qualifications

Article 2, Section 7 of the North Carolina Constitution states: Each Representative, at the time of his election, shall be a qualified voter of the State, and shall have resided in the district for which he is chosen for one year immediately preceding his election.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, the Governor is responsible for appointing a replacement[18] [19].

When making an appointment, the Governor must make the decision off a list of recommended candidates submitted by the political party committee that last held the vacant seat[20]. The appointment must be made within seven days of receiving a list of recommended candidates[19]. The person selected to the seat serves for the remainder of the unfilled term[19].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in North Carolina

Redistricting is the responsibility of the State Legislature. The Governor does not hold veto power. North Carolina is 1 of 16 states whose maps require approval from the U.S. Department of Justice per the Voting Rights Act.

2010 census

North Carolina received its local census data on March 1, 2011, showing concentration of population and political power in cities, particularly Charlotte and Raleigh. The Republican-controlled redistricting process began proper on July 11, 2011, when Republicans released their proposed maps. Each chamber's final map passed through the General Assembly on July 27, 2011. The DOJ pre-cleared the plan on November 1, 2011, but lawsuits followed, as Democrats and community charged that Republicans had illegally packed black voters to weaken their voting power.

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of December 2014
     Democratic Party 43
     Republican Party 77
Total 120


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the North Carolina State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the North Carolina State House.PNG

District Map

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the North Carolina Legislature are paid $13,951/year. Per diem is $104/day set by statute. Legislators are allowed up to $559/month for expenses.[21]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

North Carolina legislators assume office the first day of the new General Assembly in January.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected from among its membership.[22][23]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, North Carolina House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Thom Tillis Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Paul Stam Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Edgar V. Starnes Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Michael Hager Ends.png Republican
State House Deputy Majority Whip Patricia McElraft Ends.png Republican
State House Deputy Majority Whip Jamie Boles Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader Ruth Samuelson Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Larry Hall Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Minority Leader Michael Wray Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Minority Whip W. A. Wilkins Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Minority Whip Susan C. Fisher Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Minority Whip Rosa Gill Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Minority Whip Deborah K. Ross Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Minority Whip Marvin Lucas, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, North Carolina House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Bob Steinburg Ends.png Republican 2013
2 W. A. Wilkins Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
3 Michael Speciale Ends.png Republican 2013
4 James Dixon Ends.png Republican 2011
5 Annie Mobley Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
6 Paul Tine Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
7 Bobbie Richardson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
8 Susan Martin Ends.png Republican 2013
9 Brian Brown Ends.png Republican 2013
10 John Bell Ends.png Republican 2013
11 Duane Hall Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
12 George Graham Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
13 Patricia McElraft Ends.png Republican 2007
14 George Cleveland Ends.png Republican 2005
15 Phillip Shepard Ends.png Republican 2011
16 Chris Millis Ends.png Republican 2013
17 Frank Iler Ends.png Republican 2009
18 Susi Hamilton Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
19 Ted Davis, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2012
20 Rick Catlin Ends.png Republican 2013
21 Larry Bell Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
22 William Brisson Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
23 Joe Tolson Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
24 Jean Farmer-Butterfield Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
25 Jeffrey Collins Ends.png Republican 2011
26 N. Leo Daughtry Ends.png Republican 1993
27 Michael Wray Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
28 James Langdon, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2005
29 Larry Hall Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
30 Paul Luebke Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
31 Henry Michaux, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1983
32 Nathan Baskerville Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
33 Rosa Gill Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
34 Grier Martin Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
35 Chris Malone Ends.png Republican 2013
36 Nelson Dollar Ends.png Republican 2005
37 Paul Stam Ends.png Republican 2003
38 Yvonne Lewis Holley Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
39 Darren Jackson Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
40 Marilyn Avila Ends.png Republican 2007
41 Thomas Murry Ends.png Republican 2011
42 Marvin Lucas, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
43 Elmer Floyd Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
44 Rick Glazier Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
45 John Szoka Ends.png Republican 2013
46 Ken Waddell Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
47 Charles Graham Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
48 Garland Pierce Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
49 Jim Fulghum Ends.png Republican 2013
50 Vacant
51 Michael Stone Ends.png Republican 2011
52 Jamie Boles Ends.png Republican 2009
53 David Lewis, Sr. Ends.png Republican 2003
54 Deb McManus Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
55 Mark Brody Ends.png Republican 2013
56 Verla Insko Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
57 Pricey Harrison Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
58 Alma Adams Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
59 Jon Hardister Ends.png Republican 2013
60 Marcus Brandon Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
61 John Faircloth Ends.png Republican 2011
62 John Blust Ends.png Republican 2001
63 Stephen M. Ross Ends.png Republican 2013
64 Dennis Riddell Ends.png Republican 2013
65 Bert Jones Ends.png Republican 2011
66 Ken Goodman Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
67 Justin Burr Ends.png Republican 2009
68 D. Craig Horn Ends.png Republican 2011
69 Dean Arp Ends.png Republican 2013
70 Patricia Hurley Ends.png Republican 2007
71 Evelyn Terry Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
72 Edward Hanes, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
73 Mark W. Hollo Ends.png Republican 2011
74 Debra Conrad Ends.png Republican 2013
75 Donny C. Lambeth Ends.png Republican 2013
76 Carl Ford Ends.png Republican 2013
77 Harry Warren Ends.png Republican 2011
78 Allen Ray McNeill Ends.png Republican 2013
79 Julia Howard Ends.png Republican 1989
80 Roger Younts Ends.png Republican 2013
81 Rayne Brown Ends.png Republican 2011
82 Larry G. Pittman Ends.png Republican 2011
83 Linda Johnson Ends.png Republican 2001
84 Rena W. Turner Ends.png Republican 2013
85 Josh Dobson Ends.png Republican 2013
86 Hugh Blackwell Ends.png Republican 2009
87 Edgar V. Starnes Ends.png Republican 1997
88 Rob Bryan Ends.png Republican 2013
89 Mitchell Setzer Ends.png Republican 1999
90 Sarah Stevens Ends.png Republican 2009
91 Bryan Holloway Ends.png Republican 2005
92 Charles Jeter Ends.png Republican 2013
93 Jonathan Jordan Ends.png Republican 2011
94 Jeffrey Elmore Ends.png Republican 2013
95 C. Robert Brawley Ends.png Republican 2013
96 Andy Wells Ends.png Republican 2013
97 Jason Saine Ends.png Republican 2011
98 Thom Tillis Ends.png Republican 2007
99 Rodney Moore Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
100 Tricia Cotham Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
101 Beverly Earle Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
102 Becky Carney Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
103 William Brawley Ends.png Republican 2011
104 Ruth Samuelson Ends.png Republican 2007
105 Jacqueline Schaffer Ends.png Republican 2013
106 Carla Cunningham Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
107 Kelly Alexander, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
108 John Torbett Ends.png Republican 2011
109 Dana Bumgardner Ends.png Republican 2013
110 Kelly Hastings Ends.png Republican 2011
111 Timothy K. Moore Ends.png Republican 2003
112 Michael Hager Ends.png Republican 2011
113 Chris Whitmire Ends.png Republican 2013
114 Susan Fisher Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
115 Nathan Ramsey Ends.png Republican 2013
116 Timothy Moffitt Ends.png Republican 2011
117 Charles McGrady Ends.png Republican 2011
118 Michele D. Presnell Ends.png Republican 2013
119 Joe Sam Queen Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
120 Roger West Ends.png Republican 2001

Standing committees

The North Carolina house has 19 standing committees, and an additional 12 standing subcommittees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, North Carolina’’
Partisan breakdown of the North Carolina legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the North Carolina State House of Representatives for 15 years while the Republicans were the majority for seven years. The final three years of the study depicted a shift from Democrat to Republican control in the North Carolina House with the final year being a Republican trifecta.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of North Carolina, the North Carolina State Senate and the North Carolina House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of North Carolina state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states
  3. "North Carolina General Assembly" Introduction General Assembly, February 26, 2009
  4. N.C. Gen. Stat. 120-11.1
  5. WRAL, "Ceremony marks opening of legislative session," January 9, 2013
  6. 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
  7. 7.0 7.1 Newsobserver.com, NC lawmakers leave town after new maps, overrides, July 28, 2011
  8. 2010 session dates for North Carolina legislature
  9. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  10. Follow the Money "North Carolina House of Representatives 2012 Campaign Contributions"
  11. Stateline, "In Legislative Elections, Majorities and Supermajorities at Stake," November 2, 2012
  12. Follow the Money "North Carolina House of Representatives 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  13. Follow the Money "North Carolina House of Representatives 2008 Campaign Contributions"
  14. Follow the Money "North Carolina State House of Representatives 2006 Campaign Contributions"
  15. Follow the Money "North Carolina State House of Representatives 2004 Campaign Contributions"
  16. Follow the Money "North Carolina State House of Representatives 2002 Campaign Contributions"
  17. Follow the Money "North Carolina State House of Representatives 2000 Campaign Contributions"
  18. North Carolina General Assembly "North Carolina Constitution"(Referenced Section, Article II, Section 10)
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 North Carolina General Assembly "North Carolina General Statutes(Referenced Statute 163-11(a), NC General Statutes)
  20. North Carolina General Assembly "North Carolina General Statutes(Referenced Statute 163-11(b-d), NC General Statutes)
  21. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  22. 2009 North Carolina House of Representative Rules
  23. North Carolina House Leadership