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North Dakota Definition of Marriage, Constitutional Measure 1 (2004)

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North Dakota Constitution
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The North Dakota Definition of Marriage Amendment, also known as Amendment 1, was on the November 2, 2004 ballot in North Dakota as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was approved. The measure required that to vote on issues of bonds and taxes, the constituent must be a taxpayer. The measure defined marriage as the legal union between a man and a woman and disallowed other domestic unions to be recognized as a substantially equivalent to marriage.[1]

Election results

North Dakota Amendment 1 (2004)
Approveda Yes 223,572 73.23%

Election results via: North Dakota Secretary of State



  • Christina Rondeau, Director of the North Dakota Family Alliance[1]

Campaign contributions

The following are committees registered in support of Amendment 1:[2]

PAC info:

PAC Amount raised Amount spent
Traditional Marriage Crusade $0 $0
Total $0 $0



  • Robert Uebel, Chairperson for Equality North Dakota[1]

Campaign contributions

The following are committees registered in opposition to Amendment 1:[3]

PAC info:

PAC Amount raised Amount spent
Equality North Dakota $8,974 $8,974
Total $8,974 $8,974

The following are contributors to the "no" campaign:[2]

Top 5 contributors:

Donor Amount
North Dakota Human Rights Coalition $2,000
Douglas Johnson $500
JoAnn Johnson $500
Larry Peterson $400
Bruce Gjovig $200,000


External links