North Dakota House of Representatives
|North Dakota House of Representatives|
|2014 session start:||January 8, 2013|
|Website:||Official House Page|
|House Speaker:||William Devlin, (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Al Carlson, (R)|
|Minority leader:||Kenton Onstad, (D)|
| Democratic Party (23) |
Republican Party (70)
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Art IV, North Dakota Constitution|
|Salary:||$152/day + per diem|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2012 (50 seats)|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014 (50 seats)|
|Redistricting:||North Dakota Legislature has control|
- 1 Sessions
- 2 Ethics and transparency
- 3 Elections
- 4 Redistricting
- 5 Representatives
- 6 Standing committees
- 7 History
- 8 External links
- 9 References
Two representatives are elected from each of 47 senatorial districts as a total of 94 members serve in the lower house of the North Dakota legislature. Each member represents an average of 7,155 residents, as of the 2010 Census. After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 6,832 residents. Generally, the representatives from odd-numbered districts were elected to four-year terms at the 2006 general election and the representatives from even-numbered districts were elected to four-year terms at the November 2008 general election. In 2010, all odd numbered districts were up for re-election.
As of October 2014, North Dakota is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
Article IV of the North Dakota Constitution establishes when the North Dakota Legislative Assembly, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 7 of Article IV states that the Assembly is to convene in regular session every January after a legislative election. This means that the Assembly convenes in January of every odd-numbered year. Section 7 specifies that the convening date is to be the first Tuesday after the third day in January, unless this date is changed by law. Section 7 limits the length of regular sessions to no more than eighty days every two years.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 8 through May 6.
Major issues in the 2013 legislative session were focused mostly on the oil boom in western North Dakota and included a budget, the state surplus, improved transportation infrastructure, and decreasing crime.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the House was not in regular session.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
In 2011, the House was in regular session from January 4 through April 28.  A special session has been called by Governor Jack Dalrymple for November 7 through 12 to cover legislative redistricting and disaster relief.
- See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions
Ethics and transparency
Open States Transparency
The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. North Dakota was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.
Elections for the office of North Dakota House of Representatives were held in North Dakota on November 6, 2012. A total of 46 seats were up for election. Legislators serve four-year terms in North Dakota. In 2010, 48 legislators were elected.
The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was April 13, 2012.
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 8, 2010. The primary election day was June 8, 2010.
|North Dakota House of Representatives|
|Party||As of November 1, 2010||After the 2010 Election|
In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $428,028 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: 
|2010 Donors, North Dakota House of Representatives|
|Lignite Energy Council||$32,500|
|House Democratic-NPL Caucus of North Dakota||$30,130|
|North Dakota Association of Realtors||$27,679|
|Boilermakers Local 647||$20,250|
|North Dakota Association of Telecommunications Cooperatives||$17,000|
|North Dakota Association of Rural Electric Cooperatives||$14,800|
|House Republican Caucus of North Dakota||$14,303|
|North Dakota Petroleum Council||$12,175|
Article 4, Section 5 of the North Dakota Constitution states: State Senators and Representatives must be, on the day of the election, qualified voters in the district from which they are chosen and a resident of the state for one year preceding election to office.
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
Under North Dakota law, any vacancy in the House is filled by the district committee of the political party that holds the seat. A replacement must be named within 21 days of the vacancy. If more than 828 days are left in the term, the appointed person must serve until the next general election when the Governor can call for a special election.
- See also: Redistricting in North Dakota
Redistricting is the responsibility of the General Assembly, with a federal or state court intervening should the legislature not agree on a plan.
North Dakota received its local census data on March 15, 2011. The state enjoyed an approximately five percent population growth to 672,591, but lost in rural districts, posing the threat of putting incumbents against each other. The legislature held a special session in November 2011 after preliminary approval by the Interim Legislative Redistricting Committee, and passed the proposed plan on the 8th, a day after convening. The plan cut two rural districts, added districts in Fargo and Bismarck, and paired over a dozen incumbents. Governor Jack Dalrymple (R) signed the plan into law on November 9, 2011.
- See also: Partisan composition of state houses
|Party||As of October 2014|
The North Dakota State Legislature has a link to an interactive district map.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2013, members of the North Dakota Legislature are paid $152/day during legislative sessions and for attending interim committee meetings. Legislators receive lodging reimbursements up to $1,351/month (vouchered).
North Dakota does not provide pensions for legislators.
When sworn in
North Dakota legislators assume office December 1st.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. 
|Current Leadership, North Dakota House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||William Devlin||Republican|
|House Majority Leader||Al Carlson||Republican|
|State House Assistant Majority Leader||Don Vigesaa||Republican|
|State House Majority Caucus Leader||Mike Nathe||Republican|
|State House Minority Leader||Kenton Onstad||Democratic|
|State House Assistant Minority Leader||Corey Mock||Democratic|
|State House Minority Caucus Leader||Ed Gruchalla||Democratic|
The North Dakota House of Representatives has the following 12 standing committees:
- Agriculture Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Appropriations Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Constitutional Revision Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Education Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Energy and Natural Resources Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Finance and Taxation Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Government and Veterans Affairs Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Human Services Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Industry, Business and Labor Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Judiciary Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Political Subdivisions Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
- Transportation Committee, North Dakota House of Representatives
Partisan balance 1992-2013
During every year from 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the North Dakota State House of Representatives. The North Dakota House of Representatives is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. North Dakota has been under Republican trifectas for the last 19 years.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- Population in 2010 of the American states
- Population in 2000 of the American states
- NewsOK, "Oil issues to dominate ND legislative session," January 6, 2013
- North Dakota Legislative Assembly information
- The Bismarck Tribune, N.D. House leader: Special session starts Nov. 7, Sept.15, 2011
- Session information for North Dakota legislature
- Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
- Follow the Money: "North Dakota House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- North Dakota Legislature "North Dakota Century Code"(Referenced Statute 16.1-13-10 (1))
- NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
- USA Today, "State-by-state: Benefits available to state legislators," September 23, 2011
- North Dakota House Leadership
State of North Dakota
List of North Dakota ballot measures | Local measures | School bond issues | Ballot measure laws | Initiative laws | History of I&R | History of direct democracy | Campaign Finance Requirements | Recall process |
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Commissioner of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture | Director of Game and Fish | Commissioner of Labor | Public Service Commission |