Difference between revisions of "Nydia Velazquez"

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==Personal==
 
==Personal==
Velázquez is the first in her family to attend college, the first Puerto Rican woman elected to Congress, the first Hispanic woman to serve as the top Democrat of a House Committee and the first Latina to be Chair of a full Congressional Committee.<ref>[http://www.nydiamvelazquez.com/about ''Campaign website'', "About Nydia," accessed October 7, 2013]</ref>
+
Velázquez was the first in her family to attend college, the first Puerto Rican woman elected to Congress, the first Hispanic woman to serve as the top Democrat of a House Committee and the first Latina to be Chair of a full Congressional Committee.<ref>[http://www.nydiamvelazquez.com/about ''Campaign website'', "About Nydia," accessed October 7, 2013]</ref>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==

Revision as of 14:10, 5 August 2014

Nydia Velázquez
Nydia Velazquez.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 7
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1993-present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 21
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorJoseph Crowley (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$9.10 in 2012
First electedNovember 3, 1992
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$5,037,829
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, New York, District 12
January 3, 1993-2013
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras
Master'sNew York University
Personal
BirthdayMarch 28, 1953
Place of birthYabucoa, Puerto Rico
ProfessionCollege Professor
Net worth$-1,290,498.50
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Nydia Velázquez (b. March 28, 1958, in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 7th Congressional District. Velázquez was first elected to the House in 1992 and is currently serving her eleventh consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012. Due to redistricting in New York, Velázquez ran in New York's 7th Congressional District in 2012. She previously served the 12th District.[1] Velázquez is a member of both the Financial Services Committee as well as the Small Business Committee.

Velázquez is a 2014 Democratic and Working Families Party candidate seeking re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 7th Congressional District of New York.[2] She won both nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.[3]

Before her career in the United States House of Representatives, Velázquez was a professor at the University of Puerto Rico at Humacao and then at New York's Hunter College.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Velázquez is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Velázquez was born in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico. She earned a B.A. from the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, and a M.A. from New York University.[5]

Career

After earning a master’s degree on scholarship from NYU, Velázquez taught Puerto Rican studies at CUNY’s Hunter College in 1981. In 1983, Velázquez was appointed Special Assistant to Congressman Edolphus Towns. One year later, she became the first Latina appointed to serve on the New York City Council. She was the director of the Migration Division Office, Puerto Rico Department of Labor and Human Resources from 1986-1989, and from 1989-1992 was director of the Department of Puerto Rican Community Affairs in the United States for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.[6][5]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Velázquez serves on the following committees:[7]

2011-2012

Velázquez served on the following committees:[8]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[9] For more information pertaining to Velázquez's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[11][12] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Velázquez was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[11][12]

NDAA

Nay3.png Velázquez voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[13]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Velázquez voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[13]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Velázquez voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[13]

CISPA (2013)

Neutral/Abstain Velázquez did not vote on HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[14] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[13]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Nay3.png Velázquez voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[15] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[16]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Velázquez voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[17]

Yea3.png The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[19] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Velázquez voted for HR 2775.[20]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Velázquez voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[21] The vote largely followed party lines.[22]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Nay3.png Velázquez has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[23]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Velázquez voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[24]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Velázquez voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[25]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Nydia Velázquez's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Velázquez is a Hard-Core Liberal. Velázquez received a score of 78 percent on social issues and six percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Strongly Favors
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[26]

Campaign themes

2012

Velázquez listed some of her campaign themes on her website:[28]

  • Empowering Small Business
  • Supporting Economic Growth
  • Increasing Affordable Housing
  • Bringing Our Troops Home
  • Helping Working Families
  • Fixing Our Immigration System

Elections

2014

See also: New York's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014

Velázquez is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New York's 7th District. Velázquez won the Democratic nomination and ran unopposed for the Working Families nomination in the primary on June 24, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, New York District 7 Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngNydia Velazquez Incumbent 81.7% 6,830
Jeff Kurzon 18.3% 1,531
Total Votes 8,361
Source: 97% reporting, Results via Associated Press Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.

2012

See also: New York's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012

Valazquez was re-elected to New York's 7th Congressional District in 2012. Due to redistricting in New York, 12th District incumbent Velázquez ran in the 7th District, which includes most of her former territory and adds some of the Lower East Side.[29] Velázquez defeated three primary challengers: Dan O'Connor, George Martinez, and Erik Dilan.[30] She was unopposed in the Working Families primary on June 26th, 2012.

Dilan, a city councilman, was seen by some as the greatest challenge to Velázquez.[31] He was encouraged to run by Vito Lopez, chair of the Brooklyn Democratic Party and a member of the New York Assembly. Lopez wanted to see Velázquez defeated, as he said she has rudely slighted him.[32] In return, Velázquez commented, "I advocate for cleaner politics, and he appoints cronies as judges."[32]

Bringing up a common theme in New York politics, Dilan said Velázquez had "the worst voting record on Israel in the New York congressional delegation."[33] Velazquez, however, was endorsed by what one Democratic source called "the three top Jewish Democrats in the state": U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer, U.S. Representative Jerrold Nadler, and New York Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver.[29] Velázquez was also endorsed by President Barack Obama.[31]

Dilan responded to questions of his fundraising sources -- a significant portion come from the real estate industry, which both Dilan and Lopez influence on the city and state level -- by responding that Velázquez received even more from banks.[34]

U.S. House, New York District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngNydia Velazquez Incumbent 79% 141,322
     Conservative James Murray 4.4% 7,811
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 16.6% 29,692
Total Votes 178,825
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"
U.S. House, New York District 7 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngNydia Velázquez Incumbent 58% 16,011
Erik Dilan 31.1% 8,589
Daniel O'Connor 8.2% 2,264
George Martinez 2.7% 752
Total Votes 27,616

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Velázquez is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Velázquez raised a total of $5,037,829 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.[45]

Nydia Velazquez's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 7) Won $674,523
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 12) Won $838,912
2008 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 12) Won $1,136,163
2006 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 12) Won $766,762
2004 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 12) Won $709,017
2002 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 12) Won $438,386
2000 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 12) Won $474,066
Grand Total Raised $5,037,829

Individual breakdown

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Velazquez’s reports.[46]

Nydia Velazquez (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[47]April 24, 2013$216,263.67$34,987.89$(78,663.08)$172,588.48
July Quarterly[48]July 15, 2013$172,588.48$358,530.00$(125,061.56)$406,056.92
October Quarterly[49]October 15, 2013$406,056.92$63,142.81$(87,500.04)$381,699.69
Year-End Quarterly[50]December 31, 2013$381,699$89,950$(37,395)$394,654
April Quarterly[51]April 15, 2014$394,654.03$46,244.96$(91,930.32)$348,968.67
Running totals
$592,855.66$(420,550)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Velázquez's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Velázquez won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Velázquez's campaign committee raised a total of $674,524 and spent $1,285,102.[52]

Cost per vote

Velázquez spent $9.10 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Velázquez's campaign funds before the 2010 election.
Velázquez was re-elected to the U.S. House in 2010 for a tenth term. Her campaign committee raised a total of $838,912 and spent $690,875.[53]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Velázquez's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-1,149,999 and $204,995. That averages to $-510,000, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Velázquez ranked as the 438th most wealthy representative in 2012.[54] Between 2004 and 2012, Velázquez's calculated net worth[55] decreased by an average of 15 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[56]

Nydia Velázquez Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$2,194,451
2012$-510,000
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-123%
Average annual growth:-15%[57]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[58]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Velázquez is a "moderate Democratic follower" as of August 2014.[59] This was the same rating Velázquez received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[60]

Velázquez most often votes with:

Velázquez least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Velázquez missed 637 of 14,551 roll call votes from January 1993 to August 2014. This amounts to 4.4 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[59]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Velázquez paid her congressional staff a total of $1,013,605 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[61]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Velázquez ranked 46th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[62]

2012

Velázquez ranked 15th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[63]

2011

Velázquez ranked 20th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[64]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Velázquez voted with the Democratic Party 93.1 percent of the time, which ranked 105th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[65]

2013

Velázquez voted with the Democratic Party 93.1 percent of the time, which ranked 116th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[66]

Personal

Velázquez was the first in her family to attend college, the first Puerto Rican woman elected to Congress, the first Hispanic woman to serve as the top Democrat of a House Committee and the first Latina to be Chair of a full Congressional Committee.[67]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Nydia + Velazquez + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Nydia Velazquez News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. ABC News, "2012 General Election Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  2. New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014
  3. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  4. Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822-1995, "NYDIA M. VELÁZQUEZ," accessed June 24, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "VELÁZQUEZ, Nydia Margarita, (1953 - )"
  6. Congresswoman Nydia M. Velázquez, Serving New York's 12th Congressional District, "Biography"
  7. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. Congresswoman Nydia M. Velázquez, Serving New York's 12th Congressional District, "Committees and Caucus Memberships"
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Velázquez's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 7, 2013
  14. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "Velazquez on agriculture," accessed October 7, 2013
  16. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  17. 17.0 17.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Velázquez's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 7, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Velazquez's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 7, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Velázquez on abortion," accessed October 7, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 On The Issues, "Nydia Velazquez Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  27. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  28. Campaign website, "Issues"
  29. 29.0 29.1 Jewish Press, "Schumer, Silver, Nadler to Endorse Velázquez, Rebuffing Anti-Zionist Charges," accessed June 3, 2012
  30. AP, "2012 primary results"
  31. 31.0 31.1 Capital New York, "Obama endorses Nydia Velazquez," accessed June 15, 2012
  32. 32.0 32.1 New York Times, "With Three Spirited Primaries, Competitive Democracy Is Breaking Out," accessed June 18, 2012
  33. New York Daily News, "Dilan Bashes Velazquez On Israel; She Bashes Back," accessed May 30, 2012
  34. Capital New York, "The congressional challenger from New York real estate," accessed June 18, 2012
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Nydia Velazquez," accessed March 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Nydia Velazquez Summary Report," accessed July 30, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Nydia Velazquez April Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Nydia Velazquez July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Nydia Velazquez October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Nydia Velazquez Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Nydia Velazquez April Quarterly," accessed April 24, 2014
  52. Open Secrets, "Nydia Velazquez 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
  53. Open Secrets, "Nydia M. Velazquez 2010 Election Data," accessed December 16, 2011
  54. Open Secrets, "Nydia Velázquez (D-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  55. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  56. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  57. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  58. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  59. 59.0 59.1 GovTrack, "Nydia Velázquez," accessed August 5, 2014
  60. OpenCongress, "Nydia Velazquez," accessed August 5, 2014
  61. LegiStorm, "Nydia Velazquez," accessed October 2, 2012
  62. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 5, 2014
  63. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013
  64. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  66. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  67. Campaign website, "About Nydia," accessed October 7, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph Crowley
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 7
2013–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Major Owens
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 12
1993–2013
Succeeded by
Carolyn Maloney
Preceded by
'
New York City Council
1984
Succeeded by
'