Difference between revisions of "Oaths and Subscriptions Exclusion from Offices, Etc., New Hampshire Constitution"

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==Article 84==
 
==Article 84==
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Provided always, when any person chosen or appointed as aforesaid shall be of the denomination called Quakers, or shall be scrupulous of swearing, and shall decline taking the said oaths, such person shall take and subscribe them, omitting the word "swear," and likewise the words "So help me God," subjoining instead thereof, "This I do under the pains and penalties of perjury."
 
Provided always, when any person chosen or appointed as aforesaid shall be of the denomination called Quakers, or shall be scrupulous of swearing, and shall decline taking the said oaths, such person shall take and subscribe them, omitting the word "swear," and likewise the words "So help me God," subjoining instead thereof, "This I do under the pains and penalties of perjury."
  
I, A.B., do solemnly and sincerely swear and affirm, that I will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent on me as....................according to the best of my abilities, agreeably to the rules and regulations of this constitution, and the laws of the State of New Hampshire. So help me God.
+
I, A.B., do solemnly and sincerely swear and affirm, that I will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent on me as....................according to the best of my abilities, agreeably to the rules and regulations of this constitution, and the laws of the State of New Hampshire. So help me God.<ref name="nh">[https://www.nh.gov/constitution/constitution.html ''NH.gov'', "New Hampshire State Constitution," accessed March 30, 2014]</ref> 
 
|}
 
|}
''Amended 1792 three times, changing president to governor; shortening oath of allegiance; and dispensing with need to take second oath.''
+
===Amendments===
''Amended 1970 adding allegiance to the United States of America.''
+
* Amended in 1792 three times, changing president to governor; shortening oath of allegiance; and dispensing with need to take second oath.
 +
* Amended in 1970 adding allegiance to the United States of America.
  
 
==Article 85==
 
==Article 85==
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'''Before Whom Taken'''
 
'''Before Whom Taken'''
  
The oaths or affirmations shall be taken and subscribed by the governor before a justice of a New Hampshire court, in the presence of both houses of the legislature, by the senators and representatives before the governor and council for the time being, and by all other officers before such persons and in such manner as the general court shall from time to time appoint.
+
The oaths or affirmations shall be taken and subscribed by the governor before a justice of a New Hampshire court, in the presence of both houses of the legislature, by the senators and representatives before the governor and council for the time being, and by all other officers before such persons and in such manner as the general court shall from time to time appoint.:<ref name="nh"/> 
 +
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
''Amended 1792 three times changing president to governor, senior senator to president of the senate, assembly to legislature, and generally rewording section.''
+
===Amendments===
''Amended 1968 deleting reference to those first elected.''
+
* Amended in 1792 three times changing president to governor, senior senator to president of the senate, assembly to legislature, and generally rewording section.
''Amended 1984 providing that the governor’s oath shall be taken before a justice of a New Hampshire court.''
+
* Amended in 1968 deleting reference to those first elected.
 +
* Amended in 1984 providing that the governor’s oath shall be taken before a justice of a New Hampshire court.
  
 
==Article 86==
 
==Article 86==
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'''Form of Commissions'''
 
'''Form of Commissions'''
  
All commissions shall be in the name of the state of New Hampshire, signed by the governor, and attested by the secretary, or his deputy, and shall have the great seal of the state affixed thereto.
+
All commissions shall be in the name of the state of New Hampshire, signed by the governor, and attested by the secretary, or his deputy, and shall have the great seal of the state affixed thereto.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
''Amended 1792 changing president to governor.''
+
===Amendments===
 +
*Amended in 1792 changing president to governor.
  
 
==Article 87==
 
==Article 87==
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'''Form of Writs'''
 
'''Form of Writs'''
  
All writs issuing out of the clerk's office in any of the courts of law, shall be in the name of the state of New Hampshire; shall be under the seal of the court whence they issue, and bear test of the chief, first, or senior justice of the court; but when such justice shall be interested, then the writ shall bear test of some other justice of the court, to which the same shall be returnable; and be signed by the clerk of such court.
+
All writs issuing out of the clerk's office in any of the courts of law, shall be in the name of the state of New Hampshire; shall be under the seal of the court whence they issue, and bear test of the chief, first, or senior justice of the court; but when such justice shall be interested, then the writ shall bear test of some other justice of the court, to which the same shall be returnable; and be signed by the clerk of such court.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Article 88==
 
==Article 88==
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'''Form of Indictments, Etc.'''
 
'''Form of Indictments, Etc.'''
  
All indictments, presentments, and informations, shall conclude, "against the peace and dignity of the state."
+
All indictments, presentments, and informations, shall conclude, "against the peace and dignity of the state."<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Article 89==
 
==Article 89==
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'''Suicides and Deodands'''
 
'''Suicides and Deodands'''
  
The estates of such persons as may destroy their own lives, shall not for that offense be forfeited, but descend or ascend in the same manner, as if such persons had died in a natural way. Nor shall any article, which shall accidentally occasion the death of any person, be henceforth deemed a deodand, or in any wise forfeited on account of such misfortune.
+
The estates of such persons as may destroy their own lives, shall not for that offense be forfeited, but descend or ascend in the same manner, as if such persons had died in a natural way. Nor shall any article, which shall accidentally occasion the death of any person, be henceforth deemed a deodand, or in any wise forfeited on account of such misfortune.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Article 90==
 
==Article 90==
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'''Existing Laws Continued if Not Repugnant'''
 
'''Existing Laws Continued if Not Repugnant'''
  
All the laws which have heretofore been adopted, used, and approved, in the province, colony, or state of New Hampshire, and usually practiced on in the courts of law, shall remain and be in full force, until altered and repealed by the legislature; such parts thereof only excepted, as are repugnant to the rights and liberties contained in this constitution: Provided that nothing herein contained, when compared with the twenty-third article in the bill of rights, shall be construed to affect the laws already made respecting the persons, or estates of absentees.
+
All the laws which have heretofore been adopted, used, and approved, in the province, colony, or state of New Hampshire, and usually practiced on in the courts of law, shall remain and be in full force, until altered and repealed by the legislature; such parts thereof only excepted, as are repugnant to the rights and liberties contained in this constitution: Provided that nothing herein contained, when compared with the twenty-third article in the bill of rights, shall be construed to affect the laws already made respecting the persons, or estates of absentees.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Article 91==
 
==Article 91==
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'''Habeas Corpus'''
 
'''Habeas Corpus'''
  
The privilege and benefit of the habeas corpus, shall be enjoyed in this state, in the most free, easy, cheap, expeditious, and ample manner, and shall not be suspended by the legislature, except upon most urgent and pressing occasions, and for a time not exceeding three months.
+
The privilege and benefit of the habeas corpus, shall be enjoyed in this state, in the most free, easy, cheap, expeditious, and ample manner, and shall not be suspended by the legislature, except upon most urgent and pressing occasions, and for a time not exceeding three months.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Article 92==
 
==Article 92==
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'''Enacting Style of Statutes'''
 
'''Enacting Style of Statutes'''
  
The enacting style in making and passing acts, statutes, and laws, shall be, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened.
+
The enacting style in making and passing acts, statutes, and laws, shall be, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Article 93==
 
==Article 93==
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'''Governor and Judges Prohibited from Holding Other Offices'''
 
'''Governor and Judges Prohibited from Holding Other Offices'''
  
No governor, or judge of the supreme judicial court, shall hold any office or place under the authority of this state, except such as by this constitution they are admitted to hold, saving that the judges of the said court may hold the offices of justice of the peace throughout the state; nor shall they hold any place or office, or receive any pension or salary, from any other state, government, or power, whatever.
+
No governor, or judge of the supreme judicial court, shall hold any office or place under the authority of this state, except such as by this constitution they are admitted to hold, saving that the judges of the said court may hold the offices of justice of the peace throughout the state; nor shall they hold any place or office, or receive any pension or salary, from any other state, government, or power, whatever.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
''Amended 1792 changing president to governor. The engrossed copy of 1792, apparently without authority, changed superior court to supreme judicial court.''
+
===Amendments===
 +
* Amended in 1792 changing president to governor. The engrossed copy of 1792, apparently without authority, changed superior court to supreme judicial court.
  
 
==Article 94==
 
==Article 94==
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'''Incompatibility of Offices; Only Two Offices of Profit to Be Holden at Same Time'''
 
'''Incompatibility of Offices; Only Two Offices of Profit to Be Holden at Same Time'''
  
No person shall be capable of exercising, at the same time more than one of the following offices within this state, viz. judge of probate, sheriff, register of deeds; and never more than two offices of profit, which may be held by appointment of the governor, or governor and council, or senate and house of representatives, or superior or inferior courts; military offices, and offices of justice of the peace excepted.
+
No person shall be capable of exercising, at the same time more than one of the following offices within this state, viz. judge of probate, sheriff, register of deeds; and never more than two offices of profit, which may be held by appointment of the governor, or governor and council, or senate and house of representatives, or superior or inferior courts; military offices, and offices of justice of the peace excepted.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
''Amended 1792 changing president to governor.''
+
===Amendments===
 +
* Amended in 1792 changing president to governor.
  
 
==Article 95==
 
==Article 95==
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'''Incompatibility of Certain Offices'''
 
'''Incompatibility of Certain Offices'''
  
No person holding the office of judge of any court, (except special judges) secretary, treasurer of the state, attorney-general, register of deeds, sheriff, collectors of state and federal taxes, members of Congress or any person holding any office under the United States, including any person in active military service, shall at the same time hold the office of governor, or have a seat in the senate, or house of representatives, or council; but his being chosen and appointed to, and accepting the same, shall operate as a resignation of his seat in the chair, senate, or house of representatives, or council; and the place so vacated shall be filled up. No member of the council shall have a seat in the senate or house of representatives.
+
No person holding the office of judge of any court, (except special judges) secretary, treasurer of the state, attorney-general, register of deeds, sheriff, collectors of state and federal taxes, members of Congress or any person holding any office under the United States, including any person in active military service, shall at the same time hold the office of governor, or have a seat in the senate, or house of representatives, or council; but his being chosen and appointed to, and accepting the same, shall operate as a resignation of his seat in the chair, senate, or house of representatives, or council; and the place so vacated shall be filled up. No member of the council shall have a seat in the senate or house of representatives.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
''Amended 1792 generally rewording section.''
+
===Amendments===
''Amended 1950 deleting commissary-general.''
+
* Amended in 1792 generally rewording section.
''Amended 1958 changing obsolete words and phrases.''
+
* Amended in 1950 deleting commissary-general.
''Amended 1980 prohibiting persons in active military service from holding state office.''
+
* Amended in 1958 changing obsolete words and phrases.
 +
* Amended in 1980 prohibiting persons in active military service from holding state office.
  
 
==Article 96==
 
==Article 96==
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'''Bribery and Corruption Disqualify for Office'''
 
'''Bribery and Corruption Disqualify for Office'''
  
No person shall ever be admitted to hold a seat in the legislature or any office of trust or importance under this government, who, in the due course of law, has been convicted of bribery or corruption, in obtaining an election or appointment.
+
No person shall ever be admitted to hold a seat in the legislature or any office of trust or importance under this government, who, in the due course of law, has been convicted of bribery or corruption, in obtaining an election or appointment.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
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'''Value of Money, How Computed'''
 
'''Value of Money, How Computed'''
  
''(Repealed) 1950''
+
''Repealed in 1950.''<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Article 98==
 
==Article 98==
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'''Constitution, When to Take Effect'''
 
'''Constitution, When to Take Effect'''
  
To the end that there may be no failure of justice, or danger to the state, by the alterations and amendments made in the constitution, the general court is hereby fully authorized and directed to fix the time when the alterations and amendments shall take effect, and make the necessary arrangements accordingly.
+
To the end that there may be no failure of justice, or danger to the state, by the alterations and amendments made in the constitution, the general court is hereby fully authorized and directed to fix the time when the alterations and amendments shall take effect, and make the necessary arrangements accordingly.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
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'''Revision of Constitution Provided for'''
 
'''Revision of Constitution Provided for'''
  
''(Repealed)''
+
''Repealed.''<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
''Amended 1792 detailing procedure for calling a convention.''
+
===Amendments===
 +
* Amended in 1792 detailing procedure for calling a convention.
  
 
==Article 100==
 
==Article 100==
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(b) The general court, by an affirmative vote of a majority of all members of both houses voting separately, may at any time submit the question "Shall there be a convention to amend or revise the constitution?" to the qualified voters of the state. If the question of holding a convention is not submitted to the people at some time during any period of ten years, it shall be submitted by the secretary of state at the general election in the tenth year following the last submission. If a majority of the qualified voters voting on the question of holding a convention approves it, delegates shall be chosen at the next regular general election, or at such earlier time as the legislature may provide, in the same manner and proportion as the representatives to the general court are chosen. The delegates so chosen shall convene at such time as the legislature may direct and may recess from time to time and make such rules for the conduct of their convention as they may determine.
 
(b) The general court, by an affirmative vote of a majority of all members of both houses voting separately, may at any time submit the question "Shall there be a convention to amend or revise the constitution?" to the qualified voters of the state. If the question of holding a convention is not submitted to the people at some time during any period of ten years, it shall be submitted by the secretary of state at the general election in the tenth year following the last submission. If a majority of the qualified voters voting on the question of holding a convention approves it, delegates shall be chosen at the next regular general election, or at such earlier time as the legislature may provide, in the same manner and proportion as the representatives to the general court are chosen. The delegates so chosen shall convene at such time as the legislature may direct and may recess from time to time and make such rules for the conduct of their convention as they may determine.
  
(c) The constitutional convention may propose amendments by a three-fifths vote of the entire membership of the convention. Each constitutional amendment proposed by the general court or by a constitutional convention shall be submitted to the voters by written ballot at the next biennial November election and shall become a part of the Constitution only after approval by two-thirds of the qualified voters present and voting on the subject in the towns, wards, and unincorporated places.
+
(c) The constitutional convention may propose amendments by a three-fifths vote of the entire membership of the convention. Each constitutional amendment proposed by the general court or by a constitutional convention shall be submitted to the voters by written ballot at the next biennial November election and shall become a part of the Constitution only after approval by two-thirds of the qualified voters present and voting on the subject in the towns, wards, and unincorporated places.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
  
''Amended 1964 twice changing submission of question on calling a convention to every 10 years rather than 7 and providing that the general court could propose amendments.''
+
===Amendments===
''Amended 1980 twice incorporating provisions of repealed Art. 99 and requiring all proposals be submitted at the next biennial November election.''
+
* Amended in 1964 twice changing submission of question on calling a convention to every 10 years rather than 7 and providing that the general court could propose amendments.
 +
* Amended in 1980 twice incorporating provisions of repealed Art. 99 and requiring all proposals be submitted at the next biennial November election.
  
 
==Article 101==
 
==Article 101==
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'''Enrollment of Constitution'''
 
'''Enrollment of Constitution'''
  
This form of government shall be enrolled on parchment, and deposited in the secretary's office, and be a part of the laws of the land and printed copies thereof shall be prefixed to the books containing the laws of this state, in all future editions thereof.
+
This form of government shall be enrolled on parchment, and deposited in the secretary's office, and be a part of the laws of the land and printed copies thereof shall be prefixed to the books containing the laws of this state, in all future editions thereof.<ref name="nh"/>
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
==See also==
 +
[[File:StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg|right|175px]]
 +
* [[State constitution]]
 +
* [[Constitutional article]]
 +
* [[Constitutional amendment]]
 +
* [[Constitutional revision]]
 +
* [[Constitutional convention]]
 +
* [[Amendment|Amendments]]
 +
** [[Initiated constitutional amendment]]
 +
** [[Legislatively-referred constitutional amendment]]
 +
** [[Publication requirements for proposed state constitutional amendments]]
 +
** [[Rules about constitutional conventions in state constitutions]]
 +
** [[State constitutional articles governing state legislatures]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
[http://www.nh.gov/constitution/oaths.html Oaths and Subscriptions Exclusion from Offices, Etc.]
+
{{submit a link}}
==Navigation==
+
*[https://www.nh.gov/constitution/constitution.html ''NH.gov'', "New Hampshire State Constitution"]
 +
*[http://www.thegreenpapers.com/slg/st.phtml?state=NH#con ''The Green Papers'', "New Hampshire: State and Local Government"]
 +
*[http://social.rollins.edu/wpsites/hist120/2012/12/06/new-hampshire-constitution-new/ ''Rollins.edu'', "New Hampshire Constitution (New)"]
 +
 
 +
==Additional reading==
 +
* [http://global.oup.com/academic/product/the-new-hampshire-state-constitution-9780199778287?cc=us&lang=en& Marshall, Susan. (2011).''The New Hampshire State Constitution'', New York, New York: Oxford University Press]
 +
* [http://www.amazon.com/The-Hampshire-State-Constitution-Constitutions/dp/0313311439 Marshall, Susan. (2004). ''The New Hampshire State Constitution: A Reference Guide'', New York, New York: Praeger]
 +
* Updyke, Frank A. "New Hampshire Constitutional Convention (in News and Notes)" in the ''The American Political Science Review'' Vol. 7, No. 1. (February 1913), pp. 133-137.
 +
* White, Leonard D. "The New Hampshire Constitutional Convention" in the ''Michigan Law Review'' Vol. 19, No. 4. (Feb., 1921), pp. 383-394.
 +
 
 +
==References==
 +
{{reflist}}
 
{{New Hampshire Constitution}}
 
{{New Hampshire Constitution}}
 +
{{State constitutions}}
 +
{{New Hampshire}}

Latest revision as of 08:59, 24 April 2014

New Hampshire Constitution
Flag of New Hampshire.png
Part First
Part Second
House
Senate
Executive
Council
Secretary
County Treasurer
Judiciary
Clerks
Encouragement
Oaths
The last part of the New Hampshire Constitution is entitled Oaths and Subscriptions Exclusion from Offices, Etc. and consists of 18 articles.

Article 84

Text of Article 84:

Oath of Civil Officers

Any person chosen governor, councilor, senator, or representative, military or civil officer, (town officers excepted) accepting the trust, shall, before he proceeds to execute the duties of his office, make and subscribe the following declaration, viz. -

I, A.B. do solemnly swear, that I will bear faith and true allegiance to the United States of America and the state of New Hampshire, and will support the constitution thereof. So help me God.

I, A.B. do solemnly and sincerely swear and affirm that I will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all duties incumbent on me as ................................................., according to the best of my abilities, agreeably to the rules and regulations of this constitution and laws of the state of New Hampshire. So help me God.

Any person having taken and subscribed the oath of allegiance, and the same being filed in the secretary's office, he shall not be obliged to take said oath again.

Provided always, when any person chosen or appointed as aforesaid shall be of the denomination called Quakers, or shall be scrupulous of swearing, and shall decline taking the said oaths, such person shall take and subscribe them, omitting the word "swear," and likewise the words "So help me God," subjoining instead thereof, "This I do under the pains and penalties of perjury."

I, A.B., do solemnly and sincerely swear and affirm, that I will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent on me as....................according to the best of my abilities, agreeably to the rules and regulations of this constitution, and the laws of the State of New Hampshire. So help me God.[1]

Amendments

  • Amended in 1792 three times, changing president to governor; shortening oath of allegiance; and dispensing with need to take second oath.
  • Amended in 1970 adding allegiance to the United States of America.

Article 85

Text of Article 85:

Before Whom Taken

The oaths or affirmations shall be taken and subscribed by the governor before a justice of a New Hampshire court, in the presence of both houses of the legislature, by the senators and representatives before the governor and council for the time being, and by all other officers before such persons and in such manner as the general court shall from time to time appoint.:[1]

Amendments

  • Amended in 1792 three times changing president to governor, senior senator to president of the senate, assembly to legislature, and generally rewording section.
  • Amended in 1968 deleting reference to those first elected.
  • Amended in 1984 providing that the governor’s oath shall be taken before a justice of a New Hampshire court.

Article 86

Text of Article 86:

Form of Commissions

All commissions shall be in the name of the state of New Hampshire, signed by the governor, and attested by the secretary, or his deputy, and shall have the great seal of the state affixed thereto.[1]

Amendments

  • Amended in 1792 changing president to governor.

Article 87

Text of Article 87:

Form of Writs

All writs issuing out of the clerk's office in any of the courts of law, shall be in the name of the state of New Hampshire; shall be under the seal of the court whence they issue, and bear test of the chief, first, or senior justice of the court; but when such justice shall be interested, then the writ shall bear test of some other justice of the court, to which the same shall be returnable; and be signed by the clerk of such court.[1]

Article 88

Text of Article 88:

Form of Indictments, Etc.

All indictments, presentments, and informations, shall conclude, "against the peace and dignity of the state."[1]

Article 89

Text of Article 89:

Suicides and Deodands

The estates of such persons as may destroy their own lives, shall not for that offense be forfeited, but descend or ascend in the same manner, as if such persons had died in a natural way. Nor shall any article, which shall accidentally occasion the death of any person, be henceforth deemed a deodand, or in any wise forfeited on account of such misfortune.[1]

Article 90

Text of Article 90:

Existing Laws Continued if Not Repugnant

All the laws which have heretofore been adopted, used, and approved, in the province, colony, or state of New Hampshire, and usually practiced on in the courts of law, shall remain and be in full force, until altered and repealed by the legislature; such parts thereof only excepted, as are repugnant to the rights and liberties contained in this constitution: Provided that nothing herein contained, when compared with the twenty-third article in the bill of rights, shall be construed to affect the laws already made respecting the persons, or estates of absentees.[1]

Article 91

Text of Article 91:

Habeas Corpus

The privilege and benefit of the habeas corpus, shall be enjoyed in this state, in the most free, easy, cheap, expeditious, and ample manner, and shall not be suspended by the legislature, except upon most urgent and pressing occasions, and for a time not exceeding three months.[1]

Article 92

Text of Article 92:

Enacting Style of Statutes

The enacting style in making and passing acts, statutes, and laws, shall be, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened.[1]

Article 93

Text of Article 93:

Governor and Judges Prohibited from Holding Other Offices

No governor, or judge of the supreme judicial court, shall hold any office or place under the authority of this state, except such as by this constitution they are admitted to hold, saving that the judges of the said court may hold the offices of justice of the peace throughout the state; nor shall they hold any place or office, or receive any pension or salary, from any other state, government, or power, whatever.[1]

Amendments

  • Amended in 1792 changing president to governor. The engrossed copy of 1792, apparently without authority, changed superior court to supreme judicial court.

Article 94

Text of Article 94:

Incompatibility of Offices; Only Two Offices of Profit to Be Holden at Same Time

No person shall be capable of exercising, at the same time more than one of the following offices within this state, viz. judge of probate, sheriff, register of deeds; and never more than two offices of profit, which may be held by appointment of the governor, or governor and council, or senate and house of representatives, or superior or inferior courts; military offices, and offices of justice of the peace excepted.[1]

Amendments

  • Amended in 1792 changing president to governor.

Article 95

Text of Article 95:

Incompatibility of Certain Offices

No person holding the office of judge of any court, (except special judges) secretary, treasurer of the state, attorney-general, register of deeds, sheriff, collectors of state and federal taxes, members of Congress or any person holding any office under the United States, including any person in active military service, shall at the same time hold the office of governor, or have a seat in the senate, or house of representatives, or council; but his being chosen and appointed to, and accepting the same, shall operate as a resignation of his seat in the chair, senate, or house of representatives, or council; and the place so vacated shall be filled up. No member of the council shall have a seat in the senate or house of representatives.[1]

Amendments

  • Amended in 1792 generally rewording section.
  • Amended in 1950 deleting commissary-general.
  • Amended in 1958 changing obsolete words and phrases.
  • Amended in 1980 prohibiting persons in active military service from holding state office.

Article 96

Text of Article 96:

Bribery and Corruption Disqualify for Office

No person shall ever be admitted to hold a seat in the legislature or any office of trust or importance under this government, who, in the due course of law, has been convicted of bribery or corruption, in obtaining an election or appointment.[1]

Article 97

Text of Article 97:

Value of Money, How Computed

Repealed in 1950.[1]

Article 98

Text of Article 98:

Constitution, When to Take Effect

To the end that there may be no failure of justice, or danger to the state, by the alterations and amendments made in the constitution, the general court is hereby fully authorized and directed to fix the time when the alterations and amendments shall take effect, and make the necessary arrangements accordingly.[1]

Article 99

Text of Article 99:

Revision of Constitution Provided for

Repealed.[1]

Amendments

  • Amended in 1792 detailing procedure for calling a convention.

Article 100

Text of Article 100:

Alternate Methods of Proposing Amendments

Amendments to this constitution may be proposed by the general court or by a constitutional convention selected as herein provided.

(a) The senate and house of representatives, voting separately, may propose amendments by a three-fifths vote of the entire membership of each house at any session.

(b) The general court, by an affirmative vote of a majority of all members of both houses voting separately, may at any time submit the question "Shall there be a convention to amend or revise the constitution?" to the qualified voters of the state. If the question of holding a convention is not submitted to the people at some time during any period of ten years, it shall be submitted by the secretary of state at the general election in the tenth year following the last submission. If a majority of the qualified voters voting on the question of holding a convention approves it, delegates shall be chosen at the next regular general election, or at such earlier time as the legislature may provide, in the same manner and proportion as the representatives to the general court are chosen. The delegates so chosen shall convene at such time as the legislature may direct and may recess from time to time and make such rules for the conduct of their convention as they may determine.

(c) The constitutional convention may propose amendments by a three-fifths vote of the entire membership of the convention. Each constitutional amendment proposed by the general court or by a constitutional convention shall be submitted to the voters by written ballot at the next biennial November election and shall become a part of the Constitution only after approval by two-thirds of the qualified voters present and voting on the subject in the towns, wards, and unincorporated places.[1]

Amendments

  • Amended in 1964 twice changing submission of question on calling a convention to every 10 years rather than 7 and providing that the general court could propose amendments.
  • Amended in 1980 twice incorporating provisions of repealed Art. 99 and requiring all proposals be submitted at the next biennial November election.

Article 101

Text of Article 101:

Enrollment of Constitution

This form of government shall be enrolled on parchment, and deposited in the secretary's office, and be a part of the laws of the land and printed copies thereof shall be prefixed to the books containing the laws of this state, in all future editions thereof.[1]

See also

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External links

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References