Ohio Election Law Veto Referendum (2012)
|Election Law Veto|
|State code:||(Targeted law) House Bill 194|
|Status:||On the ballot|
The measure would repeal an elections law that was passed in the state of Ohio. The law would move future primary election dates from March to May, among other provisions.
Additionally, the measure would shorten the period of mail-in absentee voting from 35 days before the election to 21. The number of days residents can vote early would be limited to 14 days before the election. Currently, the number of days residents can vote early is also 35 days.
On December 9, 2011 the Ohio Secretary of State certified that referendum supporters had collected sufficient signatures to qualify the measure for the statewide ballot. As a result of sufficient signatures, the new law will be put on hold until the November election, keeping the 2012 primary in March. The law that the repeal targets is House Bill 194. According to reports, the law has been hold since referendum supporters filed the initial batch of signatures in September 2011.
HB 194 provisions
The following are key provisions of House Bill 194, the law that this referendum is targeting to overturn:
- Reduce by mail absentee voting to 3 weeks. Current mail absentee voting window is 5 weeks.
- Reduce in person absentee voting to 2 weeks.
- Ban in person absentee voting on Sundays as well as Saturday after 12 noon.
- Ban in person early voting during the last weekend before an election takes place.
The following is information obtained from the supporting side of the veto referendum:
- Reportedly, the Barack Obama re-election campaign is supporting the referendum efforts, e-mailing supporters to direct them to petitions. 
- President Obama's re-election campaign also helped activists in the days leading up to the deadline. According to reports on September 27, 2011, Jeremy Bird, Obama's national field director wrote in an e-mail: "At a time when we should be expanding the number of people voting, there are some in Ohio trying to shrink it. It's pure politics."
- Greg Schultz, Ohio director for the Obama campaign, wrote in an e-mail: "We're mobilizing on the ground all month to get to 231,000 signatures because nothing is more fundamental to our democracy than the right to vote."
- According to national talk show host Jerry Springer, when commenting on the law, and his support to overturn it, stated: “There is something filthy about the notion that in the United States of America that we can have politicians that come up with a strategy to make sure or make it more difficult for certain people to vote. That is such disrespect ... the one thing about being an American is that the vote is sacred.”
- Commenting on legislation to repeal parts of the targeted bill by HB 194 supporters, Carrie Davis, executive director of the League of Women Voters of Ohio, stated that the legislation would confuse voters who were decide on the veto referendum on the state ballot. Davis stated: "Enough already. In the last 12 months, the Legislature has considered but not passed a bill on voter ID. They passed a comprehensive voting bill, HB 194. Two weeks later, they went back and fixed things that they missed and mistakes they had made...There was then a referendum effort on HB 194 to stop it from going into effect. And now, they are planning to pass a repeal of HB 194...We’ve been told...that they plan to introduce and pass yet another election bill before they adjourn for the summer. All of this in 12 months. It’s too much.”
The following is information obtained from the opposing side of the veto referendum:
- According to Ohio Secretary of State Jon Husted, commenting on the the veto referendum effort: "One of the problems that we've had is we've had some counties voting by one set of standards and others by different and that undermines the confidence in the system."
It was reported on February 1, 2012 that a proposal was introduced to repeal the new election law, therefore aiming to do the same as the citizen-initiated veto referendum. This, according to reports, was done to avoid a referendum election that could cost the state money.
The bill being considered in the state legislature is Senate Bill 295. According to reports, the bill was to be voted on by the Senate Oversight and Reform Committee in order to have it considered by the full chamber.
Some critics state that the proposal violates the rights of referendum by citizens and could discourage future referendum efforts. Others state that repealing the election law would violate the voters' right to decide on the law. Norman Robbins, a voting rights advocate, stated: "This is an outright violation of Ohio citizen's rights to ask for a referendum, and would discourage any future campaigns on other issues because the ruling majority could simply repeal the referendum issue before the election."
- See also: Polls, 2012 ballot measures
- A poll was released by Lake Research Partners showing a slight opposition to the election law that the referendum is trying to repeal. It was concluded that 54% of respondents were opposed to the law, therefore favored repealing it. The margin of error of the poll was +/- 3.7 percentage points.
|Date of Poll||Pollster||In favor||Opposed||Undecided||Number polled|
|January 22-25, 2012||Lake Research Partners||54%||31%||15%||705|
Path to the ballot
Supporters of the repeal need to gather 231,184 valid signatures from registered voters by September 30, 2011 in order to place the measure on the ballot. The measure was given clearance to circulate petitions for signature collection on August 18, 2011. Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine stated that the measure had collected the initial 1,000 required for the measure to move forward.
On September 29, 2011, petition drive leaders submitted more than 318,000 signatures to the Ohio Secretary of State's office, a third more than the required signature amount, 231,147. Signatures will now be reviewed for validation, with a deadline to verify signatures likely after the November 2011 elections, according to the secretary's office. Meanwhile, House Bill 194 will be "suspended from taking effect", according to Matt McClellan, a spokesman for the secretary's office.
Signatures fall short
It was found on November 14, 2011 that the effort to place the measure on the ballot had fallen short of the signature requirement by 9,578 signatures. Since they fell short, the effort had 10 days to submit more signatures to the Ohio Secretary of State's office after that date.
On November 22, 2011, supporters filed an additional 166,481 signatures to the Ohio Secretary of State's office. The high number of additional signatures is due to the constant petition circulation by supporters while their original filings were being verified.
Certified for the ballot
On December 9, 2011 the Ohio Secretary of State certified that referendum supporters had collected sufficient signatures to qualify the measure for the November 2012 ballot. A grand total of 307,358 signatures were collected and submitted to the secretary of state's office.
- 2012 ballot measures
- Ohio 2012 ballot measures
- List of Ohio ballot measures
- Laws governing the initiative process in Ohio
- Cincinnati.com, "HB 194 has Democrats on edge", August 28, 2011
- Cleveland.com, "Possible repeal of new elections law puts congressional redistricting in time crunch", August 13, 2011
- Circleville Herald,"Ohio election law repeal to appear on 2012 ballot," December 9, 2011
- Examiner.com, "Committee vote on bill to defuse HB 194 ballot time bomb expected next week", March 18, 2012
- Toledo Blade, "Obama campaign fighting Ohio voting law", August 31, 2011
- The Associated Press, "Obama campaign wades into Ohio elections law fight", September 27, 2011
- Middletown Journal, "Springer speaks at rally against HB 194, SB 5", September 9, 2011
- Vindy.com, "Election-law changes opposed", April 13, 2012
- WFMJ.com, "Ohio Secretary Of State on House Bill 194", Retrieved September 13, 2011
- Newsnet5.com, "Senate bill expected to repeal Ohio's election law", February 1, 2012
- Marion Star, "Repeal vote of Ohio election overhaul delayed", March 22, 2012
- WKSU.org, "Election law repeal bill passes Ohio Senate", March 28, 2012
- Scribd.com, "New Ohio Statewide Poll Shows Majorities Set to Repeal HB19", Retrieved February 27, 2012
- WNCT.com, "Ohio Election Law Foes OK to Resume Repeal Effort", August 19, 2011
- Business-Journal, "H.B. 194 Foes Get Early Win with Petitions", September 30, 2011
- The Republic, "Opponents of Ohio's election law fall short of needed signatures in ballot repeal effort", November 14, 2011
- Toledo Blade, "Ohio ballot in '12 likely to include election law", November 23, 2011
- Reuters,"Ohio Democrats hope 2012 ballot measure will help Obama," December 10, 2011