Difference between revisions of "Ohio school districts"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(School board elections)
(State law)
Line 63: Line 63:
  
 
==State law==
 
==State law==
 +
===Common Core===
 +
{{OHCommonCore}}
 +
 
===School board composition===
 
===School board composition===
 
School board members are most often elected to their positions, although there are some cases, such as a vacancy on a board, in which a member will be appointed to the position.<ref name=districttypes>[http://www2.census.gov/govs/cog/2007/oh.pdf ''United States Census Bureau'', "Ohio," accessed July 10, 2014]</ref> Most school boards have five members, but larger school districts have seven. They are elected during odd-numbered years, and serve four-year terms. The terms are staggered so that nearly half of the members are up for election each election year.<ref name=schoolboards>[http://www.ohioschoolboards.org/candidate-for-school-boards ''Ohio School Boards Association'', "Candidate for School Boards," accessed July 10, 2014]</ref>
 
School board members are most often elected to their positions, although there are some cases, such as a vacancy on a board, in which a member will be appointed to the position.<ref name=districttypes>[http://www2.census.gov/govs/cog/2007/oh.pdf ''United States Census Bureau'', "Ohio," accessed July 10, 2014]</ref> Most school boards have five members, but larger school districts have seven. They are elected during odd-numbered years, and serve four-year terms. The terms are staggered so that nearly half of the members are up for election each election year.<ref name=schoolboards>[http://www.ohioschoolboards.org/candidate-for-school-boards ''Ohio School Boards Association'', "Candidate for School Boards," accessed July 10, 2014]</ref>

Revision as of 10:00, 29 July 2014

K-12 Education in Ohio
Flag of Ohio.png
Education facts
State Superintendent: Richard Ross
Number of students: 1,740,030[1]
Number of teachers: 107,972
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:16.1
Number of school districts: 1,079
Number of schools: 3,714
Graduation rate: 81%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $11,223[3]
See also
Ohio Department of Education
Ohio school districts
List of school districts in Ohio
Ohio
School boards portal
Policypedia
Education policy logo.jpg
Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in Ohio
Glossary of education terms

Ohio is home to 1,079 school districts, 3,714 schools and 1,740,030 K-12 students.[4][5]

Quick facts

State school administrators

  • State Board of Education[6]
    • Debe Terhar, President, District 4
    • Thomas W. Gunlock, Vice President, At-Large Member
    • Ann E. Jacobs, District 1
    • Kathleen A. McGervey, District 2
    • Vacant, District 3
    • Brad W. Lamb, District 5
    • Michael L. Collins, District 6
    • Sarah Fowler, District 7
    • Deborah Cain, District 8
    • Stephanie Dodd, District 9
    • Ron Rudduck, District 10
    • Mary Rose Oakar, District 11
    • Melanie P. Bolender, At-Large Member
    • Tess Elshoff, At-Large Member
    • Joseph L. Farmer, At-Large Member
    • Cathye Flory, At-Large Member
    • C. Todd Jones, At-Large Member
    • Dr. Mark A. Smith, At-Large Member
    • Rebecca Vazquez-Skillings, At-Large Member

One seat on the State Board of Education is vacant and awaiting appointment from Governor John Kasich.

Statistics

The following table displays the state's top 10 school districts by total student enrollment, Academic Performance Index (API) scores and per-pupil spending.[4][5][7]

Student enrollment, 2011-2012 Academic Performance Index scores, 2011-2012 Per-pupil spending, 2010-2011
1.) Columbus City 1.) Wyoming City 1.) Put-in-Bay Local
2.) Cleveland Metropolitan 2.) Madeira City 2.) Orange High
3.) Cincinnati 3.) Solon City 3.) Switzerland of Ohio Local
4.) Toledo 4.) Indian Hill Exempted Village 4.) Beachwood City
5.) Akron 5.) Rocky River City 5.) Cleveland Heights-University Heights
6.) South-Western City 6.) Ottawa Hills Local 6.) Cuyahoga Heights
7.) Lakota Local 7.) Mason City 7.) Danbury Local
8.) Olentangy Local 8.) Oakwood City 8.) East Cleveland City
9.) Hilliard City 9.) Marion Local 9.) Shaker Heights City
10.) Dayton 10.) Sycamore Community 10.) Youngstown City

Demographics

See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Ohio as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[8]

Demographic information for Ohio's K-12 public school system
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 2,442 0.14% 1.10%
Asian 30,923 1.78% 4.68%
African American 281,996 16.21% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. students 787 0.05% 0.42%
Hispanic 66,120 3.80% 24.37%
White 1,282,799 73.72% 51.21%
Two or more 74,963 4.31% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

State law

Common Core

Common Core, or the Common Core State Standards Initiative, is an American education initiative that outlines quantifiable benchmarks in English and mathematics at each grade level from kindergarten through high school. The Ohio State Board of Education adopted the standards on June 18, 2010. Full implementation took place during the 2013-2014 academic year.[9][10]

School board composition

School board members are most often elected to their positions, although there are some cases, such as a vacancy on a board, in which a member will be appointed to the position.[11] Most school boards have five members, but larger school districts have seven. They are elected during odd-numbered years, and serve four-year terms. The terms are staggered so that nearly half of the members are up for election each election year.[12]

School district types

Ohio has a number of different types of school districts, including:[11]

  • City school districts
  • Local school districts
  • Exempted village school districts
  • Joint vocational school districts

City, local and exempted village school districts are governed by elected school boards with the power to levy taxes and issue bonds with voter approval. Joint vocational school districts are established by two or more regular school districts. The joint vocational school district board can either be governed by members from the participating school districts' boards or, if it located within one county, by the county's educational service center board.[11]

Term limits

Ohio does not impose statewide term limits on school boards.[13]

School board elections

Upcoming elections

See also: Ohio school board elections, 2014

No top enrollment districts in Ohio are scheduled to hold elections in 2014.

Path to the ballot

In order to qualify as a school board candidate in Ohio, an individual must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • At least 18 years old
  • A resident of the state and the corresponding school district for at least 30 days before the election
  • A registered voter in the school district the candidate seeks to represent

To get on the ballot, a school board candidate must file a petition by the 90th day prior to the election with the local board of elections and pay a filing fee.[12][14]

Campaign finance

Candidates must file itemized statements disclosing campaign contributions and expenditures. In addition to that, any member or candidate of a school board that has 12,000 or more students enrolled in the school district must file an annual financial disclosure statement with the Ohio Ethics Commission. This statement is due by April 15 each year for members not up for election and due 30 days before the election for those running, both new candidates and incumbents.[12]

See also

External links

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
Suggest a link

References

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 Ohio Department of Education, "Download Data," accessed August 12, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 Ohio Department of Education, "Enrollment Data," accessed August 12, 2013
  6. Ohio Department of Education, "State Board of Education Members," accessed June 13, 2014
  7. StateImpact, "See How Much Each Ohio School District Spends Per Student," accessed August 12, 2013
  8. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  9. Common Core State Standards Initiative, "Core Standards in your State," accessed June 12, 2014
  10. Ohio Department of Education, "Ohio's New Learning Standards," accessed June 17, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 United States Census Bureau, "Ohio," accessed July 10, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Ohio School Boards Association, "Candidate for School Boards," accessed July 10, 2014
  13. National School Boards Association, "Survey of the State School Boards Associations on Term Limits for Local Board Members," accessed July 10, 2014
  14. Ohio Revised Code, "Section 3513.254: Nomination for members of board of education," accessed July 10, 2014