Difference between revisions of "Oklahoma House of Representatives"

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|House speaker = {{State House Speaker|State=Oklahoma}}
 
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Revision as of 16:11, 18 April 2014

Oklahoma House of Representatives

Seal of Oklahoma.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   12 year cumulative total,
in either or both chambers
2014 session start:   February 3, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Jeff Hickman (R)
Majority Leader:   Pam Peterson, (R)
Minority leader:   Scott Inman, (D)
Structure
Members:  101
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art V, Oklahoma Constitution
Salary:   $38,400/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (101 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (101 seats)
Redistricting:  Legislature draws boundaries first
The Oklahoma House of Representatives is the lower house of the Oklahoma State Legislature and meets at the State Capitol in Oklahoma City. 101 members serve in the lower house. Each member represents an average of 37,142 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 23,817 residents.[2]

In Oklahoma, representatives serve two-year terms with a limit of a combined total of twelve years served in the Senate and House of Representatives.[3]

As of September 2014, Oklahoma is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article V of the Oklahoma Constitution establishes when the Oklahoma State Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 26 of Article V states that the Legislature is to meet in regular session on the first Monday in February of each year, and it is to adjourn its regular session by the last Friday in May of each year. Additionally, Section 26 also states that the Legislature is to meet for organizational purposes on the first Tuesday following the first Monday in January of each odd-numbered year.

Section 27 of Article V contains the rules for convening special sessions of the Legislature. Section 27 allows a special session to be called by the Governor of Oklahoma or by a written call signed by two-thirds of the members of both legislative houses.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will be in session from February 3 through May 30.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2014 legislative session include tax cuts, the budget, prison funding, employee compensation and judicial reform.[4]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from February 4 through May 31.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included changes to the state pension system and workers compensation funds, tax cuts, and increased funding for education.[5]

Lawsuit reform

In September 2013, the state legislature held a five-day special session where both houses reenacted a lawsuit reform bill. Republicans in the state legislature settled on 23 provisions with the effect of reestablishing key provisions of a 2009 lawsuit reform bill, which was struck down by the state Supreme Court in June 2013. The current Senate President Pro Temp Brian Bingman is a strong supporter of lawsuit reform.[6]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from February 6 through May 25.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from February 7 through May 27.[7]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House was in session from February 1 to May 28.[8]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[9] According to the report, Oklahoma received a grade of B- and a numerical score of 82, indicating that Oklahoma was "Advancing" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[9]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Oklahoma was given a grade of D in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[10]

Elections

2014

See also: Oklahoma House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Oklahoma House of Representatives will take place in 2014. A primary election took place June 24, 2014. The general election will be held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was April 11, 2014.

2012

See also: Oklahoma House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Oklahoma House of Representatives were held in Oklahoma on November 6, 2012. All 101 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates in these elections is April 13, 2012. A primary election day was on June 26, 2012.

During the 2012 election, the total contributions to the 201 House candidates was $10,597,614. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

Oklahoma state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than 12 years between both chambers of the state legislature. In 2012, 6 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Oklahoma House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Oklahoma's House of Representatives were held in Oklahoma on November 2, 2010. All 101 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was June 9, 2010. The primary election day was July 27, 2010.

The partisan breakdown of the senate before and after the election is as follows:

Oklahoma House of Representatives
Party As of November 1, 2010 After the 2010 Election
     Democratic Party 39 31
     Republican Party 62 70
Total 101 101


During the 2010 election, the total contributions to the 191 House candidates was $11,261,443. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2008

See also: Oklahoma House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Oklahoma's House of Representatives were held in Oklahoma on November 4, 2008. All 101 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was June 4, 2008. The primary election day was July 29, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to the 209 House candidates was $10,393,664. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2006

See also: Oklahoma House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Oklahoma's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election day on July 25, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006. All 101 seats were up for election.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to the 222 House candidates was $10,344,749. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

2004

See also: Oklahoma House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Oklahoma's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election day on July 27, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004. All 101 seats were up for election.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to the 290 House candidates was $10,657,926. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

2002

See also: Oklahoma House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Oklahoma's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election day on September 17, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002. All 101 seats were up for election.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to the 204 House candidates was $5,489,273. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

2000

See also: Oklahoma House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Oklahoma's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election day on August 22, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000. All 101 seats were up for election.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to the 221 House candidates was $6,343,970. The top 10 contributors were:[17]

Qualifications

Article 5, Section 17 of the Oklahoma Constitution states: Members of the Senate shall be at least twenty-five years of age, and members of the House of Representatives twenty-one years of age at the time of their election. They shall be qualified electors in their respective counties or districts and shall reside in their respective counties or districts during their term of office.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, the Governor must call for a special election no later than 30 days after the vacancy happened. No special election can be called if the vacancy happens after March 1st during the year the seat is set to expire.[18]

The person who wins the special election serves for the remainder of the unexpired term.[19]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Oklahoma legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Oklahoma Term Limits Act in 1990. That initiative says that Oklahoma state legislators are subject to term limits of no more than twelve years in the Oklahoma State Legislature. These 12 years can be served in any combination of the Oklahoma State Senate and the Oklahoma House of Representatives.[20]

The first year that the term limits enacted in 1990 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2004.

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Oklahoma

In Oklahoma, the state legislature is in charge of redistricting. If the state legislature fails to agree on a map by its deadline, then redistricting becomes the responsibility of the Oklahoma Reapportionment Commission. Although the legislature is given latitude, Oklahoma laws regarding redistricting require that the cores of existing districts are maintained, other political subdivisions remain intact, 'communities of interest' should be respected and combined, and the state must explicitly comply with Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act protecting the representation of minority populations.

2010

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Oklahoma's population increased from 3.45 million to 3.75 million between 2000 and 2010.[21] The population was densest around Oklahoma City and Tulsa. Growth rates were highest in the suburban and exurban areas surrounding these cities, while rural Oklahoma counties grew slowly or lost population. Of Oklahoma's 77 counties, 23 registered a drop in population between 2000 and 2010.[22] The state's overall growth rate was 8.7 percent, which was below the national average of 9.7 percent, but not low enough to cost the state a Congressional seat, as occurred as a result of the 2000 Census.[23]

Oklahoma officials received detailed Oklahoma results from the Census in February. The legislature formed steering committees in each chamber to draft the maps before the May 27, 2011 deadline. The House of Representatives completed its work relatively quickly, producing a map that avoided putting any incumbents in a district together by early May.[24] Discussions in the Senate were more heated and partisan, and the Senate did not produce a map in mid-May.[25][26][27] The House map was passed overwhelmingly in its initial vote, while the Senate encountered minority opposition. However, opposition eased on the second round of votes, and the Governor Mary Fallin signed the bills into law seven days before the deadline.[28][29]

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Oklahoma Legislature are paid $38,400/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive $147/day per diem tied to the federal rate.[30]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Oklahoma legislators assume office November 17th.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 29
     Republican Party 72
Total 101

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Oklahoma State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Oklahoma State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum, referring proposed legislation to committee, and signing bills, resolutions, and papers.[31][32][33]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Oklahoma House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Jeff Hickman Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Mike Jackson Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Floor Leader Pam Peterson Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Fred Jordan Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Dennis Johnson Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader Paul Wesselhoft Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader Lee Denney Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader Charles Ortega Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader Randy McDaniel Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader Randy Grau Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Floor Leader Dale DeWitt Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader Weldon Watson Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Vice Chair Harold Wright Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Todd Thomsen Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Whip Mike Sanders Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Whip Steve Vaughan Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Whip Todd Russ Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Whip Sean Roberts Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Whip Lisa J. Billy Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Whip Dennis Casey Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Whip Josh Cockroft Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Whip Jon Echols Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Majority Whip Glen Mulready Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Secretary Elise Hall Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Scott Inman Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Floor Leader Ben Sherrer Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Minority Floor Leader Eric Proctor Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Emily Virgin Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Steve Kouplen Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Brian Renegar Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Jeannie McDaniel Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Wade Rousselot Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Floor Leader Mike Shelton Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Chuck Hoskin Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Minority Whip Cory Williams Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Jerry McPeak Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Vice Chair Joe Dorman Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Secretary Curtis McDaniel Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Oklahoma House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Curtis McDaniel Electiondot.png Democratic 2012 (special election)
2 John R. Bennett Ends.png Republican 2010
3 James Lockhart Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
4 Mike Brown Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
5 Doug Cox Ends.png Republican 2004
6 Chuck Hoskin Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
7 Larry Glenn Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
8 Ben Sherrer Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
9 Marty Quinn Ends.png Republican 2010
10 Steve Martin Ends.png Republican 2004
11 Earl Sears Ends.png Republican 2006
12 Wade Rousselot Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
13 Jerry McPeak Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
14 Arthur Hulbert Ends.png Republican 2012
15 Ed Cannaday Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
16 Jerry Shoemake Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
17 Brian Renegar Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
18 Donnie Condit Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
19 R. C. Pruett Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
20 Bobby Cleveland Ends.png Republican 2012
21 Dustin Roberts Ends.png Republican 2010
22 Charles McCall Ends.png Republican 2012
23 Terry O'Donnell Ends.png Republican 2012
24 Steve Kouplen Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
25 Todd Thomsen Ends.png Republican 2006
26 Justin Wood Ends.png Republican 2012
27 Josh Cockroft Ends.png Republican 2010
28 Tom Newell Ends.png Republican 2010
29 Skye McNiel Ends.png Republican 2006
30 Mark McCullough Ends.png Republican 2006
31 Jason Murphey Ends.png Republican 2006
32 Jason Smalley Ends.png Republican 2012
33 Lee Denney Ends.png Republican 2004
34 Cory Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
35 Dennis Casey Ends.png Republican 2010
36 Sean Roberts Ends.png Republican 2010
37 Steve Vaughan Ends.png Republican 2010
38 Dale DeWitt Ends.png Republican 2002
39 Marian Cooksey Ends.png Republican 2004
40 Mike Jackson Ends.png Republican 2004
41 John Enns Ends.png Republican 2006
42 Lisa J. Billy Ends.png Republican 2004
43 Colby Schwartz Ends.png Republican 2006
44 Emily Virgin Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
45 Aaron Stiles Ends.png Republican 2010
46 Scott Martin Ends.png Republican 2006
47 Leslie Osborn Ends.png Republican 2008
48 Pat Ownbey Ends.png Republican 2008
49 Tommy C. Hardin Ends.png Republican 2010
50 Dennis Johnson Ends.png Republican 2006
51 Scott Biggs Ends.png Republican 2012
52 Charles Ortega Ends.png Republican 2008
53 Mark McBride Ends.png Republican 2012
54 Paul Wesselhoft Ends.png Republican 2004
55 Todd Russ Ends.png Republican 2009
56 David Perryman Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
57 Harold Wright Ends.png Republican 2008
58 Jeffrey W. Hickman Ends.png Republican 2004
59 Mike Sanders Ends.png Republican 2008
60 Dan Fisher Ends.png Republican 2012
61 Gus Blackwell Ends.png Republican 2002
62 T. W. Shannon Ends.png Republican 2006
63 Don Armes Ends.png Republican 2002
64 Ann Coody Ends.png Republican 2004
65 Joe Dorman Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
66 Jadine Nollan Ends.png Republican 2010
67 Pam Peterson Ends.png Republican 2004
68 Glen Mulready Ends.png Republican 2010
69 Fred Jordan Ends.png Republican 2006
70 Ken Walker Ends.png Republican 2012
71 Katie Henke Ends.png Republican 2012
72 Seneca Scott Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
73 Kevin Matthews Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
74 David Derby Ends.png Republican 2006
75 Dan Kirby Ends.png Republican 2008
76 David Brumbaugh Ends.png Republican 2010
77 Eric Proctor Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
78 Jeannie McDaniel Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
79 Weldon Watson Ends.png Republican 2006
80 Mike Ritze Ends.png Republican 2008
81 Randy Grau Ends.png Republican 2010
82 Mike Turner Ends.png Republican 2012
83 Randy McDaniel Ends.png Republican 2006
84 Sally Kern Ends.png Republican 2004
85 David Dank Ends.png Republican 2006
86 William T. Fourkiller Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
87 Jason Nelson Ends.png Republican 2008
88 Kay Floyd Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
89 Rebecca Hamilton Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
90 Jon Echols Ends.png Republican 2012
91 Mike Reynolds Ends.png Republican 2002
92 Richard Morrissette Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
93 Mike Christian Ends.png Republican 2006
94 Scott Inman Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
95 Charlie Joyner Ends.png Republican 2006
96 Lewis Moore Ends.png Republican 2008
97 Mike Shelton Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
98 John Trebilcock Ends.png Republican 2002
99 Anastasia Pittman Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
100 Elise Hall Ends.png Republican 2010
101 Gary Banz Ends.png Republican 2004

Standing committees

The Oklahoma House has the following 22 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Oklahoma
Partisan breakdown of the Oklahoma legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Oklahoma State House of Representatives for the first 13 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last nine years. Oklahoma was under Republican trifectas for the final three years of the study.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Oklahoma, the Oklahoma State Senate and the Oklahoma House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Oklahoma state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Oklahoma state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the years of the study, Oklahoma had both Democratic and Republican trifectas. Its Democratic trifectas occurred from 1992-1994 and from 2003-2004. Its Republican trifectas occurred from 2011-2013. Oklahoma's SQLI ranking was in the bottom-10 for many years of the study, finishing 44th in 1994 at its lowest. In more recent years of the study, however, the state's ranking improved, finishing 31st in 2011 at its highest. Oklahoma's worst ranking occurred during a Democratic trifecta, and its best occurred during a Republican trifecta.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 41.80
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 31.50
  • SQLI average with divided government: 40.64
Chart displaying the partisanship of Oklahoma government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013
  3. termlimits.org, "State legislative term limits," accessed December 18, 2013
  4. www.tulsaworld.com, "2014 Oklahoma Legislature: Budget challenges, leadership matters await as session begins," accessed February 3, 2014
  5. Muskogee Phoenix, "State House Republicans unveil 2013 legislative agenda," February 1, 2013
  6. WatchDog.org "OK special session puts lawsuit reforms back in place," Accessed October 25, 2013
  7. 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
  8. 2010 session dates for Oklahoma legislature
  9. 9.0 9.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  10. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  11. Follow the Money "Oklahoma House of Representatives 2012 Campaign Contributions"
  12. Follow the Money "Oklahoma House of Representatives 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  13. Follow the Money "Oklahoma House of Representatives 2008 Campaign Contributions"
  14. Follow the Money "Oklahoma House of Representatives 2006 Campaign Contributions"
  15. Follow the Money "Oklahoma House of Representatives 2004 Campaign Contributions"
  16. Follow the Money "Oklahoma House of Representatives 2002 Campaign Contributions"
  17. Follow the Money "Oklahoma House of Representatives 2000 Campaign Contributions"
  18. Justia, "Oklahoma Statutes," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 26-12-106(A), Oklahoma Statutes)
  19. Justia, "Oklahoma Statutes," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 26-12-105, Oklahoma Statutes)
  20. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named limits
  21. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census: Oklahoma Profile," 2011
  22. USA Today, "Oklahoma City, suburbs see 'significant growth'," February 18, 2011
  23. The Express-Star, "State's congressional representation to stay the same," March 7, 2011
  24. Tulsa Today, "Not Kumbaya, but close: House reapportionment headed to a peaceful end," May 10, 2011
  25. Tulsa World, "Redistricting draws criticism: One senator says lawmakers shouldn't be involved in the process," April 24, 2011
  26. News-Star "House redistricting moves forward, Senate plan stalls," May 10, 2011
  27. NewsOK, "State Senate releases maps for proposed districts," May 12, 2011
  28. Real Clear Politics "Fallin signs House, Senate redistricting bills," May 20, 2011
  29. The Oklahoman, "Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin signs redistricting bills," May 21, 2011
  30. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  31. Rules of the Oklahoma House of Representatives - Duties and Rights of the Speaker
  32. Oklahoma House Majority Leadership
  33. Oklahoma House Minority Leadership