Difference between revisions of "Open government"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (See also)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{tnr}}'''Open government''' is the political doctrine which holds that the business of government and state administration should be opened at all levels to effective public scrutiny and oversight. In its broadest construction it opposes reason of state and national security considerations, which have tended to legitimize extensive state secrecy. The origins of open government arguments can be dated to the time of the European Enlightenment to debates about the proper construction of a then nascent civil society.
+
{{tnr}}'''Open government''' is the political doctrine which holds that the business of government and state administration should be opened at all levels to effective public scrutiny and oversight. The United States passed its Freedom of Information Act ([[Freedom of Information Act|FOIA]]) in 1966.
 
+
Among recent developments is the theory of open source governance which advocates the application of the philosophies of the free software movement to democratic principles to enable interested citizens to get more directly involved in the legislative process.  Government transparency has proven in case studies to lead to more accountability, check against mismanagement and corruption, boost public confidence, and create informed participation of citizens.<ref>[http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/UN/UNPAN012062.pdf ''Transparency Government'', Presentation for ILEA Seminar, July 20, 1999]</ref>
+
 
+
==Obama administration==
+
On his first day in Office, [[Barack Obama|President Obama]] signed the Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government, ushering in a new era of open and accountable government meant to bridge the gap between the American people and their government:
+
 
+
*The Administration is reducing the influence of special interests by writing new ethics rules that prevent lobbyists from coming to work in government or sitting on its advisory boards.
+
*The Administration is tracking how government uses the money with which the people have entrusted it with easy-to-understand websites like recovery.gov USASpending.gov, and IT.usaspending.gov.
+
*The Administration is empowering the public – through greater openness and new technologies – to influence the decisions that affect their lives.
+
 
+
On December 8, 2009, the White House issued an unprecedented Open Government Directive  requiring federal agencies to take immediate, specific steps to achieve key milestones in transparency, participation, and collaboration.
+
 
+
However, in 2013 the Obama administration has come under fire over NSA wire tapping and the administration's lack of transparency.<ref>[http://www.theverge.com/2013/10/28/5037300/obama-unaware-of-wiretaps-on-world-leaders ''The Verge'', "Obama wasn't aware of the NSA's wiretaps on world leaders, says White House review", accessed March 28, 2014]</ref>
+
 
+
==History==
+
Open government is  widely seen as a key hallmark of contemporary democratic practice and is often linked to the passing of [[Freedom of Information in the United States|freedom of information]] legislation.  The United States passed its Freedom of Information Act ([[Freedom of Information Act|FOIA]]) in 1966.
+
 
+
==Impediments to an open government==
+
Even given the passing of Freedom of Information Act the Government looks for way to restrict or avoid the Freedom of Information Act or Open Meetings Laws.  Impediments include:<ref>[http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/UN/UNPAN012062.pdf ''Transparency Government'', Presentation for ILEA Seminar, July 20, 1999]</ref>
+
*Discretion without accountability
+
*Excessive Rules
+
*Charging an excessive amount for information
+
*Lack of timely, publicized information
+
*Lack of resources to publish information
+
*Information not accessible to the disadvantaged
+
*Lack of a service culture in government
+
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==

Revision as of 20:51, 29 April 2014

Open government is the political doctrine which holds that the business of government and state administration should be opened at all levels to effective public scrutiny and oversight. The United States passed its Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) in 1966.

See also

Ballotpedia:Index of Terms

External links

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
Suggest a link

References