Oregon House of Representatives

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Oregon House of Representatives

Seal of Oregon.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   February 4, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Tina Kotek (D)
Majority Leader:   Val Hoyle (D)
Minority leader:   Mike McLane (R)
Structure
Members:  60
   Democratic Party (34)
Republican Party (26)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art IV, Oregon Constitution
Salary:   $21,936/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (60 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (60 seats)
Redistricting:  Legislature redraws boundaries
The Oregon House of Representatives is the lower house of the Oregon Legislature. There are 60 members in the House, elected to two-year terms, and are not subject to term limits. Each member represents an average of 63,851 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 57,023 residents.[2]

The Oregon legislature is termed as a "citizens' assembly" (meaning that most legislators hold other jobs.) Its regular sessions occur in odd-numbered years, beginning on the second Monday in January. Oregon is one of only 6 states which do not hold annual sessions.

In Oregon, representatives serve two-year terms with no limit on consecutive terms.

As of December 2014, Oregon is one of 14 Democratic state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article IV of the Oregon Constitution establishes when the Oregon State Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to meet. Section 10 of Article IV states that the Legislature will meet in regular session once every two years. The section goes on to establish starting dates for these sessions, but these dates have been changed by law (as the section allows).

Section 10 of Article IV also requires the presiding officers of both legislative houses to convene an emergency session of the Legislature when a majority of the members of each house request an emergency session.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from February 4 through July 9.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included in-state tuition, driver's licenses for undocumented immigrants, and background checks for guns.[3][4]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from February 1 through March 6.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from February 1 through June 30. [5]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House did not hold a regular session. However, the Legislature was in special session from February 1st to February 25th.[6]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Oregon was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[7]

Elections

2012

See also: Oregon House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Oregon House of Representatives will be held in Oregon on November 6, 2012. All 60 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 6, 2012. The primary election day was May 15, 2012.[8]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Oregon House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Oregon's House of Representatives were held in Oregon on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 9, 2010 (August 24 for independents). The primary election date was May 18, 2010.


In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $14,996,656 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [9]

Qualifications

Article 4, Section 8 of the Oregon Constitution states:

  • No person shall be a Senator or Representative who at the time of election is not a citizen of the United States; nor anyone who has not been for one year next preceding the election an inhabitant of the district from which the Senator or Representative may be chosen. However, for purposes of the general election next following the operative date of an apportionment under section 6 of this Article, the person must have been an inhabitant of the district from January 1 of the year following the reapportionment to the date of the election.
  • Senators and Representatives shall be at least twenty one years of age.
  • No person shall be a Senator or Representative who has been convicted of a felony during:
    • The term of office of the person as a Senator or Representative; or
    • The period beginning on the date of the election at which the person was elected to the office of Senator or Representative and ending on the first day of the term of office to which the person was elected.
  • No person is eligible to be elected as a Senator or Representative if that person has been convicted of a felony and has not completed the sentence received for the conviction prior to the date that person would take office if elected. As used in this subsection, “sentence received for the conviction” includes a term of imprisonment, any period of probation or post-prison supervision and payment of a monetary obligation imposed as all or part of a sentence.
  • Notwithstanding sections 11 and 15, Article IV of this Constitution:
    • The office of a Senator or Representative convicted of a felony during the term to which the Senator or Representative was elected or appointed shall become vacant on the date the Senator or Representative is convicted.
    • A person elected to the office of Senator or Representative and convicted of a felony during the period beginning on the date of the election and ending on the first day of the term of office to which the person was elected shall be ineligible to take office and the office shall become vacant on the first day of the next term of office.
  • Subject to subsection (4) of this section, a person who is ineligible to be a Senator or Representative under subsection (3) of this section may:
    • Be a Senator or Representative after the expiration of the term of office during which the person is ineligible; and
    • Be a candidate for the office of Senator or Representative prior to the expiration of the term of office during which the person is ineligible.
  • No person shall be a Senator or Representative who at all times during the term of office of the person as a Senator or Representative is not an inhabitant of the district from which the Senator or Representative may be chosen or has been appointed to represent. A person shall not lose status as an inhabitant of a district if the person is absent from the district for purposes of business of the Legislative Assembly. Following the operative date of an apportionment under section 6 of this Article, until the expiration of the term of office of the person, a person may be an inhabitant of any district.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, the Board of County Commissioners representing the vacant seat must select a replacement. This can only be done when the Legislature is in session or the vacancy happens more than 61 days before the next scheduled general election[10]. The board must select a person from the political party that last held the vacant seat. Three candidates who are members of the party that last controlled the seat must be considered by the board. A replacement must be selected within 30 days of the vacancy. The person selected to fill the seat serves for the remainder of the unexpired term[11].

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of December 2014
     Democratic Party 34
     Republican Party 26
Total 60


The tie in the Oregon House of Representatives led to the creative decision to have co-speakers, one from each party. As of June 2011, the arrangement had worked relatively well and the House functioned smoothly. Other chambers have faced the problem of tied party membership in the past, including Oregon's State Senate after the 2002 elections.[12]

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Oregon State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Oregon State House.PNG

Redistricting

The Oregon State Legislature is responsible for proposing and passing new legislative maps. Should a plan not be passed by the deadline, or if one is vetoed or struck down by a court, the Oregon Secretary of State then assumes responsibility. Historically, the Secretary was involved in each redistricting process in the centuty prior to 2011.

2010 census

Oregon's population increased by 12 percent from 2000-2010, exceeding the national average of 9.7 percent. Noting the even partisan split and the lack of a Legislature drawn plan in a hundred years' time, the Legislature proposed and passed a new plan quickly without major controversy. Governor John Kitzhaber (D) signed the plan into law on June 13, 2011, six days after its original proposal. This is the first time Oregon enacted a redistricting plan without the involvement of the Secretary of State in 100 years. No major litigation was filed against the plan.

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Oregon Legislature are paid $21,936/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive $123/day per diem tied to the federal rate.[13]

The Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate receive twice as much salary as other legislators. These salaries have been determined by statute. [14]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Oregon legislators assume office the second Monday in January.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body. [15]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Oregon House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Tina Kotek Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Chris Garrett Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Leader Val Hoyle Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Whip Tobias Read Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Majority Whip Jules Bailey Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Majority Leader, Policy Michael Dembrow Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Majority Leader, Politics Betty Komp Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Leader Mike McLane Ends.png Republican
State House Deputy Minority Leader Julie Parrish Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Whip Vicki Berger Ends.png Republican
State House Deputy Minority Whip Sherrie Sprenger Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Leader Jason Conger Ends.png Republican

Current members

Current members, Oregon House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Wayne Krieger Ends.png Republican 2001
2 Tim Freeman Ends.png Republican 2009
3 Wally Hicks Ends.png Republican 2011
4 Dennis Richardson Ends.png Republican 2001
5 Peter Buckley Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
6 Sal Esquivel Ends.png Republican 2005
7 Bruce Hanna Ends.png Republican 2004
8 Paul Holvey Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
9 Caddy McKeown Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
10 David Gomberg Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
11 Phil Barnhart Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
12 John Lively Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
13 Nancy Nathanson Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
14 Val Hoyle Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
15 Andy Olson Ends.png Republican 2005
16 Sara Gelser Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
17 Sherrie Sprenger Ends.png Republican 2009
18 Victor Gilliam Ends.png Republican 2007
19 Kevin Cameron Ends.png Republican 2005
20 Vicki Berger Ends.png Republican 2003
21 Brian Clem Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
22 Betty Komp Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
23 Jim Thompson Ends.png Republican 2009
24 Jim Weidner Ends.png Republican 2009
25 Kim Thatcher Ends.png Republican 2005
26 John Davis Ends.png Republican 2013
27 Tobias Read Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
28 Jeff Barker Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
29 Ben Unger Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
30 Joe Gallegos Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
31 Bradley Witt Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
32 Deborah Boone Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
33 Mitch Greenlick Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
34 Chris Harker Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
35 Margaret Doherty Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
36 Jennifer Williamson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
37 Julie Parrish Ends.png Republican 2011
38 Chris Garrett Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
39 Bill Kennemer Ends.png Republican 2009
40 Brent Barton Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
41 Carolyn Tomei Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
42 Jules Bailey Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
43 Lew Frederick Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
44 Tina Kotek Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
45 Michael Dembrow Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
46 Alissa Keny-Guyer Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
47 Jessica Vega Pederson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
48 Jeff Reardon Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
49 Chris Gorsek Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
50 Greg Matthews Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
51 Shemia Fagan Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
52 Mark Johnson Ends.png Republican 2010
53 Gene Whisnant Ends.png Republican 2003
54 Jason Conger Ends.png Republican 2011
55 Mike McLane Ends.png Republican 2011
56 Gail Whitsett Ends.png Republican 2013
57 Greg Smith Ends.png Republican 2001
58 Bob Jenson Ends.png Republican 1997
59 John Huffman Ends.png Republican 2007
60 Cliff Bentz Ends.png Republican 2009

Standing committees

Oregon
House of Representatives
SLP badge.png
House Committees
Agriculture and Natural Resources

Business and Labor
Consumer Protection and Government Efficiency
Education
Energy and Environment
Health Care
Higher Education and Workforce Development
Human Services and Housing
Judiciary
Revenue
Rules
Rural Communities
Transportation and Economic Development
Veterans' Services and Emergency Preparedness

Senate Committees

The Oregon House has 15 standing committees:

Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Business and Labor Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Consumer Protection and Government Efficiency Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Education Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Energy and Environment Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Health Care Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Human Services and Housing Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Higher Education and Workforce Development Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Judiciary Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Land Use Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Revenue Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

O&C Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Rules Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Transportation and Economic Development Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

Veterans and Emergency Preparedness Committee, Oregon House of Representatives

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Oregon’’
Partisan breakdown of the Oregon legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Oregon State House of Representatives for five years while the Republicans were the majority for 15 years. Oregon was under a Democratic trifecta for the final year of the study.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Oregon, the Oregon State Senate and the Oregon House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Oregon state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References