Difference between revisions of "Oregon State Legislature"

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==House of Representatives==
 
==House of Representatives==
The [[Oregon House of Representatives]] is the [[lower house]] of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. There are 60 members of the House, representing 60 districts across the state. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|63,851 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-01.pdf ''census.gov'', "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators|57,023]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf ''U.S. Census Bureau,'' "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001]</ref>
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The [[Oregon House of Representatives]] is the [[lower house]] of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. There are 60 members of the House, representing 60 districts across the state. Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|63,851 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref name=census1/> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators|57,023]].<ref name=census2/>
 
{{orhousepartisan}}
 
{{orhousepartisan}}
  

Revision as of 11:30, 28 July 2014

Oregon State Legislature

Seal of Oregon.png
General Information
Type:   State legislature
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   February 3, 2014
Website:   Official Legislature Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Peter Courtney (D)
House Speaker:  Tina Kotek (D)
Majority Leader:   Diane Rosenbaum (D) (Senate),
Val Hoyle (D) (House)
Minority leader:   Ted Ferrioli (R) (Senate),
Mike McLane (R) (House)
Structure
Members:  30 (Senate), 60 (House)
Length of term:   4 years (Senate), 2 years (House)
Authority:   Art IV, Oregon Constitution
Salary:   $21,936/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012
14 seats (Senate)
60 seats (House)
Next election:  November 4, 2014
15 seats (Senate)
60 seats (House)
Redistricting:  Oregon Legislature has control
The Oregon Legislative Assembly is the state legislature for the state of Oregon. The Legislative Assembly is a bicameral consisting of an upper house, the Oregon State Senate, and a lower house, the Oregon House of Representatives. There are no term limits for either house in the Legislative Assembly.

The legislature is a citizens' assembly (meaning that most legislators have other jobs.)

As of September 2014, Oregon is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.

See also: Oregon House of Representatives, Oregon State Senate, Oregon Governor

Sessions

Article IV of the Oregon Constitution establishes when the Legislature is to meet. Section 10 of Article IV states that the Legislature will meet in regular session once every two years. The section goes on to establish starting dates for these sessions, but these dates have been changed by law (as the section allows). Under current law, sessions convene on the second Monday in January of all odd years.[1]

Section 10 of Article IV also requires the presiding officers of both legislative houses to convene an emergency session of the Legislature when a majority of the members of each house request an emergency session.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from February 3 through March 10.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2014 legislative session included marijuana, gun control, liquor in grocery stores, the environment, health, the budget, Oregon Lottery reform and the Columbia River Crossing project.[2]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from February 4 to July 9.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included in-state tuition, driver's licenses for undocumented immigrants, and background checks for guns.[3][4]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Legislature was in session from February 1 through March 6.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Legislature was in session from February 1 through June 30.[5]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Legislature did not hold a regular session. However, the Legislature was in special session from February 1st to February 25th.[6]

Role in state budget

See also: Oregon state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[7][8]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies from February through May in the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in September.
  3. Agency hearings are held from September through November.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in December.
  5. From January through June, the legislature debates and then adopts a budget. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins July 1.

In Oregon, the governor may exercise line item veto and item veto of appropriations authority.[8]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.[8]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Oregon was one of 29 states with mixed results regarding the frequency and effectiveness in its use of cost-benefit analysis.[9]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[10] According to the report, Oregon received a grade of A- and a numerical score of 93.5, indicating that Oregon was "leading" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[10]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Oregon was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[11]

Senate

The Oregon State Senate is the upper house of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. There are 30 members of the State Senate, representing 30 districts across the state. Each member represents an average of 127,702 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[12] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 114,047.[13] Each Senate district is composed of exactly two House districts: Senate District 1 contains House Districts 1 and 2, SD 2 contains HD 3 and HD 4, and so on.

Oregon State Senators serve four year terms without term limits. In 2002, the Oregon Supreme Court struck down the decade-old law, Oregon Ballot Measure 3 (1992), that had restricted State Senators to two terms (eight years) on procedural grounds.

Like certain other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the federal U.S. Senate, the State Senate can confirm or reject gubernatorial appointments to state departments, commissions, boards, and other state governmental agencies.

Oregon, along with Arizona, Maine, and Wyoming, is one of the four U.S. states to have abolished the Office of the Lieutenant Governor, a position which for most upper houses of state legislatures and indeed for the U.S. Congress (with the Vice President) is the head of the legislative body. Instead, a separate position of Senate President is in place, removed from the Oregonian executive branch.

Current Make-up

The latest elections for the Oregon State Senate occurred on November 7, 2006. 15 of the Senate's 30 seats were open for election. The Democratic Party retained their majority, with no loss or gain of seats for any party. Shortly after the 2006 election, Senator Ben Westlund, whose seat was not up for election in 2006, announced his party change from Independent to the Democratic Party. His switch resulted in the current make-up of 18 Democrats, 11 Republicans and 1 Independent.


Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 16
     Republican Party 14
Total 30


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Oregon State Senate from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Oregon State Senate.PNG

House of Representatives

The Oregon House of Representatives is the lower house of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. There are 60 members of the House, representing 60 districts across the state. Each member represents an average of 63,851 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[12] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 57,023.[13]

Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 34
     Republican Party 26
Total 60


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Oregon State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Oregon State House.PNG

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Oregon
Partisan breakdown of the Oregon legislature from 1992-2013

Oregon State Senate: From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Oregon State Senate for 12 years while the Republicans were the majority for eight years. Oregon was under a Democratic trifecta the final year of the study.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Oregon State House of Representatives: From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Oregon State House of Representatives for five years while the Republicans were the majority for 15 years. Oregon was under a Democratic trifecta for the final year of the study.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Oregon, the Oregon State Senate and the Oregon House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Oregon state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Oregon state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Oregon had Democratic trifectas from 2007-2010 and again in 2013. The state's lowest SQLI ranking, finishing 39th, occurred in 2005. Its highest ranking, finishing 18th, occurred in 2011. Both occurred when the government was divided.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the Oregon government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

Legislators

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Oregon Legislature are paid $21,936/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive $123/day per diem tied to the federal rate.[14]

The Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate receive twice as much salary as other legislators. These salaries have been determined by statute.[15]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Oregon legislators assume office the second Monday in January.

Joint Legislative Committees

Decommissioned Joint Committees

See also

External links

References

  1. Oregon State Legislature, "Legislative Process," accessed July 28, 2014
  2. oregonlive.com, "2014 Oregon Legislature: 35 days for guns, pot, booze and a zombie bridge," accessed February 3, 2014
  3. Statesman Journal, "Immigration issues back in spotlight at Oregon Legislature," January 27, 2013
  4. Daily Tidings, "Immigration issues on agenda for Ore. Legislature," February 1, 2013
  5. National Conference of State Legislatures, "2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar," accessed June 6, 2014(Archived)
  6. National Conference of State Legislatures, "2010 Legislative Sessions Calendar," accessed July 28, 2014(Archived)
  7. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  9. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  11. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 census.gov, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001
  14. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  15. "Oregon State Legislature: Frequently Asked Questions," 2011