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Oregon signature requirements

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Signature requirements
(By state)

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In Oregon, the number of valid signatures required to qualify an initiated constitutional amendment, an initiated statute or an initiated referendum is based on a percentage of the votes cast for all candidates for governor at the general election preceding the filing of the petition. Gubernatorial elections are held every four years in the state, and the most recent one was in 2010.

Candidates for Congress and State Legislature are required to pay filing fees. Occasionally, candidates may submit signatures in lieu of the fees.

Federal offices

U.S. Senate

Candidates are required to submit a $150 filing fee and an additional $3,000 fee to appear in the voters pamphlet, or 500 signatures in lieu of the fee.[1]

U.S. House

Candidates are required to submit a $100 filing fee and an additional $2,500 fee to appear in the voters pamphlet, or 300 signatures in lieu.[1]

Filing deadlines

2014

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 U.S. Congress elections

The 2014 filing deadline for candidates running in the primary is March 11, 2014. For candidates running in the general election, the deadline is August 26, 2014.[2]

2012

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 U.S. Congress elections

Candidates who ran in the May 15 primary election had to file by March 6, 2012.[1]

State offices

State legislature

Candidates are required to submit a $25 filing fee and an additional $750 fee to appear in the voters pamphlet, or 300 signatures in lieu.[1]

Filing deadlines

2014

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 state government elections

The 2014 filing deadline for candidates running in the primary is March 11, 2014. For candidates running in the general election, the deadline is August 26, 2014.[3]

2012

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state government elections

Candidates who ran in the May 15 primary election had to file by March 6, 2012.[1]

Ballot measures

Signature requirements

The number of signatures required is tied to the number of votes cast for the office of governor in the state's most recent gubernatorial election. Valid signatures equaling 8% of this vote are needed for initiated constitutional amendments and signatures equal to 6% of this vote are required for initiated statutes. Signatures equal to 4% of the votes cast for governor are needed for a veto referendum.

Year Amendment Statute Veto referendum
2014 116,284 87,213 58,142
2012 116,284 87,213 58,142
2010 110,358 82,769 55,179
2008 110,358 82,769 55,179

DocumentIcon.jpg See law: Oregon Constitution, Article IV, Section 1

Basis for calculation

In 2010, 1,453,548 votes were cast for the office of governor.[4]

Deadlines

2014

The deadline for filing signatures for the November 2014 ballot is July 3, 2014.[5]

2012

The deadline for filing signatures for the November 2012 ballot is July 6, 2012[6].

2010

The deadline for filing signatures for the November 2010 ballot was July 2, 2010.

New signature requirements

As of January of 2008 HB 2082 was approved by the legislature and the courts. The bill, designed to lessen initiative fraud, placed significant new burdens on the state's initiative process. Some of the changes for signature collection include:[7]

  • If you have been convicted of a crime with the last five years you may not take a job being paid to collect signatures.
  • Paid signature gatherers must register with the secretary of state and undergo a brief training.
  • Require that signers themselves fill in personal information, rather than allowing signature gatherers to do so
  • Ensure all voter signatures are counted by allowing voters from around the state to sign on the same petition sheet, rather than on county-by-county sheets, a practice that frequently causes mistakes.
  • Ensure campaigns are complying with a ban on payment-per-signature collections by requiring wage records to be kept and given to state officials if requested.
  • Stop ballot title shopping, the practice of filing multiple versions of a measure in order to pick the best ballot title result, a costly process for state lawyers. It will take 1,000 signatures rather than 25 before an initiative petition gets a ballot title.
  • Allows electronic circulation of petitions by allowing initiative supporters to download a specialized form, sign it, and send it in to be counted as a signature.

Changes in signature requirements over time

In 1902, when Oregon voters approved the legislatively referred ballot measure authorizing initiative and referendum in the state, the number of signatures was tied to the number of votes cast for justice of the Oregon Supreme Court.

At that time, both initiated statutes and initiated constitutional amendments required eight percent of the vote cast for justice, and a referendum required five percent.

In 1954, in a popular vote, the Oregon Constitution was amended to increase to 10 percent the number of signatures required for a constitutional amendment. The current requirements (4% for a referendum, 6% for an initiated statute, and 8% for an initiated constitutional amendment) were established by a vote of the people in 1968.

See also

External links

References