|U.S. House, Wisconsin, District 1|
|January 3, 1999-present|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||15|
|Predecessor||Mark Neumann (R)|
|Legislative director to Sen. Sam Brownback (KS)|
|Aide to Sen. Robert Kasten (WI)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|Cost per vote||$33.19 in 2012|
|First elected||November 3, 1998|
|Next primary||August 12, 2014|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|High school||Joseph A. Craig High School, WI|
|Bachelor's||Miami University, OH|
|Birthday||January 29, 1970|
|Place of birth||Janesville, WI|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Issues
- 4.1 Legislative actions
- 4.1.1 113th Congress
- 4.1.2 National security
- 4.1.3 Economy
- 4.1.4 Immigration
- 4.1.5 Healthcare
- 4.1.6 Social issues
- 4.1.7 Previous congressional sessions
- 4.2 Book deal
- 4.3 September 2013 NYC event
- 4.4 Future Speaker of the House?
- 4.5 Scope of presidency
- 4.6 Presidential preference
- 4.7 Endorsements
- 4.1 Legislative actions
- 5 Elections
- 6 Campaign donors
- 7 Analysis
- 8 Personal
- 9 Recent news
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
- 12 References
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Ryan is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.
After graduating from Miami University of Ohio, Ryan moved to Washington D.C., where he put his political science degree to use as an aide to Wisconsin Senator Robert Kasten and a speechwriter for deceased former congressman Jack Kemp. Prior to entering Congress in 1999 at age 28, Ryan also worked on the policy staff for a conservative think tank called Empower America.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Ryan's academic, professional and political career:
- 1999-Present: U.S. House of Representatives
- 1995-1997: Legislative Director to Sen. Sam Brownback (KS)
- 1993-1995: Advisor and speechwriter for Empower America
- 1992: Aide to Sen. Robert Kasten (WI)
Ryan was a member of the following House committees:
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. For more information pertaining to Ryan's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
Ryan voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Ryan voted for HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.
Keystone Pipeline Amendment
Ryan voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.
Ryan voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Ryan voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.
On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Ryan voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.
Report on budget
In a March 2014 report critiquing the budget situation, Ryan developed his own proposal of programs to cut. Among those programs were welfare, child care, college Pell grants and other assistance programs.
In the short term, Ryan's proposal attempted to introduce some concrete Republican solutions to reverse perceptions that the GOP has become simply the party of "no" in opposition to Obama.
"This report will help start the conversation. It shows that some programs work; others don't. And for many of them, we just don't know. Clearly, we can do better," Ryan said.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Ryan voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Ryan voted against HR 2775.
Ryan said he donated his salary while the government was shutdown.
Ryan spoke with the press on the first day of the shutdown, October 1, 2013. He suggested an agreement to end the shutdown could be tied in with the debt ceiling, which hits its limit on October 17, 2013. He said, "We have a debt limit coming. Most budget agreements in the past have always involved debt limit increases. We think that's the forcing mechanism, just like the Budget Control Act that President Obama signed before." He added, "That's what we think we need. A forcing action to bring two parties together." He added, "We don't want to close the government down. We want it open. But we want fairness ... We want a budget agreement that gets the debt under control."
He wrote an op-ed on October 9, 2013, and then went on Bill Bennett's radio show to address the shutdown and entitlements. He said, "I don’t know that within the next two weeks we have a viable strategy for actually repealing Obamacare, every piece of it." He added, "We’re going to keep going after Obamacare. I’m totally committed to dismantling this law because what we’re learning soon here is that’s it’s going to do so much damage to this country. Premiums are skyrocketing, people are losing the coverage they had, businesses are knocking people down less than 40 hours a week, it’s just terrible." In his op-ed published in The Wall Street Journal, he said, .".. we need a complete rethinking of government’s approach to helping the most vulnerable, and a complete rethinking of government’s approach to health care. But right now, we need to find common ground. We need to open the federal government. We need to pay our bills today — and make sure we can pay our bills tomorrow."
In November 2013, Ryan said there will not be a shutdown in January when the spending bill runs out. Ryan said that either they will strike a deal with Congress or keep government funding the same. He also added the Obamacare defunding attempt will not be repeated again in January, explaining his fellow Republicans now realize it's not discretionary spending-"ObamaCare is an entitlement, they are not related."
- See also: United States Farm Bill 2013
Ryan released a statement following the bipartisan budget agreement he helped negotiate. He said, "As a conservative, I deal with the situation as it exists. I deal with the way things are, not necessarily the way things I want them to be. I've passed three budgets in a row that reflect my priorities and my principles and everything I wanted to accomplish. We're in divided government. I realize I'm not going to get that. So I'm not going to go a mile in the direction I wanted to go to, but I will take a few steps in the right direction. This agreement takes us in the right direction, from my perspective, for the very reasons I laid out before."
He added, "This says let’s cut spending in a smarter way, some permanent spending cuts to pay for some temporary sequester relief, resulting in net deficit reduction without raising taxes. That’s fiscal responsibility. That’s fiscal conservatism. And it adds a greater stability to the situation. It prevents government shutdowns, which we don’t think is anyone’s interest. That to me is the right thing to do, and that is a conservative looking at the situation as it is, making it better."
He elaborated on the agreement saying, "The House budget reflects our ultimate goals. It balanced the budget within 10 years, it pays off the debt, but I realize that that is not going to pass in this divided government. I see this agreement as a step in the right direction. In divided government, you don’t always get what you want. That said, we still can make progress toward our goals."
Morton Memos Prohibition
Ryan voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Healthcare Reform Rules
Ryan voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
Ryan voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
Previous congressional sessions
Ryan voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.
On September 22, 2013, it was announced that Ryan was in the process of writing a book about the current and future state of conservatism. The book, "Where Do We Go From Here?," is set for publication in August 2014. This is Paul's second book. His first book, "Young Guns: A New Generation of Conservative Leaders," was co-authored with fellow Republican Reps. Eric Cantor and Kevin McCarthy in 2010.
September 2013 NYC event
Six of the Republican Party’s leaders and potential 2016 nominees jointly headlined a fundraiser for the Republican National Committee (RNC) in New York in September 2013.
It was a dinner and reception with New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, Senators Marco Rubio and Rand Paul and Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker, as well as Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder and Rep. Ryan, who are listed as the “special guests.”
Future Speaker of the House?
Ryan's name has been tossed around as a potential successor to John Boehner as Speaker of the House. While this could happen, it doesn't appear to be in the immediate future as Boehner is running for re-election in 2014 and Ryan has been mentioned as taking over the Means and Ways Committee in 2015.
Texas Tribune luncheon
At a luncheon sponsored by local chambers of commerce and the Texas Tribune on January 23, 2014, Ryan declared that he did not want the Speaker of the House position. He declined to say whether he was interested in the chairmanship of the House Ways and Means Committee.
“When Janna and I joined [Mitt Romney’s presidential] ticket, we looked at what would this do to our family and we realized that actually we would see each other more in the vice presidency than as a member of the House,” Ryan said, explaining his decision. “We would see each other less in the speakership than as a member of the House.”
“I could’ve decided to go on the elected leadership route years ago,” Ryan said. “I’m more of a policy person. I prefer spending my days on policy and my weekends at home with my family. My weekends consist of going to the YMCA for basketball and then one of their neighborhood parishes for basketball these days. I want to keep doing that. … The speaker is expected to fly around the country on weekends as well, helping folks — I’m not going to do that. I’m four days a week in D.C. and three days a week in Janesville — it’s a good mix, I like that mix.”
Scope of presidency
"It's not the number of executive orders, it's the scope of the executive orders. It's the fact that he is actually contradicting law like in the health care case, or proposing new laws without going through congress, George, that's the issue...We have an increasingly lawless presidency where he is actually doing the job of Congress, writing new policies and new laws without going through congress. Presidents don't write laws, Congress does. And when he does things like he did in health care, delaying mandates that the law said was supposed to occur when they were supposed to occur, that's not his job. The job of Congress is to change laws if he doesn't like them, not the presidency."
Idaho's 2nd District
Ryan endorsed incumbent Mike Simpson on March 4, 2014. Ryan said in his endorsement, “Mike Simpson has been in the trenches fighting to reform runaway spending and has been a critical voice in passing our plan to balance the budget and pay down our debt."
Alabama's 1st special election
Republican candidate Wells Griffith picked up a high-profile endorsement from Ryan on August 7, 2013, for the special election for Alabama's 1st Congressional District. "I've known Wells Griffith for a long time and consider him a true friend," said Ryan. "Wells is committed to moving our country and our party forward. His dedication to advancing conservative principles is admirable and he will be a strong conservative voice for South Alabama."
"Alabama's economy is dependent on being a right to work state, but Ryan keeps adding to a long record of limiting employee freedom and driving up costs via support for the horrible Davis-Bacon law and other suck-ups to union bosses," Hillyer said.
"I have been a longtime admirer of Paul Ryan, but he has increasingly proved to be a disappointment and out of touch with Alabama values," Hillyer said. "Ryan is the driving force in the House for amnesty, against the principles laid out by our own Senator Jeff Sessions. If one of my opponents wants a leftward-moving Paul Ryan, he can have him."
New York's 21st District
Ryan endorsed Republican Elise Stefanik in the 2014 election cycle for New York's 21st Congressional District. He said, "My friend Elise Stefanik is running for Congress to fight for hardworking families in upstate New York. She’s got the values and the work ethic to get the job done. She’s part of a new generation of leaders who will bring fresh ideas to Washington, and she has my full support."
When asked in August 2014 whether he was considering a presidential run, Ryan stated, "As far as myself and my family, this is a decision we're going to take very seriously and weigh in 2015, so I just don't know the answer to your question at this time." Ryan campaigned for vice president on the ticket with Mitt Romney in 2012, and visited Iowa and New Hampshire during the campaign. He was also one of six Republicans headlining a major fundraising event in New York City on September 23, 2013. Ryan released a book in 2014 on the state of conservatism, titled The Way Forward. Only one president, James Garfield, was elected to office as a sitting House member.
Public opinion polls
- A March 2014 poll conducted by CNN had Ryan one point behind Sen. Rand Paul on a list of presidential hopefuls. At 15% support, Ryan came in ahead of Rick Perry and Mike Huckabee, the only other potential candidates to poll in the double figures.
While Ryan was selected by Mitt Romney on August 11 to be his running mate, Wisconsin law allowed Ryan to pursue his House re-election at the same time. If Ryan had been elected for both offices, the state would have held a special election to fill his U.S. House seat.
In 2011 redistricting, The Hill published a list of the Top Ten House Members who were helped by redistricting. Ryan ranked 9th on the list. The article noted that the redistricting process, controlled by Republicans in the state House, was rushed through rather quickly ahead of recalls happening in the state, and added a few more points to the Republican base in Ryan's district.
|U.S. House, Wisconsin District 1 General Election, 2012|
|Republican||Paul Ryan Incumbent||54.9%||200,423|
|Source: Wisconsin Government Accountability Board "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election" (dead link)|
Comprehensive donor information for Ryan is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Ryan raised a total of $15,995,498 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2013.
|Paul Ryan's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||US House (Wisconsin, District 1)||$4,994,668|
|2010||US House (Wisconsin, District 1)||$3,922,760|
|2008||US House (Wisconsin, District 1)||$1,653,204|
|2006||US House (Wisconsin, District 1)||$1,462,674|
|2004||US House (Wisconsin, District 1)||$1,374,025|
|2002||US House (Wisconsin, District 1)||$1,244,748|
|2000||US House (Wisconsin, District 1)||$1,343,419|
|Grand Total Raised||$15,995,498|
|Paul Ryan (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 8, 2013||$1,363,328.25||$606,616.49||$(414,968.43)||$1,554,976.31|
|July Quarterly||July 8, 2013||$1,554,976.31||$1,106,812.48||$(474,978.85)||$2,186,809.94|
|October Quarterly||October 11, 2013||$2,186,809.94||$1,173,587.18||$(750,483.14)||$2,609,913.98|
|Year-end||January 31, 2014||$2,609,913||$1,053,283||$(456,603)||$3,206,594|
|April Quarterly||April 9, 2014||$3,206,594.31||$1,396,792.5||$(595,990.76)||$4,007,396.05|
|July Quarterly||July 10, 2014||$4,007,396.05||$1,611,279.85||$(1,783,117.9)||$3,835,558.00|
|Pre-General||October 21, 2014||$4,511,566.01||$223,741.11||$(1,877,139.88)||$2,858,167.24|
Ryan raised the most amount of money of all eight Wisconsin congressional members, with $1.7 million in contributions since January 2013.
Ryan won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that re-election cycle, Ryan's campaign committee raised a total of $4,994,668 and spent $6,651,221.
Cost per vote
Ryan spent $33.19 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House of Representatives, Wisconsin, 1st District, 2012 - Paul Ryan Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$2,265,721|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$2,250,102|
|Top contributors to Paul Ryan's campaign committee|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$304,750|
Ryan won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Ryan's campaign committee raised a total of $3,922,760 and spent $1,781,673.
|U.S. House of Representatives, Wisconsin, 1st District, 2010 - Paul Ryan Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$12,066|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$11,649|
|Top contributors to Paul Ryan's campaign committee|
|American Family Insurance||$13,000|
|Credit Union National Assn||$12,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$238,650|
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Ryan most often votes with:
Ryan least often votes with:
Ideology and leadership
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Ryan was 1 of 2 members who ranked 127th in the conservative rankings in 2012.
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Ryan was 1 of 3 members of congress who ranked 150th in the conservative rankings.
Voting with party
Ryan voted with the Republican Party 96.2% of the time, which ranked 103rd among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.
Lifetime missed votes
According to the website GovTrack, Ryan missed 227 of 9,878 roll call votes from January 1999 to April 2013. This amounts to 2.3%, which is worse than the median of 2.1% among current congressional representatives as of April 2013.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Ryan paid his congressional staff a total of $858,307 in 2011. Overall, Wisconsin ranks 32nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Ryan's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $2,206,097 to $8,605,000. That averages to $5,405,548.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Ryan ranked as the 69th most wealthy representative in 2012.
|Paul Ryan Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
2013 best year
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Paul + Ryan + Wisconsin + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election
- Wisconsin's 1st Congressional District
- United States congressional delegations from Wisconsin
- Wisconsin's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014
- United States House of Representatives elections in Wisconsin, 2014
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Politico, "2012 House Race Results," November 6, 2012
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Paul Ryan," accessed November 18, 2011
- Time Magazine, "Paul Ryan: The Prophet" December 4, 2011
- Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress "Ryan," accessed June 26, 2013
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
- U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
- Official House website, "Committee Assignments," accessed November 18, 2011
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 69 - Requires Threat Assessment of Pipeline Vulnerabilities to a Terrorist Attack - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
- New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- LA Times, "Rep. Paul Ryan calls for cuts in anti-poverty programs," accessed March 4, 2014
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Politico, "Hill pols plan to donate, halt salary," accessed October 1, 2013
- Huffington Post, "Paul Ryan: Debt Limit Is 'Forcing Mechanism' For Ending Government Shutdown," accessed October 1, 2013
- Politico, "Paul Ryan: I haven’t dropped Obamacare," accessed October 9, 2013
- The Hill, "Ryan: No need to worry about another shutdown," accessed November 20, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 2642 - Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed October 14, 2013
- New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
- Political Wire, "Ryan Praises Bipartisan Deal," accessed December 11, 2013
- Politico, "The new Paul Ryan," accessed December 11, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
- Politico, "Book deal for Paul Ryan," accessed September 22, 2013
- Politico, "GOP 2016 hopefuls slated for NYC event," accessed August 28, 2013
- [ http://www.nationaljournal.com/daily/paul-ryan-takes-a-step-toward-house-speakership-20131212 National Journal, "Paul Ryan Takes a Step Toward House Speakership," accessed December 13, 2013]
- Politico, "Paul Ryan doesn’t want to be House speaker," accessed January 24, 2014
- Milwaukee Journal Sentinel," accessed February 3, 2014
- New York Daily News, "Mitt Romney scores key Republican endorsement in Rep. Paul Ryan," March 30, 2012
- Simpson for Congress, "Simpson Announces Support of Congressman Paul Ryan," accessed March 10, 2014
- Madison.com, "Paul Ryan ripped by conservative after endorsement in Alabama congressional race," accessed August 19, 2013
- AL.com, "Paul Ryan starts a ruckus in Alabama congressional race," accessed August 19, 2013
- Roll Call, "Paul Ryan Endorses Candidate in Competitive New York House Race," accessed January 15, 2014
- New York Daily News, "Election 2016: A look at possible candidates and who could run in the next presidential race," August 17, 2013
- Politico, "GOP 2016 hopefuls slated for NYC event," August 26, 2013
- The Daily Caller, "Book Deal for Paul Ryan," August 7, 2014
- U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "House members who became president or presidential candidates," accessed November 7, 2013
- CNN, "CNN Poll: Rand Paul goes where his father never went," March 16, 2014
- Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel "Ryan's 2012 re-election not a given in tense climate," July 24, 2011
- Wisconsin Government Accountability Board "Candidates registered by office," accessed June 10, 2012
- Huffington Post "Paul Ryan House Race Can Proceed Despite VP Nomination," August 11, 2012
- The Hill "House members most helped by redistricting" accessed April 17, 2012
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Paul Ryan," accessed April 5, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Ryan 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 25, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 30, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Year-End Report," accessed February 19, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 18, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Pre-General," accessed October 24, 2014
- Milwaukee Journal Sentinel "Paul Ryan cashes in on White House run," accessed August 5, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Ryan 2012 Campaign Contributions," accessed February 23, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Paul Ryan 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 18, 2011
- OpenCongress, "Paul Ryan," accessed August 6, 2013
- GovTrack, "Paul Ryan," accessed May 9, 2013
- National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- GovTrack, "Ryan," accessed April 11, 2013
- LegiStorm "Paul Ryan," accessed September 7, 2012
- OpenSecrets.org, "Ryan, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
- Official House website, "Biography," accessed November 18, 2011
- [http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2012/08/15/paul-ryan-former-wienermobile-driver-future-vice-president/ CBS Pittsburgh, " Paul Ryan: Former Wienermobile Driver, Future Vice President?," accessed October 10, 2013]
- The Hill, "Best, worst years in Washington," accessed January 13, 2014
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