Difference between revisions of "Pennsylvania House of Representatives"

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|Website = [http://www.house.state.pa.us/ Official House Page]
|Website = [http://www.house.state.pa.us/ Official House Page]
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|House speaker = [[Samuel Smith]], (R)
|House speaker = {{State House Speaker|State=Pennsylvania}}
|Majority leader = [[Mike Turzai]], (R)
|Majority leader = [[Mike Turzai]], (R)
|Minority leader = [[Frank Dermody]], (D)
|Minority leader = [[Frank Dermody]], (D)
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| [[State Speaker of the House]] || [[Samuel Smith (Pennsylvania)|Samuel Smith]] || {{red dot}}
| [[State Speaker of the House]] || {{State House Speaker|State=Pennsylvania|Table=Yes}}
| [[State House Majority Floor Leader]] || [[Mike Turzai]] || {{red dot}}
| [[State House Majority Floor Leader]] || [[Mike Turzai]] || {{red dot}}

Revision as of 16:19, 18 April 2014

Pennsylvania House of Representatives

Seal of Pennsylvania.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2015 session start:   January 7, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
House Speaker:  Mike Turzai (R)
Majority Leader:   Mike Turzai, (R)
Minority Leader:   Frank Dermody, (D)
Members:  203
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art II, Pennsylvania Constitution
Salary:   $82,026/year + per diem
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (203 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (203 seats)
Redistricting:  Pennsylvania Legislative Reapportionment Commission
The Pennsylvania House of Representatives is the lower house of the Pennsylvania Legislature. There are 203 members elected to a two-year term, in November of the even numbered years. Each member represents an average of 62,573 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 60,498 residents.[2] The House convenes at the State Capitol in Harrisburg and each session begins on the first Tuesday on each January and each session ends on the discretion of the leadership of the House as each session end varies. The Governor at any time can call a special session.[3]

As of May 2015, Pennsylvania is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.


Article II of the Pennsylvania Constitution establishes when the Pennsylvania General Assembly, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to meet. Section 4 of Article II states that the General Assembly is to convene its regular session on the first Tuesday of January each year.

Section 4 gives the Governor of Pennsylvania the authority to convene special sessions of the General Assembly either when he judges a special session to be in the public interest, or when a majority of each legislative House requests a special session.


See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the General Assembly will be in session from January 7 through November 30.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session include public pension reform and liquor privatization.[4]


See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the General Assembly was in session from January 2 to December 31.

Major issues

Like many other states, Pennsylvania lawmakers had to work on the budget deficit. Other issues included economic development, public pension reform, liquor privatization, and child abuse.[5]

In November 2013, the Pennsylvania state House and state Senate voted unanimously on a bill, which was signed by Gov. Tom Corbett, to change the state’s unemployment compensation law. The bill closed a loophole that allowed a state employee to retire from his job and begin collecting benefits, only to be hired back as a part-time employee while also collecting unemployment compensation after leaving a previous job. While the law closed a triple-dipping loophole, the changes do not prevent double-dipping, in which a state employee retires, begins collecting pension benefits, and returns to work a part-time position.[6]

In November 2013, the state House approved a gambling expansion bill by a vote of 102-96. The bill would allow Pennsylvania bars and taverns to conduct “small scale gambling” such as raffles and drawings for cash prizes. A similar bill was approved by the Senate in October 2013, but the House-passed bill must be agreed to before the measure becomes law. Proponents of the bill say the state could raise almost $156 million annually in tax revenue if as many as 2,000 bars and taverns accept it. Opponents of the legislation say the bill would not produce the promised revenue and would hurt families.[7]

In November 2013, a bill to raise gasoline taxes and registration fees for vehicles and drivers failed in the state House by a vote of 103-98. A second proposal was withdrawn after it became clear the bill would not have support to pass. The second bill, proposed by House majority leader Mike Turzai, would spend $900 for deteriorating highways, mass transit systems, and bridges. A third proposal from state rep. Mike Hanna was not allowed a floor vote by Republican leaders. In June 2013, the state Senate passed a different transportation bill, totaling $2.5 billion, by a 45-5 margin, but the state House has not mustered enough support to bring the bill to the floor.[8]


See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House began its legislative session on January 3.


See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House will be in session from January 4 through a date to be determined by the General Assembly.[9]


See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House convened its legislative session on January 5, and it remained in session throughout the year.[10]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: "Following the Money" report, 2014

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[11] According to the report, Pennsylvania received a grade of B- and a numerical score of 82.5, indicating that Pennsylvania was "Advancing" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[11]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Pennsylvania was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data was to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A: Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[12]



See also: Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Pennsylvania House of Representatives took place in 2014. A primary election took place on May 20, 2014. The general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was March 11, 2014.


See also: Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Pennsylvania House of Representatives were held in Pennsylvania on November 6, 2012. All 203 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline was February 14, 2012 and the primary date was April 24, 2012.

During the 2012 election, the total contributions to the 410 House candidates was $33,351,949. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.


See also: Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Pennsylvania's House of Representatives were held in Pennsylvania on November 2, 2010. All 203 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 9, 2010. The primary election day was May 18, 2010.

During the 2010 election, the total contributions to the 444 House candidates was $36,502,678. The top 10 contributors were:[14]


See also: Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Pennsylvania's House of Representatives were held in Pennsylvania on November 4, 2008. All 203 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 14, 2008. The primary election day was April 22, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to the 403 House candidates was $45,787,518. The top 10 contributors were:[15]


See also: Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Pennsylvania's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date on May 16, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006. All 203 seats were up for election.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to the 531 House candidates was $50,730,125. The top 10 contributors were:[16]


See also: Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Pennsylvania's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date on April 27, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004. All 203 seats were up for election.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to the 391 House candidates was $32,641,151. The top 10 contributors were:[17]


See also: Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Pennsylvania's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date on May 21, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002. All 203 seats were up for election.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to the 420 House candidates was $29,793,903. The top 10 contributors were:[18]


See also: Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Pennsylvania's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date on April 4, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000. All 203 seats were up for election.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to the 395 House candidates was $24,838,142. The top 10 contributors were:[19]


Under Article II of the Pennsylvania Constitution, Senators shall be at least twenty-five years of age and Representatives twenty-one years of age. They shall have been citizens and inhabitants of their respective districts one year next before their election (unless absent on the public business of the United States or of this State) and shall reside in their respective districts during their terms of service.


See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
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If there is a vacancy in the house, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat. The Speaker of the House is responsible for calling an election. There are no deadlines set in the state constitution on when a special election can be held.[20]


See also: Redistricting in Pennsylvania

As far as legislative redistricting, the Pennsylvania Legislative Reapportionment Commission is responsible. This commission is normally made up of the majority and minority leaders of each legislative chamber, plus a fifth member selected by the other four to serve as chair. If the four cannot agree on a fifth, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court decides. The commission has until the October of the redistricting year to submit a plan.

2010 census

Pennsylvania received its local census data on March 9, 2011. The state had a low 3.4 percent growth rate from 2000-2010. The five most populous cities showed mostly stagnation: Philadelphia grew by 0.6 percent, Pittsburgh decreased by 8.6 percent, Allentown grew by 10.7 percent, Erie decreased by 1.9 percent, and Reading grew by 8.5 percent. By county, the major standout was Forest County with a 56 percent rate of growth.[21]

On August 17, 2011, the Commission approved the census data and went to work on a preliminary map, which it passed on October 31, 2011 by a vote of 3-2. Democrats were not happy with the plan or the negotiation process. Final maps were approved on December 12, 2011 by a 4-1 vote, moving a Senate district and five House districts from west to east. There was a 30-day window to file appeals, of which 11 were filed. The state Supreme Court threw out the maps on January 25, 2012 after appeals were heard.

The commission met on April 12, 2012 to vote in favor of a compromise map, which contained two Senate district splits and 68 House splits. On June 8, the commission approved the final plan, which went to the state Supreme Court for final approval.


Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of May 2015
     Democratic Party 83
     Republican Party 118
     Vacancy 2
Total 203

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Pennsylvania State House.PNG


See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Pennsylvania Legislature are paid $82,026/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive $159/day (vouchered) tied to the federal rate, which they can receive actual expenses or per diem.[22]


Legislators in Pennsylvania are able to retire at age 50, while other state workers cannot retire until they turn 60. In 2011, the average legislative pension was $35,221 annually, while the average state employee pension was $23,491. According to former legislator David Mayernik, who began collecting a pension of $29,583 a year when he retired at age 50, the lowered retirement age was intended as compensation for small legislative salaries as well as the uncertainty of serving in office.[23]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Pennsylvania legislators assume office in January.


The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.[24]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Pennsylvania House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Mike Turzai Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Floor Leader Mike Turzai Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Stanley Saylor Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Leader Sandra Major Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Caucus Secretary Mike Vereb Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Floor Leader Frank Dermody Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip Michael Hanna, Sr. Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Dan Frankel Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Secretary Ronald Waters Electiondot.png Democratic

List of current members

Current members, Pennsylvania House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Patrick Harkins Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
2 Florindo Fabrizio Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
3 Ryan Bizzarro Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
4 Curtis Sonney Ends.png Republican 2005
5 Greg Lucas Ends.png Republican 2013
6 Bradley Roae Ends.png Republican 2007
7 Mark Longietti Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
8 Richard Stevenson Ends.png Republican 2001
9 Chris Sainato Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
10 Jaret Gibbons Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
11 Brian Ellis Ends.png Republican 2005
12 Daryl Metcalfe Ends.png Republican 1999
13 John Lawrence Ends.png Republican 2011
14 Jim Marshall Ends.png Republican 2007
15 Jim Christiana Ends.png Republican 2009
16 Robert Matzie Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
17 Michele Brooks Ends.png Republican 2007
18 Gene DiGirolamo Ends.png Republican 1995
19 Jake Wheatley, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
20 Adam Ravenstahl Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
21 Dominic Costa Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
22 Erin Molchany Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
23 Dan Frankel Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
24 Edward Gainey Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
25 Joseph Markosek Electiondot.png Democratic 1983
26 Timothy Hennessey Ends.png Republican 1993
27 Daniel Deasy, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
28 Mike Turzai Ends.png Republican 2001
29 Bernard O'Neill Ends.png Republican 2003
30 Hal English Ends.png Republican 2013
31 Steve Santarsiero Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
32 Anthony DeLuca Electiondot.png Democratic 1983
33 Frank Dermody Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
34 Paul Costa Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
35 Marc Gergely Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
36 Harry Readshaw, III Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
37 Mindy Fee Ends.png Republican 2013
38 William Kortz, II Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
39 Rick Saccone Ends.png Republican 2011
40 John Maher Ends.png Republican 1997
41 Ryan Aument Ends.png Republican 2011
42 Dan Miller Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
43 Keith Greiner Ends.png Republican 2013
44 T. Mark Mustio Ends.png Republican 2003
45 Nick Kotik Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
46 Jesse White Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
47 Keith Gillespie Ends.png Republican 2003
48 Brandon Neuman Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
49 Peter Daley, II Electiondot.png Democratic 1983
50 Pam Snyder Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
51 Tim Mahoney Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
52 Deberah Kula Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
53 Robert Godshall Ends.png Republican 1983
54 Eli Evankovich Ends.png Republican 2011
55 Joseph Petrarca Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
56 George Dunbar Ends.png Republican 2011
57 Tim Krieger Ends.png Republican 2009
58 R. Ted Harhai Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
59 Mike Reese Ends.png Republican 2009
60 Jeffrey Pyle Ends.png Republican 2005
61 Catherine Harper Ends.png Republican 2001
62 Dave Reed Ends.png Republican 2003
63 Donna Oberlander Ends.png Republican 2009
64 R. Lee James Ends.png Republican 2013
65 Kathy Rapp Ends.png Republican 2005
66 Samuel Smith Ends.png Republican 1987
67 Martin Causer Ends.png Republican 2003
68 Matthew Baker Ends.png Republican 1993
69 Carl Metzgar Ends.png Republican 2009
70 Matthew Bradford Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
71 Bryan Barbin Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
72 Frank Burns Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
73 Gary Haluska Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
74 Thomas Sankey Ends.png Republican 2013
75 Matt Gabler Ends.png Republican 2009
76 Michael Hanna, Sr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
77 H. Scott Conklin Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
78 Jesse Topper Ends.png Republican 2014
79 [[Profile from the Pennsylvania House of Representatives]|John McGinnis]] Ends.png Republican 2013
80 Jerry Stern Ends.png Republican 1993
81 Michael Fleck Ends.png Republican 2007
82 C. Adam Harris Ends.png Republican 2003
83 Richard Mirabito Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
84 Garth Everett Ends.png Republican 2007
85 Fred Keller Ends.png Republican 2011
86 Mark Keller Ends.png Republican 2005
87 Glen Grell Ends.png Republican 2005
88 Sheryl Delozier Ends.png Republican 2008
89 Rob Kauffman Ends.png Republican 2005
90 Todd Rock Ends.png Republican 2007
91 Dan Moul Ends.png Republican 2007
92 Mike Regan Ends.png Republican 2013
93 Ronald Miller Ends.png Republican 1999
94 Stanley Saylor Ends.png Republican 1993
95 Kevin Schreiber Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
96 P. Michael Sturla Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
97 Steven Mentzer Ends.png Republican 2013
98 David Hickernell Ends.png Republican 2003
99 Gordon Denlinger Ends.png Republican 2003
100 Bryan Cutler Ends.png Republican 2007
101 Mauree Gingrich Ends.png Republican 2003
102 RoseMarie Swanger Ends.png Republican 2007
103 Patty Kim Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
104 Susan Helm Ends.png Republican 2007
105 Ronald Marsico Ends.png Republican 1989
106 John Payne Ends.png Republican 2003
107 Kurt Masser Ends.png Republican 2011
108 Lynda Schlegel-Culver Ends.png Republican 2003
109 David Millard Ends.png Republican 2003
110 Tina Pickett Ends.png Republican 2001
111 Sandra Major Ends.png Republican 1995
112 Kevin Haggerty Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
113 Martin Flynn Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
114 Sid Michaels Kavulich Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
115 Frank Farina Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
116 Tarah Toohil Ends.png Republican 2011
117 Karen Boback Ends.png Republican 2007
118 Mike Carroll Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
119 Gerald Mullery Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
120 Phyllis Mundy Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
121 Eddie Day Pashinski Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
122 Doyle Heffley Ends.png Republican 2011
123 Neal Goodman Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
124 Jerry Knowles Ends.png Republican 2009
125 Mike Tobash Ends.png Republican 2011
126 Mark Rozzi Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
127 Thomas Caltagirone Electiondot.png Democratic 1977
128 Mark Gillen Ends.png Republican 2011
129 Jim Cox Ends.png Republican 2007
130 David Maloney Ends.png Republican 2011
131 Justin Simmons Ends.png Republican 2011
132 Michael Schlossberg Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
133 Daniel McNeill Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
134 Ryan Mackenzie Ends.png Republican 2013
135 Steve Samuelson Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
136 Robert Freeman Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
137 Joe Emrick Ends.png Republican 2011
138 Marcia Hahn Ends.png Republican 2011
139 Michael Peifer Ends.png Republican 2007
140 John Galloway Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
141 Tina Davis Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
142 Frank Farry Ends.png Republican 2009
143 Marguerite Quinn Ends.png Republican 2007
144 Katherine Watson Ends.png Republican 2001
145 Paul Clymer Ends.png Republican 1981
146 Mark Painter Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
147 Marcy Toepel Ends.png Republican 2011
148 Mary Jo Daley Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
149 Tim Briggs Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
150 Mike Vereb Ends.png Republican 2007
151 Todd Stephens Ends.png Republican 2011
152 Thomas Murt Ends.png Republican 2007
153 Madeleine Dean Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
154 Steve McCarter Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
155 Becky Corbin Ends.png Republican 2013
156 Dan Truitt Ends.png Republican 2011
157 Warren Kampf Ends.png Republican 2011
158 Chris Ross Ends.png Republican 1997
159 Thaddeus Kirkland Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
160 Stephen Barrar Ends.png Republican 1997
161 Joe Hackett Ends.png Republican 2011
162 Nick Miccarelli Ends.png Republican 2009
163 Nicholas Micozzie Ends.png Republican 1979
164 Margo Davidson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
165 William Adolph, Jr. Ends.png Republican 1989
166 Gregory Vitali Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
167 Duane Milne Ends.png Republican 2007
168 Thomas Killion Ends.png Republican 2003
169 Edward Neilson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
170 Brendan Boyle Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
171 Kerry Benninghoff Ends.png Republican 1997
172 Kevin Boyle Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
173 Michael McGeehan Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
174 John Sabatina, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
175 Michael O'Brien Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
176 Mario Scavello Ends.png Republican 2003
177 John Taylor Ends.png Republican 1985
178 Scott Petri Ends.png Republican 2003
179 James Clay Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
180 Angel Cruz Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
181 W. Curtis Thomas Electiondot.png Democratic 1989
182 Brian Sims Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
183 Julie Harhart Ends.png Republican 1995
184 William Keller Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
185 Maria Donatucci Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
186 Jordan Harris Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
187 Gary Day Ends.png Republican 2009
188 James Roebuck, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1985
189 Rosemary Brown Ends.png Republican 2011
190 Vanessa Lowery Brown Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
191 Ronald Waters Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
192 Louise Williams Bishop Electiondot.png Democratic 1989
193 Will Tallman Ends.png Republican 2009
194 Pamela Delissio Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
195 Michelle Brownlee Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
196 Seth Grove Ends.png Republican 2009
197 J.P. Miranda Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
198 Rosita Youngblood Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
199 Stephen Bloom Ends.png Republican 2011
200 Cherelle Parker Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
201 Stephen Kinsey Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
202 Mark Cohen Electiondot.png Democratic 1974
203 Dwight Evans Electiondot.png Democratic 1981

Standing committees

House of Representatives
SLP badge.png
House Committees

Aging & Older Adult Services
Agriculture & Rural AffairsAppropriations
Children & YouthCommerceCommittee On Committees
Committee On EthicsConsumer Affairs
EducationEnvironmental Resources & Energy
FinanceGame & FisheriesGaming Oversight
HealthHuman ServicesInsurance
JudiciaryLabor & Industry
Liquor ControlLocal Government
Professional LicensureRulesState Government
Tourism & RecreationalTransportationUrban Affairs
Veterans Affairs & Emergency Preparedness

Joint Committees
Senate Committees

The Pennsylvania House has 27 standing committees:

Decommissioned Committees


Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Pennsylvania
Partisan breakdown of the Pennsylvania legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives for seven years while the Republicans were the majority for 15 years. Pennsylvania was under Republican trifectas for the final three years of the study.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania State Senate and the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Pennsylvania state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of Pennsylvania state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Pennsylvania had a Democratic trifecta in 1993, but switched two years later to a Republican trifecta that lasted from 1995-2002. The state had a divided government for many years until a Republican trifecta returned in 2011. Pennsylvania's worst SQLI ranking, finishing 30th, occurred in 1994 during a divided government and in 2012 during a Republican trifecta. The state's best ranking, finishing 19th, occurred from 1999-2000 during a Republican trifecta and again in 2004 during a divided government.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 25.00
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 23.70
  • SQLI average with divided government: 25.20
Chart displaying the partisanship of Pennsylvania government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links


  1. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013
  3. "Pennsylvania House of Representatives" About the Senate, March 13, 2009
  4. blog.pennlive.com/, "Pa. Senate Prez: Do away with 'obsolete, unsustainable' pensions or face budget crash: Friday Morning Coffee," accessed January 10, 2014
  5. Post-Gazette, "Pennsylvania lawmakers start settling in," January 2, 2013
  6. The Reporter Online "Triple-dipping loophole in Pa. unemployment law finally closed," Accessed December 6, 2013
  7. WatchDog.org "Gambling expansion bill heads to Pennsylvania Senate," Accessed December 9, 2013
  8. WatchDog.org "Going nowhere: Two GOP-backed transportation bills fail House vote; Dem plan blocked," Accessed December 11, 2013
  9. 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
  10. 2010 session dates for Pennsylvania legislature
  11. 11.0 11.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  12. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  13. Follow the Money "Pennsylvania House of Representatives 2012 Campaign Contributions"
  14. Follow the Money "Pennsylvania House of Representatives 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  15. Follow the Money "Pennsylvania House of Representatives 2008 Campaign Contributions"
  16. Follow the Money "Pennsylvania House of Representatives 2006 Campaign Contributions"
  17. Follow the Money "Pennsylvania House of Representatives 2004 Campaign Contributions"
  18. Follow the Money "Pennsylvania House of Representatives 2002 Campaign Contributions"
  19. Follow the Money "Pennsylvania House of Representatives 2000 Campaign Contributions"
  20. State of Pennsylvania, "Pennsylvania Constitution," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Section, Article II, Section 2)
  21. U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Pennsylvania's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," March 9, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2012
  22. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  23. USA Today, "State lawmakers pump up pensions in ways you can't," September 23, 2011
  24. Pennsylvania House Leadership