Difference between revisions of "Pennsylvania State Senate"

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|Type = [[Upper house]]
 
|Type = [[Upper house]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|None]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|None]]
|Next session = [[Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions|January 4, 2011]]
+
|Next session = [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions|January 2, 2013]]
 
|Website = [http://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/Errors/Error.cfm?Chamber=S Official Senate Page]
 
|Website = [http://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/Errors/Error.cfm?Chamber=S Official Senate Page]
 
<!--Level 3-->
 
<!--Level 3-->
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<!-- Level 4-->
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
|Members = 50
 
|Members = 50
|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] (20) <br>[[Republican Party]] (30)
+
|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Pennsylvania State Senate|State=Pennsylvania|Party=Democratic}}) <br>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Pennsylvania State Senate|State=Pennsylvania|Party=Republican}})  
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state senators|4 years]]
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state senators|4 years]]
 
|Authority = [[Article II, Pennsylvania Constitution#Section 3|Art II, Sec 3, Pennsylvania Constitution]]
 
|Authority = [[Article II, Pennsylvania Constitution#Section 3|Art II, Sec 3, Pennsylvania Constitution]]
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$21,612/year]] + per diem
+
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$82,026/year]] + per diem
 
<!-- Level 5-->
 
<!-- Level 5-->
|Next election = [[Pennsylvania State Senate elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] (25 seats)
+
|Next election = [[Pennsylvania State Senate elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]] (25 seats)
|Last election = [[Pennsylvania State Senate elections, 2010|November 2, 2010]] (25 seats)
+
|Last election = [[Pennsylvania State Senate elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] (25 seats)
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Pennsylvania |Pennsylvania Legislative Reapportionment Commission]]
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Pennsylvania |Pennsylvania Legislative Reapportionment Commission]]
  
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Pennsylvania State Senate''' is the [[upper house]] in the [[Pennsylvania Legislature]]. It consists of 50 members who serve [[Length of terms of state senators|four-year terms]] without [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]].<ref>[http://law.justia.com/pennsylvania/constitution/#article2: Pennsylvania Constitution, Article 2, Section 3]</ref>,<ref>[http://www.termlimits.org/content.asp?pl=18&sl=19&contentid=19 List of state legislative term limits]</ref>
+
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Pennsylvania State Senate''' is the [[upper house]] in the [[Pennsylvania Legislature]]. It consists of 50 members who serve [[Length of terms of state senators|four-year terms]] without [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]].<ref>[http://law.justia.com/pennsylvania/constitution/#article2: Pennsylvania Constitution, Article 2, Section 3]</ref><ref>[http://www.termlimits.org/content.asp?pl=18&sl=19&contentid=19 List of state legislative term limits]</ref>
  
Each state senator represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|245,621 residents]], as of the 2000 Census.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref>  
+
Each state senator represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators| 254,048 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators| 245,621 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref>
  
 
The Pennsylvania senate is a continuing body during the term for which its senators are elected. It meets at noon on the first Tuesday of January and then regularly throughout the year.  When the [[Pennsylvania Constitution]] stipulates that the General Assembly must meet in regular session annually, that means the session of one year must adjourn by noon of the first Tuesday of the following year. Two regular sessions cannot meet at the same time.
 
The Pennsylvania senate is a continuing body during the term for which its senators are elected. It meets at noon on the first Tuesday of January and then regularly throughout the year.  When the [[Pennsylvania Constitution]] stipulates that the General Assembly must meet in regular session annually, that means the session of one year must adjourn by noon of the first Tuesday of the following year. Two regular sessions cannot meet at the same time.
  
The General Assembly must also adjourn by midnight, November 30, in even-numbered years due to the expiration of the terms of office of all House members and half the Senate.  The [[Pennsylvania Lieutenant Governor|Lieutenant Governor]], as President of the Senate, can cast a tie-breaking vote on any question except the final passage of a bill or joint resolution, the adoption of a conference report, or the concurrence in amendments made by the House of Representatives<ref>[http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/VC/visitor_info/creating/creating.htm "Pennsylvania General Assembly" About the Pennsylvania Senate, March 3, 2009]</ref>.  
+
The General Assembly must also adjourn by midnight, November 30, in even-numbered years due to the expiration of the terms of office of all House members and half the Senate.  The [[Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania|Lieutenant Governor]], as President of the Senate, can cast a tie-breaking vote on any question except the final passage of a bill or joint resolution, the adoption of a conference report, or the concurrence in amendments made by the House of Representatives<ref>[http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/VC/visitor_info/creating/creating.htm "Pennsylvania General Assembly" About the Pennsylvania Senate, March 3, 2009]</ref>.  
  
 +
{{State trifecta status|state=Pennsylvania|control=Republican}}
 
==Sessions==
 
==Sessions==
 
[[Article II, Pennsylvania Constitution| Article II of the Pennsylvania Constitution]] establishes when the [[Pennsylvania General Assembly]], of which the Senate is a part, is to meet.  Section 4 of Article II states that the General Assembly is to convene its regular session on the first Tuesday of January each year.
 
[[Article II, Pennsylvania Constitution| Article II of the Pennsylvania Constitution]] establishes when the [[Pennsylvania General Assembly]], of which the Senate is a part, is to meet.  Section 4 of Article II states that the General Assembly is to convene its regular session on the first Tuesday of January each year.
  
 
Section 4 gives the [[Governor of Pennsylvania]] the authority to convene special sessions of the General Assembly either when he judges a special session to be in the public interest, or when a majority of each legislative House requests a special session.
 
Section 4 gives the [[Governor of Pennsylvania]] the authority to convene special sessions of the General Assembly either when he judges a special session to be in the public interest, or when a majority of each legislative House requests a special session.
 +
 +
===2013===
 +
::''See also: [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions]]''
 +
In 2013, the General Assembly will be in session from January 2 to a date to be determined.
 +
 +
==== Major issues====
 +
Like many other states, Pennsylvania lawmakers will have to work on a budget deficit. Other issues include economic development, public pension reform, liquor privatization, and child abuse.<ref> [http://www.post-gazette.com/stories/local/state/pennsylvania-lawmakers-start-settling-in-668677/ ''Post-Gazette,'' "Pennsylvania lawmakers start settling in," January 2, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
===2012===
 +
::''See also: [[Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions]]''
 +
In 2012, the Senate began its legislative session on January 3.
  
 
===2011===
 
===2011===
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:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions]]''
 
In 2010, the Senate convened its [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions| legislative session]] on January 5, and it remained in session throughout the year.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/?tabid=18630 2010 session dates for Pennsylvania legislature]</ref>
 
In 2010, the Senate convened its [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions| legislative session]] on January 5, and it remained in session throughout the year.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/?tabid=18630 2010 session dates for Pennsylvania legislature]</ref>
 +
 +
==Ethics and transparency==
 +
===Open States Transparency===
 +
{{Transparency card|State=Pennsylvania|Grade=C}}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
 +
===2012===
 +
 +
:: ''See also: [[Pennsylvania State Senate elections, 2012]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Pennsylvania State Senate will be held in [[Pennsylvania]] on [[State legislative elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. A '''total of 25 seats''' were up for election.
 +
 +
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:650px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="5" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2012 Margin of Victory, Pennsylvania State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |District
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Winner
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Margin of Victory
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Total Votes
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Top Opponent
 +
|-
 +
|  District 35||{{bluedot}} [[ John Wozniak]]||2%||91,481||Timothy Houser
 +
|-
 +
|  District 15||{{bluedot}} [[ Rob Teplitz]]||3.1%||118,643||John McNally
 +
|-
 +
|  District 37||{{bluedot}} [[ Matthew Smith]]||5.2%||134,737||D. Raja
 +
|-
 +
|  District 9||{{reddot}} [[ Dominic Pileggi]]||10.8%||131,772||Patricia Worrell
 +
|-
 +
|  District 13||{{reddot}} [[ Lloyd Smucker]]||11.4%||115,134||Tom O'Brien
 +
|-
 +
|  District 29||{{reddot}} [[ David Argall]]||12.3%||101,202||Tim Seip
 +
|-
 +
|  District 47||{{reddot}} [[ Elder Vogel]]||14.1%||100,961||Kimberly Villella
 +
|-
 +
|  District 19||{{bluedot}} [[ Andy Dinniman]]||14.9%||145,503||Christopher Amentas
 +
|-
 +
|  District 49||{{bluedot}} [[ Sean Wiley]]||20%||101,513||Janet Anderson
 +
|-
 +
|  District 17||{{bluedot}} [[ Daylin Leach]]||26.4%||124,215||Charles Gehret
 +
|}
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
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The [[Primary election dates in 2010|signature-filing deadline]] for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 9, 2010. The primary election day was May 18, 2010.
 
The [[Primary election dates in 2010|signature-filing deadline]] for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 9, 2010. The primary election day was May 18, 2010.
 +
 +
 +
In 2010, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $11,102,031 in campaign contributions.  The top 10 donors were: <ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=PA&y=2010&f=S ''Follow the Money'': "Pennsylvania Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="2" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2010 Donors, Pennsylvania State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Volpe Jr., Charles J
 +
| align="right" | $690,659
 +
|-
 +
| Students First
 +
| align="right" | $365,000
 +
|-
 +
| Republican Party of Pennsylvania
 +
| align="right" | $353,324
 +
|-
 +
| Metropolitan Regional Council of Carpenters & Joiners
 +
| align="right" | $341,650
 +
|-
 +
| Pennsylvania Republican Party
 +
| align="right" | $324,378
 +
|-
 +
| Friends of Dominic Pileggi
 +
| align="right" | $282,650
 +
|-
 +
| Pennsylvania Association for Justice
 +
| align="right" | $273,200
 +
|-
 +
| Philadelphia Trial Lawyers Association
 +
| align="right" | $270,000
 +
|-
 +
| Electrical Workers Local 98
 +
| align="right" | $248,000
 +
|-
 +
| Templeton Jr., John M
 +
| align="right" | $154,500
 +
 +
|}
  
 
===Qualifications===
 
===Qualifications===
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===Vacancies===
 
===Vacancies===
  
:: ''See also: [[How vacancies are filled in state legislatures]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[How vacancies are filled in state legislatures]]''{{Vacancies map}}
  
 
If there is a vacancy in the Senate, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat.  The Senate President must call for a special election.  There are no deadlines set in the [[Pennsylvania Constitution|state constitution]] on when a special election can be held<ref>[http://sites.state.pa.us/PA_Constitution.html ''State of Pennsylvania'' "Pennsylvania Constitution"](Referenced Section, Article II, Section 2)</ref>.
 
If there is a vacancy in the Senate, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat.  The Senate President must call for a special election.  There are no deadlines set in the [[Pennsylvania Constitution|state constitution]] on when a special election can be held<ref>[http://sites.state.pa.us/PA_Constitution.html ''State of Pennsylvania'' "Pennsylvania Constitution"](Referenced Section, Article II, Section 2)</ref>.
 +
 +
==Redistricting==
 +
 +
:: ''See also: [[Redistricting in Pennsylvania]]''
 +
 +
As far as legislative redistricting, the Pennsylvania Legislative Reapportionment Commission is responsible.  This commission is normally made up of the majority and minority leaders of each legislative chamber, plus a fifth member selected by the other four to serve as chair.  If the four cannot agree on a fifth, the [[judgepedia:Pennsylvania Supreme Court|Pennsylvania Supreme Court]] decides.  The commission has until the October of the redistricting year to submit a plan.
 +
 +
===2010 census===
 +
Pennsylvania received its local census data on March 9, 2011.  The state had a low 3.4 percent growth rate from 2000-2010. The five most populous cities showed mostly stagnation: Philadelphia grew by 0.6 percent, Pittsburgh decreased by 8.6 percent, Allentown grew by 10.7 percent, Erie decreased by 1.9 percent, and Reading grew by 8.5 percent. By county, the major standout was Forest County with a 56 percent rate of growth.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn74.html ''U.S. Census Bureau'', "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Pennsylvania's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," March 9, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2012.]</ref>
 +
 +
On August 17, 2011, the Commission approved the census data and went to work on a preliminary map, which it passed on October 31, 2011 by a vote of 3-2.  Democrats were not happy with the plan or the negotiation process. Final maps were approved on December 12, 2011 by a 4-1 vote, moving a Senate district and five House districts from west to east.  There was a 30-day window to file appeals, of which 11 were filed.  The state Supreme Court threw out the maps on January 25, 2012 after appeals were heard.
 +
 +
The commission met on April 12, 2012 to vote in favor of a compromise map, which contained two Senate district splits and 68 House splits.  On June 8, the commission approved the final plan, which went to the state Supreme Court for final approval.
  
 
==Senators==
 
==Senators==
  
 
===Salaries===
 
===Salaries===
 
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
  
As of 2010, members of the Pennsylvania Senate are paid $78,314.66/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive $154 GSA method and $163 IRS High/Low Method.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=20117 ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2010 Legislator Compensation Data"]</ref>
+
As of 2013, members of the Pennsylvania Legislature are paid $82,026/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive $159/day (vouchered) tied to the federal rate, which they can receive actual expenses or per diem.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/legisdata/2012-ncsl-legislator-compensation-data.aspx ''NCSL.org'', "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013]</ref>
  
The $78,314.66/year that Pennsylvania senators are paid as of 2010 is an increase over the $73,613/year they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. Per diem has increased from $129/day in 2007 to $154 GSA method and $163 High/Low Method in 2010.<ref>[http://www.empirecenter.org/html/legislative_salaries.cfm ''Empire Center'', "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"]</ref>
+
====Pension====
 +
Legislators in Pennsylvania are able to retire at age 50, while other state workers cannot retire until they turn 60. In 2011, the average legislative pension was $35,221 annually, while the average state employee pension was $23,491. According to former legislator David Mayernik, who began collecting a pension of $29,583 a year when he retired at age 50, the lowered retirement age was intended as compensation for small legislative salaries as well as the uncertainty of serving in office.<ref>[http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/state-legislators-pensions/index.html ''USA Today,'' "State lawmakers pump up pensions in ways you can't," September 23, 2011]</ref>
  
 
===When sworn in===
 
===When sworn in===
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:: ''See also: [[Partisan composition of state senates]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Partisan composition of state senates]]''
 
{{pasenatepartisan}}
 
{{pasenatepartisan}}
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1992-2013.<br>
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of the Pennsylvania State Senate.PNG]]
 +
 
===Leadership===
 
===Leadership===
 
The [[Lieutenant Governor]] serves as president of the Senate, but has no vote except in the case of a tie.  The President Pro Tempore is elected by the Senate from its members.<ref>[http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/VC/visitor_info/creating/legislative.htm Pennsylvania General Assembly FAQ]</ref><ref>[http://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/home/member_information/senate/officers.cfm Officers of the Pennsylvania Senate]</ref>
 
The [[Lieutenant Governor]] serves as president of the Senate, but has no vote except in the case of a tie.  The President Pro Tempore is elected by the Senate from its members.<ref>[http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/VC/visitor_info/creating/legislative.htm Pennsylvania General Assembly FAQ]</ref><ref>[http://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/home/member_information/senate/officers.cfm Officers of the Pennsylvania Senate]</ref>
  
 
====Current leadership====
 
====Current leadership====
 
+
{| class="wikitable collapsible sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:550px;collapsible=Y;"
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''Current Leadership, Pennsylvania State Senate
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Position
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Office
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Representative
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Representative
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Party
 
|-
 
|-
| [[President of the Senate]] || [[Jim Cawley]]  || {{red dot}}
+
| [[Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania|President of the Senate]] || [[Jim Cawley]]  || {{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State Senate President Pro Tempore]] || [[Joe Scarnati]] || {{red dot}}
+
| [[State Senate President Pro Tempore|President Pro Tempore of the Senate]] || [[Joe Scarnati]] || {{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[State Senate Majority Floor Leader]] || [[Dominic Pileggi]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[State Senate Majority Floor Leader]] || [[Dominic Pileggi]] || {{red dot}}
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===List of current members===
 
===List of current members===
 
+
{| class="wikitable collapsible sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | District
+
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''Current members, Pennsylvania State Senate
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Representative
+
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | District
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Residence
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Senator
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Counties in District
+
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Party
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Assumed office
 +
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1 || [[Larry Farnese]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]] || [[sunshinereview:Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]]
+
| 1  
 +
| [[Larry Farnese]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 2 || [[Christine Tartaglione]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]] || [[sunshinereview:Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]]
+
| 2  
 +
| [[Christine Tartaglione]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 1995
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 3 || [[Shirley Kitchen]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]] || [[sunshinereview:Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]]
+
| 3  
 +
| [[Shirley Kitchen]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 1997
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 4 || [[LeAnna Washington]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]] || [[sunshinereview:Montgomery County, Pennsylvania|Montgomery]], [[sunshinereview:Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]]
+
| 4  
 +
| [[LeAnna Washington]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2005
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 5 || [[Mike Stack]]|| {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]] || [[sunshinereview:Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]]
+
| 5  
 +
| [[Mike Stack]]
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2001
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 6 || [[Tommy Tomlinson]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Bensalem, Pennsylvania|Bensalem]] || [[sunshinereview:Bucks County, Pennsylvania|Bucks]]
+
| 6  
 +
| [[Tommy Tomlinson]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 1995
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 7 || [[Vincent Hughes]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]] || [[sunshinereview:Montgomery County, Pennsylvania|Montgomery]], [[sunshinereview:Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]]
+
| 7  
 +
| [[Vincent Hughes]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 1995
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 8 || [[Anthony Williams]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]] || [[sunshinereview:Delaware County, Pennsylvania|Delaware]], [[sunshinereview:Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania|Philadelphia]]
+
| 8  
 +
| [[Anthony Williams (Pennsylvania)|Anthony Williams]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 1999
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 9 || [[Dominic Pileggi]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Chester, Pennsylvania|Chester]] || [[sunshinereview:Chester County, Pennsylvania|Chester]], [[sunshinereview:Delaware County, Pennsylvania|Delaware]]
+
| 9  
 +
| [[Dominic Pileggi]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2003
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 10 || [[Charles McIlhinney]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Doylestown, Pennsylvania|Doylestown]] || [[sunshinereview:Bucks County, Pennsylvania|Bucks]], [[sunshinereview:Montgomery County, Pennsylvania|Montgomery]]
+
| 10  
 +
| [[Charles McIlhinney]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2007
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 11 || [[Judy Schwank]] || {{blue dot}} || - || [[sunshinereview:Berks County, Pennsylvania|Berks]]
+
| 11  
 +
| [[Judy Schwank]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 12 || [[Stewart Greenleaf]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Willow Grove, Pennsylvania|Willow Grove]] || [[sunshinereview:Bucks County, Pennsylvania|Bucks]], [[sunshinereview:Montgomery County, Pennsylvania|Montgomery]]
+
| 12  
 +
| [[Stewart Greenleaf]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 1979
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 13 || [[Lloyd Smucker]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:West Lampeter Township, Pennsylvania|West Lampeter Township]] ||[[sunshinereview:Lancaster County, Pennsylvania|Lancaster]], [[sunshinereview:York County, Pennsylvania|York]]
+
| 13  
 +
| [[Lloyd Smucker]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 14 || [[John Yudichak]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Pittston, Pennsylvania|Pittston]] || [[sunshinereview:Carbon County, Pennsylvania|Carbon]], [[sunshinereview:Luzerne County, Pennsylvania|Luzerne]]
+
| 14  
 +
| [[John Yudichak]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 15 || [[Jeffrey Piccola]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Susquehanna Township, Pennsylvania|Susquehanna Township]] || [[sunshinereview:Dauphin County, Pennsylvania|Dauphin]], [[sunshinereview:York County, Pennsylvania|York]]
+
| 15  
 +
| [[Rob Teplitz]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 16 || [[Pat Browne]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Allentown, Pennsylvania|Allentown]] || [[sunshinereview:Lehigh County, Pennsylvania|Lehigh]], [[sunshinereview:Monroe County, Pennsylvania|Monroe]], [[sunshinereview:Northampton County, Pennsylvania|Northampton]]
+
| 16  
 +
| [[Pat Browne]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2005
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 17 || [[Daylin Leach]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Upper Merion, Pennsylvania|Upper Merion]] ||[[sunshinereview:Delaware County, Pennsylvania|Delaware]], [[sunshinereview:Montgomery County, Pennsylvania|Montgomery]]
+
| 17  
 +
| [[Daylin Leach]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 18 || [[Lisa Boscola]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Bethlehem, Pennsylvania|Bethlehem]] ||[[sunshinereview:Lehigh County, Pennsylvania|Lehigh]], [[sunshinereview:Monroe County, Pennsylvania|Monroe]], [[sunshinereview:Northampton County, Pennsylvania|Northampton]]
+
| 18  
 +
| [[Lisa Boscola]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 1999
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 19 ||[[Andy Dinniman]]|| {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:West Chester, Pennsylvania|West Chester]] || [[sunshinereview:Chester County, Pennsylvania|Chester]], [[sunshinereview:Montgomery County, Pennsylvania|Montgomery]]
+
| 19  
 +
| [[Andy Dinniman]]
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2006
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 20 || [[Lisa Baker]] |{{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Dallas, Pennsylvania|Dallas]] || [[sunshinereview:Luzerne County, Pennsylvania|Luzerne]], [[sunshinereview:Monroe County, Pennsylvania|Monroe]], [[sunshinereview:Pike County, Pennsylvania|Pike]], [[sunshinereview:Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania|Susquehanna]], [[sunshinereview:Wayne County, Pennsylvania|Wayne]], [[sunshinereview:Wyoming County, Pennsylvania|Wyoming]]
+
| 20  
 +
| [[Lisa Baker (Pennsylvania)|Lisa Baker]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2007
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 21 || [[Mary Jo White]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Franklin, Pennsylvania|Franklin]] || [[sunshinereview:Butler County, Pennsylvania|Butler]], [[sunshinereview:Clarion County, Pennsylvania|Clarion]], [[sunshinereview:Erie County, Pennsylvania|Erie]], [[sunshinereview:Forest County, Pennsylvania|Forest]], [[sunshinereview:Venango County, Pennsylvania|Venango]], [[sunshinereview:Warren County, Pennsylvania|Warren]]
+
| 21  
 +
| [[Scott Hutchinson ]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2012
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 22 || [[John Blake]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Blakely, Pennsylvania|Blakely]] || [[sunshinereview:Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania|Lackawanna]], [[sunshinereview:Luzerne County, Pennsylvania|Luzerne]], [[sunshinereview:Monroe County, Pennsylvania|Monroe]]
+
| 22  
 +
| [[John Blake]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 23 || [[Gene Yaw]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Montoursville, Pennsylvania|Montoursville]] || [[sunshinereview:Bradford County, Pennsylvania|Bradford]], [[sunshinereview:Lycoming County, Pennsylvania|Lycoming]], [[sunshinereview:Sullivan County, Pennsylvania|Sullivan]], [[sunshinereview:Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania|Susquehanna]], [[sunshinereview:Union County, Pennsylvania|Union]]
+
| 23  
 +
| [[Gene Yaw]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 24 || [[Bob Mensch]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Harleysville, Pennsylvania|Harleysville]] || [[sunshinereview:Bucks County, Pennsylvania|Bucks]], [[sunshinereview:Lehigh County, Pennsylvania|Lehigh]], [[sunshinereview:Montgomery County, Pennsylvania|Montgomery]], [[sunshinereview:Northampton County, Pennsylvania|Northampton]]
+
| 24  
 +
| [[Bob Mensch]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 25 || [[Joe Scarnati]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Brockway, Pennsylvania|Brockway]] || [[sunshinereview:Cameron County, Pennsylvania|Cameron]], [[sunshinereview:Clearfield County, Pennsylvania|Clearfield]], [[sunshinereview:Elk County, Pennsylvania|Elk]], [[sunshinereview:Jefferson County, Pennsylvania|Jefferson]], [[sunshinereview:McKean County, Pennsylvania|McKean]], [[sunshinereview:Potter County, Pennsylvania|Potter]], [[sunshinereview:Tioga County, Pennsylvania|Tioga]], [[sunshinereview:Warren County, Pennsylvania|Warren]]
+
| 25  
 +
| [[Joe Scarnati]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2001
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 26 || [[Ted Erickson]]|| {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Newtown Square, Pennsylvania|Newton Square]] || [[sunshinereview:Chester County, Pennsylvania|Chester]], [[sunshinereview:Delaware County, Pennsylvania|Delaware]]
+
| 26  
 +
| [[Ted Erickson]]
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2001
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 27 || [[John Gordner]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Berwick, Pennsylvania|Berwick]] || [[sunshinereview:Columbia County, Pennsylvania|Columbia]], [[sunshinereview:Dauphin County, Pennsylvania|Dauphin]], [[sunshinereview:Luzerne County, Pennsylvania|Luzerne]], [[sunshinereview:Montour County, Pennsylvania|Montour]], [[sunshinereview:Northumberland County, Pennsylvania|Northumberland]], [[sunshinereview:Snyder County, Pennsylvania|Snyder]]
+
| 27  
 +
| [[John Gordner]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2003
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 28 || [[Mike Waugh]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:York, Pennsylvania|York]] || [[sunshinereview:York County, Pennsylvania|York]]
+
| 28  
 +
| [[Mike Waugh]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 1999
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 29 || [[David Argall]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Rush Township, Pennsylvania|Rush Township]] || [[sunshinereview:Berks County, Pennsylvania|Berks]], [[sunshinereview:Carbon County, Pennsylvania|Carbon]], [[sunshinereview:Lehigh County, Pennsylvania|Lehigh]], [[sunshinereview:Monroe County, Pennsylvania|Monroe]], [[sunshinereview:Northampton County, Pennsylvania|Northampton]], [[sunshinereview:Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania|Schuylkill]] 
+
| 29  
 +
| [[David Argall]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 30 || [[John Eichelberger]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Duncansville, Pennsylvania|Duncansville]] || [[sunshinereview:Bedford County, Pennsylvania|Bedford]], [[sunshinereview:Blair County, Pennsylvania|Blair]], [[sunshinereview:Franklin County, Pennsylvania|Franklin]], [[sunshinereview:Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania|Huntingdon]], [[sunshinereview:Mifflin County, Pennsylvania|Mifflin]]
+
| 30  
 +
| [[John Eichelberger]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2007
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 31 || [[Pat Vance]]|| {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Silver Spring Township, Pennsylvania|Silver Spring Township]] || [[sunshinereview:Cumberland County, Pennsylvania|Cumberland]], [[sunshinereview:York County, Pennsylvania|York]]
+
| 31  
 +
| [[Pat Vance]]
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2005
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 32 || [[Rich Kasunic]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Dunbar, Pennsylvania|Dunbar]] || [[sunshinereview:Fayette County, Pennsylvania|Fayette]], [[sunshinereview:Somerset County, Pennsylvania|Somerset]], [[sunshinereview:Washington County, Pennsylvania|Washington]], [[sunshinereview:Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania|Westmoreland]]
+
| 32  
 +
| [[Rich Kasunic]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 1995
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 33 || [[Richard Alloway]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Chambersburg, Pennsylvania|Chambersburg]] ||[[sunshinereview:Adams County, Pennsylvania|Adams]], [[sunshinereview:Franklin County, Pennsylvania|Franklin]], [[sunshinereview:York County, Pennsylvania|York]]
+
| 33  
 +
| [[Richard Alloway]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 34 || [[Jake Corman]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Benner Township, Pennsylvania|Benner Township]] || [[sunshinereview:Centre County, Pennsylvania|Centre]], [[sunshinereview:Juniata County, Pennsylvania|Juniata]], [[sunshinereview:Mifflin County, Pennsylvania|Mifflin]], [[sunshinereview:Perry County, Pennsylvania|Perry]], [[sunshinereview:Union County, Pennsylvania|Union]]
+
| 34  
 +
| [[Jake Corman]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 1999
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 35 || [[John Wozniak]]|| {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Johnstown, Pennsylvania|Johnstown]] || [[sunshinereview:Cambria County, Pennsylvania|Cambria]], [[sunshinereview:Centre County, Pennsylvania|Centre]], [[sunshinereview:Clearfield County, Pennsylvania|Clearfield]], [[sunshinereview:Clinton County, Pennsylvania|Clinton]], [[sunshinereview:Somerset County, Pennsylvania|Somerset]]
+
| 35  
 +
| [[John Wozniak]]
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 1997
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 36 || [[Michael Brubaker]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Ephrata, Pennsylvania|Ephrata]] || [[sunshinereview:Chester County, Pennsylvania|Chester]], [[sunshinereview:Lancaster County, Pennsylvania|Lancaster]]
+
| 36  
 +
| [[Michael Brubaker]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2007
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 37 || [[John Pippy]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Moon Township, Pennsylvania|Moon Township]] || [[sunshinereview:Allegheny County, Pennsylvania|Allegheny]], [[sunshinereview:Washington County, Pennsylvania|Washington]]
+
| 37  
 +
| [[Matthew Smith]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}
 +
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 38 || [[Jim Ferlo]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania|Pittsburgh]] || [[sunshinereview:Allegheny County, Pennsylvania|Allegheny]], [[sunshinereview:Armstrong County, Pennsylvania|Armstrong]], [[sunshinereview:Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania|Westmoreland]]
+
| 38  
 +
| [[Jim Ferlo]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2003
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 39 || [[Kim Ward]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Hempfield Township, Pennsylvania|Hempfield Township]] || [[sunshinereview:Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania|Westmoreland]]
+
| 39  
 +
| [[Kim Ward]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 40 || [[Jane Orie]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:McCandless, Pennsylvania|McCandless]] || [[sunshinereview:Allegheny County, Pennsylvania|Allegheny]], [[sunshinereview:Butler County, Pennsylvania|Butler]]
+
| 40  
 +
| [[Randy Vulakovich]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2012
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 41 || [[Don White]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Indiana, Pennsylvania|Indiana]] || [[sunshinereview:Armstrong County, Pennsylvania|Armstrong]], [[sunshinereview:Clearfield County, Pennsylvania|Clearfield]], [[sunshinereview:Indiana County, Pennsylvania|Indiana]], [[sunshinereview:Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania|Westmoreland]]
+
| 41  
 +
| [[Don White]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2001
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 42 || [[Wayne Fontana]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania|Pittsburgh]] || [[sunshinereview:Allegheny County, Pennsylvania|Allegheny]]
+
| 42  
 +
| [[Wayne Fontana]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2005
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 43 || [[Jay Costa]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Forest Hills, Pennsylvania|Forest Hills]] || [[sunshinereview:Allegheny County, Pennsylvania|Allegheny]]
+
| 43  
 +
| [[Jay Costa]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 1997
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 44 || [[John Rafferty]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Collegeville, Pennsylvania|Collegeville]] || [[sunshinereview:Berks County, Pennsylvania|Berks]], [[sunshinereview:Chester County, Pennsylvania|Chester]], [[sunshinereview:Montgomery County, Pennsylvania|Montgomery]]
+
| 44  
 +
| [[John Rafferty]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2003
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 45 || [[James Brewster]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:McKeesport, Pennsylvania|McKeesport]] || [[sunshinereview:Allegheny County, Pennsylvania|Allegheny]], [[sunshinereview:Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania|Westmoreland]]
+
| 45  
 +
| [[James Brewster]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 46 || [[Timothy Solobay]] || {{blue dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Bentleyville, Pennsylvania|Bentleyville]] || [[sunshinereview:Allegheny County, Pennsylvania|Allegheny]], [[sunshinereview:Beaver County, Pennsylvania|Beaver]], [[sunshinereview:Greene County, Pennsylvania|Greene]], [[sunshinereview:Washington County, Pennsylvania|Washington]], [[sunshinereview:Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania|Westmoreland]]
+
| 46  
 +
| [[Timothy Solobay]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2011
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 47 || [[Elder Vogel]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Rochester, Pennsylvania|Rochester]] || [[sunshinereview:Allegheny County, Pennsylvania|Allegheny]], [[sunshinereview:Beaver County, Pennsylvania|Beaver]], [[sunshinereview:Lawrence County, Pennsylvania|Lawrence]]
+
| 47  
 +
| [[Elder Vogel]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2009
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 48 || [[Mike Folmer]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Lebanon, Pennsylvania|Lebanon]] || [[sunshinereview:Berks County, Pennsylvania|Berks]], [[sunshinereview:Dauphin County, Pennsylvania|Dauphin]], [[sunshinereview:Lancaster County, Pennsylvania|Lancaster]], [[sunshinereview:Lebanon County, Pennsylvania|Lebanon]]
+
| 48  
 +
| [[Mike Folmer]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2007
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 49 || [[Jane Earll]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Erie, Pennsylvania|Erie]] || [[sunshinereview:Erie County, Pennsylvania|Erie]]
+
| 49  
 +
| [[Sean Wiley]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2013
 
|-  
 
|-  
| 50 || [[Bob Robbins]] || {{red dot}} || [[Sunshinereview:Greenville, Pennsylvania|Greenville]] || [[sunshinereview:Butler County, Pennsylvania|Butler]], [[sunshinereview:Crawford County, Pennsylvania|Crawford]], [[sunshinereview:Lawrence County, Pennsylvania|Lawrence]], [[sunshinereview:Mercer County, Pennsylvania|Mercer]]
+
| 50  
 +
| [[Bob Robbins]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 1991
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Senate Committees==
 
==Senate Committees==
  
The Pennsylvania Senate has 21 standing committees:
+
The Pennsylvania Senate has 22 standing committees:
 +
 
 +
* [[Aging & Youth Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Agriculture & Rural Affairs Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Appropriations Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Banking & Insurance Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Communications & Technology Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Community, Economic & Recreational Development Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Consumer Protection & Professional Licensure Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Education Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Environmental Resources & Energy Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Finance Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Game & Fisheries Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Intergovernmental Operations Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Judiciary Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Labor & Industry Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Law & Justice Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Local Government Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Public Health & Welfare Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Rules & Executive Nominations Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[State Government Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Transportation Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Urban Affairs & Housing Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Veterans Affairs & Emergency Preparedness Committee, Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
 
 +
==History==
 +
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 +
{{who runs badge|align=left}}
 +
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Pennsylvania]]’’
 +
[[File:Pennsylvania legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Pennsylvania legislature from 1992-2013]]
 +
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Pennsylvania State Senate for one year while the Republicans were the majority for 21 years. The Pennsylvania State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Pennsylvania was under Republican [[trifectas]] for the final three years of the study.
 +
 
 +
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
 +
 
 +
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
  
* [[Aging & Youth Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Pennsylvania|Office of the Governor of Pennsylvania]], the [[Pennsylvania State Senate]] and the [[Pennsylvania House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
* [[Agriculture & Rural Affairs Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
[[File:Partisan composition of Pennsylvania state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
* [[Appropriations Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Banking & Insurance Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Communications & Technology Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Community, Economic & Recreational Development Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Consumer Protection & Professional Licensure Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Education Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Environmental Resources & Energy Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Finance Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Game & Fisheries Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Judiciary Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Labor & Industry Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Law & Justice Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Local Government Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Public Health & Welfare Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Rules & Executive Nominations Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[State Government Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Transportation Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Urban Affairs & Housing Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
* [[Veterans Affairs & Emergency Preparedness Committee, Pennsylvania Senate]]
+
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
Line 253: Line 534:
 
* [http://www.pasen.gov/ Pennsylvania State Senate official website]
 
* [http://www.pasen.gov/ Pennsylvania State Senate official website]
 
* [http://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/home/member_information/senators_alpha.cfm Official list of members of the Pennsylvania State Senate]
 
* [http://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/home/member_information/senators_alpha.cfm Official list of members of the Pennsylvania State Senate]
* [http://www.votesmart.org/official_state_legislator.php?type=office&state_id=PA&criteria=upper Project Vote Smart profile of Pennsylvania Senate]
 
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pennsylvania_State_Senate Pennsylvania State Senate on Wikipedia]
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pennsylvania_State_Senate Pennsylvania State Senate on Wikipedia]
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 11:58, 9 July 2013

Pennsylvania State Senate

Seal of Pennsylvania.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 2, 2013
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Jim Cawley, (R)
Majority Leader:   Dominic Pileggi, (R)
Minority leader:   Jay Costa, (D)
Structure
Members:  50
   Democratic Party (23)
Republican Party (27)
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art II, Sec 3, Pennsylvania Constitution
Salary:   $82,026/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (25 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (25 seats)
Redistricting:  Pennsylvania Legislative Reapportionment Commission
The Pennsylvania State Senate is the upper house in the Pennsylvania Legislature. It consists of 50 members who serve four-year terms without term limits.[1][2]

Each state senator represents an average of 254,048 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[3] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 245,621 residents.[4]

The Pennsylvania senate is a continuing body during the term for which its senators are elected. It meets at noon on the first Tuesday of January and then regularly throughout the year. When the Pennsylvania Constitution stipulates that the General Assembly must meet in regular session annually, that means the session of one year must adjourn by noon of the first Tuesday of the following year. Two regular sessions cannot meet at the same time.

The General Assembly must also adjourn by midnight, November 30, in even-numbered years due to the expiration of the terms of office of all House members and half the Senate. The Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate, can cast a tie-breaking vote on any question except the final passage of a bill or joint resolution, the adoption of a conference report, or the concurrence in amendments made by the House of Representatives[5].

As of October 2014, Pennsylvania is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article II of the Pennsylvania Constitution establishes when the Pennsylvania General Assembly, of which the Senate is a part, is to meet. Section 4 of Article II states that the General Assembly is to convene its regular session on the first Tuesday of January each year.

Section 4 gives the Governor of Pennsylvania the authority to convene special sessions of the General Assembly either when he judges a special session to be in the public interest, or when a majority of each legislative House requests a special session.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the General Assembly will be in session from January 2 to a date to be determined.

Major issues

Like many other states, Pennsylvania lawmakers will have to work on a budget deficit. Other issues include economic development, public pension reform, liquor privatization, and child abuse.[6]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Senate began its legislative session on January 3.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Senate will be in session from January 4 through a date to be determined by the General Assembly. [7]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Senate convened its legislative session on January 5, and it remained in session throughout the year.[8]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Pennsylvania was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[9]

Elections

2012

See also: Pennsylvania State Senate elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Pennsylvania State Senate will be held in Pennsylvania on November 6, 2012. A total of 25 seats were up for election.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Pennsylvania State Senate elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Pennsylvania's State Senate were held in Pennsylvania on November 2, 2010. State senate seats in all even numbered districts were on the ballot in 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 9, 2010. The primary election day was May 18, 2010.


In 2010, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $11,102,031 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [10]

Qualifications

Under Article II of the Pennsylvania Constitution, Senators shall be at least twenty-five years of age and Representatives twenty-one years of age. They shall have been citizens and inhabitants of their respective districts one year next before their election (unless absent on the public business of the United States or of this State) and shall reside in their respective districts during their terms of service.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the Senate, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat. The Senate President must call for a special election. There are no deadlines set in the state constitution on when a special election can be held[11].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Pennsylvania

As far as legislative redistricting, the Pennsylvania Legislative Reapportionment Commission is responsible. This commission is normally made up of the majority and minority leaders of each legislative chamber, plus a fifth member selected by the other four to serve as chair. If the four cannot agree on a fifth, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court decides. The commission has until the October of the redistricting year to submit a plan.

2010 census

Pennsylvania received its local census data on March 9, 2011. The state had a low 3.4 percent growth rate from 2000-2010. The five most populous cities showed mostly stagnation: Philadelphia grew by 0.6 percent, Pittsburgh decreased by 8.6 percent, Allentown grew by 10.7 percent, Erie decreased by 1.9 percent, and Reading grew by 8.5 percent. By county, the major standout was Forest County with a 56 percent rate of growth.[12]

On August 17, 2011, the Commission approved the census data and went to work on a preliminary map, which it passed on October 31, 2011 by a vote of 3-2. Democrats were not happy with the plan or the negotiation process. Final maps were approved on December 12, 2011 by a 4-1 vote, moving a Senate district and five House districts from west to east. There was a 30-day window to file appeals, of which 11 were filed. The state Supreme Court threw out the maps on January 25, 2012 after appeals were heard.

The commission met on April 12, 2012 to vote in favor of a compromise map, which contained two Senate district splits and 68 House splits. On June 8, the commission approved the final plan, which went to the state Supreme Court for final approval.

Senators

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Pennsylvania Legislature are paid $82,026/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive $159/day (vouchered) tied to the federal rate, which they can receive actual expenses or per diem.[13]

Pension

Legislators in Pennsylvania are able to retire at age 50, while other state workers cannot retire until they turn 60. In 2011, the average legislative pension was $35,221 annually, while the average state employee pension was $23,491. According to former legislator David Mayernik, who began collecting a pension of $29,583 a year when he retired at age 50, the lowered retirement age was intended as compensation for small legislative salaries as well as the uncertainty of serving in office.[14]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Pennsylvania legislators assume office in January.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates
Party As of October 2014
     Democratic Party 23
     Republican Party 27
Total 50


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Pennsylvania State Senate.PNG

Leadership

The Lieutenant Governor serves as president of the Senate, but has no vote except in the case of a tie. The President Pro Tempore is elected by the Senate from its members.[15][16]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Pennsylvania State Senate
Office Representative Party
President of the Senate Jim Cawley Ends.png Republican
President Pro Tempore of the Senate Joe Scarnati Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Floor Leader Dominic Pileggi Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Whip Pat Browne Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Caucus Leader Mike Waugh Ends.png Republican
State Senate Minority Floor Leader Jay Costa Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Whip Anthony Williams Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Caucus Leader Rich Kasunic Electiondot.png Democratic

List of current members

Current members, Pennsylvania State Senate
District Senator Party Assumed office
1 Larry Farnese Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
2 Christine Tartaglione Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
3 Shirley Kitchen Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
4 LeAnna Washington Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
5 Mike Stack Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
6 Tommy Tomlinson Ends.png Republican 1995
7 Vincent Hughes Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
8 Anthony Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
9 Dominic Pileggi Ends.png Republican 2003
10 Charles McIlhinney Ends.png Republican 2007
11 Judy Schwank Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
12 Stewart Greenleaf Ends.png Republican 1979
13 Lloyd Smucker Ends.png Republican 2009
14 John Yudichak Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
15 Rob Teplitz Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
16 Pat Browne Ends.png Republican 2005
17 Daylin Leach Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
18 Lisa Boscola Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
19 Andy Dinniman Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
20 Lisa Baker Ends.png Republican 2007
21 Scott Hutchinson Ends.png Republican 2012
22 John Blake Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
23 Gene Yaw Ends.png Republican 2009
24 Bob Mensch Ends.png Republican 2009
25 Joe Scarnati Ends.png Republican 2001
26 Ted Erickson Ends.png Republican 2001
27 John Gordner Ends.png Republican 2003
28 Mike Waugh Ends.png Republican 1999
29 David Argall Ends.png Republican 2009
30 John Eichelberger Ends.png Republican 2007
31 Pat Vance Ends.png Republican 2005
32 Rich Kasunic Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
33 Richard Alloway Ends.png Republican 2009
34 Jake Corman Ends.png Republican 1999
35 John Wozniak Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
36 Michael Brubaker Ends.png Republican 2007
37 Matthew Smith Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
38 Jim Ferlo Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
39 Kim Ward Ends.png Republican 2009
40 Randy Vulakovich Ends.png Republican 2012
41 Don White Ends.png Republican 2001
42 Wayne Fontana Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
43 Jay Costa Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
44 John Rafferty Ends.png Republican 2003
45 James Brewster Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
46 Timothy Solobay Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
47 Elder Vogel Ends.png Republican 2009
48 Mike Folmer Ends.png Republican 2007
49 Sean Wiley Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
50 Bob Robbins Ends.png Republican 1991

Senate Committees

The Pennsylvania Senate has 22 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Pennsylvania’’
Partisan breakdown of the Pennsylvania legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Pennsylvania State Senate for one year while the Republicans were the majority for 21 years. The Pennsylvania State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Pennsylvania was under Republican trifectas for the final three years of the study.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania State Senate and the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Pennsylvania state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References