PGI logo cropped.png
Congressional Millionaire’s Club
The Personal Gain Index shines a light on how members of Congress benefit during their tenure.

Difference between revisions of "Phil Gingrey"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Text replace - " <ref " to "<ref ")
Line 137: Line 137:
=====Farm bill=====
{{House Farm Bill GOP No|Name=Gingrey}}
=====2014 Budget=====
{{House Budget 2014 GOP No|Name=Gingrey}}
=====Government shutdown=====
=====Government shutdown=====
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''

Revision as of 14:18, 5 March 2014

Phil Gingrey
Phil gingrey.jpg
Current candidacy
Running for U.S. Senate, Georgia
General electionNovember 4, 2014
Current office
U.S. House, Georgia, District 11
In office
January 3, 2003-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 11
PredecessorJohn Linder (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$5.79 in 2012
First elected2002
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$9,919,899
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Georgia State Senate
High schoolSt. Thomas Aquinas High School
Bachelor'sGeorgia Tech (1965)
M.D.Medical College of Georgia.
BirthdayJuly 10, 1942
Place of birthAugusta, Georgia
Net worth$5,061,515
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Campaign website
John Phillip "Phil" Gingrey (b. July 10, 1942, in Augusta, Georgia) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Gingrey was elected by voters from Georgia's 11th Congressional District. Gingrey was first elected to the U.S. House in 2002.[1] He was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[2]

Gingrey announced on March 27, 2013, in Augusta that he is running for the open U.S. Senate seat currently held by Sen. Saxby Chambliss. Chambliss will retire rather than seek re-election to the Senate in 2014.[3][4]

He previously served as a member of the Georgia State Senate from 1999 to 2003.[5]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Gingrey is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.


Gingrey was born and raised in Augusta, Georgia. After graduating from St. Thomas Aquinas High School, he moved to Atlanta, Georgia, to attend Georgia Tech. Phil co-oped his way through college, and completed his undergraduate studies in Chemistry. With a Bachelor's of Science degree from Georgia Tech, Phil returned home to Augusta to attend the Medical College of Georgia.[5]

Gingrey served his internship at Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, and his residency at the Medical College of Georgia. He also completed a rotation during this time at Doctor's Hospital in Columbus.[5]


Committee assignments

U.S. House


Gingrey serves on the following committees:[6]



Legislative actions

113th Congress

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Gingrey's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

Gingrey on August 28, 2013, urged President Obama to consult with members of Congress before taking military action in response to the Syrian conflict.[10]

“The use of chemicals weapons on children and families is morally reprehensible and a grave war crime,” Gingrey said. “Given the gravity of the situation, President Obama should call on Congress to return to Washington. We must consider the next course of action and appropriate response together, and I stand ready to return immediately.”[10]

Gingrey, along with other members of Congress, sent a letter to President Obama urging him to reconvene Congress before making a decision on U.S. military involvement.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Gingrey voted in favor of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[11]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "No" Gingrey voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Gingrey voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[12] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]


Voted "Yes" Gingrey voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[11]


Farm bill

Voted "No" On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Gingrey voted with 62 other Republican representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "No" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Gingrey joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.[16][17]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Gingrey voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Voted "No" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Gingrey voted against HR 2775.[23]

Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Voted "No" In March 2013 the Republican controlled House passed the budget proposal set out by Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan (R) for the third straight year.[24] However, not all Republican representatives voted in favor of the proposal.[24] Gingrey was one of the 10 Republican Representatives who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.[24]

The proposal was killed after being voted down in the U.S. Senate with a 40-59 vote.[25]

The proposal would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[24] The 2013 bill had opposition from 10 Republicans — the same number that voted against it in 2012. In 2011 only four Republicans cast a vote in opposition.[24] Democrats have unanimously voted against the bill every year.[24]

2013 Farm Bill

Voted "No" In July 2013 the Republican controlled House narrowly passed a scaled-back version of the farm bill after stripping out the popular food-stamp program.[26][27] The bill passed on a 216-208 vote, with no Democrats voting in favor.[28] All but 12 Republicans supported the measure.[29] The group consisted mostly of conservative lawmakers more concerned about spending than farm subsidies.[29][30] Gingrey was 1 of the 12 who voted against the measure.[29]

The farm bill historically has included both billions in farm subsidies and billions in food stamps. Including both of the two massive programs has in the past helped win support from rural-state lawmakers and those representing big cities.[28] After the bill failed in the House in June 2013 amid opposition from rank-and-file Republicans, House leaders removed the food stamp portion in a bid to attract conservative support.[28]


Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Gingrey voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]


Health Care Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Gingrey voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[11]

Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act

Voted "Yes" Gingrey voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "No" Gingrey voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[11]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Gingrey voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[31]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Phil Gingrey endorsed Newt Gingrich in the 2012 presidential election. [32]

Conservative Fight Club

According to the conservative website RedState, Gingrey is 1 of 16 U.S. House members in the "Conservative Fight Club", a designation meant to describe the gold standard of conservatives, as outlined by RedState. They are the 16 Republicans who voted against the continuing appropriations resolution to avoid the impending government shutdown in March. This type of resolution is used to fund government agencies when a formal federal budget has not been approved.[33]


Complaints about congressional salary

Gingrey commented in a closed door meeting on September 18, 2013 that he could make more money as a lobbyist than he was currently receiving as a member of Congress.[34] National Review Online reported that Gingrey said in the meeting focusing on an exemption for members of Congress and their staffs who buy insurance coverage through health care exchanges under the Affordable Health Care Act, that ex-congressional aides can make $500,000 as lobbyists, "meanwhile I'm stuck here making $172,000."[35]



See also: United States Senate elections in Georgia, 2014

Gingrey announced he will officially be running to take over the open U.S. Senate seat currently held by Sen. Saxby Chambliss. Chambliss will retire rather than seek re-election to the Senate in 2014.[36] Gingrey made the announcement on March 27, 2013, in Augusta.[37]

Members of campaign staff resign

Four members of Gingrey's campaign staff resigned on November 28, 2013.[38] General consultant Chip Lake, campaign manager John Porter, political director David Allen and grass-roots coordinator Justin Tomczak all stepped down from the campaign.[38]

General consultant Chip Lake said in a statement, “I have nothing but respect for Phil Gingrey. I wish him nothing but the best, but when you reach that point in a campaign where you’re at the crossroads, something’s got to give. When I left him yesterday I wished him the best and told him I thought it was very important for him to finish out this campaign the way that’s most comfortable for him...We just had some disagreements on overall campaign vision and structure, and everything kind of falls under that umbrella. When that happens, you try to work it out, and when you can’t work it out, you sit down and have difficult discussions on how to move forward.”[38]


See also: Georgia's 11th Congressional District elections, 2012

Gingrey ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Georgia's 11th District. Gingrey won re-election. The signature filing deadline was May 25, 2012, with the primary on July 31, 2012. He won the primary and advanced to win the general election on November 6, 2012.[39]

U.S. House, Georgia District 11 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngPhil Gingrey Incumbent 68.6% 196,968
     Democratic Patrick Thompson 31.4% 90,353
Total Votes 287,321
Source: Georgia Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Georgia District 11 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngPhil Gingrey Incumbent 80.9% 75,697
William Llop 9.2% 8,604
Michael S. Opitz 9.9% 9,231
Total Votes 93,532

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Gingrey is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Gingrey raised a total of $9,919,899 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2013.[44]

Phil Gingrey's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Georgia, District 11) Won $1,720,190
2010 U.S. House (Georgia, District 11) Won $1,389,039
2008 U.S. House (Georgia, District 11) Won $1,630,863
2006 U.S. House (Georgia, District 11) Won $1,360,287
2004 U.S. House (Georgia, District 11) Won $2,288,758
2002 U.S. House (Georgia, District 11) Won $1,530,762
Grand Total Raised $9,919,899


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Gingrey's reports.[45]

Phil Gingrey (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[46]April 17, 2013$1,871,933.74$667,105.44$(106,317.64)$2,430,721.54
July Quarterly[47]July 18, 2013$2,430,721.54$436,306.63$(302,931.55)$2,564,096.62
October Quarterly[48]October 13, 2013$2,564,096.62$289,407.14$(266,095.81)$2,587,407.95
Year-end[49]January 31, 2014$2,587,407$137,555$(364,694)$2,360,269
April Quarterly[50]April 15, 2014$2,360,498$327,599$(243,400)$2,444,697
Running totals


Breakdown of the source of Gingrey's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Gingrey won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Gingrey's campaign committee raised a total of $1,720,190 and spent $1,140,885.[51] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[52]

Cost per vote

Gingrey spent $5.79 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of the source of Gingrey's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Gingrey won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Gingrey's campaign committee raised a total of $1,389,039 and spent $920,811.[53]

U.S. House, Georgia District 11, 2010 - Phil Gingrey Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,389,039
Total Spent $920,811
Total Raised by General Election Opponent
Total Spent by General Election Opponent
Top contributors to Phil Gingrey's campaign committee
Abbott Laboratories$11,000
AFLAC Inc$11,000
Southern Co$10,750
American Assn of Orthopaedic Surgeons$10,000
American Bankers Assn$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$297,249
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products$79,100
Real Estate$44,783


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Gingrey is a "far-right Republican leader," as of June 14, 2013.[54]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[55]

Gingrey most often votes with:

Gingrey least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Gingrey missed 271 of 7,661 roll call votes from January 2003 to March 2013. This amounts to 3.5%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[56]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Gingrey paid his congressional staff a total of $983,980 in 2011. He ranks 180th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranks 193rd overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Georgia ranks 24th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[57]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Gingrey's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $2,458,035 and $7,664,995. That averages to $5,061,515, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Gingrey ranked as the 75th most wealthy representative in 2012.[58]

Phil Gingrey Yearly Net Worth
YearAvg. Net Worth% Difference from previous year

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.


Gingrey ranked 52nd in the conservative rankings in 2012.[59]


Gingrey ranked 1st in the conservative rankings.[60]

Voting with party


Phil Gingrey voted with the Republican Party 95.6% of the time, which ranked 147th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[61]


Phil and his wife, Billie, have been married for 40 years. They are the proud parents of four: Billy, Gannon, Phyllis, and Laura Neill. They are also the proud grandparents of ten: William Gingrey II; Ali, Hannah, Hank IV, and Sabin Manning and Grey, Marian, Ruby Neill, and Ley Collins, and Luke Gingrey.[7]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Phil + Gingrey + Georgia + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Phil Gingrey News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links


  1. Project Votesmart "Biography" Accessed June 14, 2013
  2. Politico "2012 House Race Results"
  3. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, "Phil Gingrey rejects gun clip limits, changes course on Todd Akin," March 11, 2013
  4. AJC "Phil Gingrey Enters 2014 Race for U.S. Senate" Accessed March 28, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Congressman Phil Gingrey, M.D. "Biography" Accessed October 26, 2011
  6., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  7. 7.0 7.1 Gingrey: United States Congress "Meet Phil" Accessed October 26, 2011
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Peach Pundit, "Phil Gingrey, Syria, and the Congress," accessed August 29, 2013
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 Project Votesmart, "Phil Gingrey Key Votes," accessed September 30, 2013
  12. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, With clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 24.5 Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  25. CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  26. Washington Post, "Farm bill passes narrowly in House, without food stamp funding," accessed July 15, 2013
  27. USA Today, "House passes farm bill; strips out food-stamp program," accessed July 15, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 Fox News, "House narrowly passes farm bill after Republicans carve out food stamps," accessed July 15, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 Washington Post, "Which Republicans voted against the Farm Bill?," accessed July 15, 2013
  30. Politico, "Farm bill 2013: House narrowly passes pared-back version," accessed July 15, 2013
  31. U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  32. Team Gingrich, "Newt 2012 Press Release on Georgia Endorsements," August 26, 2011
  33. RedState, "Fight Club," March 6, 2013
  34. USA Today, "Report: GOP Rep. Gingrey laments six-figure salary," accessed September 19, 2013
  35. National Review, "Congressman on Obamacare Exemption: ‘Go Home and Talk to Your Wife’," accessed September 19, 2013
  36. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, "Phil Gingrey rejects gun clip limits, changes course on Todd Akin," March 11, 2013
  37. AJC "Phil Gingrey Enters 2014 Race for U.S. Senate" Accessed March 28, 2013
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 Roll Call, "Major Staff Turnover on Gingrey’s Senate Campaign," accessed November 20, 2013
  39. Politico "2012 Election Map"
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. Open Secrets "Phil Gingrey" Accessed April 5, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission "Phil Gingrey 2014 Summary reports," Accessed July 23, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 11, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  51. Open Secrets "Phil Gingrey 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 20, 2013
  52. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
  53. Open Secrets "Phil Gingrey 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed October 26, 2011
  54. Gov Track "Gingrey" Accessed June 14, 2013
  55. OpenCongress, "Rep. Phil Gingrey," Accessed August 1, 2013
  56. GovTrack, "Phil Gingrey," Accessed April 1, 2013
  57. LegiStorm "Phil Gingrey"
  58., "Gingrey, (R-GA), 2012"
  59. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 27, 2013
  60. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  61. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
John Linder
U.S. House of Representatives - Georgia District 11
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Georgia State Senate
Succeeded by