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Rand Paul
Rand Paul.jpg
U.S. Senate, Kentucky
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 4
PredecessorJim Bunning (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 2016
Campaign $$7,809,324
Term limitsN/A
High schoolBrazoswood High School
Bachelor'sBaylor University
M.D.Duke University
Date of birthJanuary 7, 1963
Place of birthPittsburgh, PA
Net worth$864,012
Office website
Campaign website
Randal Howard "Rand" Paul (b. January 7, 1963 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Kentucky. Paul was first elected to the Senate in 2010.

Paul is considering a run for president in 2016. He has said he plans to make a decision at some point in 2014.[1][2] He declared in late May 2013 that he will seek re-election in 2016 to the United States Senate.[3]

In July 2013 it was revealed that an aide for Paul, Jack Hunter, who serves as Paul's media director and previously co-wrote Paul’s 2011 book, spent part of his 20s as a member of the League of the South.[4][5][6] In addition to his membership in the group, in the early 2000s Hunter began contributing anonymous political commentary to the South Carolina radio station 96 Wave, under the persona the “Southern Avenger.”[4] Hunter is the second Paul staffer to have his views on racial issues revealed publicly.[7]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Paul is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Paul was born in 1963 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and grew up in Lake Jackson, Texas. He attended Baylor University and received his M.D. from Duke University Medical School. Prior to his election to the Senate, Paul worked as an ophthalmologist in Bowling Green, Kentucky[8]

Paul is the son of former Republican Congressman and presidential candidate Ron Paul.[9]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Paul's professional and political career[8]:

  • Ophthalmologist in Bowling Green, KY
  • U.S. Senate, 2011-Present

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Paul serves on the following Senate committees[10]:


Paul served on the following Senate committees[11]:


Political positions

Paul considers himself a "libertarian Republican."[12]

Hemp legalization

Paul supports the legalization of hemp.[13][14]


In May 2013, Paul said that he supports stronger border-security provisions and more work visas. He said he would not support immigration legislation without those provisions. "The main problem with illegal immigration is that we don't have enough legal immigration," Paul said.[15] In June 2013, Paul said he would support comprehensive immigration reform if his amendment increasing congressional oversight on border security is accepted. Paul's amendment, if approved, would require the Department of Homeland Security to implement border security measures such as additional fencing along the U.S-Mexico border. Congress would also be given a yearly report before voting whether the agency met its goals. The number of legal work visas approved would be tied to whether metrics are met.[16]

On June 23, 2013 Paul announced he will vote against the final Senate immigration reform bill because it does not guarantee border security.[17] “I’m all in favor of immigration reform but I’m like most conservatives in the country [in] that I think reform should be dependent on border security first,” he said on CNN’s “State of the Union”.[18]

Paul went on to say that the bill could actually lead to higher future levels of illegal immigration because of caps on work visas for agricultural workers.[18] He previously introduced an amendment that would have required Congress to vote on whether border security goals have been met before granting legal status to millions of illegal immigrants. The Senate rejected Paul’s proposal at the end of June 2013.[18]

Iowa's GOP Lincoln Day Dinner 2013

Paul was the headliner of the annual Iowa Lincoln Day Dinner. This year was the first time in recent years that it sold out almost two weeks in advance. The main topic of his speech was immigration reform, a hot topic due to the Gang of Eight legislation, where he outlined his own version of immigration reform which included allowing illegal immigrants to continue working in the country.[19]

Debt and spending

Paul has criticized Republicans who "dramatically increased federal spending" after lowering taxes during the Bush administration, leading to an unbalanced budget.[20]

Paul also introduced legislation in 2011 to cut the deficit by $500 billion within one year.[21][22] His budget plan, introduced in 2011, sought to balance the federal budget within 5 years.[23][24]


On energy policy, Paul opposes government subsidies for solar and wind power, claiming such involvement destroys incentives for energy innovation and encourages more lobbying by companies "with the most political clout." Paul supports cutting taxes and eliminating regulations on those businesses involved with developing new sources of energy.[25]

Second Amendment

Paul believes "gun control laws only restrict access to responsible gun ownership." He opposes "any proposed gun control law which would limit the right to gun ownership by those who are responsible, law-abiding citizens."[26]

Paul expanded his criticism of gun control laws to include the Patriot Act, which in his view "gives the government the right to search your home without a warrant, when you're not home, leave listening devices, and use any and all information to create a prosecution on any charge regardless of their original reason for the search." Paul believes that the Second Amendment is protected only as far as the Fourth Amendment is protected. He states that unless Americans are free from "unreasonable searches and seizures," their Second Amendment rights are not fully protected.[27]

NSA controversy

In June 2013 The Guardian reported about a secret surveillance program where the NSA obtained phone records of millions of customers.[28] Paul is considering a class-action lawsuit against the National Security Agency over the large-scale surveillance program that was gathering data on American citizens. Paul also said he would consider taking it to the Supreme Court.[29][30] Paul called the NSA surveillance program an "astounding assault on the Constitution."[31]

Criticism of Dick Cheney

In June 2013, former vice president Dick Cheney criticized Paul's views that the NSA's surveillance programs infringed on the privacy of American citizens by arguing that most of the current Congress was not present immediately after the 9/11 attacks, and thus did not fully understand the circumstances that led to the adoption of the NSA programs. Cheney stated, "When you consider the possibility of somebody smuggling something like a nuclear device into the United States, it becomes very, very important to gather intelligence on your enemies and stop that attack before it ever gets launched.”[32]

Paul responded to criticism from the former vice president of the senator’s views on the NSA’s surveillance programs by blaming Cheney and the Bush administration’s pre-9/11 intelligence failures and subsequent security policies, which Paul blasted as incompatible with the U.S. Constitution. “Really, someone should have been removed from office for that,” said Paul, “and they should have said this is never going to happen again." Paul continued: "Instead they said, ‘oh, we need to look at the records of all the innocent Americans’ phone calls every day.' And I think you need to have a respect for the Bill of Rights, a respect for privacy and particularly a respect for the fourth amendment.”[33]


Aide's pro-secessionist history

An aide for Paul, Jack Hunter, who serves as Paul's media director and previously co-wrote Paul’s 2011 book, spent part of his 20s as a member of the League of the South, a group which “advocates the secession and subsequent independence of the Southern States from this forced union and the formation of a Southern republic.”[4][5][34] In 1999, Hunter was listed as chairman of the group’s Charleston, S.C., chapter.[5]

In a statement Hunter said, “When I was part of it, they were very explicit that’s not what they were about. I was a young person, it was a fairly radical group - the same way a person on the left might be attracted in college to some left-wing radical groups.”[4]

In addition to his membership in the group, in the early 2000s Hunter began contributing anonymous political commentary to the South Carolina radio station 96 Wave, under the persona the “Southern Avenger.”[4] As the “Southern Avenger,” Hunter would wear a mask printed with a Confederate flag to public appearances.[4]

Hunter is the second Paul staffer to have his views on racial issues revealed publicly.[35]

Aide resigns from campaign

On July 22, 2013 it was announced that Hunter resigned his position as an aide for Paul's campaign, and will resume his career as a pundit, saying that he did not want to be a distraction for the Senator, who is considered a top potential 2016 presidential candidate.[36][37][38][39][40][41]

In a statement regarding the matter Hunter wrote, “I’ve long been a conservative, and years ago, a much more politically incorrect (and campy) one. But there’s a significant difference between being politically incorrect and racist. I’ve also become far more Libertarian over the years, a philosophy that encourages a more tolerant worldview, through the lens of which I now look back on some of my older comments with embarrassment.”[36]

Paul stood by Hunter when the story initially broke, saying Hunter's past comments were “absolutely stupid,” but that he didn’t think he held any racist views.[36]

Foreign aid to Egypt

On July 11, 2013 Paul introduced legislation that would cut off foreign aid to Egypt following the military ousting of President Mohamed Morsi.[42]

Paul made several comments prior to introducing the legislation insisting that the events in Egypt constitute a military coup and has criticized the Obama administration for its commitment to continue providing foreign aid to the country.[42] The United States is forbidden by law to give aid to countries where a military overthrow of a democratically elected government has occurred. The administration has maintained, however, that the events in Egypt do not constitute a coup.[42]

“By the President’s refusal to call the situation in Egypt a ‘coup’ and continuing the flow of foreign assistance to Egypt, he is forthrightly saying ‘I am ignoring the rule of law,’” Paul said in a statement.[42]

Paul’s bill is the first legislation in Congress directly addressing the matter, but several other senators, most notably John McCain (R), have expressed the belief that the U.S. should withhold aid to Egypt.[42]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Rand Paul endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [43]

Specific votes

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Paul voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of five Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.[44]

Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Nay3.png In March 2013 the U.S. Senate soundly rejected a balanced budget plan by House Budget Committee chair Paul Ryan (R).[45] Five Republicans joined every Democrat present to kill the measure, which failed on a 40-59 vote.[45]

Paul was one of the five Senate Republicans who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.[45]

The proposed budget would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[46]

Some tea party members of the GOP opposed the measure because of its reliance on $600 billion-plus in tax revenues on the wealthy enacted in January 2013, in order to balance the budget.[45] Others in the Senate opposed the Ryan plan because of cuts from safety net programs for the poor and the inclusion of a plan to turn the Medicare program for the elderly into a voucher-like system for future beneficiaries born in 1959 or later.[45]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

Rand Paul takes the floor on March 6, 2013 for a 13-hour filibuster on CIA Director confirmation and drone use. This video is the first hour.

On March 6, 2013, Paul led a filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan that lasted 12 hours and 52 minutes - the ninth longest Senate filibuster on record.[47] In addition to delaying the final vote on Brennan's confirmation, Paul's stated intention was to highlight his concerns about the Obama Administration's drone policies. Particularly, whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists have been critical that President Obama did not offer a clear response to the question. "I’ve come here to speak for as long as I can to draw attention to something that I find to really be very disturbing," he stated during the speech.[48] "Your notification is the buzz of propellers on the drone as it flies overhead in the seconds before you're killed. Is that what we really want from our government?" Paul prompted ominously[49] He went on to denounce lack of transparency in the drone program, asking "What will be the standard for how we kill Americans in America?... Could political dissent be part of the standard for drone strikes?"[50][51] Paul concluded his remarks asking for his counterparts on the other side of the aisle to join him in his efforts to obtain clarification from the president.

A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat -- [52] and 30 Republican Senators reportedly did not support the filibuster.[53][54][55] Most prominent among Paul's GOP colleagues to rebuke him for his tactics were Senators John McCain (AZ) and Lindsey Graham (SC).[56] The day after the filibuster, McCain gave a speech in which he accused Paul of fear-mongering, pointing to his previous day's remarks about the United States government being able to use a drone to kill an American citizen who spoke out against government policy. He stated, "To somehow say that someone who disagrees with American policy and even may demonstrate against it, is somehow a member of an organization which makes that individual an enemy combatant is simply false."[56] Reinforcing McCain's argument, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[57]

Paul's fellow Senator from Kentucky, Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R) supported the filibuster, advising Senate Republicans to hold off on Brennan's confirmation vote until the Obama Administration addresses Paul’s concerns on drone use.[58] Republican Sens. Ted Cruz (TX), Marco Rubio (FL), Pat Toomey (PA), and nine others, including Democratic Senator Ron Wyden, also participated.[59][60]



Paul declared in late May 2013 that he will seek re-election in 2016 to the United States Senate.[61]

Paul is a possible GOP nominee for the presidential ticket in 2016. Paul's chief of staff, Doug Stafford--who is widely seen as Paul’s closest adviser--announced plans to resign in order to manage Paul’s national political operation according to reports from May 2, 2013.[62] Stafford will be focused on directing the senator’s organization in early-primary states, his calendar, and his communications.[62] He will also run Paul’s political-action committees — RAND PAC and Rand Paul for U.S. Senate — which are expected to grow and are the financial and political foundation for Paul’s likely presidential campaign if he chooses to run for President in 2016.[62]

In an interview in April 2013, Rand answered when asked whether he'll run for president, “We are considering it. You know, I want to be part of the national debate. So whether I run or not, being considered is something that allows me to have a larger microphone.”[62]

In May and June 2013, Paul planned trips to several states for the beginning of a presidential exploration tour. States Paul planned to visit on the trip include California, Iowa, New Hampshire and South Carolina.[63][64] During Paul's visit to Iowa on May 11, 2013, he criticized Secretary of State Hillary Clinton for her handling of the Benghazi terrorist attack.[65][66] During Paul's trip to the Granite State, New Hampshire state house representative Phil Straight (R) called Paul a "contender" for the 2016 presidential race.[67]


On November 2, 2010, Paul won election to the United States Senate. The race attracted more than $8.5 million dollars in outside spending.[68]

Paul was a surprising victor over the favorite, former Kentucky Secretary of State Trey Grayson in the primary election.[69][70][71]

Paul defeated Jack Conway (D) and Billy Ray Wilson (Write-In) in the general election.[72]

U.S. Senate, Kentucky General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRand Paul 55.7% 755,706
     Democratic Jack Conway 44.2% 600,052
     Independent Billy Ray Wilson 0% 338
Total Votes 1,356,096

U.S. Senate Republican Primary Election, Kentucky Republican Primary, 2010
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRand Paul 58.8% 206,986
Trey Grayson 35.4% 124,864
Bill Johnson 2.2% 7,861
John Stephenson 2% 6,885
Gurley L. Martin 0.8% 2,850
Jon Scribner 0.8% 2,829
Total Votes 352,275

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Paul is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Paul raised a total of $7,809,324 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 3, 2013.[73]

Rand Paul's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2010 U.S. Senate (Kentucky) Won $7,809,324
Grand Total Raised $7,809,324


Lobbyist contributions

In an analysis by Open Secrets of the Top 10 Recipients of Contributions from Lobbyists in 2013, Paul was one of 115 members of Congress who did not report any contributions from lobbyists in 2013 as of July 3, 2013.[74]


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Paul is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of June 21, 2013.[75]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Paul missed 23 of 578 roll call votes from Jan 2011 to Mar 2013. This amounts to 4.00%, which is worse than the median of 1.7% among currently serving senators as of March 2013.[76]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Paul paid his congressional staff a total of $1,454,975 in 2011. He ranks fifth on the list of the lowest paid Republican Senatorial Staff Salaries and he ranks fifth overall of the lowest paid Senatorial Staff Salaries in 2011. Overall, Kentucky ranks 40th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[77]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by - The Center for Responsive Politics, Paul's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $433,025 and $1,295,000 That averages to $864,012, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senators in 2011 of $6,358,668. His average net worth increased by 11.63% from 2010.[78]


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by - The Center for Responsive Politics, Paul's networth as of 2010 was estimated between $278,019 and $1,269,999. That averages to $774,009. The average net worth of Republican Senators in 2010 was $7,054,258.[79]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Paul ranked 6th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[80]


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Paul ranked 32nd in the conservative rankings among U.S. Senators.[81]

Voting with party


Rand Paul voted with the Republican Party 83.6% of the time, which ranked 38th among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[82]


Paul has been married to his wife Kelley (nee Ashby) since 1993. They live in Bowling Green, Kentucky and have three sons: William, Duncan, and Robert.[8]

Strategy Group for Media

In July 2013, it was announced that Kelley Paul was no longer a staff member of Strategy Group for Media, a conservative consulting firm. The firm has previously worked on Sen. Paul's television ads in his 2010 race, Senate candidate Todd Akin's campaign and Michele Bachmann's 2012 presidential bid, among other campaigns.[83]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Rand + Paul + Kentucky + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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External links


  1. Fox News "Rand Paul says he's considering a 2016 presidential bid," April 17, 2013
  2. Huffington Post "Rand Paul: 2016 Presidential Run Under Consideration, But No Decision Yet," April 17, 2013
  3. Daily Independent "Paul plans re-election bid for Senate," May 24, 2013
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Talking Points Memo "Rand Paul Aide Reportedly Spent Years As Pro-Secessionist Radio Shock Jock" Accessed July 11, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Free Beacon "Rand Paul aide has history of neo-Confederate sympathies, inflammatory statements" Accessed July 11, 2013
  6. Slate "Crawling Out From Under the Rubble of Jack Hunter-gate" Accessed July 11, 2013
  7. Yahoo "Rand Paul's troubling ties to racists" Accessed July 11, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Official Senate website "About page," Accessed October 20, 2011
  9. "Rand Paul" Accessed April 30, 2013
  10. Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 22, 2013
  11. U.S. Senate Official website "Committee Assignments," Accessed October 20, 2011
  12. Washington Post "Sen. Rand Paul aggressively courting evangelicals to win over GOP establishment," May 12, 2013
  13. Huffington Post " Mitch McConnell, Rand Paul Push For Hemp Legalization In Senate Fight," May 20, 2013
  14. Courier-Journal "With support from Sen. Rand Paul, hemp bill clears Kentucky Senate committee unanimously," February 11, 2013
  15. Wall Street Journal "Sen. Paul Calls for Tougher Borders, More Work Visas," May 26, 2013
  16. Washington Post "Sen. Rand Paul offers border security amendment to Senate immigration bill," June 12, 2013
  17. The Hill "Rand Paul to oppose immigration bill" Accessed June 24, 2013
  18. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named gang
  19. The New Republic, "President Rand Paul, Watch out, he's becoming a better politician every day," Accessed June 17, 2013
  20. Official Senate website "Issues: Debt & Spending," Accessed June 24, 2013
  21. Official Senate website "Sen. Paul Introduces $500 Billion in Spending Cuts," January 25, 2011
  22. Los Angeles Times "Sen. Rand Paul unveils $500 billion in federal budget cuts," January 25, 2011
  23. Official Senate website "Issues: Budget," Accessed June 24, 2013
  24. ABC News "Sen. Paul Unveils 5-Year Budget Plan: Eliminates Four Federal Agencies," March 17, 2011
  25. Official Senate website "Issues: Energy," Accessed June 24, 2013
  26. Official Senate website "Issues: Second Amendment," Accessed June 24, 2013
  27. Official Senate website "Issues: Second Amendment," Accessed June 24, 2013
  28. Huffington Post "Rand Paul: NSA Surveillance Programs Warrant Supreme Court Challenge ," June 9, 2013
  29. Daily Caller "Rand Paul threatens to challenge NSA at Supreme Court," June 9, 2013
  30. WDRB "U.S. Senator Rand Paul threatens legal action," June 9, 2013
  31. The Hill "Rand Paul: NSA phone spying an 'astounding assault on Constitution'," June 6, 2013
  32. Washington Post "Dick Cheney: Rand Paul is wrong on government surveillance," June 16, 2013
  33. Huffington Post "Rand Paul Attacks Dick Cheney, Bush Administration For Pre-9/11 Security Failures ," June 19, 2013
  34. Slate "Crawling Out From Under the Rubble of Jack Hunter-gate" Accessed July 11, 2013
  35. Yahoo "Rand Paul's troubling ties to racists" Accessed July 11, 2013
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 Washington Post "Controversial Rand Paul aide resigns" Accessed July 22, 2013
  37. Washington Post "Controversial Rand Paul aide resigns" Accessed July 22, 2013
  38. Daily Caller "Southern Avenger no more: Rand Paul aide Jack Hunter leaves staff, returns to punditry" Accessed July 22, 2013
  39. USA Today "Controversial aide to Sen. Rand Paul steps aside" Accessed July 22, 2013
  40. Huffington Post "Rand Paul Aide Resigns After Confederate Views Stir Controversy" Accessed July 22, 2013
  41. The Hill "Paul aide with pro-Confederate past resigns" Accessed July 22, 2013
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 42.4 Politico "Rand Paul introduces legislation to stop Egypt aid" Accessed July 12, 2013
  43. Washington Post, "Rand Paul endorses Mitt Romney," June 7, 2012
  44. U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 45.4 CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  46. Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  47. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  48. The Washington Times, "After almost 13 hours, Rand Paul ends Brennan filibuster," March 6, 2013
  49. March 2013
  50. The New York Times, "Rand Paul does not go quietly into the night," March 6, 2013
  51. [1]
  52. ABC News "Rand Paul Wins Applause From GOP and Liberals," March 7, 2013
  53. Breitbart "AWOL: Meet The GOP Senators Who Refused to Stand With Rand," March 7, 2013
  54. CNN "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  55. USA Today "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  56. 56.0 56.1 Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  57. Washington Post "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with 'no'," March 7, 2013
  58. Roll Call, "GOP Should Support Paul's Filibuster, McConnell Says," March 7, 2013
  59. The Blaze, "Here Are All the GOP Senators That Participated in Rand Paul’s 12+ Hour Filibuster… and the Ones Who Didn’t," March 7, 2013
  60. ABC News "Sen. Rand Paul Questions Drone Policy, Says Scandals Threaten President Obama's 'Moral Authority'," May 26, 2013
  61. Daily Independent "Paul plans re-election bid for Senate," May 24, 2013
  62. 62.0 62.1 62.2 62.3 National Review "The Rand Machine Ramps Up" Accessed May 3, 2013
  63. 9News "GOP's Rand Paul raises profile with eye on 2016," May 10, 2013
  64. Washington Post "Sen. Rand Paul explores 2016 presidential road with Iowa GOP trip as Gov. Jindal visits NH," May 10, 2013
  65. NBC Politics "Rand Paul challenges Hillary Clinton in key Iowa speech," May 11, 2013
  66. WJLA "Rand Paul in Iowa today amid 2016 chatter," May 10, 2013
  67. Courier-Journal "Kentucky Senator Rand Paul seen as 'contender' in New Hampshire," May 27, 2013
  68. Courier-Journal "Outside groups spend big in U.S. Senate race," October 29, 2010
  69. Kentucky Elections "Primary Election Results," May 18, 2010
  70. Bluegrass Politics "Some conservatives wary of Grayson," June 28, 2009
  71. WDRB "Rand Paul defeats Trey Grayson," May 18, 2010
  72. U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008"
  73. Open Secrets "Rand Paul" Accessed April 3, 2013
  74. Open Secrets "Top Recipients of Lobbyists Cash in 2013" Accessed July 3, 2013
  75. Gov Track "Rand Paul," Accessed June 21, 2013
  76. GovTrack, "Rand Paul," Accessed March 29, 2013
  77. LegiStorm "Rand Paul"
  78., "Paul, (R-KY), 2011"
  79., "Rand Paul (R-Kentucky), 2010"
  80. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  81. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," February 23, 2012
  82. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  83. Politico, "Rand Paul’s wife leaves GOP consulting firm," accessed July 15, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Bunning
U.S. Senate - Kentucky
Succeeded by