Raul Grijalva

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Raul Grijalva
Raul Grijalva.jpg
U.S. House, Arizona, District 3
Incumbent
In office
2003-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 11
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorN/A
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$9.45 in 2012
First electedNovember 5, 2002
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$4,933,503
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Pima County Board of Supervisors
1989-2002
Tucson Unified School District Board
1975-1986
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Arizona, 1986
Personal
BirthdayFebruary 19, 1948
Place of birthTucson, AZ
Net worth$199,506
ReligionCatholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
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Raul Grijalva (b. February 19, 1948, in Tucson, AZ) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing Arizona's 3rd Congressional District. Grijalva was first elected to the House in 2002.

Grijalva most recently won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Arizona's 3rd District. He won the Democratic nomination in the primary election on August 28, 2012, and then prevailed over Gabriela Saucedo Mercer (R) and Blanca Guerra (L) in the November 6 general election.[1][2]

Grijalva is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on August 26, 2014. He will face Gabriela Saucedo Mercer (R) in the November general election.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Grijalva is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Grijalva's academic, professional and political career:[3]

  • 1986: Graduated from University of Arizona, Tucson with B.A.
  • 1974-1986: Tucson Unified School Board
  • 1989-2002: Supervisor, Pima County
  • 2003-Present: U.S. Representative from Arizona

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Grijalva serves on the following committees:[4]

  • Education and the Workforce Committee
    • Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor and Pensions
    • Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education
  • Natural Resources Committee
    • Subcommittee on Public Lands and Environmental Regulation Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Indian and Alaska Native Affairs
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources

2011-2012

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Grijalva's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Grijalva voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[7]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Grijalva voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[8]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Grijalva voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[10] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[11][12] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[12] Grijalva voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[13][14] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[14] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[15] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Grijalva joined with the 2 other Democrats and 64 Republicans who voted against the bill.[13][14]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Grijalva voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[18]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[19] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Grijalva voted for HR 2775.[20]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Nay3.png Grijalva voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Grijalva was 1 of 144 Democrats who voted against the bill.[21]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Grijalva voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[22] The vote largely followed party lines.[23]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Grijalva voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[24]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Grijalva voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[25]

Previous congressional sessions

Grijalva voted against the economic package known as the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act offered after the U.S. economic crash in 2008, saying it created too little oversight of Wall Street and the banking industry.[26]

Grijalva voted in favor of the Affordable Care Act -- usually called "health care reform" -- even though he prefers a single-payer health care system, because he viewed the law as a step in the right direction.[27]

Grijalva voted in favor of government intervention to stop GM and Chrysler from going bankrupt.[28] Supporters argued the move helped the economy; as CNN Money noted on Feb. 16, "The hit to the economy would have been far worse than the $15 billion or so that the bailouts might end up costing taxpayers, considering the estimated 1.5 million additional job losses, the closure of GM, Chrysler and many of their suppliers and the shifting of much auto production overseas if the companies had failed."[29]

Grijalva voted in favor of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.[30] Leading Republicans, such as Speaker of the House John Boehner, frequently argued the plan was a waste of money, and presidential candidate Mitt Romney said "the only thing [it] produced is a series of broken promises."[31] According to a February 2012 Congressional Budget Office report, as many as 2 million Americans owed their current employment to the Recovery Act in December 2011.[32]

Grijalva voted for the Car Allowance Rebate System that allowed people to trade in older cars for newer, more fuel-efficient models.[33] A University of Delaware study estimated the program cost $1.4 billion, a sum highlighted by opponents of the program. Separately, the Department of Transportation found a 58 percent average fuel efficiency improvement for families that traded in old cars for new ones.[34] A University of Michigan study concluded that CARS improved the average fuel economy of all vehicles purchased by 0.6 mpg in July 2009 and by 0.7 mpg in August 2009.[35]

Grijalva voted for the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009, which would have limited the overall national emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases and set regular ongoing reduction goals.[36] The Senate did not take up the bill, and it has not subsequently been introduced.

112th Congress

Among Grijalva's notable votes and actions in the 112th Congress, he:

  • Supported the Progressive Caucus Restore the American Dream for the 99% Act, which the Economic Policy Institute called "a package of near-term job-creation measures and budgetary policy reforms that would . . . increase nonfarm payroll employment by almost 2.3 million jobs in 2012 and almost 3.1 million jobs in 2013."[37]
  • Voted against the House majority's budget plans for 2011[38] and 2012[39] and voted in favor of the Congressional Progressive Caucus' alternative People's Budget in 2011[40] -- which would have eliminated the national budget deficit in 10 years, according to an analysis by the Economic Policy Institute[41] -- and the CPC's Budget for All in 2012.[42]
  • Voted in favor of the Stop Trading On Congressional Knowledge (STOCK) Act to prevent Members of Congress from using inside information to profit on Wall Street.[43]
  • Announced opposition to the Stop Online Piracy Act before it was shelved by the House of Representatives.[44]

In addition to his votes in Congress, he vocally opposed Arizona's SB 1070 immigration crackdown law and led the filing of an amicus brief with the Supreme Court arguing that it should be overturned because it violated the supremacy clause of the Constitution.[45] He is a co-sponsor of the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution prohibiting any discrimination on the basis of sex, a proposal formally titled House Joint Resolution 69 in the 112th Congress. The House Republican majority has not brought it up for a vote in the 112th Congress.

Fiscal Cliff
Yea3.png Grijalva voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[46]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Raul Grijalva's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Grijalva is a Hard-Core Liberal. Grijalva received a score of 76 percent on social issues and 2 percent on economic issues.[47]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[48]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Strongly Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[47]

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[49][50] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Grijalva was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[49][50]

Controversy

Arrest during immigration protest

See also: Gang of Eight

On October 8, 2013, eight Democratic members of Congress were arrested while attending a protest calling for comprehensive immigration reform in front of the U.S. Capitol.[51]

The eight included Grijalva, John Lewis, Luis Gutierrez, Charlie Rangel, Keith Ellison, Joe Crowley, Jan Schakowsky and Al Green.[51] The politicians, along with activists who attended an immigration rally on the National Mall, staged a sit-in near the west side of the Capitol.[51] Authorities arrested the lawmakers for crowding and disrupting the streets around the Capitol. Almost 200 people were arrested by police during the protest.[51]

Rank in the House of Representatives

According to a special edition of National Journal, Grijalva -- who co-chaired the Congressional Progressive Caucus -- tied for most left-leaning member of the House in 2011 with other well-known liberal Democrats like Rep. Barbara Lee and fellow co-chair Rep. Keith Ellison.[52] Grijalva has often made a point of highlighting his values even in close campaigns, saying after being narrowly re-elected in 2010, "We're not going back with a renewed sense of caution, we're going back with a new sense of purpose."[53]

Campaign themes

2014

Grijalva's campaign website lists the following issues:[54]

  • Jobs and Economy
Excerpt: "Raúl is an outspoken leader for a new middle class tax cut and more investments in new areas of job creation and economic growth. We need more, not less, of a focus on how we can get America working again."
  • Education
Excerpt: "Raúl has always made improving our public education system at all levels a cornerstone of his time in Congress. He believes our nation’s long-term strength depends on an educated population. "
  • Environment
Excerpt: "As Ranking Member on the National Parks, Forests, and Public Lands Subcommittee, Congressman Grijalva has fought to preserve our public lands and make sure their unique needs are considered in our legislative climate change efforts."
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "Raúl voted in favor of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the most significant overhaul of American health care policy in decades. He remains committed to fighting Republican attempts to repeal it or de-fund parts of the bill that improve health care delivery and affordability and ensure that peoples’ livelihoods are not undermined by excessive bottom-line thinking in the health insurance industry."
  • Housing and Foreclosures
Excerpt: "The collapse of the U.S. housing market hit Arizona especially hard, and our state now has the highest rate of foreclosures per household of any in the country. Raúl is working to help keep more Americans in their homes and hold lenders and banks accountable."

Elections

2014

See also: Arizona's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014

Grijalva is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He faced no opposition in the Democratic primary on August 26, 2014. Grijalva will face Gabriela Saucedo Mercer (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[55]

2012

See also: Arizona's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012

Grijalva won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Arizona's 3rd District. He defeated J. Manuel Arreguin and Amanda Aguirre in the Democratic primary on August 28, 2012. He then defeated Gabriela Saucedo Mercer (R) and Blanca Guerra (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[56][57][58]

U.S. House, Arizona District 3 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngRaul Grijalva Incumbent 58.4% 98,468
     Republican Gabriela Saucedo Mercer 37.1% 62,663
     Libertarian Blanca Guerra 4.5% 7,567
Total Votes 168,698
Source: Arizona Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Arizona District 3 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRaul Grijalva Incumbent 65.6% 24,044
Amanda Aguirre 25.9% 9,484
Manny Arreguin 8.5% 3,105
Total Votes 36,633

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Grijalva attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Grijalva is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Grijalva raised a total of $4,933,503 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[64]

Raul Grijalva's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Arizona, District 3) Won $908,543
2010 US House (Arizona, District 7) Won $1,470,861
2008 US House (Arizona, District 7) Won $708,514
2006 US House (Arizona, District 7) Won $623,493
2004 US House (Arizona, District 7) Won $667,936
2002 US House (Arizona, District 7) Won $554,156
Grand Total Raised $4,933,503


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Grijalva's reports.[65]

Raul Grijalva (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[66]April 15, 2013$7,865.73$75,481.98$(34,159.31)$49,188.40
July Quarterly[67]July 15, 2013$49,188.40$65,097.62$(56,374.41)$57,911.61
October Quarterly[68]October 15, 2013$57,911.61$98,605.30$(61,176.61)$95,340.30
Year-End[69]January 31, 2014$95,340$78,323$(64,505)$109,158
April Quarterly[70]April 15, 2014$109,158$42,342$(42,659)$108,842
July Quarterly[71]July 15, 2014$108,842$55,521$(56,093)$108,270
Pre-Primary[72]August 14, 2014$108,270$31,026$(30,505)$108,790
October Quarterly[73]October 15, 2014$108,790$60,493$(45,136)$124,147
Running totals
$506,889.9$(390,608.33)

2012

Grijalva won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Grijalva's campaign committee raised a total of $908,543 and spent $930,949.[74] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[75]

Cost per vote

Grijalva spent $9.45 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Grijalva won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Grijalva's campaign committee raised a total of $1,470,861 and spent $1,463,648.[76]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Grijalva's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $74,012 and $325,000. That averages to $199,506, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Grijalva ranked as the 347th most wealthy representative in 2012.[77] Between 2004 and 2012, Grijalva's calculated net worth[78] decreased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[79]

Raul Grijalva Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$216,348
2012$199,506
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-8%
Average annual growth:-1%[80]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[81]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Grijalva is a "far-left Democrat" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Grijalva received in June 2013.[82]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[83]

Grijalva most often votes with:

Grijalva least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Grijalva missed 542 of 8,644 roll call votes from January 2003 to July 2014. This amounts to 6.3 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[84]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Grijalva paid his congressional staff a total of $1,058,447 in 2011. He ranked 108th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 328th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Arizona ranked 47th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[85]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Grijalva ranked 35th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[86]

2012

Grijalva ranked 24th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[87]

2011

Grijalva is 1 of 19 members of congress who ranked 1st in the liberal rankings in 2011.[88]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Grijalva voted with the Democratic Party 92.4 percent of the time, which ranked 121st among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[89]

2013

Grijalva voted with the Democratic Party 94.3 percent of the time, which ranked 135th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[90]

Personal

Grijalva and his wife, Ramona, have three children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Raul + Grijalva + Arizona + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Raul Grijalva News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Raúl Grijalva


References

  1. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Arizona," November 7, 2012
  2. Arizona Star, "Grijalva makes it official: Will seek re-election in CD 3," accessed February 23, 2012
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Raul M. Grijalva," accessed October 30, 2011
  4. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  22. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. U.S. House Clerk, "Final Vote Results For Roll Call 681," October 3, 2008
  27. YouTube, "Arizona Illustrated," April 1, 2011
  28. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 690," December 10, 2008
  29. ]http://money.cnn.com/2012/02/16/news/companies/gm_bailout/index.htm CNN Money, "Still fighting over GM's bailout," February 16, 2012]
  30. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 46," January 28, 2009
  31. ThinkProgress, "‘Ohio Manufacturers For Romney’ Received Nearly $1.6 Million In Stimulus Funds," February 29, 2012
  32. CBPP, "New CBO Report Finds Up to Two Million People Still Owe Their Jobs to the Recovery Act," February 24, 2014
  33. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 314," June 9, 2009
  34. [1]
  35. University of Michigan, "The Effect of the "Cash for Clunkers" Program on the Overall Fuel Economy of Purchased New Vehicles," September 2009
  36. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 477," June 26, 2009
  37. Economic Policy Institute, "The Restore the American Dream for the 99% Act: An analysis of job-creation provisions," December 13, 2011
  38. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 20," January 25, 2011
  39. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 151," March 1, 2011
  40. DemocraticUnderground.com, "Progressive Caucus "Peoples Budget" Voted Down. 108 Democrats in House vote against it!," April 15, 2011
  41. Economic Policy Institute, "The People's Budget: A Technical Analysis," April 13, 2011
  42. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 148," March 29, 2012
  43. US House Clerk, "Roll Call 47," February 9, 2012
  44. ProPublica, "Rep. Raúl M. Grijalva," updated January 20, 2012
  45. CBS 5 Phoenix, "U.S. lawmakers join to oppose SB 1070 before court," March 27, 2012
  46. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  47. 47.0 47.1 On The Issues, "Raul Grijalva Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  48. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  49. 49.0 49.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  50. 50.0 50.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  51. 51.0 51.1 51.2 51.3 NBC News, "Democratic lawmakers arrested during immigration protest," accessed October 9, 2013
  52. National Journal, "Vote Ratings 2011," accessed February 23, 2012
  53. Arizona Daily Star, "Giffords has slim lead; Grijalva in a tight race," November 3, 2012
  54. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2014
  55. Politico, "2014 Arizona House Primaries Results," accessed August 26, 2014
  56. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Arizona," November 7, 2012
  57. Arizona Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," August 28, 2012
  58. Associated Press, "Primary results," August 28, 2012
  59. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  60. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  61. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  62. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  63. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  64. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Raul Grijalva," accessed March 22, 2013
  65. Federal Election Commission, "Raul Grijalva Summary Report," accessed July 22, 2013
  66. Federal Election Commission, "Raul Grijalva April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  67. Federal Election Commission, "Raul Grijalva July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  68. Federal Election Commission, "Raul Grijalva October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  69. Federal Election Commission, "Raul Grijalva Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  70. Federal Election Commission, "Raul Grijalva April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
  71. Federal Election Commission, "Raul Grijalva July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  72. Federal Election Commission, "Raul Grijalva Pre-Primary," accessed October 20, 2014
  73. Federal Election Commission, "Raul Grijalva October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  74. Open Secrets, "Raul Grijalva 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 19, 2013
  75. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  76. Open Secrets, "Raul Grijalva 2010 Election Cycle," accessed October 30, 2011
  77. OpenSecrets, "Raul M. Grijalva (D-Ariz), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  78. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  79. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  80. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  81. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  82. GovTrack, "Raul Grijalva," accessed July 21, 2014
  83. OpenCongress, "Raul Grijalva," accessed July 18, 2014
  84. GovTrack, "Raul Grijalva," accessed July 21, 2014
  85. LegiStorm, "Raul Grijalva," accessed August 21, 2012
  86. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  87. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  88. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  89. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  90. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
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New district
U.S. House - Arizona District 3
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