| Recall campaigns by year
| 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010 • 2009 • 2008 • 2007 • 2006 |
2005 • 2003 • 2002 • 1999 • 1996
1995 • 1994 • 1993 • 1992 •1988
1984 • 1983 • 1978 • 1967 • 1952
1949 • 1932 • 1924 • 1921
1916 • 1914 • 1913 • 1911
Only three United States governors have ever been recalled. Two of them (Lynn Frazier, 1921 and Gray Davis, 2003) were consequently removed from office while the other (Scott Walker, 2012) retained his seat.
Shortly after taking office in 2011, Governor Scott Walker proposed a bill (Wisconsin Act 10, known as the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill") which restricted public workers' collective bargaining abilities.
The bill, which restricted the ability of public workers to engage in public bargaining, drew massive protests, mainly organized by unions. Opponents of the measure targeted Walker for recall, successfully forcing the incumbent to face a recall election on June 5, 2012. Walker again faced Tom Barrett (D), defeating him 53% to 46%. In doing so Walker became the first governor to survive a recall. The legislation also led to two years of State Senate recalls, where ultimately three Republican Senators were recalled by voters  (See "Other recalls" for a list of other officials recalled amidst that conflict.)
The most recent large recall was that of California Governor Gray Davis in 2003, leading to a special election on October 7, 2003 whereby Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected to replace him. Davis was only the second Governor in US history to be recalled.
North Dakota, 1921
In 1983, two Democratic State Senators were recalled in Michigan shortly following the election of Governor James Blanchard, who upon taking office earlier that year promised to raise taxes. The State Senator switched hands into Republican control, and no tax increase occurred.
In Michigan, Leon Drolet, former Michigan State Representative (2001 - 2007) and Macomb County Commissioner (2007 - ?), formed a group called the Michigan Taxpayers Alliance which has referred to Michigan's 1983 history with a button "Recall 1983." Drolet has threatened to recall any legislator who votes yes on tax increases in Michigan and has received considerable media attention as a result. Drolet is also known for co-chairing the Michigan Civil Rights Amendment, Proposal 2 (2006) (MCRI) Committee, which successfully passed Michigan's Proposal 2 of 2006, ending race and gender-based types of affirmative action in government hiring, education, and contracting.
A group website www.RecallGranholm.com formed in the spring of 2007 following her re-election and promises to raise taxes, although it is unknown how serious the group is.
A recall proceeding is underway in Washington State in regard to Thurston County Commissioners Wolfe, Valenzuela and Romero, for alleged illegal expenditures of public funds to a private "Shadow Government" agency, the Washington State Association of Counties.
Currently, eighteen states permit the recall of state officials. These are: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington, and Wisconsin.
Recalls by type of political office
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