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Recall campaigns by year
Recall news
Recall laws
Recall is a process available in most jurisdictions whereby an elected official can be removed from office either for malfeasance or in some jurisdictions for any action the recall language specifies. For recalls, most state laws have set the highest signature threshold for any type of petition - most often requiring 25% of all registered voters or 25% of voters in the last election for the recalled office to sign a recall petition.

Notable recalls

Gubernatorial recalls

Only three United States governors have ever been recalled. Two of them (Lynn Frazier, 1921 and Gray Davis, 2003) were consequently removed from office while the other (Scott Walker, 2012) retained his seat.[1][2][3]

Wisconsin, 2012

Shortly after taking office in 2011, Governor Scott Walker proposed a bill (Wisconsin Act 10, known as the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill") which restricted public workers' collective bargaining abilities.[4][3]

The bill, which restricted the ability of public workers to engage in public bargaining, drew massive protests, mainly organized by unions. Opponents of the measure targeted Walker for recall, successfully forcing the incumbent to face a recall election on June 5, 2012.[2] Walker again faced Tom Barrett (D), defeating him 53% to 46%. In doing so Walker became the first governor to survive a recall.[3] The legislation also led to two years of State Senate recalls, where ultimately three Republican Senators were recalled by voters [3] (See "Other recalls" for a list of other officials recalled amidst that conflict.)

California, 2003

The most recent large recall was that of California Governor Gray Davis in 2003, leading to a special election on October 7, 2003 whereby Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected to replace him. Davis was only the second Governor in US history to be recalled.[1]

North Dakota, 1921

Recall experts Orville Seymer and Chris Kliesmet of Citizens for Responsible Government have recalled a number of local officials in eastern Wisconsin.

In 1983, two Democratic State Senators were recalled in Michigan shortly following the election of Governor James Blanchard, who upon taking office earlier that year promised to raise taxes. The State Senator switched hands into Republican control, and no tax increase occurred.

In Michigan, Leon Drolet, former Michigan State Representative (2001 - 2007) and Macomb County Commissioner (2007 - ?), formed a group called the Michigan Taxpayers Alliance which has referred to Michigan's 1983 history with a button "Recall 1983." Drolet has threatened to recall any legislator who votes yes on tax increases in Michigan and has received considerable media attention as a result. Drolet is also known for co-chairing the Michigan Civil Rights Amendment, Proposal 2 (2006) (MCRI) Committee, which successfully passed Michigan's Proposal 2 of 2006, ending race and gender-based types of affirmative action in government hiring, education, and contracting.

A group website formed in the spring of 2007 following her re-election and promises to raise taxes, although it is unknown how serious the group is.

A recall proceeding is underway in Washington State in regard to Thurston County Commissioners Wolfe, Valenzuela and Romero, for alleged illegal expenditures of public funds to a private "Shadow Government" agency, the Washington State Association of Counties.

Statewide recall

Currently, eighteen states permit the recall of state officials. These are: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington, and Wisconsin.

Recalls by type of political office

See also

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