Difference between revisions of "Republican Party"

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{{GOP stub}}{{tnr}}<hr>The '''Republican Party''' is one of the two major contemporary political parties of the United States, along with the [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic Party]]. It is often referred to as the '''Grand Old Party''' or the '''GOP'''.
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{{tnr}}The '''Republican Party''' is one of the two major contemporary political parties of the United States, along with the [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic Party]]. It is often referred to as the '''Grand Old Party''' or the '''GOP'''.
  
Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers, the Republican Party quickly surpassed the Whig Party as the principal opposition to the Democratic Party. In 1860, it came to power with the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency. The party presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction and was harried by internal factions and scandals toward the end of the 19th century. Today, the party supports a conservative platform (from an American political perspective), with further foundations in economic liberalism, supply-side fiscal policies, and social conservatism.
+
==History==
 +
 
 +
Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers, the Republican Party quickly surpassed the Whig Party as the principal opposition to the Democratic Party. The first documented meeting of the Republican Party took place in Ripon, Wisconsin that year<ref>[http://www.ushistory.org/gop/origins.htm ''US History.org'' "Origins of the GOP"]</ref>. In 1860, it came to power with the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency. The party presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction and was harried by internal factions and scandals toward the end of the 19th century. Today, the party supports a conservative platform (from an American political perspective), with further foundations in economic liberalism, supply-side fiscal policies, and social conservatism.
  
 
The previous U.S. President, George W. Bush, was the 19th Republican to hold that office. Republicans currently fill a minority of seats in both the United States Senate and the House of Representatives, hold a minority of state governorships, and control a minority of state legislatures. It is currently the second largest party with 55 million registered members, encompassing roughly one-third of the electorate.<ref name="Neuhart, P. (22 January, 2004). Why politics is fun from catbirds' seats. ''USA Today'''.">[http://www.usatoday.com/news/opinion/columnist/neuharth/2004-01-22-neuharth_x.htm Why politics is fun from catbirds' seats] Neuhart, P. (22 January, 2004), ''USA Today''</ref>
 
The previous U.S. President, George W. Bush, was the 19th Republican to hold that office. Republicans currently fill a minority of seats in both the United States Senate and the House of Representatives, hold a minority of state governorships, and control a minority of state legislatures. It is currently the second largest party with 55 million registered members, encompassing roughly one-third of the electorate.<ref name="Neuhart, P. (22 January, 2004). Why politics is fun from catbirds' seats. ''USA Today'''.">[http://www.usatoday.com/news/opinion/columnist/neuharth/2004-01-22-neuharth_x.htm Why politics is fun from catbirds' seats] Neuhart, P. (22 January, 2004), ''USA Today''</ref>
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|-
 
|-
 
| align="center" | Chairman
 
| align="center" | Chairman
| align="center" | Michael Steele <ref name="leadership">[http://www.gop.com/index.php/issues/leadership/ ''Republican National Committee'' "Leadership"]</ref>  
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| align="center" | Reince Priebus <ref name="new leader">[http://dailycaller.com/2011/01/14/no-consensus-on-winner-number-of-ballots-in-rnc-chairman-election/ ''Daily Caller'' "Priebus wins RNC chairmanship", January 14, 2011]</ref>  
| align="center" | [[Maryland]]
+
| align="center" | [[Wisconsin]]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" | Vice-Chairman
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| align="center" | Vice-Chairwoman
| align="center" | Jan Larmier<ref name="leadership" />
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| align="center" | Sharon Day<ref name="new leader" />
| align="center" | [[Wyoming]]
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| align="center" | [[Florida]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="center" | Treasurer
 
| align="center" | Treasurer
| align="center" | Randall Pullen<ref name="leadership" />
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| align="center" | Tony Parker<ref name="new leader" />
| align="center" | [[Arizona]]
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| align="center" | [[Washington, D.C.|District of Columbia]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="center" | Secretary
 
| align="center" | Secretary
| align="center" | Sharon Day<ref name="leadership" />
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| align="center" | Demetre Demonte
| align="center" | [[Florida]]
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| align="center" | [[Illinois]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="center" | General Counsel
 
| align="center" | General Counsel
| align="center" | Reince Priebus<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/blogs/news/52215122.html ''JSOnline'' "Priebus named RNC general counsel", July 30, 2009]</ref>
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| align="center" | Norm Semanko<ref>[http://www.idahoreporter.com/2010/idaho-gop-chair-semanko-gets-unpaid-rnc-post/ "Idaho GOP chair Semanko gets unpaid RNC post," ''Idaho Reporter'', December 10th, 2010]</ref>
| align="center" | [[Wisconsin]]
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| align="center" | [[Idaho]]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" | Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman
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| align="center" | National Chair for College Republicans
 +
| align="center" | Zach Howell<ref>[http://www.crnc.org/site/c.npIUKWOrFkG/b.5777677/k.903F/Current_Leaders.htm ''CRNC'' "Leaders"]</ref>.
 +
| align="center" | [[Utah]]
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | [http://www.nrcc.org Congressional Campaign Chairman]
 
| align="center" | Congressman [[wikipedia:Pete Sessions|Pete Sessions]]<ref>[http://www.nrcc.org/about/nrcc-leadership/ ''NRCC'' "NRCC Leadership"]</ref>.
 
| align="center" | Congressman [[wikipedia:Pete Sessions|Pete Sessions]]<ref>[http://www.nrcc.org/about/nrcc-leadership/ ''NRCC'' "NRCC Leadership"]</ref>.
 
| align="center" | [[Texas]]
 
| align="center" | [[Texas]]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" | Governors Association Chairman  
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| align="center" | [http://www.rga.org Governors Association Chairman]
| align="center" | Governor [[Haley Barbour]]<ref>[http://www.rga.org/homepage/about/ ''Republican Governors Association'' "About the RGA"]</ref>
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| align="center" | Governor [[Rick Perry]]<ref>[http://www.rga.org/homepage/about/ ''Republican Governors Association'' "About the RGA"]</ref>
| align="center" | [[Mississippi]]
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| align="center" | [[Texas]]
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | [http://www.nrsc.org Senatorial Campaign Chairman]
 +
| align="center" | Senator [[judgepedia:John Cornyn|John Cornyn]]<ref>[http://www.nrsc.org/aboutcornyn ''NRSC'' "About John Cornyn"]</ref>
 +
| align="center" | [[Texas]]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" | House Republican Leader
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| align="center" | Speaker of the House
 
| align="center" | Congressman [[wikipedia:John Boehner|John Boehner]]<ref>[http://gopleader.gov/Bio/default.aspx ''House Republican Leader''  
 
| align="center" | Congressman [[wikipedia:John Boehner|John Boehner]]<ref>[http://gopleader.gov/Bio/default.aspx ''House Republican Leader''  
 
"Biography"]</ref>
 
"Biography"]</ref>
 
| align="center" | [[Ohio]]
 
| align="center" | [[Ohio]]
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | House Majority Leader
 +
| align="center" | Congressman [[wikipedia:Eric Cantor|Eric Cantor]]
 +
| align="center" | [[Virginia]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align="center" | Senate Republican Leader
 
| align="center" | Senate Republican Leader
 
| align="center" | Senator [[wikipedia:Mitch McConnell|Mitch McConnell]]<ref>[http://mcconnell.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?p=Biography ''Senator Mitch McConnell'' "Biography"]</ref>
 
| align="center" | Senator [[wikipedia:Mitch McConnell|Mitch McConnell]]<ref>[http://mcconnell.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?p=Biography ''Senator Mitch McConnell'' "Biography"]</ref>
| align="center" | [[Ohio]]
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| align="center" | [[Kentucky]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
===State Chairpersons===
 
===State Chairpersons===
 +
 +
The following is a list of state chairpersons in the Republican Party<ref>[http://www.gop.com/index.php/site/states ''Republican National Committee "States Map"](Click on State Map)</ref>.
 +
 +
{|class="wikitable" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" border="1" style="background:none" style="width:30%;"
 +
|-
 +
! style="background-color:#FF0000; color: white;" | State
 +
! style="background-color:#FF0000; color: white;" | Chairperson
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Alabama
 +
| align="center" | Hon. Mike Hubbard
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Alaska
 +
| align="center" | Dr. Randy Ruedrich
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Arizona
 +
| align="center" | Randy Pullen
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Arkansas
 +
| align="center" | Hon. Doyle Webb
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | California
 +
| align="center" | Tom Del Beccaro
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Colorado
 +
| align="center" | Dick Wadhams
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Connecticut
 +
| align="center" | Chris Healy
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Delaware
 +
| align="center" | John Sigler
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | District of Columbia
 +
| align="center" | Robert Kabel
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Florida
 +
| align="center" | John Thrasher
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Georgia
 +
| align="center" | Sue Everhart
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Hawaii
 +
| align="center" | Jonah Ka'auwai
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Idaho
 +
| align="center" | Norm Semanko
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Illinois
 +
| align="center" | Pat Brady
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Indiana
 +
| align="center" | Murray Clark
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Iowa
 +
| align="center" | A.J. Spiker
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Kansas
 +
| align="center" | Amanda Adkins
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Kentucky
 +
| align="center" | Steve Robertson
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Louisiana
 +
| align="center" | Roger Villere, Jr.
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Maine
 +
| align="center" | Charlie Webster
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Maryland
 +
| align="center" | Audrey Scott
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Masachusetts
 +
| align="center" | Jennifer Nassour
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Michigan
 +
| align="center" | Bobby Schostak
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Minnesota
 +
| align="center" | Tony Sutton
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Mississippi
 +
| align="center" | Brad White
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Missouri
 +
| align="center" | David Cole
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Nebraska
 +
| align="center" | Mark Fahleson
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Nevada
 +
| align="center" | Mark Amodei
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | New Jersey
 +
| align="center" | Samuel Raia
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | New Hampshire
 +
| align="center" | Governor John Sununu
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | New Mexico
 +
| align="center" | Harvey Yates
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | New York
 +
| align="center" | Ed Cox
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | North Carolina
 +
| align="center" | Tom Fetzer
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | North Dakota
 +
| align="center" | Tony Clark
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Ohio
 +
| align="center" | Hon. Kevin DeWine
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Oklahoma
 +
| align="center" | Matt Pinnell
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Oregon
 +
| align="center" | Hon. Bob Tiernan
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Pennsylvania
 +
| align="center" | Robert Gleason, Jr.
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Rhode Island
 +
| align="center" | Giovanni Cicione
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | South Carolina
 +
| align="center" | Karen Floyd
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | South Dakota
 +
| align="center" | Bob Gray
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Tennessee
 +
| align="center" | Chris Devaney
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Texas
 +
| align="center" | Steve Munisteri
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Utah
 +
| align="center" | Dave Hansen
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Vermont
 +
| align="center" | Steve Larrabee
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Virginia
 +
| align="center" | Pat Mullins
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Washington State
 +
| align="center" | Luke Esser
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | West Virginia
 +
| align="center" | Mike Stuart
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Wisconsin
 +
| align="center" | ''Vacant''
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Wyoming
 +
| align="center" | Diana Vaughn
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
 
==2010 elections==
 
==2010 elections==
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===State Legislatures===
 
===State Legislatures===
  
In 2010, a total of [http://www.ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php/List_of_political_parties_in_the_United_States#Parties_represented_in_state_legislative_elections 1,325 candidates for State Senate and 5,276 candidates for State House] are running under the Republican label.  This totals for 47.5% of the 11,099 candidates running for state house in all parties. For State Senate, Republican candidates total for 48.1% of the 2,765 candidates running for State Senate in all parties. State legislative elections will take place in 46 states during the 2010 election cycle.
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In 2010, a total of [http://www.ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php/List_of_political_parties_in_the_United_States#Parties_represented_in_state_legislative_elections 1,325 candidates for State Senate and 5,276 candidates for State House] ran under the Republican label.  This totals for 47.5% of the 11,099 candidates who ran for [[State house elections, 2010|state house]] in all parties. For [[State senate elections, 2010|State Senate]], Republican candidates account for 48.1% of the 2,765 candidates running for State Senate in all parties. [[State legislative elections, 2010|State legislative elections]] took place in 46 states during the 2010 election cycle.
  
 
===Governors===
 
===Governors===
 
   
 
   
::''See also: [[Gubernatorial elections, 2010]]'''
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::''See also: [[Gubernatorial elections, 2010]]''
  
In 2010, a total of 37 Governorships will be contested across the United States. The Republican Party has fielded a candidate in each of the 37 gubernatorial contests.
+
In 2010, a total of [[Gubernatorial elections, 2010|37 Governorships were contested]] across the United States. The Republican Party fielded a candidate in each of the 37 gubernatorial contests.
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
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==References==
 
==References==
<references/>
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{{reflist}}
  
 
{{GOP groups}}
 
{{GOP groups}}
 +
{{political parties}}
 +
 
[[Category:National political organizations]]
 
[[Category:National political organizations]]
[[category:Political parties]]
+
[[Category:Political parties]]
 
[[Category:Republican Party]]
 
[[Category:Republican Party]]
 +
{{update}}

Revision as of 06:33, 30 July 2012

The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties of the United States, along with the Democratic Party. It is often referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP.

History

Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers, the Republican Party quickly surpassed the Whig Party as the principal opposition to the Democratic Party. The first documented meeting of the Republican Party took place in Ripon, Wisconsin that year[1]. In 1860, it came to power with the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency. The party presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction and was harried by internal factions and scandals toward the end of the 19th century. Today, the party supports a conservative platform (from an American political perspective), with further foundations in economic liberalism, supply-side fiscal policies, and social conservatism.

The previous U.S. President, George W. Bush, was the 19th Republican to hold that office. Republicans currently fill a minority of seats in both the United States Senate and the House of Representatives, hold a minority of state governorships, and control a minority of state legislatures. It is currently the second largest party with 55 million registered members, encompassing roughly one-third of the electorate.[2]

Leadership

The following are a list of national leaders of the Republican Party[3].

National

Title Officer State
Chairman Reince Priebus [4] Wisconsin
Vice-Chairwoman Sharon Day[4] Florida
Treasurer Tony Parker[4] District of Columbia
Secretary Demetre Demonte Illinois
General Counsel Norm Semanko[5] Idaho
National Chair for College Republicans Zach Howell[6]. Utah
Congressional Campaign Chairman Congressman Pete Sessions[7]. Texas
Governors Association Chairman Governor Rick Perry[8] Texas
Senatorial Campaign Chairman Senator John Cornyn[9] Texas
Speaker of the House Congressman John Boehner[10] Ohio
House Majority Leader Congressman Eric Cantor Virginia
Senate Republican Leader Senator Mitch McConnell[11] Kentucky

State Chairpersons

The following is a list of state chairpersons in the Republican Party[12].

State Chairperson
Alabama Hon. Mike Hubbard
Alaska Dr. Randy Ruedrich
Arizona Randy Pullen
Arkansas Hon. Doyle Webb
California Tom Del Beccaro
Colorado Dick Wadhams
Connecticut Chris Healy
Delaware John Sigler
District of Columbia Robert Kabel
Florida John Thrasher
Georgia Sue Everhart
Hawaii Jonah Ka'auwai
Idaho Norm Semanko
Illinois Pat Brady
Indiana Murray Clark
Iowa A.J. Spiker
Kansas Amanda Adkins
Kentucky Steve Robertson
Louisiana Roger Villere, Jr.
Maine Charlie Webster
Maryland Audrey Scott
Masachusetts Jennifer Nassour
Michigan Bobby Schostak
Minnesota Tony Sutton
Mississippi Brad White
Missouri David Cole
Nebraska Mark Fahleson
Nevada Mark Amodei
New Jersey Samuel Raia
New Hampshire Governor John Sununu
New Mexico Harvey Yates
New York Ed Cox
North Carolina Tom Fetzer
North Dakota Tony Clark
Ohio Hon. Kevin DeWine
Oklahoma Matt Pinnell
Oregon Hon. Bob Tiernan
Pennsylvania Robert Gleason, Jr.
Rhode Island Giovanni Cicione
South Carolina Karen Floyd
South Dakota Bob Gray
Tennessee Chris Devaney
Texas Steve Munisteri
Utah Dave Hansen
Vermont Steve Larrabee
Virginia Pat Mullins
Washington State Luke Esser
West Virginia Mike Stuart
Wisconsin Vacant
Wyoming Diana Vaughn

2010 elections

State Legislatures

In 2010, a total of 1,325 candidates for State Senate and 5,276 candidates for State House ran under the Republican label. This totals for 47.5% of the 11,099 candidates who ran for state house in all parties. For State Senate, Republican candidates account for 48.1% of the 2,765 candidates running for State Senate in all parties. State legislative elections took place in 46 states during the 2010 election cycle.

Governors

See also: Gubernatorial elections, 2010

In 2010, a total of 37 Governorships were contested across the United States. The Republican Party fielded a candidate in each of the 37 gubernatorial contests.

External links

References

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