Republican Party

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The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties of the United States, along with the Democratic Party. It is often referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP.

Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers, the Republican Party quickly surpassed the Whig Party as the principal opposition to the Democratic Party. In 1860, it came to power with the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency. The party presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction and was harried by internal factions and scandals toward the end of the 19th century. Today, the party supports a conservative platform (from an American political perspective), with further foundations in economic liberalism, supply-side fiscal policies, and social conservatism.

The previous U.S. President, George W. Bush, was the 19th Republican to hold that office. Republicans currently fill a minority of seats in both the United States Senate and the House of Representatives, hold a minority of state governorships, and control a minority of state legislatures. It is currently the second largest party with 55 million registered members, encompassing roughly one-third of the electorate.[1]


The following are a list of national leaders of the Republican Party[2].


Title Officer State
Chairman Michael Steele [3] Maryland
Vice-Chairman Jan Larmier[3] Wyoming
Treasurer Randall Pullen[3] Arizona
Secretary Sharon Day[3] Florida
General Counsel Reince Priebus[4] Wisconsin
Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman Congressman Pete Sessions[5]. Texas
Governors Association Chairman Governor Haley Barbour[6] Mississippi
House Republican Leader Congressman John Boehner[7] Ohio
Senate Republican Leader Senator Mitch McConnell[8] Ohio

State Chairpersons

State Chairperson
Illinois Pat Brady
Indiana Murray Clark
Iowa Matt Strawn
Ohio Hon. Kevin DeWine
Wisconsin Reince Priebus

2010 elections

State Legislatures

In 2010, a total of 1,325 candidates for State Senate and 5,276 candidates for State House are running under the Republican label. This totals for 47.5% of the 11,099 candidates running for state house in all parties. For State Senate, Republican candidates total for 48.1% of the 2,765 candidates running for State Senate in all parties. State legislative elections will take place in 46 states during the 2010 election cycle.


See also: Gubernatorial elections, 2010'

In 2010, a total of 37 Governorships will be contested across the United States. The Republican Party has fielded a candidate in each of the 37 gubernatorial contests.

External links


  1. Why politics is fun from catbirds' seats Neuhart, P. (22 January, 2004), USA Today
  2. Democratic National Committee "Our People"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Republican National Committee "Leadership"
  4. JSOnline "Priebus named RNC general counsel", July 30, 2009
  5. NRCC "NRCC Leadership"
  6. Republican Governors Association "About the RGA"
  7. [ House Republican Leader "Biography"]
  8. Senator Mitch McConnell "Biography"