Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers, the Republican Party quickly surpassed the Whig Party as the principal opposition to the Democratic Party. The first documented meeting of the Republican Party took place in Ripon, Wisconsin that year. In 1860, it came to power with the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency. The party presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction and was harried by internal factions and scandals toward the end of the 19th century. Today, the party supports a conservative platform (from an American political perspective), with further foundations in economic liberalism, supply-side fiscal policies, and social conservatism.
The previous U.S. President, George W. Bush, was the 19th Republican to hold that office. Republicans currently fill a minority of seats in both the United States Senate and the House of Representatives, hold a minority of state governorships, and control a minority of state legislatures. It is currently the second largest party with 55 million registered members, encompassing roughly one-third of the electorate.
The following are a list of national leaders of the Republican Party.
|Chairman||Reince Priebus ||Wisconsin|
|Treasurer||Tony Parker||District of Columbia|
|General Counsel||Norm Semanko||Idaho|
|National Chair for College Republicans||Zach Howell.||Utah|
|Congressional Campaign Chairman||Congressman Pete Sessions.||Texas|
|Governors Association Chairman||Governor Rick Perry||Texas|
|Senatorial Campaign Chairman||Senator John Cornyn||Texas|
|Speaker of the House||Congressman John Boehner||Ohio|
|House Majority Leader||Congressman Eric Cantor||Virginia|
|Senate Majority Leader||Senator Mitch McConnell||Kentucky|
The following is a list of state chairpersons in the Republican Party.
|Alabama||Hon. Mike Hubbard|
|Alaska||Dr. Randy Ruedrich|
|Arkansas||Hon. Doyle Webb|
|District of Columbia||Robert Kabel|
|Louisiana||Roger Villere, Jr.|
|New Jersey||Samuel Raia|
|New Hampshire||Governor John Sununu|
|New Mexico||Harvey Yates|
|New York||Ed Cox|
|North Carolina||Tom Fetzer|
|North Dakota||Tony Clark|
|Ohio||Hon. Kevin DeWine|
|Oregon||Hon. Bob Tiernan|
|Pennsylvania||Robert Gleason, Jr.|
|Rhode Island||Giovanni Cicione|
|South Carolina||Karen Floyd|
|South Dakota||Bob Gray|
|Washington State||Luke Esser|
|West Virginia||Mike Stuart|
In 2010, a total of 1,325 candidates for State Senate and 5,276 candidates for State House ran under the Republican label. This totals for 47.5% of the 11,099 candidates who ran for state house in all parties. For State Senate, Republican candidates account for 48.1% of the 2,765 candidates running for State Senate in all parties. State legislative elections took place in 46 states during the 2010 election cycle.
- See also: Gubernatorial elections, 2010
In 2010, a total of 37 Governorships were contested across the United States. The Republican Party fielded a candidate in each of the 37 gubernatorial contests.
- Republican National Committee
- Senate Republican Conference
- House Republican Conference
- National Republican Senatorial Committee
- National Republican Congressional Committee
- Republican Governors Association
- Republican Jewish Coalition
- Republican State Leadership Committee
- National Black Republican Association
- Republicans Abroad International
- Young Republican National Federation
- College Republican National Committee
- US History.org "Origins of the GOP"
- Why politics is fun from catbirds' seats Neuhart, P. (22 January, 2004), USA Today
- Democratic National Committee "Our People"
- Daily Caller "Priebus wins RNC chairmanship", January 14, 2011
- "Idaho GOP chair Semanko gets unpaid RNC post," Idaho Reporter, December 10th, 2010
- CRNC "Leaders"
- NRCC "NRCC Leadership"
- Republican Governors Association "About the RGA"
- NRSC "About John Cornyn"
- [http://gopleader.gov/Bio/default.aspx House Republican Leader "Biography"]
- Senator Mitch McConnell "Biography"
- Republican National Committee "States Map"(Click on State Map)