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Difference between revisions of "Rhode Island House of Representatives"

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===2011===
 
===2011===
 
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions]]''
In 2011, the House was in session from January 4 - July 1. The legislature is in recess until October, when a special session is planned to tackle the cost of public-employee pensions.<ref>[http://newsblog.projo.com/2011/07/ri-lawmakers-pass-flurry-of-bi.html ''Projo.com,'' R.I. lawmakers pass flurry of bills, recess until October, July 1, 2011]</ref>
+
In 2011, the House was in session from January 4 - July 1. The legislature is in recess until October, when a special session is planned to tackle the cost of public-employee pensions.<ref>[http://archive.today/xMSO3 ''Projo.com,'' R.I. lawmakers pass flurry of bills, recess until October," July 1, 2011]</ref>
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===

Revision as of 17:01, 1 July 2014

Rhode Island House of Representatives

Seal of Rhode Island.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 7, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Nicholas Mattiello (D)
Majority Leader:   John DeSimone (D)
Minority leader:   Brian Newberry (R)
Structure
Members:  75
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Article VI, Rhode Island Constitution
Salary:   $14,185.95/year
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (75 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (75 seats)
Redistricting:  Legislature redraws boundaries
The Rhode Island House of Representatives is the lower house of the Rhode Island State Legislature. 75 members make-up the lower chamber of the Rhode Island General Assembly and meets at the State Capitol in Providence. Each member represents an average of 14,034 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 13,978 residents.[2] The House meets on the first Thursday in January.

As of July 2014, Rhode Island is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.

See also: Rhode Island State Legislature, Rhode Island State Senate, Rhode Island Governor

Sessions

Article VI of the Rhode Island Constitution establishes when the Rhode Island General Assembly, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 3 of Article states that the General Assembly is to convene its regular session on the first Tuesday of January in each year.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the General Assembly was in session from January 7 through June 23.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included a budget deficit estimated at $100 million, pension reform, raising the minimum wage, reducing corporate income taxes and raising bridge tolls.[3][4]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the General Assembly was in session from January 1 through July 5.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included a budget deficit estimated at $69 million, legalization of same-sex marriage, gun control, and economic development.[5]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 3 through June 13.

Major issues

The legislature had to address a $120 million budget deficit. Legislators wanted to cut spending to close the gap while Governor Lincoln Chafee (I) pushed for a tax raise. Major issues also included reducing municipal pension costs and reducing regulations to spur economic growth.[6]

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from January 4 - July 1. The legislature is in recess until October, when a special session is planned to tackle the cost of public-employee pensions.[7]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House was in session from January 5 to June 11.[8]

Role in state budget

See also: Rhode Island state budget

The state operates on an annual budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[9][10]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July of the year preceding the start of the new fiscal year.
  2. Agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in September and October.
  3. Agency hearings are held in November and December. Public hearings are held in March and April.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January.
  5. The legislature typically adopts a budget in June. The fiscal year begins July 1.

In Rhode Island, the governor has no veto authority over the budget.[10]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget proposal. Likewise, the legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.[10]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Rhode Island was one of 11 states that made rare use of cost-benefit analyses in policy and budget processes.[11]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[12] According to the report, Rhode Island received a grade of D+ and a numerical score of 62, indicating that Rhode Island was "lagging" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[12]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Rhode Island was given a grade of D in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[13]

Elections

2014

See also: Rhode Island House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Rhode Island House of Representatives will consist of a primary election on September 9, 2014, and a general election on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was June 25, 2014.

2012

See also: Rhode Island House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Rhode Island House of Representatives were held in Rhode Island on November 6, 2012. All 75 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was June 27, 2012. The primary election day was September 11, 2012.[14]

During the 2012 election, the total value of contributions to the 160 House candidates was $2,318,319. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Rhode Island House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Rhode Island's House of Representatives were held in Rhode Island on November 2, 2010. All 75 seats were up for election.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 28, 2010. The primary election day was September 14, 2010.

During the 2010 election, the total value of contributions to the 186 House candidates was $2,455,054. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

2008

See also: Rhode Island House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Rhode Island's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date on September 9, 2008 and a general election on November 4, 2008. All 75 seats were up for election.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to the 155 House candidates was $2,514,985. The top 10 contributors were:[17]

2006

See also: Rhode Island House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Rhode Island's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date on September 12, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006. All 75 seats were up for election.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to the 130 House candidates was $2,552,006. The top 10 contributors were:[18]

2004

See also: Rhode Island House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Rhode Island's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date on September 14, 2004 and a general election on November 4, 2004. All 75 seats were up for election.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to the 166 House candidates was $2,593,762. The top 10 contributors were:[19]

2002

See also: Rhode Island House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Rhode Island's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date on September 10, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002. All 75 seats were up for election.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to the 142 House candidates was $954,182. The top 10 contributors were:[20]

2000

See also: Rhode Island House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Rhode Island's House of Representatives consisted of a primary election date on September 12, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000. All 100 seats were up for election.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to the 136 House candidates was $603,900. The top 10 contributors were:[21]

Qualifications

Article III of the Rhode Island Constitution describes the requirements to hold office.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat. The Secretary of State must call for an election to be held anywhere from 70 to 90 days after the vacancy occurred. No election can be held if the vacancy happens after the first Monday in February during an election year.[22] The person elected to fill the seat serves for the remainder of the unfilled term.[23]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Rhode Island

The General Assembly is responsible for legislative redistricting, with the Governor holding veto power. In June 2011, the Assembly passed a law establishing a redistricting commission of 18 members -- 12 legislators and six members of the general public -- that would make recommendations to the Assembly, who would then pass new maps as regular legislation.

2010 census

Rhode Island received its census data on March 23, 2011. The state had a very low growth rate of 0.4 percent; the five counties ranged from -3.0 to 2.8 percent. As far as the most populous cities, Providence grew by 2.5 percent, Warwick decreased by 3.7 percent, Cranston grew by 1.4 percent, Pawtucket decreased by 2.5 percent, and East Providence decreased by 3.4 percent.[24]

On February 1, 2012, the Senate and House passed a proposal that the commission had released and approved in December 2011. Republican were upset over what they saw as gerrymandering in House District 47 working to the benefit of incumbent Cale Keable (D). Gov. Lincoln Chafee (I) signed the maps into law on February 8, 2012. A Republican lawsuit followed on March 8.

Representatives

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Rhode Island Legislature are paid $14,185.95/year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive no per diem.[25]

Pension

Rhode Island does not provide pensions for legislators who took office after 1994.[26]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Rhode Island legislators assume office the first Tuesday in January.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 69
     Republican Party 6
Total 75

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Rhode Island State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Rhode Island State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.[27]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Rhode Island House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Nicholas Mattiello Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Leader John DeSimone Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Leader Brian Newberry Ends.png Republican

Current members

Current members, Rhode Island House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Edith Ajello Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
2 Christopher Blazejewski Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
3 Thomas Palangio Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
4 Gordon Fox Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
5 John DeSimone Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
6 Raymond Hull Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
7 Maria Cimini Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
8 John Lombardi Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
9 Anastasia Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
10 Scott Slater Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
11 Grace Diaz Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
12 Joseph Almeida Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
13 John Carnevale Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
14 Charlene Lima Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
15 Nicholas Mattiello Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
16 Peter Palumbo Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
17 Robert Jacquard Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
18 Arthur Handy Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
19 Joseph McNamara Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
20 David Bennett Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
21 Eileen Naughton Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
22 Frank Ferri Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
23 K. Joseph Shekarchi Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
24 Joseph Trillo Ends.png Republican 2001
25 Jared Nunes Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
26 Patricia Morgan Ends.png Republican 2011
27 Patricia Serpa Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
28 Scott Guthrie Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
29 Lisa Tomasso Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
30 Antonio Giarrusso Ends.png Republican 2013
31 Doreen Costa Ends.png Republican 2011
32 Robert Craven Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
33 Donald Lally, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1989
34 Teresa Tanzi Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
35 Spencer Dickinson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
36 Donna Walsh Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
37 Samuel Azzinaro Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
38 Brian Kennedy Electiondot.png Democratic 1989
39 Larry Valencia Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
40 Michael Chippendale Ends.png Republican 2011
41 Michael Marcello Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
42 Stephen Ucci Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
43 Deborah Fellela Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
44 Gregory Costantino Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
45 Mia Ackerman Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
46 Jeremiah O'Grady Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
47 Cale Keable Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
48 Brian Newberry Ends.png Republican 2009
49 Michael Morin Electiondot.png Democratic 2014
50 Stephen Casey Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
51 Robert Phillips Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
52 Karen Macbeth Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
53 Thomas Winfield Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
54 William O'Brien Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
55 Arthur Corvese Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
56 Agostinho Silva Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
57 James McLaughlin Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
58 William San Bento, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
59 J. Patrick O'Neill Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
60 Elaine Coderre Electiondot.png Democratic 1985
61 Raymond Johnston Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
62 Mary Messier Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
63 Katherine Kazarian Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
64 Helio Melo Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
65 Gregg Amore Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
66 Joy Hearn Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
67 Jan Malik Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
68 Kenneth Marshall Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
69 Raymond Gallison, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
70 John Edwards Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
71 Dennis Canario Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
72 Linda Dill Finn Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
73 Marvin Abney Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
74 Deborah Ruggiero Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
75 Peter Martin Electiondot.png Democratic 2009

Standing committees

The Rhode Island House has 11 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Rhode Island
Partisan breakdown of the Rhode Island legislature from 1992-2013

During every year from 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Rhode Island State House of Representatives. The Rhode Island House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Rhode Island, the Rhode Island State Senate and the Rhode Island House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Rhode Island state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Rhode Island state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Rhode Island had a Democratic trifecta in the early years of the study, from 1992-1994, but after that maintained a divided government. The state's best SQLI ranking, finishing 26th, occurred in 2002. In more recent years of the study, Rhode Island's ranking fell, finishing in the bottom-10 at 41st in both 2009 and 2011.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the Rhode Island government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links

References

  1. census.gov, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001
  3. www.providencejournal.com/, "R.I. General Assembly fields more than 30 pieces of legislation, touching on minimum wage, corporate tax," accessed January 10, 2014
  4. boston.com, "Pensions, budget, tolls on 2014 legislative agenda," accessed January 10, 2014(Archived)
  5. Coventry Patch, "This week at the General assembly," January 6, 2013
  6. Boston.com, "Issues to watch in 2012 RI session," January 2, 2012
  7. Projo.com, R.I. lawmakers pass flurry of bills, recess until October," July 1, 2011
  8. 2010 session dates for the Rhode Island Legislature
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  11. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  13. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  14. Rhode Island Board of Elections, "Upcoming Elections"
  15. Follow the Money, "Rhode Island House of Representatives 2012 Campaign Contributions," accessed June 6, 2014
  16. Follow the Money, "Rhode Island House of Representatives 2010 Campaign Contributions," accessed June 6, 2014
  17. Follow the Money, "Rhode Island House of Representatives 2008 Campaign Contributions," accessed June 6, 2014
  18. Follow the Money, "Rhode Island House of Representatives 2006 Campaign Contributions," accessed June 6, 2014
  19. Follow the Money, "Rhode Island House of Representatives 2004 Campaign Contributions," accessed June 6, 2014
  20. Follow the Money, "Rhode Island House of Representatives 2002 Campaign Contributions," accessed June 6, 2014
  21. Follow the Money, "Rhode Island House of Representatives 2000 Campaign Contributions," accessed June 6, 2014
  22. Rhode Island Legislature, "Rhode Island General Laws," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 17-3-6 (a))
  23. Rhode Island Legislature, "Rhode Island General Laws," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 17-3-6 (b))
  24. U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Rhode Island's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting," March 23, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2012
  25. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  26. USA Today, "State-by-state: Benefits available to state legislators," September 23, 2011
  27. Rhode Island House Leadership