|U.S. Senate, Alabama|
|January 3, 2017|
|Years in position||28|
|Predecessor||Jeremiah Denton (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 2, 2010|
|First elected||November 4, 1986|
|Next general||November 8, 2016|
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Alabama State Senate|
|Bachelor's||University of Alabama 1957|
|Other||LLB, University of Alabama School of Law, 1963|
|Date of birth||May 6, 1934|
|Place of birth||Birmingham, AL|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Issues
- 5 Elections
- 6 Campaign donors
- 7 Analysis
- 8 Recent news
- 9 Personal
- 10 External links
- 11 References
Shelby began his political career by serving in the Alabama State Senate from 1970 to 1978. He was then elected to the U.S. House in 1978 and served in that position until his election to the Senate in 1986.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Shelby is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.
Shelby was born in Birmingham, Alabama. He graduated from the University of Alabama in 1957 and then received his LLB in 1963. He then worked as city prosecutor for Tuscaloosa until he began his public service as a member of the Alabama State Senate in 1970. After the Senate, he served in the United States House of Representatives and has currently served in the U.S. Senate since 1987.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Shelby's academic, professional and political career:
- 1957: Graduated from University of Alabama
- 1963: Graduated from University of Alabama School of Law
- 1963-1971: City prosecutor, Tuscaloosa
- 1966-1970: United States Commissioner, Northern District of Alabama
- 1970-1978: Alabama State Senate
- 1979-1987: U.S. House of Representatives
- 1987-Present: U.S. Senator from Alabama
- 1994: Switched from Democratic to Republican
- Subcommittee on Transportation and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
- Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Legislative Branch
- Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Department of Homeland
- Subcommittee on Financial Services and General Government Members
- Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
- Subcommittee on Department of Defense
- Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
- Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
- Subcommittee on Securities, Insurance and Investment
- Subcommittee on Housing, Transportation and Community Development
- Rules and Administration
- Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Defense
- Subcommittee on Energy And Water Development
- Subcommittee on Homeland Security
- Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies, Ranking Member
- Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, Ranking Member
- Rules and Administration
A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members. According to the report, Shelby has earmarked more than $100 million toward rebuilding downtown Tuscaloosa, Alabama, where he owns an office building. The street in front of the building will be redone as part of phase two of the project.
Shelby voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of five Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.
On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists criticized President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.
The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."
|U.S. Senate, Alabama General Election, 2010|
|Republican||Richard Shelby incumbent||65.2%||968,181|
Comprehensive donor information for Shelby is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Shelby raised a total of $17,860,313 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.
|Richard Shelby's Campaign Contribution History|
|2010||US Senate (Alabama)||$8,557,473|
|2004||US Senate (Alabama)||$9,302,840|
|Grand Total Raised||$17,860,313|
Shelby won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Shelby's campaign committee raised a total of $8,557,473 and spent $2,647,169.
His top 5 contributors between 2005-2010 were:
|U.S. Senate election, Alabama, 2010 - Richard Shelby Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$5,870|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$5,871|
|Top contributors to Richard Shelby's campaign committee|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||$72,950|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$749,788|
Ideology and leadership
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Shelby missed 168 of 8,797 roll call votes from January 1987 to March 2013. This amounts to 1.9%, which is worse than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of March 2013.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Shelby paid his congressional staff a total of $1,610,938 in 2011. He ranked 6th on the list of the lowest paid Republican Senatorial Staff Salaries and he ranked sixth overall of the lowest paid Senatorial Staff Salaries in 2011. Overall, Alabama ranked 50th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics, Shelby's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $4,680,045 and $11,182,002. That averages to $7,931,023, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican Senators in 2011 of $6,358,668. His average net worth decreased by 4.92% from 2010.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics, Shelby's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $4,927,043 and $11,755,002. That averages to $8,341,022, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican Senators in 2010 of $7,054,258.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Shelby ranked 19th in the conservative rankings among U.S. Senators in 2012.
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Shelby ranked 26th in the conservative rankings among U.S. Senators.
Voting with party
Shelby voted with the Republican Party 82.9% of the time, which ranked 39th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Richard + Shelby + Alabama + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
Shelby is married to Annette Nevin Shelby. They have two sons.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Richard C. Shelby," Accessed October 14, 2011
- Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," Accessed January 17, 2013
- Washington Post "Congressional earmarks sometimes used to fund projects near lawmakers' properties," February 6, 2012
- Washington Post "Mapping the earmarks," February 6, 2012
- U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
- CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
- USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
- ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
- Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
- Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
- Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Richard Shelby," Accessed March 25, 2013
- Open Secrets "Richard Shelby 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed October 14 2011
- Gov Track "Richard Shelby," Accessed June 7, 2013
- GovTrack, "Richard Shelby," Accessed April 2, 2013
- LegiStorm "Richard Craig"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Shelby, (R-Alabama), 2011"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Shelby, (R-Alabama), 2010"
- National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
|U.S. Senate - Alabama
| Succeeded by|
State of Alabama
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer| Auditor| Superintendent of Education| Commissioner of Insurance| Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries| Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries| Commissioner of Labor| Public Service Commission|