|U.S. Senate, Alabama|
|January 3, 2017|
|Years in position||27|
|Predecessor||Jeremiah Denton (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 2, 2010|
|First elected||November 4, 1986|
|Next general||November 8, 2016|
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Alabama State Senate|
|Bachelor's||University of Alabama 1957|
|Other||LLB, University of Alabama School of Law, 1963|
|Birthday||May 6, 1934|
|Place of birth||Birmingham, AL|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Issues
- 4.1 Legislative actions
- 4.1.1 113th Congress
- 4.1.2 National security
- 4.1.3 Economy
- 4.1.4 Immigration
- 4.1.5 Social Issues
- 4.1.6 Previous congressional sessions
- 4.2 Earmarks
- 4.1 Legislative actions
- 5 Elections
- 6 Campaign donors
- 7 Analysis
- 8 Personal
- 9 Recent news
- 10 External links
- 11 References
Shelby most recently won re-election in 2010. He defeated William Barnes (D) in the general election.
Shelby began his political career by serving in the Alabama State Senate from 1970 to 1978. He was then elected to the U.S. House in 1978 and served in that position until his election to the Senate in 1986.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Shelby is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.
Shelby was born in Birmingham, Alabama. He graduated from the University of Alabama in 1957 and then received his LLB in 1963. He then worked as city prosecutor for Tuscaloosa until he began his public service as a member of the Alabama State Senate in 1970. After the state senate, he joined the United States House of Representatives and has served in the U.S. Senate since 1987.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Shelby's academic, professional and political career:
- 1957: Graduated from University of Alabama
- 1963: Graduated from University of Alabama School of Law
- 1963-1971: City prosecutor, Tuscaloosa
- 1966-1970: United States Commissioner, Northern District of Alabama
- 1970-1978: Alabama State Senate
- 1979-1987: U.S. House of Representatives
- 1987-Present: U.S. Senator from Alabama
- 1994: Switched from Democratic to Republican
- Subcommittee on Transportation and Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
- Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Legislative Branch
- Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Department of Homeland
- Subcommittee on Financial Services and General Government Members
- Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
- Subcommittee on Department of Defense
- Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
- Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
- Subcommittee on Securities, Insurance and Investment
- Subcommittee on Housing, Transportation and Community Development
- Rules and Administration
- Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Defense
- Subcommittee on Energy And Water Development
- Subcommittee on Homeland Security
- Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies, Ranking Member
- Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, Ranking Member
- Rules and Administration
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8%). For more information pertaining to Shelby's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
John Brennan CIA nomination
Shelby voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.
On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists have been critical that President Obama did not offer a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.
The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."
No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013
Shelby voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspended the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.
Completion of fence along Mexico border
Shelby did not vote on Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.
Shelby voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.
Previous congressional sessions
Shelby voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of five Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.
A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members. According to the report, Shelby has earmarked more than $100 million toward rebuilding downtown Tuscaloosa, Alabama, where he owns an office building. The street in front of the building will be redone as part of phase two of the project.
|U.S. Senate, Alabama General Election, 2010|
|Republican||Richard Shelby incumbent||65.2%||968,181|
Comprehensive donor information for Shelby is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Shelby raised a total of $17,860,313 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.
|Richard Shelby's Campaign Contribution History|
|2010||US Senate (Alabama)||$8,557,473|
|2004||US Senate (Alabama)||$9,302,840|
|Grand Total Raised||$17,860,313|
Shelby won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Shelby's campaign committee raised a total of $8,557,473 and spent $2,647,169.
His top 5 contributors between 2005-2010 were:
|U.S. Senate election, Alabama, 2010 - Richard Shelby Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$5,870|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$5,871|
|Top contributors to Richard Shelby's campaign committee|
|JPMorgan Chase & Co||$72,950|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$749,788|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Shelby most often votes with:
Shelby least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Shelby missed 168 of 8,797 roll call votes from January 1987 to March 2013. This amounts to 1.9%, which is worse than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of March 2013.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Shelby paid his congressional staff a total of $1,610,938 in 2011. He ranked 6th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked sixth overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Alabama ranked 50th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Shelby's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $4,680,045 and $11,182,002. That averages to $7,931,023, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2011 of $6,358,668. His average net worth decreased by 4.92% from 2010.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Shelby's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $4,927,043 and $11,755,002. That averages to $8,341,022, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2010 of $7,054,258.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Shelby ranked 19th in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators in 2012.
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Shelby ranked 26th in the conservative rankings among U.S. senators.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Shelby has voted with the Republican Party 82.9% of the time, which ranked 39th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.
Shelby is married to Annette Nevin Shelby. They have two sons.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Richard + Shelby + Alabama + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Richard C. Shelby," Accessed October 14, 2011
- Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," Accessed January 17, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
- USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
- ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
- Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
- Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
- Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
- Washington Post "Congressional earmarks sometimes used to fund projects near lawmakers' properties," February 6, 2012
- Washington Post "Mapping the earmarks," February 6, 2012
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Richard Shelby," Accessed March 25, 2013
- Open Secrets "Richard Shelby 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed October 14 2011
- Gov Track "Richard Shelby," Accessed June 7, 2013
- OpenCongress, "Richard Shelby," Accessed July 30, 2013
- GovTrack, "Richard Shelby," Accessed April 2, 2013
- LegiStorm "Richard Craig"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Shelby, (R-Alabama), 2011"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Shelby, (R-Alabama), 2010"
- National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
|U.S. Senate - Alabama
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State of Alabama
|State executive officers||
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