Read the State Legislative Tracker. New edition available now!

Difference between revisions of "Rick Nolan"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Added 2012 election info)
(Added 2014 election info)
Line 229: Line 229:
:: ''See also: [[Minnesota's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
:: ''See also: [[Minnesota's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
Nolan {{2014isrunning}} for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. He ran uncontested for the Democratic nomination in the primary election on August 12, 2014.<ref name=ap>[ ''Associated Press'', "Minnesota - 2014 Primary Results," accessed August 12, 2014]</ref> {{Nov2014genelection}}
Nolan {{2014isrunning}} for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. He ran uncontested for the Democratic nomination in the primary election on August 12, 2014.<ref name=ap>[ ''Associated Press'', "Minnesota - 2014 Primary Results," accessed August 12, 2014]</ref> {{Nov2014genelection}} He will be challenged by Republican nominee [[Stewart Mills]]. ''Politico'' reports that Nolan is vulnerable in what is deemed a competitive race.<ref>[ ''Politico'', "Ads hit vulnerable Dems on Obamacare", December 26, 2013]</ref>

Revision as of 16:50, 23 August 2014

Rick Nolan
Rick Nolan.jpg
U.S. House, Minnesota, District 8
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 1
PredecessorChip Cravaack (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Cost per vote$6.41 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$1,252,092
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House of Representatives, Minnesota
Minnesota House
High schoolBrainerd High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Minnesota
J.D.Georgetown Law School
BirthdayDecember 17, 1943
Place of birthBrainerd, Minnesota
ProfessionBusiness Owner
Net worth$1,105,504
Office website
Campaign website
Rick Nolan campaign logo
Rick Nolan (b.December 17, 1943, in Brainerd, MN) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House, representing the 8th Congressional District of Minnesota. He was first elected in 2012. He defeated incumbent Chip Cravaack (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1]

He is running for re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 8th Congressional District of Minnesota in 2014.[2] He ran uncontested for the Democratic nomination in the primary election on August 12, 2014.[3]

Nolan was one of nine individuals elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012 who had prior congressional experience. He served three terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, from 1974 to 1980.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Nolan is a more moderate left of center Democratic Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Democratic Party line more than his fellow members.


Upon graduating from Brainerd High School in 1962, Nolan attended St. John's University and then completed his undergraduate studies at the University of Minnesota in 1966. In addition to pursuing postgraduate work in public administration and policy formation at the University of Maryland, he also served as a staff assistant to Walter Mondale in the U.S. Senate.[5][6] He also campaigned for Democratic presidential candidate Eugene McCarthy in 1968.[7]


After deciding not to run for re-election, he became president of the U.S. Export Corporation. He was later appointed to the Minnesota World Trade Center (later becoming president) by Democratic Governor Rudy Perpich. The National Journal reported that opponents "criticized his $70,000 salary, which they considered high for a civil servant at the time, and the budget deficits the company ran up."[8][9][7]

Below is an abbreviated outline of Nolan's academic, professional and political career:

  • Social studies teacher in Royalton, MN, schools (1968-1972)[5]
  • Former president of Emily Forest Products, a sawmill and pallet factory in Emily, MN[10]
  • President of the Minnesota World Trade Center in St. Paul, MN (1987-1994)[5]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Nolan serves on the following committees:[11]

Key votes

113th Congress


The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[12] For more information pertaining to Nolan's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[13]

National security


Nay3.png Nolan voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[14]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Nolan voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[14]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Nolan voted against of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[14]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Nolan voted in opposition of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[15] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[14]


2013 Farm Bill

Nay3.png Nolan opposed the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013. In a speech on the House floor on July 11, 2013, Nolan explained his vote. He said, "I am privileged to sit on the Agriculture Committee. During the markup of the farm bill earlier this year, my colleagues and I discussed and debated and deliberated for ten hours on every provision of this bill.

That bill included critical reform of the dairy program, reauthorization of the Rural Broadband program, as well as important provisions for organic producers, beginning farmers and ranchers, conservationists, and the forestry industry.

We reached a bipartisan consensus and 36 of us--myself included--cast a vote in support of the legislation.

Then, on the floor, the legislation was systematically dismantled, piece by piece, until it was barely recognizable as the same farm bill that came out of committee. It was no surprise that this bill failed."[16]

SNAP challenge
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

In June 2013, more than two dozen House Democrats, including Nolan, took part in a SNAP challenge, feeding themselves for a week on the average benefit level of a SNAP recipient.[17] Participants agreed to eat all meals from a limited food budget comparable to that of a SNAP participant, approximately $1.50 per meal, or $4.50 a day.[18]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Nolan voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Nolan voted for HR 2775.[22]


Immigration Executive Order

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Nolan voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[23] The vote largely followed party lines.[24]



Nay3.png Nolan opposed repealing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Healthcare-Related Provisions in the Healthcare and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.[25]

Social issues


Nay3.png Nolan opposed the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, which prohibits abortions after 20 weeks.[25]


On The Issues Vote Match

Rick Nolan's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Nolan is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Nolan received a score of 73 percent on social issues and 23 percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Unknown Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Neutral Stay out of Iran Strongly Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[26]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

More than one hundred House lawmakers signed a letter urging President Barack Obama to call Congress back into session if he planned to use military force in Syria.[28]

Rep. Scott Rigell wrote in the letter in August 2013, “engaging our military in Syria when no direct threat to the United States exists and without prior congressional authorization would violate the separation of powers that is clearly delineated in the Constitution.”[28][29]

The members of Congress believed that Obama should have asked Congress for permission before engaging in Libya. “If the use of 221 Tomahawk cruise missles, [sic] 704 Joint Direct Attack Munitions, and 42 Predator Hellfire missiles expended in Libya does not constitute ‘hostilities,’ what does?” the letter asked.[29]

“If you deem that military action in Syria is necessary, Congress can reconvene at your request. We stand ready to come back into session, consider the facts before us, and share the burden of decisions made regarding U.S. involvement in the quickly escalating Syrian conflict,” stated the letter.[29]

Ninety-eight of the signers of the letter were Republicans. Nolan was one of eighteen Democratic members to sign the letter.[29]

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[29][30] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Nolan was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[29][30]

Campaign themes


The campaign issues below were featured on Nolan's website.[31]

  • Jobs! Jobs! Jobs!

Excerpt: "With 8th District unemployment at over 10% (not counting the thousands of discouraged Minnesotans who have quit looking for jobs) we need a congressman who knows how to meet a payroll and balance a budget."[31]

  • Rebuilding America and Jobs

Excerpt: "Rebuilding America’s infrastructure – roads, bridges, wastewater treatment, mass transit and high-speed light-rail, would improve our quality of life, create millions of good paying jobs, and strengthen our economy. We can pay for this by ending the Bush tax cuts and loopholes for the rich, and by pulling back our military footprint in countries like Japan that pose no threat to us whatsoever."[31]

  • Medicare

Excerpt: "Don’t turn Medicare into a voucher system for insurance companies, which will mean higher costs and less treatment."[31]

  • Social Security

Excerpt: "Social Security is a compact with the American people that must be honored. Don’t turn it over to Wall Street. Stabilize the Social Security Fund for generations to come by requiring the very rich to pay Social Security taxes on a higher percentage of their income."[31]

  • Education for America’s Future

Excerpt: "Fix a broken college loan system that saddles many graduates with crushing debt they will spend most of their working lives attempting to repay. Higher education must be a right for all – not simply a privilege for the well off."[31]

  • Support the ERA for Women

Excerpt: "America has come a long way in advancing civil rights for all citizens. Yet women still face significant gender discrimination in a host of areas including education, employment, health care, pensions and social security benefits."[31]

  • Wars in the Middle East

Excerpt: "America is deeply involved in expensive wars with no apparent plan for winning them or concluding them. We need to devote those resources to jobs and the economy here at home. So bring the troops home now."[31]



See also: Minnesota's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014

Nolan is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran uncontested for the Democratic nomination in the primary election on August 12, 2014.[3] The general election takes place November 4, 2014. He will be challenged by Republican nominee Stewart Mills. Politico reports that Nolan is vulnerable in what is deemed a competitive race.[32]


See also: Minnesota's 8th Congressional District elections, 2012

Nolan ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Minnesota's 8th District. He defeated Jeff Anderson and Tarryl Clark in the August 14 Democratic primary.[33] He defeated Chip Cravaack (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1][34] The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee spent $2 million dollars on his campaign, and the Democratic-focused House Majority PAC spent another $1.5 million.[35]

U.S. House, Minnesota District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngRick Nolan 54.3% 191,976
     Republican Chip Cravaack Incumbent 45.4% 160,520
     NA Write-in 0.3% 1,167
Total Votes 353,663
Source: Minnesota Secretary of State, "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
Minnesota's 8th Congressional District Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRick Nolan 38.3% 20,839
Tarryl Clark 32.3% 17,540
Jeff Anderson 29.4% 15,978
Total Votes 54,357


The following organizations and individuals endorsed Nolan for the 2012 election:[36]

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Nolan is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Nolan raised a total of $1,256,440 during that time period. This information was last updated on June 17, 2013.[37]

Rick Nolan's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Minnesota, District 8) Won $1,256,440
Grand Total Raised $1,256,440


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Nolan's reports.[38]

Rick Nolan (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[39]April 26, 2013$26,207.62$120,703.67$(27,972.83)$118,938.46
July Quarterly[40]July 15, 2013$118,938.00$134,764.34$(59,126.31)$194,576.03
October Quarterly[41]October 15, 2013$194,576.49$129,472.26$(62,989.02)$261,059.73
Year-End Quarterly[42]December 31, 2013$261,059$143,147$(94,514)$298,061
April Quarterly[43]April 15, 2014$315,001.22$265,772.54$(102,557.79)$478,215.97
Running totals


Breakdown of the source of Nolan's campaign funds before the 2012 election.
Nolan won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Nolan's campaign committee raised a total of $1,256,440 and spent $1,230,232.[44]

Cost per vote

Nolan spent $6.41 per vote received in 2012.

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Nolan's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $696,008 and $1,515,000. That averages to $1,105,504, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Nolan ranked as the 200th most wealthy representative in 2012.[45] Between 2011 and 2012, Nolan's calculated net worth[46] decreased by an average of 4 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[47]

Rick Nolan Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2011 to 2012:-4%
Average annual growth:-4%[48]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[49]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Nolan is a "centrist Democratic follower" as of July 2014.[50]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[51]

Nolan most often votes with:

Nolan least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Nolan missed 726 of 5,161 roll call votes from January 1975 to July 2014. This amounts to 14.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[52]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Nolan ranked 102nd in the liberal rankings in 2013.[53]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Nolan voted with the Democratic Party 91.1 percent of the time, which ranked 145th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[54]


Nolan voted with the Democratic Party 91.3 percent of the time, which ranked 162nd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[55]


Nolan is married to Mary. They have children and grandchildren. He hunts, harvests wild rice, boils maple syrup and enjoys fishing.[10]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Rick + Nolan + Minnesota + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Rick Nolan News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

Light Bulb Icon.svg.png
Suggest a link


  1. 1.0 1.1 ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Minnesota," accessed November 7, 2012
  2. Minnesota Secretary of State, "2014 State General Election Candidate Filings," accessed June 11, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Associated Press, "Minnesota - 2014 Primary Results," accessed August 12, 2014
  4. The New York Times, "Election brings seasoned politicians to congress," accessed December 8, 2012
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, "NOLAN, Richard Michael," accessed March 18, 2014
  6. 6.0 6.1 Minnesota Legislators Past & Present, "Nolan, Richard Michael," accessed March 18, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 National Journal, "Minnesota, 8th House District" November 1, 2012
  8. Congress, "NOLAN, Richard Michael, (1943 - )", accessed August 23, 2014
  9. Minnesota State Legislature, "Nolan, Richard Michael", accessed August 23, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 Rick Nolan for Congress, "Who's Rick Nolan?," accessed March 18, 2014
  11., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  12. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  13. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rick Nolan's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 26, 2013
  15. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  16. Project Vote Smart, "Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 Floor Speech," accessed September 12, 2013
  17. U.S., "Full Member List of Congressional Snap Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  18. Feeding America, "Taking the SNAP Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
  19. 19.0 19.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rick Nolan's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 26, 2013
  25. 25.0 25.1 Project Vote Smart, "Nolan on the issues," accessed September 12, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 On The Issues, "Rick Nolan Vote Match," accessed June 17, 2014
  27. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  28. 28.0 28.1 Yahoo, "65 Lawmakers Ask Obama to Consult on Syria," accessed August 28, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 Politico, "33 lawmakers: Congress must approve Syria action," accessed August 28, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6 31.7 Rick Nolan for Congress, "Rick on the Issues," accessed October 10, 2012
  32. Politico, "Ads hit vulnerable Dems on Obamacare", December 26, 2013
  33. CBS, "Primary Results 2012," accessed May 30, 2013
  34. Associated Press, "Minnesota - Summary Vote Results"
  35. Boston Globe, "Lawmaker finds new realities in return to Congress", May 28, 2013
  36. Rick Nolan for Congress, "Rick in the News," accessed October 10, 2012
  37. OpenSecrets, "Rick Nolan," accessed May 16, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Nolan 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 18, 2013
  39. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
  40. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
  41. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  42. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 11, 2014
  43. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed May 16, 2014
  44. OpenSecrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  45. OpenSecrets, "Rick Nolan (D-MN), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  46. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  47. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  48. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  49. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  50. GovTrack, "Rick Nolan," accessed July 29, 2014
  51. OpenCongress, "Rick Nolan," accessed July 29, 2014
  52. GovTrack, "Rick Nolan," accessed July 29, 2014
  53. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 29, 2014
  54. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  55. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Chip Cravaack
U.S. House of Representatives - Minnesota District 8
Succeeded by