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Robert Sarvis

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Robert Sarvis
Robert Sarvis.jpg
Candidate for
U.S. Senate, Virginia
High schoolThomas Jefferson High School for Science & Technology
Bachelor'sHarvard University
Master'sUniversity of Cambridge; George Mason University
Place of birthFairfax, VA
ProfessionCo-founder, Wertago LLC
Personal website
Campaign website
Robert Sarvis campaign logo
Robert Sarvis was a 2014 Libertarian candidate seeking election to the U.S. Senate from Virginia.[1][2]

He was the 2013 Libertarian nominee for Governor of Virginia. He was nominated by his party at a special convention on April 21, 2013, and came in third to Republican nominee Ken Cuccinelli and Democratic candidate Terry McAuliffe in the general election on November 5, 2013.[3] Incumbent Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell (R) was ineligible for re-election because of Virginia's term-limit laws which prohibit the governor from serving two consecutive terms. He is contemplating a run for the U.S. Senate in Virginia.[4]


Sarvis is a native of northern Virginia. He was raised in West Springfield and graduated from Thomas Jefferson High School for Science & Technology. Sarvis attended Harvard University and the University of Cambridge for his undergraduate studies, and received a degree in mathematics. He then expanded his academic credentials to include a Master's degree in economics and a law degree from George Mason University and New York University, respectively.[5]

According to his 2013 campaign website, Sarvis has worked as an entrepreneur and small-business owner, a software engineer and mobile-app developer, a math teacher, and a lawyer.[5]


  • Thomas Jefferson High School for Science & Technology
  • Bachelor's degree in mathematics, Harvard University
  • Master's degree, University of Cambridge
  • Juris Doctorate, N.Y.U. School of Law
  • Master's degree in economics, George Mason University



See also: United States Senate elections in Virginia, 2014

Sarvis ran in the 2014 election for the U.S. Senate, to represent Virginia. Sarvis ran as a Libertarian candidate. The general election took place November 4, 2014.[1][4]


See also: Virginia gubernatorial election, 2013

Sarvis was the Libertarian nominee for Governor of Virginia. He was nominated as the party's official gubernatorial candidate at a special convention on April 21, 2013.[3] He came in third to Ken Cuccinelli (R) and Terry McAuliffe (D) in the general election on November 5, 2013.[6]

Sarvis often achieved high single digit to low double digit percentages in the gubernatorial polls, a feat not often accomplished by third-party candidates. Just before voting began, a rumor began circulating that Sarvis was backed by Obama supporters in an effort many thought was launched to gain back the conservative votes Sarvis had garnered from Cuccinelli. Sarvis joked about the accusations saying "There are probably half a dozen to a dozen blog posts out there, and a new one today about the Libertarian booster's PAC, which helped us fund the petition drive—one of their donors was previously an Obama donor, so I'm supposed to be a stooge for Obama now."[7] Sarvis walked away with 7 percent of the vote on election night, the best showing by a third-party candidate in the state since 1965.[8]

Virginia Gubernatorial General Election, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngTerry McAuliffe 47.8% 1,069,789
     Republican Ken Cuccinelli 45.2% 1,013,354
     Libertarian Robert Sarvis 6.5% 146,084
     N/A Write-in 0.5% 11,087
Total Votes 2,240,314
Election Results via Virginia State Board of Elections.


Campaign themes

Sarvis' website in 2013 listed the following issues:

  • Universal School Choice
Excerpt: "To prepare our children for the real world, we need to adopt a modern approach that is proven to work and built to last. This means two things...Parents, not politicians or bureaucrats, should be in charge of the education dollars spent on their children, and teachers need to be liberated from the politicized, bureaucratic status quo and rewarded for the educational value (i.e., student learning) they create."[9]
  • Tax Relief
Sarvis wants "to end the car tax... business, business/professional/occupational license tax, machine & tools tax, merchant capital tax, consider ending the income tax and replace various taxes with simple user fees."[10]
  • Drug Reform
Excerpt: "I propose legalizing marijuana in Virginia, decriminalizing harder drugs, and adopting a rational, evidence-based regulatory policy."[11]


All candidates

Governor of Virginia: All candidates
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)Robert Sarvis (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Christopher Newport University Poll of Likely Voters
(October 25-30, 2013)
Emerson College Poll
(October 25-20, 2013)
AVERAGES 43.5% 39% 11.5% 6% +/-3.12 956
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to
Governor of Virginia: All candidates
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)Robert Sarvis (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Poll/Harper
(October 5-6, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(October 2-8, 2013)
NBC4/NBC News/Marist Poll
(October 13-15, 2013)
Rasmussen Reports Poll
(October 20, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(October 15-21, 2013)
Wenzel Strategies
(October 21-22, 2013)
Old Dominion University Poll
Public Policy Poll (Early voters)
(October 19-20, 26-27, 2013)
Washington Post/Abt-SRBI Poll
(October 24-27, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(October 30, 2013)
AVERAGES 46.9% 38.1% 8.4% 5.6% +/-2.31 969.8
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to
Governor of Virginia: All candidates
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)Robert Sarvis (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Roanoke University Poll
(July 8-14, 2013)
Public Policy Polling
(July 11-14, 2013)
Emerson College Poll
(August 23-28, 2013)
League of Women Voters/Public Policy Polling
(August 27-28, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(September 9-15, 2013)
Harper Polling/Conservative Intel
(September 15-16, 2013)
Washington Post-Abt SRBI poll
(September 19-22, 2013)
NBC News/Marist Poll
(September 17-19, 2013)
Rasmussen Reports Poll
(September 23, 2013)
Christopher Newport Poll
(October 1-6, 2013)
AVERAGES 42.8% 37.7% 8.1% 10.5% +/-2.73 710.7
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

McAuliffe vs. Cuccinelli only

Governor of Virginia: Cuccinelli v. McAuliffe (June 2013 - present)
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)Undecided/OtherMargin of ErrorSample Size
Rasmussen Reports Poll
(June 5-6, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(July 11-15, 2013)
Quinnipiac University Poll
(August 14-19, 2013)
Internal Poll
(August 13-18, 2013)
Rasmussen Reports
(September 3-4, 2013)
Purple Strategies Poll
(September 6-10, 2013)
Washington Post-Abt SRBI poll
(September 19-22, 2013)
Public Policy Poll/Harper
(October 5-6, 2013)
AVERAGES 46.5% 41% 10.88% +/-3.36 764.88
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to
Governor of Virginia: Cuccinelli v. McAuliffe (February 2013 - May 2013)
Poll Terry McAuliffe (D) Ken Cuccinelli (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Quinnipiac University
(Feb. 14-18, 2013)
Roanoke College Poll
(April 8-14, 2013)
Washington Post (Registered Voters)
(April 29-May 2, 2013)
Washington Post (Likely Voters)
(April 29-May 2, 2013)
NBC News/Marist Poll
(April 28-May 2, 2013)
Quinnipiac University
(May 8-13, 2013)
Public Policy Polling
(May 24-26, 2013)
AVERAGES 39.57% 40.71% 19.14% +/-3.49 906.29
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

Campaign finance

Robert Sarvis[12] Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
Post-Primary ReportJuly 15, 2013$4,630.30$1,015.00$(36,733.52)$2,002.61
8 Day Pre-General ReportOctober 28, 2013$21,997.32$81,595.17$(45,008.58)$58,583.91
Running totals

Race background

Former Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell (R) was ineligible to run for re-election in 2013 because of term limits. The term limits Virginia imposes on its governors are more strict than any other state in the country. Under the commonwealth's constitution, no governor may serve back-to-back terms. This means that McDonnell, unlike other governors in their first term, was ineligible to run for re-election.

There are no such term limits on the attorney general, and many were surprised at fomer AG Ken Cuccinelli's (R) decision to run for governor, rather than seek another term. If not for Cuccinelli, outgoing Lieutenant Governor Bill Bolling would have been the frontrunner for the Republican nomination to succeed McDonnell.[13] Due to the decision by the Republican Party of Virginia to change their candidate nomination method from open primary election to closed nominating convention starting in 2013, and "tea party darling" Cuccinelli's presence in the race, Bolling withdrew his bid for the GOP nod in November 2012.[14][15] About the alternative of seeking re-election to his current post, Bolling stated that “Under normal circumstances, I would be open to the possibility of running for another term as lieutenant governor, but I would not be interested in running on a statewide ticket with Mr. Cuccinelli.”[16] He later said he regretted dropping out of the race as early as he did.[17]

McDonnell had previously pledged his support for Bolling's candidacy, in part because Bolling refrained from challenging McDonnell for governor in 2009. After Bolling bowed out, McDonnell chose to endorse fellow Republican Cuccinelli for his successor, despite Cuccinelli's outspoken opposition to McDonnell's Transportation Initiative, which was considered to be the centerpiece of his gubernatorial legacy. Ironically, Cuccinelli's future general election opponent, former Democratic National Committee Chairman Terry McAuliffe, had been equally outspoken on the issue, but as an advocate and defender of the outgoing governor's approach to amending the state's transportation funding policy.[18][19][20]

In response to the major party picks, the Libertarian Party held a special convention and nominated Robert Sarvis as the party's official gubernatorial candidate.[21]

Like Cuccinelli and Sarvis, McAuliffe faced no primary opponent. Days from the election, McAuliffe held a comfortable polling and fundraising lead over Cuccinelli and Sarvis. Aggregated polling data had the Democratic nominee with an average edge of seven percentage points over Cuccinelli--an advantage that could have been attributed in large part to female voters' 58-34 preference of McAuliffe, since he and Cuccinelli were almost neck-and-neck among men.[22][23] During the last campaign finance reporting period, ending October 28, McAuliffe reported raising $8.1 million to Cuccinelli's $2.9 million, and holding $1.6 million in cash on hand, which was twice the size of Cuccinelli's warchest. Sarvis was trailing both with a reported $81,595 raised and $58,584 on hand.[24][25][26] Hillary Clinton's decision to come out in support of McAuliffe on October 19 - marking her first campaign event appearance since stepping down as U.S. Secretary of State - further enhanced the Democrat's frontrunner status.[27] Former President Bill Clinton threw in his support soon thereafter, followed by President Barack Obama and first lady Michelle Obama, who joined the McAuliffe campaign effort in the final week of the election season.[28]

The three contenders squared off in the general election on November 5, 2013, which McAuliffe won by a margin of 2.6% percentage points.[29]

Impact of US government shutdown on governor's race

The high profile federal government shutdown coincided with the home stretch of the expensive and high-profile 2013 Virginia governor race, which created a fresh backdrop for the battle between major party nominees Terry McAuliffe (D) and Ken Cuccinelli (R), and provided a brand new context in which to undermine each candidate's character and leadership potential.[30] Each campaign released an ad during the aftermath of the shutdown, which arrived on the heels of the candidates' second debate.[31]

With the nation paying close attention to its government in light of the perceived failure of Congress to work together in the best interests of their constituents, McAuliffe and Cuccinelli's ads each highlighted features of his opponent which most closely mirrored the type of stubbornness displayed by the House and Senate leading up to the shutdown, and to which the general public was, at that moment, so sensitively attuned. That moment, to be more specific, was one month before the general election. As the competition stood, McAuliffe had an overall average lead in the polls of 5.3 points over his Republican foe.[32]

Hoping to use the shutdown to further advance his edge by painting Cuccinelli in with the GOP ideologues in Congress, McAuliffe's ad emphasized Cuccinelli's strong ties to tea party leader U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX), since Cruz was an outspoken supporter both of Cuccinelli and the far-right congressional insurgency which, in seeking to defund Obamacare, was regarded as causing the shutdown. The ad cited Cuccinelli's past effort to defund Planned Parenthood, apparently bringing the Virginia legislature "to a standstill," and also claimed Cuccinelli had been sufficiently opposed to Mark Warner's 2004 budget to call for a shutdown of the state government.[33]

Cuccinelli's ad aimed to discredit McAuliffe by referencing articles from The Washington Post and the Richmond-Times Dispatch criticizing McAuliffe's prospective budget plan, which he had allegedly threatened he would shut down the government over in order to get the plan passed. The radio spot also accused McAuliffe of being "against compromise, against working together to find solutions,” and noted how the Democrat sided with his fellow party members in Congress who had vocally dismissed opportunities to collaborate with the Republicans to avert shutdown.[34][35]

A unique opportunity was identified for the solo third party candidate in the race, Libertarian Robert Sarvis, in the shutdown atmosphere, where disillusionment with the standard of government operation ran rampant. Had Sarvis not been barred from participating in the third debate with McAuliffe and Cuccinelli, it was thought that he could have used the reflected spotlight to lure substantial number of voters who, already frustrated by Congress' showcase of two-party gridlock, would be more sympathetic than usual to a non-major party nominee.

"People are looking for other options they don't like what they have to see from those two parties and we're trying to fill that void with principled advocacy for more freedom in our economic sphere and personal lives," stated Sarvis. His passive warning about "obvious dysfunction of our [federal] government" also existing on the state and local level could have had an especially profound impact on swing voters and the average 9% of voters who were still polling as undecided at the beginning of November.[36][37]


See also: Virginia State Senate elections, 2011

Sarvis ran in the 2011 election for Virginia Senate District 35 as a Republican. He was uncontested in the August 23 primary. He was opposed by incumbent Democrat Dick Saslaw and Katherine Ann Pettigrew (I) in the November 8 general election. Saslaw defeated Pettigrew and Sarvis in the general election.[38]

Virginia State Senate, District 35 General Election, 2011
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngDick Saslaw Incumbent 61.7% 15,905
     Republican Robert Sarvis 36% 9,272
     Green Katherine Ann Pettigrew 2.3% 591
Total Votes 25,768


Campaign themes

Sarvis' website in 2011 listed the following issues:

  • Leadership
Excerpt: "Change is coming to Richmond. I am bringing to the state capital a new brand of leadership that focuses on our common priorities, solves problems in intelligent ways, avoids divisiveness and partisanship, and fosters unity, good government, freedom, opportunity, and prosperity."
  • Transportation Funding Equity
Excerpt: "Transportation infrastructure is supposed to be a major priority of our state government. So why is traffic such a mess? Because Richmond wastes taxpayer money on non-priorities and gives Northern Virginia short shrift in transportation infrastructure spending."
  • Mark Center / BRAC
Excerpt: "Let’s elect a leader who demands that any building project must take into account externalities like traffic and environmental impact and have plans to mitigate them from the outset. That’s good economics and good public policy."
  • Education
Excerpt: "Empowering parents through local control of public schools is the default rule of good government. But our state government in Richmond trampled over that rule a quarter-century ago, mandating all public schools throughout the state start the academic year after Labor Day."
  • Taxes
Excerpt: "I propose totally overhauling Virginia’s tax scheme, replacing it with a system designed for long-term prosperity and transparency. No more loopholes. No more group favoritism. No more carve-outs and subsidies."


Sarvis resides in Annandale, Virginia, with his wife and two children.[5]

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See also

External links

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Politico, "Libertarian to run for Senate in Va.," accessed January 30, 2014
  2. Ballot Access News, "Politico Covers News that Rob Sarvis Will Run for U.S. Senate in Virginia as a Libertarian," accessed January 30, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Independent Political Report, "Robert Sarvis Receives Libertarian Party of Virginia Nomination for Governor in 2013," accessed April 27, 2013
  4. 4.0 4.1 WJLA, "Robert Sarvis considering U.S. Senate run against Warner," accessed December 3, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Sarvis for Governor 2014 Campaign Website, "About Rob," accessed May 21, 2013
  6. ‘’FOX News,’’ “Democrat Terry McAuliffe wins Va. governor’s race, Fox News projects,” November 5, 2013
  7. Slate, Virginia's Libertarian Candidate for Governor Votes, Speaks, November 5, 2013
  8. New York Daily News, Terry McAuliffe wins bitter Virginia governor race against Republican Ken Cuccinelli, November 6, 2013
  9. Robert Sarvis for Governor, "Issues-School Choice," accessed August 1, 2013
  10. Robert Sarvis for Governor, "Issues-Tax Relief," accessed August 1, 2013
  11. Robert Sarvis for Governor, "Issues-Drug Reform," accessed August 1, 2013
  12. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Campaign finance report: Sarvis for Governor 2013," July 15, 2013
  13. Richmond Times Dispatch, "Bolling on Cuccinelli: 'Nothing he does surprises me'," December 6, 2011
  14. The Washington Post, "GOP Fratricide in Virginia," December 1, 2012
  15. Washington Post, "Bill Bolling decides not to seek GOP nomination for VA governor," November 28, 2012
  16. The Roanoke Times, "Could Bolling run for governor as an independent?," November 28, 2102
  17. The Richmond Times-Dispatch, "Bolling regrets dropping out of the race so soon," April 22, 2013
  18. The Collegian, "Obama victory could cost Democrats Virginia governorship," November 15, 2012
  19. NBC 12- Decision Virginia 2013, "Transportation battle creates awkward political triangle," March 26, 2013
  20. Washington Post, "Cuccinelli vs. McAuliffe: Virginia governor’s race holds the eyes of the nation," March 29, 2013
  21. Independent Political Report, "Robert Sarvis Receives Libertarian Party of Virginia Nomination for Governor in 2013," accessed April 27, 2013
  22. Washington Post, "McAuliffe opens up double digit lead over Cuccinelli in Virginia governor's race," October 28, 2013
  23. The Huffington Post, "HuffPost Pollster: 2013 Virginia Governor: Cuccinelli vs. McAuliffe," accessed September 18, 2013
  24. Politico, "Terry McAuliffe outraises Ken Cuccinelli by $3M," October 15, 2013
  25. The Washington Post, "McAuliffe tops Cuccinelli in fundraising race for Virginia governor," September 17, 2013
  26. The Richmond Times-Dispatch, "McAuliffe maintains cash edge over Cuccineli," September 17, 2013
  27. The Hill, "Hillary Clinton to campaign in Virginia with McAuliffe (Video)," October 14, 2013
  28. Washington Post, "Obama, Biden to hit the trail for McAuliffe Va. governor bid, first lady cuts radio ad," October 29, 2013
  29. Associated Press -, "Terry McAuliffe qualifies for Virginia June Democratic primary ballot," March 27, 2013
  30. Politico, "Virginia governor race 2013: Shutdown roils contest," October 4, 2013
  31. The Washington Post, "Five things to watch in the Cuccinelli-McAuliffe debate," September 25, 2013
  32. RealClearPolitics, "Virginia Governor - Cuccinelli vs. McAuliffe," accessed October 7, 2013
  33. The Washington Post, "In Virginia governor’s race, McAuliffe calls on Cuccinelli to denounce shutdown, Cruz," October 7, 2013
  34. Terry McAuliffe for Governor YouTube Channel, "Terry McAuliffe Radio Ad: Cuccinelli and the Architect," October 5, 2013
  35. CuccinelliPress YouTube channel, "Shutdown," accessed October 7, 2013
  36. Real Clear Politics, "Virginia Governor 3-Way," accessed October 7, 2013
  37., "Robert Sarvis: I'm giving voters a better option," October 5, 2013
  38. Virginia State Board of Elections - November 2011 General Election Official Results