Roger Wicker

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Roger Wicker
Roger Wicker.jpg
U.S. Senate, Mississippi
Incumbent
In office
December 31, 2007-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2019
Years in position 7
PartyRepublican
PredecessorTrent Lott (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$12.18 in 2012
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Next generalNovember 2018
Campaign $$18,871,246
AppointedDecember 31, 2007
Appointed byGovernor Haley Barbour
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House of Representatives
1995-2007
Mississippi State Senate
1988-1994
Education
High schoolPonotoc High School, Ponotoc, MS
Bachelor'sUniversity of Mississippi
J.D.University of Mississippi Law School
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Air Force Reserve
Years of service1976-2003
Personal
BirthdayJuly 5, 1951
Place of birthPonotoc, MS
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$299,508
ReligionSouthern Baptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Roger Frederick Wicker (b. July 5, 1951, in Ponotoc, MS) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Mississippi. Wicker was first appointed to the Senate in 2007.

Wicker won re-election in 2012. He defeated E. Allen Hathcock and Robert Maloney in the March 13 Republican primary.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Wicker is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Wicker was born in 1951 in Ponotoc, Miss., where he also attended high school. He earned his B.A. from the University of Mississippi in 1973 and his J.D. from the same institution in 1975. Prior to his political career, Wicker worked as an attorney.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Wicker's professional and political career:[2]

  • Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps, 1976-1980
  • United States Air Force Reserve, 1980-2003
  • Staff for United States Representative Trent Lott of Mississippi, House Committee on Rules, 1980-1982
  • Public Defender, Lee County, MS, 1984-1987
  • Mississippi State Senate, 1988-1994
  • U.S. House of Representatives, 1995-2007
  • U.S. Senate, 2007-Present Appointed by Governor Haley Barbour to fill the vacancy left by the resignation of Sen. Trent Lott

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Wicker serves on the following Senate committees[3]:

  • Armed Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on SeaPower
    • Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities
    • Subcommittee on Airland Ranking Member
  • Budget
  • Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee
    • Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
    • Subcommittee on Science and Space
    • Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries, and Coast Guard
    • Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
  • Environment and Public Works
    • Subcommittee on Transportation and Infrastructure
    • Subcommittee on Superfund, Toxics and Environmental Health
    • Subcommittee on Green Jobs and the New Economy Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Clean Air and Nuclear Safety
  • Joint Economic Committee

2011-2012

Wicker served on the following Senate committees[4]:

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Wicker's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Nay3.png Wicker voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[7]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists criticized President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[8][9][10]

According to the website Breitbart, Wicker was one of 30 Republican senators who did not support the filibuster.[11][12]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[13]

Economy

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Yea3.png Wicker voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[14]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[15] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Wicker voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[16]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Mexico-U.S. border

Neutral/Abstain Wicker did not vote on Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[17]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Yea3.png Wicker voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[18]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Wicker voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[19]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Roger Wicker's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Wicker is a Hard-Core Conservative. Wicker received a score of 13 percent on social issues and 100 percent on economic issues.[20]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[21]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Neutral
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[20]

Earmarks

A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members.[22] According to the report, Wicker helped secure $1.5 million to study the relocation of railroad tracks at an intersection in downtown Tupelo, Miss. Wicker's home is less than a half-mile northwest of the intersection.[23]

Elections

2012

See also: United States Senate elections in Mississippi, 2012

Wicker won the election.[24] Wicker was seeking re-election in 2012. He defeated E. Allen Hathcock and Robert Maloney in the March 13, 2012 primary. He defeated Albert N. Gore, Thomas Cramer and Shawn O'Hara in the November 6 general election.[25][26]

U.S. Senate, Mississippi General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngRoger Wicker 57.2% 709,626
     Democratic Albert N. Gore, Jr. 40.6% 503,467
     Constitution Thomas Cramer 1.2% 15,281
     Reform Shawn O'Hara 1.1% 13,194
Total Votes 1,241,568
Source: Mississippi Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. Senate-Mississippi Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngRoger Wicker Incumbent 89.2% 254,669
E. Allen Hathcock 4.2% 12,094
Robert Maloney 6.6% 18,822
Total Votes 285,585

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Wicker attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Wicker is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Wicker raised a total of $18,871,246 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 24, 2013.[35]

Roger Wicker's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. Senate (Mississippi) Won $10,415,146
2008 U.S. Senate (Mississippi) Won $5,969,342
2006 U.S. House of Representatives (Mississippi District 1) Won $845,748
2004 U.S. House of Representatives (Mississippi District 1) Won $547,547
2002 U.S. House of Representatives (Mississippi District 1) Won $434,991
2000 U.S. House of Representatives (Mississippi District 1) Won $658,472
Grand Total Raised $18,871,246


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2012

Wicker won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Wicker's campaign committee raised a total of $10,415,146 and spent $8,646,288 .[36]

Cost per vote

Wicker spent $12.18 per vote received in 2012.

2008

Wicker won election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that election cycle, Wicker's campaign committee raised a total of $5,969,342 and spent $6,443,122.[37]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Wicker's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $84,018 and $1,236,999. That averages to $660,508.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Wicker ranked as the 76th most wealthy senator in 2012.[38] Between 2004 and 2012, Wicker's calculated net worth[39] increased by an average of 12 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[40]

Roger Wicker Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$342,756
2012$660,508
Growth from 2004 to 2012:93%
Average annual growth:12%[41]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[42]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Wicker received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Health Professionals industry.

From 1993-2014, 22.28 percent of Wicker's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[43]

Roger Wicker Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $14,828,629
Total Spent $12,684,979
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$829,813
Lawyers/Law Firms$736,320
Oil & Gas$650,376
Leadership PACs$582,977
Lobbyists$504,289
% total in top industry5.6%
% total in top two industries10.56%
% total in top five industries22.28%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Wicker is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014.[44] Wicker was rated as a "far-right Republican leader" in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[45]

Wicker most often votes with:

Wicker least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Wicker missed 50 of 1,920 roll call votes from January 2008 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.6 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.0 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[46]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Wicker paid his congressional staff a total of $2,745,264 in 2011. He ranked 6th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked 27th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Mississippi ranked 19th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[47]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Wicker ranked 33rd in the conservative rankings in 2013.[48]

2012

Wicker ranked 34th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[49]

2011

Wicker ranked 34th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[50]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Wicker voted with the Republican Party 84.6 percent of the time, which ranked 32nd among the 45 Senate Republican members as of July 2014.[51]

2013

Roger Wicker voted with the Republican Party 83.8 percent of the time, which ranked 34th among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[52]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Roger + Wicker + Mississippi + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Roger Wicker News Feed

  • Loading...

Personal

Wicker is married to the former Gayle Long of Tupelo. They have three children: Margaret and son-in-law Manning McPhillips; Caroline and son-in-law Kirk Sims; and McDaniel Wicker. They also have two grandchildren: Caroline and Henry McPhillips.[53]

External links


References

  1. Sun Herald, "Fields fill up for Mississippi congressional races" accessed February 18, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Roger F. Wicker," accessed November 5, 2011
  3. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List" accessed January 22, 2013
  4. U.S. Senate Official Website, "Committee Assignments," accessed November 5, 2011
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  8. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  9. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  10. ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
  11. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
  12. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  13. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  15. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  16. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  19. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" accessed January 4, 2013
  20. 20.0 20.1 On The Issues, "Roger Wicker Vote Match," accessed June 20, 2014
  21. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  22. Washington Post, "Congressional earmarks sometimes used to fund projects near lawmakers' properties," February 6, 2012
  23. Washington Post, "Mapping the earmarks," February 6, 2012
  24. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Mississippi"
  25. Daily Journal, "Wicker, Nunnelee sign up for re-election campaigns" accessed January 13, 2012
  26. Mississippi Secretary of State "2012 Primary Results"
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  28. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. Open Secrets, "Donor history for Roger Wicker" April 2013
  36. Open Secrets, " 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 2013
  37. Open Secrets, "Roger Wicker 2008 Election Cycle," accessed November 5, 2011
  38. OpenSecrets, "Wicker, (R-MS), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  39. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  40. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  41. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  42. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  43. OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Roger Wicker," accessed September 17, 2014
  44. GovTrack, "Roger Wicker," accessed July 21, 2014
  45. OpenCongress, "Roger Wicker," accessed July 21, 2014
  46. GovTrack, "Roger Wicker," accessed July 21, 2014
  47. LegiStorm, "Roger Wicker"
  48. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 21, 2014
  49. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  50. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  51. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  52. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  53. Official Site, "About Roger," accessed November 5, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Trent Lott
U.S. Senate - Mississippi
2007-Present
Succeeded by
-