Difference between revisions of "School bond and tax elections in Washington"

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{{tnr}}'''School bond and tax elections in Washington''' happen under two circumstances:
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{{school bonds and taxes}}{{tnr}}'''School bond and tax elections in Washington''' happen under two circumstances:
  
 
* To exceed the state mandated levy cap protected by the [[Washington Constitution]]
 
* To exceed the state mandated levy cap protected by the [[Washington Constitution]]

Revision as of 19:40, 4 December 2012

School bonds
& taxes
Portal:School Bond and Tax Elections
Bond elections
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Property tax elections
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County evaluations
Approval rates
School bond and tax elections in Washington happen under two circumstances:

Laws affecting school finance

Washington bond issue

Under Washington state law, all school districts must seek approval from the Washington State Superintendent of Public Instruction as part of the process of getting a bond issue approved.[1] No bond issue may exceed three-eights of one percent of the district's total valuation of taxable property without voter approval. The three-eights percent limit is uniform for all taxing districts in Washington State.[2]

School districts in Washington State can issue bonds for:

  • Funding outstanding indebtedness or bonds already issued.
  • For the purchase of buildings, playgrounds, physical education/athletic facilities and structures authorized by Washington law or necessary to carry out the functions of a school district
  • Erecting all new and expanded buildings, playgrounds, physical education/athletic facilities and structures, and providing the necessary furniture, apparatus, or equipment.
  • Improving the energy efficiency of school district buildings and/or installing systems and components to utilize renewable and/or inexhaustible energy resources.
  • Major and minor structural changes and structural additions to buildings, structures, facilities and sites.
  • A installment purchase contract for school plant facilities or financing a term of which is ten years or longer that contains an option by the school district to purchase the leased property for nominal consideration, but only to the extent such payment constitutes a capital expenditure
  • For other capital purposes permitted by law.[3]

All bonds must have the full faith and credit of the State of Washington.[4]

Washington levy limit

The Washington Constitution in Article VII, Section 6 limits any taxing entity including school districts to only up to one and half percent of the value of property. Any school district that seeks to exceed the cap must seek approval from the voters in order to exceed the one and a half percent cap. [5]

School districts can also be indebted up to five percent for the purpose of capital outlays without voter approval.[6]

Washington state is different from other states as they express a state debt limit in percentage form over a millage rate.

Conduct of the bond election, limitations, rules

Authority conducting elections

The respective County Auditor is responsible for running school bond and levy elections.[7]

Election dates

Elections are generally held during the First Tuesday after the first Monday every November.[8]

Needed majority

A three-fifths super-majority vote is needed to pass a election involving the constitutionally protected debt limit or a bond issue exceeding three-eights percent.[9] [10]

Special elections

A special election can be called at any time for school districts if a school district needs to issue emergency bonding for fire, flood, earthquake, or other act of God.[11] All other special elections must be called for by a county legislative authority and can be held during the second Tuesday in February, fourth Tuesday in April, third Tuesday in May for tax levies that failed previously in that calendar year and new bond issues, and the third Tuesday in August during a statewide primary.[12]

Wording of measures

Under Washington law, any ballot measure must have an identifying number on the ballot, the legislative body who enacted the question, a description of the measure, and the actual ballot question not exceeding 75 words.[13] The question must end in "Yes" or "No" with check boxes to mark the selection.[14]

Required notice of bond election

Notice is required for any bond or levy election in Washington State. The law sets no minimum or maximum timeline.[15]

List of 2010 Washington school bond elections

Election results are provided by the Washington State Superintendent of Public Instruction-School Finance Division.

Date District Bond Amount Passed/Failed  % Pass
February 9 Cheney Prop 1-Bond (Metro Spokane) Issue $79 million in general obligation bonds Passed 65.3% to 34.7%
February 9 Columbia-Prop 1-Bond Issue $4.3 million in district modernization bonds. Passed 52.9% to 47.1%
February 9 Clover Park-Prop 1 (Seattle-Tacoma Area) Issue $92 million in general obligation bonding. Passed 62.4% to 37.6%
February 9 Lake Washington Prop 1 (Metro Seattle)-Levy Replace Operations and Program Levy Passed 61.6% to 38.4%
February 9 Lake Washington Prop 2 (Metro Seattle)-Levy Replace capital operations levy Passed 59.1% to 40.9%
February 9 Lake Washington Prop 3 (Metro Seattle)-Bond Issue $234 million in general obligation bonds Passed 55.7% to 44.3%
February 9 Marysville-Prop 1 Issue $78 million in general obligation bonding Passed 57.5% to 42.5%
February 9 Medical Lake-Prop 1 (Metro Spokane) Issue $15.65 million in general obligation bonds for school district improvements Passed 62.4% to 37.6%
February 9 Meridian-Prop 1 Issue $17 million in general obligation bonds Passed 68.9% to 31.1%
February 9 Northshore-Prop 1 (Metro Seattle) Renew operations support levy. Passed 66.9% to 33.1%
February 9 Northshore-Prop 2 (Metro Seattle) Renew technology levy. Passed 65.4% to 34.6%
February 9 Northshore-Prop 3-Bond (Metro Seattle) Issue $149.2 million in general obligation bonds Passed 62.4% to 37.6%
February 9 Orcas Island-Prop 2-Bond Issue $35 million of new bonding for school facilities improvements Passed 54.9% to 45.1%
February 9 Pomeroy-Prop 1-Bond Issue $4.49 million in district modernization bonds Passed 60.8% to 39.2%
February 9 Shoreline-Prop 1 (Metro Seattle) Replace operations and maintenance levy Passed 70.4% to 29.6%
February 9 Shoreline-Prop 2-Bond (Metro Seattle) Issue $150 million in bonding for new high school Passed 62.5% to 37.5%
February 9 Shoreline-Prop 3 (Metro Seattle) Issue new technology levy Passed 65.9% to 34.1%

External links

References

  1. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28A.525.020 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 28A.525.020 Revised Code of Washington)
  2. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=39.36.020 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 39.36.020 Revised Code of Washington)
  3. "Washington Legislature" Washington Bond Issue Law(Referenced Section 28A.530.010)
  4. "Washington Legislature" Washington Bond Issue Law(Referenced Section 28A.525.250)
  5. "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution(Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)
  6. "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution(Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)
  7. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.025 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.025 Revised Code of Washington)
  8. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.321 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.321 Revised Code of Washington)
  9. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=39.36.020 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 39.36.020 (3) Revised Code of Washington)
  10. "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution(Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)
  11. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.321 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.321 (2) Revised Code of Washington)
  12. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.321 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.321 (4) Revised Code of Washington)
  13. "Washington Legislature" Washington Election Law(Referenced Statute 29A.36.071(1))
  14. "Washington Legislature" Washington Election Law(Referenced Statute 29A.72.050(2)(3))
  15. Washington Legislature" Washington Election Law(Referenced Statute 29A.36.080)