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Difference between revisions of "School bond and tax elections in Washington"

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{{tnr}}'''School bond and tax elections in Washington''' happen under one circumstance:
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{{school bonds and taxes}}{{tnr}}'''School bond and tax elections in Washington''' happen under two circumstances:
  
 
* To exceed the state mandated levy cap protected by the [[Washington Constitution]]
 
* To exceed the state mandated levy cap protected by the [[Washington Constitution]]
* To issue new bonding.
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* To issue new bonds.
  
 
==Laws affecting school finance==
 
==Laws affecting school finance==
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===Washington bond issue===
 
===Washington bond issue===
  
Under Washington state law, all school districts must seek approval from the Washington State Superintendent of Public Instruction as part of the process of getting a bond issue approved.  Also, no bond issue may exceed three-eights of one percent of the district's total valuation of taxable property.
+
Under Washington state law, all school districts must seek approval from the Washington State Superintendent of Public Instruction as part of the process of getting a bond issue approved.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28A.525.020 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 28A.525.020 Revised Code of Washington)</ref> No bond issue may exceed three-eights of one percent of the district's total valuation of taxable property without voter approval.  The three-eights percent limit is uniform for all taxing districts in Washington State.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=39.36.020 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 39.36.020 Revised Code of Washington)</ref>
 +
 
 +
School districts in Washington State can issue bonds for:
 +
 
 +
* Funding outstanding indebtedness or bonds already issued.
 +
* For the purchase of buildings, playgrounds, physical education/athletic facilities and structures authorized by Washington law or necessary to carry out the functions of a school district
 +
* Erecting all new and expanded buildings, playgrounds, physical education/athletic facilities and structures, and providing the necessary furniture, apparatus, or equipment.
 +
* Improving the energy efficiency of school district buildings and/or installing systems and components to utilize renewable and/or inexhaustible energy resources.
 +
* Major and minor structural changes and structural additions to buildings, structures, facilities and sites.
 +
* A installment purchase contract for school plant facilities or financing a term of which is ten years or longer that contains an option by the school district to purchase the leased property for nominal consideration, but only to the extent such payment constitutes a capital expenditure
 +
* For other capital purposes permitted by law.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28A.530.010 "Washington Legislature" Washington Bond Issue Law](Referenced Section 28A.530.010)</ref>
 +
 
 +
All bonds must have the full faith and credit of the State of Washington.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28A.525.250 "Washington Legislature" Washington Bond Issue Law](Referenced Section 28A.525.250)</ref>
  
 
===Washington levy limit===
 
===Washington levy limit===
  
The Washington Constitution in Article VII, Section 6 limits any taxing entity including school districts to only up to one and half percent of the value of property.  Any school district that seeks to exceed the cap must seek approval from the voters in order to exceed the one percent cap<ref>[http://www.leg.wa.gov/lawsandagencyrules/pages/constitution.aspx "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution](Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)</ref>.  
+
The [[Washington Constitution]] in Article VII, Section 6 limits any taxing entity including school districts to only up to one and half percent of the value of property.  Any school district that seeks to exceed the cap must seek approval from the voters in order to exceed the one and a half percent cap. <ref>[http://www.leg.wa.gov/lawsandagencyrules/pages/constitution.aspx "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution](Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)</ref>   
  
School districts can also be indebted up to five percent for the purpose of capital outlays without voter approval<ref>[http://www.leg.wa.gov/lawsandagencyrules/pages/constitution.aspx "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution](Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)</ref>.  
+
School districts can also be indebted up to five percent for the purpose of capital outlays without voter approval.<ref>[http://www.leg.wa.gov/lawsandagencyrules/pages/constitution.aspx "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution](Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)</ref>   
 
    
 
    
 
Washington state is different from other states as they express a state debt limit in percentage form over a millage rate.
 
Washington state is different from other states as they express a state debt limit in percentage form over a millage rate.
  
 
==Conduct of the bond election, limitations, rules==
 
==Conduct of the bond election, limitations, rules==
 +
 +
===Authority conducting elections===
 +
 +
The respective County Auditor is responsible for running school bond and levy elections.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.025 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.025 Revised Code of Washington)</ref>
 +
 +
===Election dates===
 +
 +
Elections are generally held during the First Tuesday after the first Monday every November.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.321 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.321 Revised Code of Washington)</ref>
  
 
===Needed majority===
 
===Needed majority===
  
A three-fifths super-majority vote is needed to pass a election involving the constitutionally protected debt limit.
+
A three-fifths super-majority vote is needed to pass a election involving the constitutionally protected debt limit or a bond issue exceeding three-eights percent.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=39.36.020 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 39.36.020 (3) Revised Code of Washington)</ref> <ref>[http://www.leg.wa.gov/lawsandagencyrules/pages/constitution.aspx "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution](Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)</ref>
  
==External links==
+
===Special elections===
  
 +
A special election can be called at any time for school districts if a school district needs to issue emergency bonding for fire, flood, earthquake, or other act of God.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.321 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.321 (2) Revised Code of Washington)</ref>  All other special elections must be called for by a county legislative authority and can be held during the second Tuesday in February, fourth Tuesday in April, third Tuesday in May for tax levies that failed previously in that calendar year and new bond issues, and the third Tuesday in August during a statewide primary.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.321 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.321 (4) Revised Code of Washington)</ref>
 +
 +
===Wording of measures===
 +
 +
Under Washington law, any ballot measure must have an identifying number on the ballot, the legislative body who enacted the question, a description of the measure, and the actual ballot question not exceeding 75 words.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.36.071 "Washington Legislature" Washington Election Law](Referenced Statute 29A.36.071(1))</ref>  The question must end in "Yes" or "No" with check boxes to mark the selection.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.72.050 "Washington Legislature" Washington Election Law](Referenced Statute 29A.72.050(2)(3))</ref>
 +
 +
==Required notice of bond election==
 +
 +
Notice is required for any bond or levy election in Washington State.  The law sets no minimum or maximum timeline.<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.36.080 Washington Legislature" Washington Election Law](Referenced Statute 29A.36.080)</ref>
 +
 +
==List of 2010 Washington school bond elections==
 +
 +
Election results are provided by the Washington State Superintendent of Public Instruction-School Finance Division.
 +
 +
{|class="wikitable" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="3" border="1" background-color:white"
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|-
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! style="background-color:#F2E6CE" | Date
 +
! style="background-color:#F2E6CE" | District
 +
! style="background-color:#F2E6CE" | Bond Amount
 +
! style="background-color:#F2E6CE" | Passed/Failed
 +
! style="background-color:#F2E6CE" | % Pass
 +
|-valign="top"
 +
| February 9  || Cheney Prop 1-Bond (Metro Spokane)|| Issue $79 million in general obligation bonds || Passed || 65.3% to 34.7%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Columbia-Prop 1-Bond || Issue $4.3 million in district modernization bonds. || Passed || 52.9% to 47.1%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Clover Park-Prop 1 (Seattle-Tacoma Area)||  Issue $92 million in general obligation bonding. || Passed || 62.4% to 37.6%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Lake Washington Prop 1 (Metro Seattle)-Levy || Replace Operations and Program Levy || Passed || 61.6% to 38.4%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Lake Washington Prop 2 (Metro Seattle)-Levy || Replace capital operations levy || Passed || 59.1% to 40.9%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Lake Washington Prop 3 (Metro Seattle)-Bond || Issue $234 million in general obligation bonds || Passed || 55.7% to 44.3%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Marysville-Prop 1 || Issue $78 million in general obligation bonding || Passed || 57.5% to 42.5%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Medical Lake-Prop 1 (Metro Spokane) || Issue $15.65 million in general obligation bonds for school district improvements || Passed || 62.4% to 37.6%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Meridian-Prop 1 || Issue $17 million in general obligation bonds || Passed || 68.9% to 31.1%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Northshore-Prop 1 (Metro Seattle)|| Renew operations support levy. || Passed || 66.9% to 33.1%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9 || Northshore-Prop 2 (Metro Seattle) || Renew technology levy. ||Passed || 65.4% to 34.6%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9 || Northshore-Prop 3-Bond (Metro Seattle) || Issue $149.2 million in general obligation bonds || Passed || 62.4% to 37.6%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Orcas Island-Prop 2-Bond || Issue $35 million of new bonding for school facilities improvements || Passed || 54.9% to 45.1%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Pomeroy-Prop 1-Bond || Issue $4.49 million in district modernization bonds || Passed || 60.8% to 39.2%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Shoreline-Prop 1 (Metro Seattle) || Replace operations and maintenance levy || Passed || 70.4% to 29.6%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Shoreline-Prop 2-Bond (Metro Seattle) || Issue $150 million in bonding for new high school || Passed || 62.5% to 37.5%
 +
|-
 +
| February 9  || Shoreline-Prop 3 (Metro Seattle) || Issue new technology levy || Passed || 65.9% to 34.1%
 +
|}
 +
 +
==See also==
 +
{{submit a link}}
 +
* [[Voting on school bond and tax measures]]
 +
* [[Where to find information about local school bond and tax elections]]
 +
* [[School bond election]]
 +
* [[Approval rates of local school bond and tax elections]]
 +
 +
==External links==
 
* [http://www.k12.wa.us/ Washington State Superintendent of Public Instruction]
 
* [http://www.k12.wa.us/ Washington State Superintendent of Public Instruction]
 
* [http://www.wssda.org/wssda/WebForms/En-Us/Default.asp Washington State School Directors Association]
 
* [http://www.wssda.org/wssda/WebForms/En-Us/Default.asp Washington State School Directors Association]
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[[Category:School bond and tax elections, Washington]]
 
[[Category:School bond and tax elections, Washington]]
 +
[[Category:Ballot measure law, Washington]]

Revision as of 20:13, 4 December 2012

School bonds
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School bond and tax elections in Washington happen under two circumstances:

Laws affecting school finance

Washington bond issue

Under Washington state law, all school districts must seek approval from the Washington State Superintendent of Public Instruction as part of the process of getting a bond issue approved.[1] No bond issue may exceed three-eights of one percent of the district's total valuation of taxable property without voter approval. The three-eights percent limit is uniform for all taxing districts in Washington State.[2]

School districts in Washington State can issue bonds for:

  • Funding outstanding indebtedness or bonds already issued.
  • For the purchase of buildings, playgrounds, physical education/athletic facilities and structures authorized by Washington law or necessary to carry out the functions of a school district
  • Erecting all new and expanded buildings, playgrounds, physical education/athletic facilities and structures, and providing the necessary furniture, apparatus, or equipment.
  • Improving the energy efficiency of school district buildings and/or installing systems and components to utilize renewable and/or inexhaustible energy resources.
  • Major and minor structural changes and structural additions to buildings, structures, facilities and sites.
  • A installment purchase contract for school plant facilities or financing a term of which is ten years or longer that contains an option by the school district to purchase the leased property for nominal consideration, but only to the extent such payment constitutes a capital expenditure
  • For other capital purposes permitted by law.[3]

All bonds must have the full faith and credit of the State of Washington.[4]

Washington levy limit

The Washington Constitution in Article VII, Section 6 limits any taxing entity including school districts to only up to one and half percent of the value of property. Any school district that seeks to exceed the cap must seek approval from the voters in order to exceed the one and a half percent cap. [5]

School districts can also be indebted up to five percent for the purpose of capital outlays without voter approval.[6]

Washington state is different from other states as they express a state debt limit in percentage form over a millage rate.

Conduct of the bond election, limitations, rules

Authority conducting elections

The respective County Auditor is responsible for running school bond and levy elections.[7]

Election dates

Elections are generally held during the First Tuesday after the first Monday every November.[8]

Needed majority

A three-fifths super-majority vote is needed to pass a election involving the constitutionally protected debt limit or a bond issue exceeding three-eights percent.[9] [10]

Special elections

A special election can be called at any time for school districts if a school district needs to issue emergency bonding for fire, flood, earthquake, or other act of God.[11] All other special elections must be called for by a county legislative authority and can be held during the second Tuesday in February, fourth Tuesday in April, third Tuesday in May for tax levies that failed previously in that calendar year and new bond issues, and the third Tuesday in August during a statewide primary.[12]

Wording of measures

Under Washington law, any ballot measure must have an identifying number on the ballot, the legislative body who enacted the question, a description of the measure, and the actual ballot question not exceeding 75 words.[13] The question must end in "Yes" or "No" with check boxes to mark the selection.[14]

Required notice of bond election

Notice is required for any bond or levy election in Washington State. The law sets no minimum or maximum timeline.[15]

List of 2010 Washington school bond elections

Election results are provided by the Washington State Superintendent of Public Instruction-School Finance Division.

Date District Bond Amount Passed/Failed  % Pass
February 9 Cheney Prop 1-Bond (Metro Spokane) Issue $79 million in general obligation bonds Passed 65.3% to 34.7%
February 9 Columbia-Prop 1-Bond Issue $4.3 million in district modernization bonds. Passed 52.9% to 47.1%
February 9 Clover Park-Prop 1 (Seattle-Tacoma Area) Issue $92 million in general obligation bonding. Passed 62.4% to 37.6%
February 9 Lake Washington Prop 1 (Metro Seattle)-Levy Replace Operations and Program Levy Passed 61.6% to 38.4%
February 9 Lake Washington Prop 2 (Metro Seattle)-Levy Replace capital operations levy Passed 59.1% to 40.9%
February 9 Lake Washington Prop 3 (Metro Seattle)-Bond Issue $234 million in general obligation bonds Passed 55.7% to 44.3%
February 9 Marysville-Prop 1 Issue $78 million in general obligation bonding Passed 57.5% to 42.5%
February 9 Medical Lake-Prop 1 (Metro Spokane) Issue $15.65 million in general obligation bonds for school district improvements Passed 62.4% to 37.6%
February 9 Meridian-Prop 1 Issue $17 million in general obligation bonds Passed 68.9% to 31.1%
February 9 Northshore-Prop 1 (Metro Seattle) Renew operations support levy. Passed 66.9% to 33.1%
February 9 Northshore-Prop 2 (Metro Seattle) Renew technology levy. Passed 65.4% to 34.6%
February 9 Northshore-Prop 3-Bond (Metro Seattle) Issue $149.2 million in general obligation bonds Passed 62.4% to 37.6%
February 9 Orcas Island-Prop 2-Bond Issue $35 million of new bonding for school facilities improvements Passed 54.9% to 45.1%
February 9 Pomeroy-Prop 1-Bond Issue $4.49 million in district modernization bonds Passed 60.8% to 39.2%
February 9 Shoreline-Prop 1 (Metro Seattle) Replace operations and maintenance levy Passed 70.4% to 29.6%
February 9 Shoreline-Prop 2-Bond (Metro Seattle) Issue $150 million in bonding for new high school Passed 62.5% to 37.5%
February 9 Shoreline-Prop 3 (Metro Seattle) Issue new technology levy Passed 65.9% to 34.1%

See also

BallotpediaAvatar bigger.png
Suggest a link

External links

References

  1. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28A.525.020 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 28A.525.020 Revised Code of Washington)
  2. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=39.36.020 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 39.36.020 Revised Code of Washington)
  3. "Washington Legislature" Washington Bond Issue Law(Referenced Section 28A.530.010)
  4. "Washington Legislature" Washington Bond Issue Law(Referenced Section 28A.525.250)
  5. "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution(Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)
  6. "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution(Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)
  7. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.025 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.025 Revised Code of Washington)
  8. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.321 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.321 Revised Code of Washington)
  9. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=39.36.020 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 39.36.020 (3) Revised Code of Washington)
  10. "Washington Legislature" Washington Constitution(Referenced Section Article VII, Section 6)
  11. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.321 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.321 (2) Revised Code of Washington)
  12. [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=29A.04.321 "Washington Legislature" Washington School Bond Law(Referenced Section 29A.04.321 (4) Revised Code of Washington)
  13. "Washington Legislature" Washington Election Law(Referenced Statute 29A.36.071(1))
  14. "Washington Legislature" Washington Election Law(Referenced Statute 29A.72.050(2)(3))
  15. Washington Legislature" Washington Election Law(Referenced Statute 29A.36.080)