|Colorado Secretary of State|
|January 11, 2011 - Present|
|January 13, 2015|
|Years in position||4|
|Predecessor||Bernie Buescher (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|First elected||November 2, 2010|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|Term limits||2 consecutive terms|
|High school||Riverside-Brookfield High School (1983)|
|J.D.||University of Michigan (1990)|
|Service/branch||U.S. Army Reserves|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Political Career
- 3 Elections
- 4 Campaign contributions
- 5 Personal
- 6 Recent news
- 7 Contact information
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
Gessler grew up in Riverside, Illinois. He graduated from Riverside-Brookfield High School in 1983, and went on to earn his B.A., M.B.A., and J.D., from Yale University, Northwestern University, and University of Michigan, respectively.
After receiving his law degree in 1990, Gessler began his career as a federal prosecutor for the Department of Justice in Washington, D.C. He served as a reservist in the United States Army for sixteen years and has served overseas in locations such as Bosnia where he ran a Civil-Military Cooperation Centre in Gornji Vakuf, and Travnik, both in British Multi-National Division Southwest. Following his move to Colorado, Gessler joined Hackstaff Gessler LLC, a Denver-based private practice law firm, where he still works today. Prior to assuming office of secretary, he taught election law at the University of Colorado Law School.
- Riverside-Brookfield High School (1983)
- Bachelor's degree, Yale University (1987) in history and political science
- Juris Doctorate degree, University of Michigan (1990)
- Masters of Business Administration degree, Northwestern University (1996)
Colorado Secretary of State (2010-present)
Gessler defeated incumbent Bernie Buescher (D) in the 2010 general election, becoming Colorado's 37th Secretary of State.
Discretionary fund misuse
On June 13, 2013, Gessler was charged with misusing his office's discretionary fund to attend a lawyers conference that took place in Florida. The Colorado state ethics commission determined that Gessler had "breached the public trust for private gain" by using taxpayer money to fund a trip that was not in service of the office. Gessler went to the conference to earn ongoing legal education credits, which were necessary to maintain an up to date law license, but not a requirement of the secretary of state.
In reaction to the ruling, Gessler accused the commission of unfairly targeting him because of his affiliation with the Republican Party. He pointed out that "two commissioners have donated to my political opponents, and they both unsurprisingly ruled against me." The ethics commission is a five member panel composed of both Democrats and Republicans.
Gessler's relevant travel expenses were found to have cost Colorado taxpayers about $1,800, and he was penalized twice that sum to reimburse the state. The investigation into Gessler's ethics violations cost the commission and the secretary of state's office $143,000 in legal fees.
Gessler's incited a forceful backlash from Colorado democrats when he filed a lawsuit and subsequently testified against a popular bill to include and/or reactivate voters classified as "inactive-failed to vote" since 2010. The bill, introduced by Democratic Pueblo County Clerks, aimed to reach out to this base of underground or circumstantially disenfranchised voters, comprising roughly 71,000 Coloradoans between Denver and Pueblo, by automatically mailing them ballots. Supporters argued that "without the legislation, it will be more difficult for seniors, active duty military and others who rely on mail ballots to cast votes in 2012." As for his reasons, Gessler cited the legislation's expense, the importance of procedural uniformity in elections across all counties, and the irresponsibility of performing "radical surgery on elections administration" shortly before a presidential election. His initial reaction was to file suit against Denver County- one of the two "Democratic strongholds" the bill would target; when his request for an injunction was rejected by Denver District Judge Brian Whitney in October 2011, he continued fostering efforts to crush the bill, leading up to his controversial testimony in March 2012. Angered democratic lawmakers and party-members were adamant that his opposition reflected a disposition toward letting his partisan agenda precede the concern for doing right by Colorado voters, noting that the only clerks who were not on board were Republican and the mailings would primarily impact Democratic-leaning precincts.
After the judge's ruling in October 2011, thousands of dormant military voters--some overseas--were mailed ballots. Gessler invoked his preemptive authority as the state's chief elections official to issue the clerks a cease and desist order. The bill passed in the State Senate 29-10 but was ultimately killed in the Republican-dominated House local affairs committee on March 28, 2012. Democratic Party Chairman Rick Palacio said afterward, "If Gessler is unwilling to fulfill his duties as a non-partisan election officer, the people of Colorado should consider all avenues necessary to remove him as Secretary of State." A member from Gessler's public relations team responded that he would not dignify left-wing antagonism, including Palacio's threat of a potential recall election.
Issue committee financial reporting
On June 10, 2011, two non-profit voter advocacy groups -- Common Cause Colorado and Colorado Ethics Watch -- sued Gessler in Denver District Court over a new financial rule he imposed on ballot measure issue committees. Gessler, in his capacity as Secretary of State, had announced in May that issue committees would only be required to report contributions and expenditures over $5,000; under the Colorado Constitution, that threshold is set at $200. The $5,000 requirement is standard in several other states, including neighboring Nebraska.
Gessler explained that he imposed the new rule in response to a November 2010 court decision against the state, in which the 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals found the $200 threshold excessively low and unduly burdensome to issue committees. He criticized the plaintiffs in the June 2011 suit, noting that he acted to protect the state, which had spent hundreds of thousands of dollars defending itself before the 10th Circuit. "This latest complaint only adds insult to injury," he said. In response, Common Cause Colorado and Colorado Ethics Watch argued that Gessler's office lacked the authority to rewrite state campaign finance law by fiat. They also suggested that applying a one-size-fits-all rule like Gessler's to "every ballot question ... from the smallest local measure to a statewide ballot initiative where millions of dollars are involved," was inappropriate.
In addition to raising the reporting threshold to $5,000, Gessler's rewrite of the campaign finance rules also called for limiting the total fine that may be charged for late or incomplete campaign-finance reports to $9,000—-or $50 a day for up to 180 days. The new order went into effect permanently on March 30, 2012. The suit's unsuccessful plaintiffs, among other critics, expressed disappointment that these rules would greater strengthen the already influential role of money in determining election outcomes. Gessler countered that the rewrites promote First Amendment rights. "We want to make campaign finance requirements as clear as possible so that Coloradoans can get the transparency they expect with maximum political participation and civic engagement," he said on February 22, 2012.
In May 2013, The Denver Post reported that Gessler is considering a bid for Governor of Colorado in 2014, when Democratic incumbent Gov. John Hickenlooper is up for re-election. The report contradicted Gessler's announcement in March that he would run for a second term as secretary of state. On May 30, 2013, Gessler announced he was suspending his campaign for re-election as secretary of state to form a finance committee for a gubernatorial campaign. However, he refrained from making a formal announcement of his intention to run. He stated, "I plan to spend the summer making sure my issues are the right issues for the state of Colorado."
- General Election
- Gessler won the general election race for secretary of state with 49.5% of the vote.
|2010 Race for Secretary of State - General Election |
|Republican Party||Scott Gessler||49.5%|
|Democratic Party||Bernie Buescher||43.9%|
|Constitution Party||Amanda Campbell||6.6%|
- Scott Gessler ran unopposed in this contest
Comprehensive donor information for Gessler is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Gessler raised a total of $317,575 during that time period. This information was last updated on July 8, 2013.
|Scott Gessler's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||Colorado Secretary of State||$42,126|
|2010||Colorado Secretary of State||$275,449|
|Grand Total Raised||$317,575|
Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Scott Gessler's donors each year. Click [show] for more information.
|Scott Gessler's Campaign Contributions|
Colorado Secretary of State
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$354,663 (Democrat)|
|Top 5 contributors||Jessica Peck Corry||$1,650|
|Denver County Republican Central Committee||$1,500|
|Lola L Spradley||$1,250|
|15 individuals||$1,050 each|
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "Scott + Gessler + Colorado + Secretary"
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Secretary of State
1700 Broadway, Ste. 270
Denver, CO 80290
Phone: (303) 894-2200
Toll Free Phone: (303) 869-4867
Fax: (303) 869-4860
- Colorado Secretary of State
- Governor of Colorado
- Lieutenant Governor of Colorado
- Attorney General of Colorado
- Official Colorado Secretary of State website
- Scott Gessler for Colorado Secretary of State Campaign website
- Scott Gessler's Twitter account
- Project Vote Smart - Scott Gessler biography
- Campaign contributions: 2012, 2010
- Grand Junction Sentinel "Gessler becomes new Colo. secretary of state" 3 Nov. 2010
- Gessler for Colorado, "About Scott Gessler," accessed August 27, 2013
- The Gazette, "Panel: Secretary of State Scott Gessler violated ethics rules over spending," June 13, 2013
- The Denver Post, "Colorado Secretary of State wrong to use state funds for trip, ethics commission rules," June 14, 2013
- The Denver Post "Judge's ruling allows Nov. 1 election ballots to be sent to inactive voters," October 8, 2011
- The Denver Post "Colorado Democrats want Secretary of State Scott Gessler removed from office," March 29, 2012
- Denver Post, "2 groups sue Gessler over campaign finance decision," June 10, 2011.
- The Denver Post, "Secretary of State Scott Gessler rewrites Colorado campaign finance rules," February 23, 2012
- Mitt Romney for President, "Mitt Romney Announces Support of Minnesota Leaders," February 4, 2012
- The Denver Post, "Scott Gessler evaluating run for Colorado governor in 2014," May 16, 2013
- The Colorado Statesman, "Gessler announces for reelection as secretary of state," March 29, 2013
- 9 News, "Scott Gessler suspends re-election bid to focus on Governor's race," May 30, 2013, accessed June 25, 2013
- Colorado Secretary of State - 2010 General Election Results
- Colorado Secretary of State - 2010 Republican Primary Election Results
- Follow the Money, "Career financing for Scott Gessler," accessed July 8, 2013
- Follow the Money.org, "Home," accessed February 17, 2015
- Project Vote Smart, "Secretary Scott Gessler's Biography," accessed August 27, 2013
Bernie Buescher (D)
|Colorado Secretary of State
| Succeeded by|