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::''See also: [[Scott Walker possible presidential campaign, 2016]]''
 
{{Polinfobox
 
{{Polinfobox
 
|Project =SEO
 
|Project =SEO
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|Status = Incumbent
 
|Status = Incumbent
 
|Tenure = January 3, 2011 - Present
 
|Tenure = January 3, 2011 - Present
|Term ends = 2014
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|Term ends = 2019
 
|Assumed office = 2011
 
|Assumed office = 2011
 
|Political party = Republican
 
|Political party = Republican
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|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election =[[Scott Walker recall, Wisconsin (2012)|June 5, 2012]]
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|Last election =[[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 
|Campaign $ = 48848814
 
|Campaign $ = 48848814
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
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|First elected =[[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2010|November 2, 2010]]
 
|First elected =[[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2010|November 2, 2010]]
 
|Term limits =[[States with gubernatorial term limits|None]]
 
|Term limits =[[States with gubernatorial term limits|None]]
|Next election =[[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
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|Next election =
 
|Prior office =Milwaukee County Executive
 
|Prior office =Milwaukee County Executive
 
|Prior office years =May 10, 2002-December 28, 2010
 
|Prior office years =May 10, 2002-December 28, 2010
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|Campaign website =http://www.scottwalker.com/
 
|Campaign website =http://www.scottwalker.com/
 
|Personal website =https://twitter.com/scottkwalker
 
|Personal website =https://twitter.com/scottkwalker
}}{{tnr}}'''Scott Walker''' (b.November 2, 1967, in Colorado Springs, [[Colorado]]) is a [[Republican]] currently serving as the the 45th [[Governor of Wisconsin]]. He was elected to this position in 2010, defeating [[Tom Barrett]], the [[Democratic]] Mayor of Milwaukee. Rising through the state ranks to reach the governorship, Walker first served in the [[Wisconsin State Assembly]] from 1993-2002, and as Milwaukee County Executive from 2002-2010.<ref name="resign">[http://www.todaystmj4.com/news/local/112495344.html ''Today's TMJ 4'' "Walker Works Last Day as County Executive", December 27, 2010]</ref>
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}}{{tnr}}'''Scott Walker''' (b. November 2, 1967, in Colorado Springs, [[Colorado]]) is a [[Republican]] currently serving as the 45th [[Governor of Wisconsin]]. He was first elected governor in [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2010|November 2010]], and was sworn into office January 3, 2011, replacing [[Democrat]] [[Jim Doyle]]. Walker won a second term in [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014|2014]], alongside running mate and [[Wisconsin Lieutenant Governor|current Lieutenant Governor]] [[Rebecca Kleefisch]] (R).<ref name=2014govrun>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/scott-walker-kicking-off-re-election-bid-with-rallies-around-wisconsin-b99248241z1-255300891.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel'', "Scott Walker kicks off re-election bid with rallies around Wisconsin," April 15, 2014]</ref> His second term began in January 2015.
  
Walker gained national attention soon after assuming the office of governor in 2011 due to his proposal of [[Wisconsin Act 10, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill" (2011)|Wisconsin Act 10]], which became known as the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill." The bill, which restricted the ability of public workers to engage in public bargaining, drew [[Union protests in Madison, Wisconsin over Gov. Scott Walker's Budget Repair Bill|massive protests]], mainly organized by unions. Opponents of the measure targeted Walker for recall, successfully forcing the incumbent to face a [[Scott Walker recall, Wisconsin (2012)|recall election]] on June 5, 2012.<ref> [http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2012/03/15/Recall-election-schedule-set-in-Wisconsin/UPI-32421331789711/ ''UPI,'' "Recall election schedule set in Wisconsin,"  March 15, 2012] </ref> Walker again faced [[Tom Barrett]] (D), defeating him 53% to 46%. In doing so Walker became the first governor to survive a recall.<ref> [http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Elections/Governors/2012/0606/Gov.-Scott-Walker-makes-history-survives-Wisconsin-recall-election-video ''Christian Science Monitor,'' "Gov. Scott Walker makes history, survives Wisconsin recall election," June 6, 2012] </ref> The legislation also led to two years of [[Recall of Wisconsin State Senators (2011)|State Senate recalls]], where ultimately three Republican Senators were recalled by voters.
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Walker is considered a [[Possible presidential candidates, 2016|possible presidential candidate]] in 2016.
  
An analysis of Republican governors by Nate Silver of the ''New York Times'' in April 2013 ranked Walker as the 3rd most conservative governor in the country.<ref> [http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/16/in-state-governments-signs-of-a-healthier-g-o-p/?smid=tw-share&_r=0 ''New York Times,'' "In State Governments, Signs of a Healthier G.O.P.," April 16, 2013]</ref> Walker is a member of the executive committee of the National Governor's Association. He, along with eight other governors, will determine the association's priorities and actions for the year. He was named to this leadership role in August, 2013.<ref>[http://www.nga.org/cms/home/news-room/news-releases/2013-news-releases/col2-content/nga-announces-new-executive-2013.html ''National Governor's Association,'' NGA Announces New Executive Committee Leadership, August 4, 2013]</ref>
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Rising through the state ranks to reach the governorship, Walker first served in the [[Wisconsin State Assembly]] from 1993-2002 and as Milwaukee County executive from 2002-2010.<ref name="resign">[http://www.todaystmj4.com/news/local/112495344.html ''Today's TMJ 4'', "Walker Works Last Day as County Executive," December 27, 2010]</ref>
  
Walker, should he choose to run, will be up for re-election in [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014|2014]]. He is considered a potential candidate for President in 2016.<ref> [http://www.politico.com/story/2013/03/walker-opens-up-about-white-house-ambitions-88938.html ''Politico,'' "Scott Walker opens up about White House ambitions," March 16, 2013] </ref>
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Walker gained national attention soon after assuming the office of governor in 2011 due to his proposal of [[Wisconsin Act 10, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill" (2011)|Wisconsin Act 10]], which became known as the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill." The bill, which restricted the ability of public workers to engage in public bargaining, drew [[Union protests in Madison, Wisconsin over Gov. Scott Walker's Budget Repair Bill|massive protests]], mainly organized by unions. Opponents of the measure targeted Walker for recall, successfully forcing the incumbent to face a [[Scott Walker recall, Wisconsin (2012)|recall election]] on June 5, 2012.<ref> [http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2012/03/15/Recall-election-schedule-set-in-Wisconsin/UPI-32421331789711/ ''UPI,'' "Recall election schedule set in Wisconsin,"  March 15, 2012] </ref> Walker again faced [[Tom Barrett]] (D), defeating him 53 percent to 46 percent. In doing so Walker became the first governor to survive a recall.<ref> [http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Elections/Governors/2012/0606/Gov.-Scott-Walker-makes-history-survives-Wisconsin-recall-election-video ''Christian Science Monitor,'' "Gov. Scott Walker makes history, survives Wisconsin recall election," June 6, 2012] </ref> The legislation also led to two years of [[Recall of Wisconsin State Senators (2011)|State Senate recalls]]; as a result of these efforts, three Republican senators were removed from office.
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An analysis of Republican governors by Nate Silver of the ''New York Times'' in April 2013 ranked Walker as the third most conservative governor in the country.<ref> [http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/16/in-state-governments-signs-of-a-healthier-g-o-p/?smid=tw-share&_r=0 ''New York Times,'' "In State Governments, Signs of a Healthier G.O.P.," April 16, 2013]</ref> Walker is a member of the executive committee of the [[National Governors Association]]. He, along with eight other governors, will determine the association's priorities and actions for the year. He was named to this leadership role in August 2013.<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.nga.org/cms/home/news-room/news-releases/2013-news-releases/col2-content/nga-announces-new-executive-2013.html ''National Governors Association,'' "NGA Announces New Executive Committee Leadership," August 4, 2013]</ref>
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
  
Born in Colorado Springs, [[Colorado]], to Pat and Llewlyn Walker, Scott Walker first moved to Plainfield, [[Iowa]], before settling in the small town of Delevan, [[Wisconsin]], in 1977. Growing up, Walker was an active Boy Scout and ultimately earned the Eagle Scout rank. Walker continues to be involved with scouting.  Through the American Legion, he also went to Ripon, Wisconsin for Badger Boys State and then on Washington, D.C. for Boys Nation.<ref name="bio">[http://www.scottwalker.org/about/biography ''Scott Walker for Governor'' "Official Biography"]</ref>  Walker has credited that experience with sparking his political interest.
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Born in Colorado Springs, [[Colorado]], to Pat and Llewlyn Walker, Scott Walker first moved to Plainfield, [[Iowa]], before settling in the small town of Delevan, [[Wisconsin]], in 1977. Growing up, Walker was an active Boy Scout and ultimately earned the Eagle Scout rank. Walker continues to be involved with scouting.  Through the American Legion, he also went to Ripon, Wisconsin, for Badger Boys State and then to Washington, D.C., for Boys Nation.<ref name="bio">[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.scottwalker.org/about/biography ''Scott Walker for Governor'', "Official Biography," accessed October 27, 2010]</ref>  Walker has credited that experience with sparking his political interest.
  
He left Marquette University in his senior year to join the Red Cross in a marketing position.  He also worked briefly for IBM while he was a student at Marquette.<ref name="bio" />  Having never returned to finished his degree, Walker is now the first Governor of Wisconsin in over 64 years not to hold a college degree.
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He left Marquette University in his senior year to join the Red Cross in a marketing position.  He also worked briefly for IBM while he was a student at Marquette.<ref name="bio" />  Having never returned to finished his degree, Walker is now the first governor in over 64 years not to hold a college degree.
  
In 1993, Walker ran for and was elected to the [[Wisconsin State Assembly|State Assembly]] in a special election for the 14th District.<ref name="bio" />  He was re-elected four times and served nine years in the Assembly.<ref name="bio" />
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In 1993, Walker ran for and was elected to the [[Wisconsin State Assembly]] in a special election for the 14th District.<ref name="bio"/>  He was re-elected four times and served nine years in the Assembly.<ref name="bio"/>
  
Walker ran for Milwaukee County Executive in 2002 and won a special election that year after former County Executive Tom Ament resigned during a pension scandal that affected the county.<ref name="resign" /> He was re-elected as County Executive for Wisconsin's largest county in 2004 and 2008.<ref name="bio" />  In his 2008 re-election bid, Walker won over 57 percent of the vote.<ref>[http://county.milwaukee.gov/ImageLibrary/Groups/cntyElectCommission/ElectionResults/2008/4108_Canvass_County_Executive.pdf ''Milwaukee County Election Commission'' "Spring 2008 General Election Results"]</ref>  Walker officially stepped down as County Executive on December 28, 2010 shortly after being elected the 45th Governor of Wisconsin.<ref name="resign" />   
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Walker ran for Milwaukee County executive in 2002 and won a special election that year after former county executive Tom Ament resigned during a pension scandal that affected the county.<ref name="resign" /> Walker was re-elected as county executive for Wisconsin's largest county in 2004 and 2008.<ref name="bio" />  In his 2008 re-election bid, Walker won over 57 percent of the vote.<ref>[http://county.milwaukee.gov/ImageLibrary/Groups/cntyElectCommission/ElectionResults/2008/4108_Canvass_County_Executive.pdf ''Milwaukee County Election Commission'', "Spring 2008 General Election Results," accessed October 28, 2010]</ref>  Walker officially stepped down as County Executive on December 28, 2010, shortly after being elected the 45th Governor of Wisconsin.<ref name="resign"/>   
  
He previously ran for Governor in 2006 but ended his candidacy over fund-raising concerns.  In April of 2009, he announced his second run for Governor.<ref>[http://www.channel3000.com/politics/19297409/detail.html ''Channel 3000'' "Walker Expected To Announce Bid For Governor", 27 Apr. 2009]</ref>
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He previously ran for governor in 2006 but ended his candidacy over fundraising concerns.  In April 2009, he announced his second run for governor.<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.channel3000.com/politics/19297409/detail.html ''Channel 3000'', "Walker Expected To Announce Bid For Governor," April 27, 2009]</ref>
 
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Walker and his wife Tonnette have two sons.  The Walkers reside in Wauwatosa.<ref name="bio" />
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===Education===
 
===Education===
 
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* High school diploma, Delevan-Darien High School (1986)
* Marquette University (Attended 1986 to 1990)
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* Attended, Marquette University (1986 to 1990)
* Delevan-Darien High School, 1986
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==Political career==
 
==Political career==
 
===Governor of Wisconsin (2011 - Present)===
 
===Governor of Wisconsin (2011 - Present)===
Walker campaigned for both his party's nomination and during the general election on a program of cutting spending, reversing taxes, and reducing salary and benefits for public sector union employees.<ref>[http://dailyreporter.com/blog/2009/11/13/walker-targets-wages-and-benefits/ ''The Daily Reporter'', "Walker targets wages and benefits", November 13, 2009]</ref>  He specifically promised to decline a proposed $800 million federal grant to build a rail line between Madison and Milwaukee, saying the annual upkeep would dwarf federal government aid and be too expensive to make the project worthwhile.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/milwaukee/37167414.html 'Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel'', "Walker says no thanks to federal stimulus dollars", January 6, 2009]</ref> After his victory, the grant was rescinded and the money given to other states.
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In both the 2010 primary and general election, Walker campaigned on a program of cutting spending, reversing taxes and reducing salaries and benefits for public sector union employees.<ref>[http://dailyreporter.com/blog/2009/11/13/walker-targets-wages-and-benefits/ ''The Daily Reporter'', "Walker targets wages and benefits," November 13, 2009]</ref>  He specifically promised to decline a proposed $800 million federal grant to build a rail line between Madison and Milwaukee, saying the annual upkeep would dwarf federal government aid and be too expensive to make the project worthwhile.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/milwaukee/37167414.html ''Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel'', "Walker says no thanks to federal stimulus dollars," January 6, 2009]</ref> After his victory in 2010, the grant was rescinded and the money given to other states. Walker avoided recall by winning an election in 2012 and won a second four-year term in 2014.  
  
====Collective bargaining====
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====Controversies====
One of Walker's early proposals, [[Wisconsin Assembly Bill 11, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill" (2011)|Wisconsin Assembly Bill 11, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill"]], was aimed at saving Wisconsin citizens money by reducing the ability of government employee unions to engage in collective bargaining. Under the plan, only emergency responders would retain that privilege. The proposal also called for unions members to make contributions to their own medical insurance and retirement savings, of 12.6% and 5.8% respectively.<ref>[http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704657704576150390393461846.html?mod=WSJ_hp_MIDDLETopStories ''Wall Street Journal'', "Union Fight Heats Up", February 17, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/govt-and-politics/article_3d93e6aa-363a-11e0-8493-001cc4c002e0.html ''Wisconsin State Journal'', "Highlights of Gov. Walker's budget repair  bill", February 11, 2011]</ref>
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=====Investigation of alleged campaign coordination=====
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Michael Isikoff with ''Yahoo! Politics'' published an article on March 23, 2015, detailing $1.5 million in donations by John Menard, Jr. to the Wisconsin Club for Growth in support of Walker's [[Scott Walker recall, Wisconsin (2012)|2012 campaign against recall]]. Menard, the owner of Menard's home improvement stores, received $1.8 million in tax credits from the Wisconsin Economic Development Corp. (WEDC) in 2013 and 2014. Isikoff also noted that the [[Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources]] reduced their overall enforcement actions since 2010, which became a priority to Menard following $1.7 million in fines for hazardous waste dumping by his company during [[James Doyle|former Gov. Jim Doyle's]] (D) time in office.<ref name=yahoo>[https://www.yahoo.com/politics/wisconsin-gov-scott-walker-photo-charlie-114429739886.html ''Yahoo!,'' "Secret $1.5 million donation from Wisconsin billionaire uncovered in Scott Walker dark-money probe," March 23, 2015]</ref>
  
The bill was introduced into the Assembly by the Committee on Assembly Organization, at the request of Governor Walker, on February 15, 2011. It was then referred, successively, to the Joint Committee on Finance and the Joint Survey Committee on Retirement Systems. The Republican controlled [[Wisconsin State Assembly|Assembly]] and the [[Wisconsin State Senate|Senate]] were in favor of the bill;  not surprisingly, their [[Democratic]] colleagues took the opposite view. Lacking the numbers to vote the bill down, the entire Wisconsin Senate Democratic contingent simply refused to vote. Senate Republicans were one short of the 20 members needed to call a quorum and vote on spending bills, meaning the Democrats were able to halt a vote on the bill. 
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Walker spokesperson Laurel Patrick rejected Isikoff's notion of special treatment for Menard. Patrick also highlighted $1 million in tax credits provided to Menard under Walker's Democratic predecessor to counter charges of special favors.<ref name=yahoo/> Patrick also pointed out that while Walker chairs the WEDC, he did not vote on the tax credits because they fell below a $10 million threshold for his involvement.<ref name=js>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/report-menards-owner-gave-15-million-to-pro-scott-walker-group-b99468098z1-297388001.html ''Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel,'' "Report: Menards owner gave $1.5 million to pro-Scott Walker group," March 24, 2015]</ref>
  
Governor Walker ordered Wisconsin law enforcement to find the Senators and compel them to return to the Capitol for the vote, causing the Democratic Senate delegation to decamp to a resort across the border in Rockford, [[Illinois]].<ref>[http://www.greenbaypressgazette.com/article/20110211/GPG0101/110211052/Public-workers-in-Wisconsin-reeling-from-anti-union-bill ''Green Bay Press Gazette'', "Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker says National Guard ready for any unrest over anti-union bill", February 11, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://blogs.abcnews.com/george/2011/02/wisconsin-state-senator-mark-miller-calls-governor-scott-walkers-budget-tactics-insulting-asks-for-r.html ''ABC News'', "Wisconsin State Senator Mark Miller Calls Governor Scott Walker's Budget Tactics 'Insulting,' Asks for 'Respect'", February 18, 2011]</ref>  In a February 17th press conference, Walker pressed lawmakers to return to the state and take a vote.  Asked if he thought he had any legal authority to cross state lines and compel Senate Democrats to return to Madison, he told reporters, "That's a really big question for us."<ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/145033-wisconsin-gov-gop-emboldened-by-protests- ''The Hill'', "Wis. governor: GOP won't be 'bullied' by union bill protesters", February 18, 2011]</ref>
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Isikoff drew on emails and internal documents seized by prosecutors as part of a larger investigation of potential illegal coordination between conservative groups and Walker during the 2012 recall election. This investigation, referred to as John Doe 2 to differentiate from an investigation of Walker's time as Milwaukee County executive, has revealed emails from Walker's recall campaign soliciting funds for the Wisconsin Club for Growth because of the group's non-disclosure of corporate donations. Donations were made by Menard and Donald Trump along with hedge fund investors Stephen Cohen and [[Paul Singer]]. Mining firm Gogebic Taconite also donated $700,000 to the group during the recall campaign while lobbying the [[Wisconsin State Assembly]] to secure iron ore rights in the northern part of the state. David Rivkin, an attorney for Wisconsin Club for Growth, countered John Doe 2 by stating that "the John Doe investigation is a transparent attempt to target and silence Wisconsin conservatives."<ref name=yahoo/> The [[Wisconsin Supreme Court]] will hear arguments for John Doe 2 on April 17 and April 20, 2015.<ref name=js/>{{SEO unique news update|Month=March 2015|Reason=Ongoing investigation}}
  
The response from unions became a national story; schools were closed for days as unionized teachers called in 'sick' and camped out inside the Capitol rotunda.<ref>[http://www.fox6now.com/news/witi-02182011-mps-closed-friday-story,0,4838415.story ''Fox 6'', "Milwaukee Public Schools closed for Friday due to high number of absentee calls from teachers", February 18, 2011]</ref>  Republicans adjourned until Friday, February 18, 2011, still indicating a vote could go forwardHolding 19 seats in the Senate and requiring 20 for a vote, the GOP only needed one additional member to show up.<ref name=gazette>[http://www.greenbaypressgazette.com/article/20110217/GPG0101/110217145/State-Democrats-flee-to-Rockford-Ill-hotel-to-block-anti-union-bill ''Green Bay Press Gazette,'' Wisconsin Democrats flee to Clock Tower Hotel in Rockford, Ill., to block anti-union bill, 17 Feb. 2011]</ref><ref>[http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9LENT880.htm ''Bloomberg Businessweek,'' Senator: Missing Wis. lawmakers left the state, 17 Feb. 2011]</ref> While the DNC, President Obama, and national union heads weighed in against Walker's plan, one local paper editorialized that Democrats needed to "get over their snits and get back to work".<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/opinion/116434554.html ''Journal-Sentinal Online'', "The Dems' tantrum", February 17, 2011]</ref>
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=====Collective bargaining=====
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::''See also: [[Wisconsin Act 10, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill" (2011)]] and [[Union protests in Madison, Wisconsin over Gov. Scott Walker's Budget Repair Bill]]
 +
One of Walker's early proposals, [[Wisconsin Assembly Bill 11, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill" (2011)|Wisconsin Assembly Bill 11, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill"]], was aimed at saving Wisconsin citizens money by reducing the ability of government employee unions to engage in collective bargainingUnder the plan, only emergency responders would retain that privilege. The proposal also called for union members to make contributions to their own medical insurance and retirement savings, of 12.6 percent and 5.8 percent, respectively.<ref>[http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704657704576150390393461846.html?mod=WSJ_hp_MIDDLETopStories ''Wall Street Journal'', "Union Fight Heats Up," February 17, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/govt-and-politics/article_3d93e6aa-363a-11e0-8493-001cc4c002e0.html ''Wisconsin State Journal'', "Highlights of Gov. Walker's budget repair  bill," February 11, 2011]</ref>
  
Union leaders and Democrats contrasted their actions as making a final stand to prevent similar bills from being introduced in other states. Both President Obama and union heads described the bill as an 'assault'.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/02/17/AR2011021705494.html ''Washington Post'', "Obama joins Wisconsin's budget battle, opposing Republican anti-union bill", February 18, 2011]</ref>
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The bill was introduced into the Assembly by the Committee on Assembly Organization, at the request of Walker, on February 15, 2011. It was then referred, successively, to the Joint Committee on Finance and the Joint Survey Committee on Retirement Systems.  The Republican-controlled [[Wisconsin State Assembly|Assembly]] and the [[Wisconsin State Senate|Senate]] were in favor of the bill; their [[Democratic]] colleagues took the opposite view. Lacking the numbers to vote the bill down, the entire Wisconsin Senate Democratic contingent refused to vote.  Senate Republicans were one short of the 20 members needed to call a quorum and vote on spending bills, meaning the Democrats were able to halt a vote on the bill. 
  
As the first week of protests ended, with Madison and Milwaukee schools having been closed three days, schools sought a temporary restraining order banning teachers from attending protests and thus forcing teachers to report to their jobs, something the courts denied on Friday, February 18th.<ref>[http://www.nbc15.com/home/headlines/Madison_Schools_Prepare_For_Staff_Absences_116265614.html ''NBC 15'', "UPDATE: Madison Schools Go To Court To Get Teachers Back", February 18, 2011]</ref> Meanwhile, union members from other states began streaming into Wisconsin to join the protests and some allies of Governor Walker reported being picketed at their own homes.<ref>[http://www.journaltimes.com/news/local/govt-and-politics/article_eaf85a4c-3900-11e0-a018-001cc4c03286.html ''The Journal Times'', "Unions picket Wanggaard home over Walker’s overhaul proposal", February 15, 2011]</ref>
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Walker ordered Wisconsin law enforcement to find the senators and compel them to return to the Capitol for the vote, causing the Democratic Senate delegation to decamp to a resort across the border in Rockford, [[Illinois]].<ref>[http://www.greenbaypressgazette.com/article/20110211/GPG0101/110211052/Public-workers-in-Wisconsin-reeling-from-anti-union-bill ''Green Bay Press Gazette'', "Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker says National Guard ready for any unrest over anti-union bill," February 11, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://blogs.abcnews.com/george/2011/02/wisconsin-state-senator-mark-miller-calls-governor-scott-walkers-budget-tactics-insulting-asks-for-r.html ''ABC News'', "Wisconsin State Senator Mark Miller Calls Governor Scott Walker's Budget Tactics 'Insulting,' Asks for 'Respect'," February 18, 2011]</ref> In a February 17 press conference, Walker pressed lawmakers to return to the state and take a vote. Asked if he thought he had any legal authority to cross state lines and compel Senate Democrats to return to Madison, he told reporters, "That's a really big question for us."<ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/145033-wisconsin-gov-gop-emboldened-by-protests- ''The Hill'', "Wis. governor: GOP won't be 'bullied' by union bill protesters," February 18, 2011]</ref>
  
Republicans did not get their vote on Friday and protests continued through the weekend and the President's Day holiday, by which time the story was an international headline and other GOP governors were fashioning versions of the bill for their own states. By this point, protests from organized labor had spread to [[Indiana]] and [[Ohio]], with pro-union crowds thronging those state capitols.<ref>[http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703800204576158851079665840.html?mod=WSJ_hp_LEFTTopStories ''Wall Street Journal'', "Political Fight Over Unions Escalates", February 22, 2011]</ref>  
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The response from unions became a national story; schools were closed for days as unionized teachers called in 'sick' and camped out inside the Capitol rotunda.<ref>[http://www.fox6now.com/news/witi-02182011-mps-closed-friday-story,0,4838415.story ''Fox 6'', "Milwaukee Public Schools closed for Friday due to high number of absentee calls from teachers," February 18, 2011] ''([[dead link]])'' ''([[dead link]])''</ref> Republicans adjourned until Friday, February 18, 2011, still indicating a vote could go forward.  Holding 19 seats in the Senate and requiring 20 for a vote, the GOP only needed one additional member to show up.<ref name=gazette>[http://www.greenbaypressgazette.com/article/20110217/GPG0101/110217145/State-Democrats-flee-to-Rockford-Ill-hotel-to-block-anti-union-bill ''Green Bay Press Gazette,'' "Wisconsin Democrats flee to Clock Tower Hotel in Rockford, Ill., to block anti-union bill," February 17, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9LENT880.htm ''Bloomberg Businessweek,'' "Senator: Missing Wis. lawmakers left the state," February 17, 2011]</ref>  While the DNC, President Obama and national union heads weighed in against Walker's plan, one local paper wrote that Democrats needed to "get over their snits and get back to work."<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/opinion/116434554.html ''Journal-Sentinal Online'', "The Dems' tantrum," February 17, 2011]</ref>
  
Governor Walker and his party-mates steadfastly refused to back down on cutting collective bargaining rights, with Walker telling media outlets that he was doing exactly what he had promised during his campaign. On Tuesday, February 22, 2011, Wisconsin's Assembly Speaker, [[Jeff Fitzgerald]], who also chaired the Assembly Committee that first saw the bill, spoke publicly before beginning the day,s session; he vowed to pass the bill intact and echoed Walker's stance that Republicans were doing exactly what they has promised to do if elected.<ref>[http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110222/ap_on_re_us/us_wisconsin_budget_unions ''Yahoo News'', "Wis. Assembly leader vows to pass anti-union bill", February 22, 2011]</ref>
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Union leaders and Democrats contrasted their actions as making a final stand to prevent similar bills from being introduced in other states. Both President Obama and union heads described the bill as an 'assault.'<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/02/17/AR2011021705494.html ''Washington Post'', "Obama joins Wisconsin's budget battle, opposing Republican anti-union bill," February 18, 2011]</ref>
  
The start of the second week also brought an ultimatum from the Governor, who warned public employees that he would commence layoffs if his bill continued to be stalled.<ref>[http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110222/ap_on_re_us/us_wisconsin_budget_unions ''Yahoo News'', "Wisconsin governor warns of layoff notices", February 22, 2011]</ref> With Senate Democrats still out of Walker's reach, their Assembly counterparts spent the morning session pushing for more than 100 amendments. Both the Senate and the Governor worked under heavy guard from state patrol officers with the roar of protesters audible throughout the Capitol.
+
As the first week of protests ended, with Madison and Milwaukee schools having been closed three days, schools sought a temporary restraining order banning teachers from attending protests and thus forcing teachers to report to their jobs, something the courts denied on Friday, February 18.<ref>[http://www.nbc15.com/home/headlines/Madison_Schools_Prepare_For_Staff_Absences_116265614.html ''NBC 15'', "UPDATE: Madison Schools Go To Court To Get Teachers Back," February 18, 2011]</ref> Meanwhile, union members from other states began streaming into Wisconsin to join the protests and some of Walker's allies reported being picketed at their own homes.<ref>[http://www.journaltimes.com/news/local/govt-and-politics/article_eaf85a4c-3900-11e0-a018-001cc4c03286.html ''The Journal Times'', "Unions picket Wanggaard home over Walker’s overhaul proposal," February 15, 2011]</ref>
  
Tuesday morning also brought the first indications that Senate Republicans might have found a way to end collective bargaining without Democratic cooperation.  While the Wisconsin Senate must have a quorum to pass spending and fiscal bills, they could theoretically sever the collective bargaining from the spending cuts and pass the former item in its own bill. Freshman Senator [[Leah Vukmir]] indicated the idea had been considered but that the GOP was not yet sure it wanted to take that route.<ref>[http://dailycaller.com/2011/02/21/wisconsin-senate-can-eliminate-collective-bargaining-for-teachers-%E2%80%94-even-without-democrats-who-fled/ ''The Daily Caller'', "Wisconsin Senate can eliminate collective bargaining for teachers - even without Democrats who fled", February 21, 2011]</ref>
+
Republicans did not get their vote on Friday and protests continued through the weekend and the President's Day holiday, by which time the story was an international headline and other GOP governors were fashioning versions of the bill for their own states. By this point, protests from organized labor had spread to [[Indiana]] and [[Ohio]], with pro-union crowds thronging those state capitols.<ref>[http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703800204576158851079665840.html?mod=WSJ_hp_LEFTTopStories ''Wall Street Journal'', "Political Fight Over Unions Escalates," February 22, 2011]</ref>  
  
=====In effect after Supreme Court ruling=====
+
Walker and his fellow party members steadfastly refused to back down on cutting collective bargaining rights, with Walker telling media outlets that he was doing exactly what he had promised during his campaign. On Tuesday, February 22, 2011, Wisconsin's Assembly Speaker, [[Jeff Fitzgerald]], who also chaired the Assembly Committee that first saw the bill, spoke publicly before beginning the day's session; he vowed to pass the bill intact and echoed Walker's stance that Republicans were doing exactly what they had promised to do if elected.<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110222/ap_on_re_us/us_wisconsin_budget_unions ''Yahoo News'', "Wis. Assembly leader vows to pass anti-union bill," February 22, 2011]</ref>
  
On June 14, 2011, the state [[Judgepedia:Wisconsin Supreme Court|Supreme Court]] overturned a lower court, ruling that Gov. Walker’s collective bargaining law was in effect.
+
The start of the second week also brought an ultimatum from the governor, who warned public employees that he would commence layoffs if his bill continued to be stalled.<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110222/ap_on_re_us/us_wisconsin_budget_unions ''Yahoo News'', "Wisconsin governor warns of layoff notices," February 22, 2011]</ref>  With Senate Democrats still out of Walker's reach, their Assembly counterparts spent the morning session pushing for more than 100 amendments. Both the Senate and the governor worked under heavy guard from state patrol officers with the roar of protesters audible throughout the Capitol.
  
The ruling voided [[Judgepedia:Dane County Circuit Court|Dane County Circuit Court]] Judge [[Judgepedia:Maryann Sumi|Maryann Sumi]]’s decision that the law wasn’t in effect because lawmakers broke the state’s [[SunshineReview:Wisconsin Open Meetings Law|open meetings law]] during the passage of the legislation.
+
Tuesday morning brought the first indications that Senate Republicans might have found a way to end collective bargaining without Democratic cooperation.  While the Wisconsin Senate must have a quorum to pass spending and fiscal bills, they could theoretically sever the collective bargaining from the spending cuts and pass the former item in its own bill.  Freshman Senator [[Leah Vukmir]] indicated the idea had been considered but that the GOP was not yet sure it wanted to take that route.<ref>[http://dailycaller.com/2011/02/21/wisconsin-senate-can-eliminate-collective-bargaining-for-teachers-%E2%80%94-even-without-democrats-who-fled/ ''The Daily Caller'', "Wisconsin Senate can eliminate collective bargaining for teachers - even without Democrats who fled," February 21, 2011]</ref>
  
“We’ve been saying since day one that Republicans passed the budget repair bill correctly, so frankly this isn’t much of a surprise,” Senate Majority Leader [[Scott Fitzgerald]] and Assembly Speaker [[Jeff Fitzgerald]] said in a joint statement. “We followed the law when the bill was passed, simple as that.
+
The [[Wisconsin Assembly]] voted for final passage of the bill on March 10, 2011, and Walker signed the bill into law the following day.<ref>[https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/2011/proposals/jr1/ab11 ''Wisconsin Legislative Documents'', "Assembly Bill 11," accessed July 25, 2014]</ref> The new law immediately faced legal challenges.
  
In its ruling, the state Supreme Court said because the Dane County Circuit Court “invaded the legislature’s constitutional powers...under the Wisconsin Constitution” when Sumi issued a temporary restraining order preventing the law from going into effect.<ref>[http://www.wisconsinreporter.com/breaking-news-high-court-overrules-sumi-says-union-reform-law-in-effect "High court overrules Sumi, says union reform law in effect," ''Wisconsin Reporter'', June 14th, 2011]</ref>
+
======Law struck down by district court======
 +
Dane County District Judge [[Maryann Sumi|Maryann Sumi]] ruled in May 2011 that lawmakers violated [[Wisconsin Open Meetings Law|Wisconsin's open meetings law]] in passing the collective bargaining legislation in spring 2011, and therefore, the bill would be null and void. Walker had signed the bill into law, but the ruling overruled it.
  
=====Overruled=====
+
"It is not the court's duty to determine whether 2011 Wisconsin Act 10 is good public policy or bad public policy; that is the business of the legislature," the ruling stated. It went on to say that the court had a responsibility to "apply the rule of law to the facts before it."
Dane County District Judge [[Judgepedia:Maryann Sumi|Maryann Sumi]] ruled in May 2011 that lawmakers violated [[SunshineReview:Wisconsin Open Meetings Law|Wisconsin's open meetings law]] in passing the collective bargaining legislation in spring 2011, and therefore, the bill would be null and void. Gov. Walker had signed the bill into law, but the ruling overruled it.
+
  
"It is not the court's duty to determine whether 2011 Wisconsin Act 10 is good public policy or bad public policy; that is the business of the legislature," according to the ruling. "It is this court's responsibility, however, to apply the rule of law to the facts before it."
+
Sumi ruled that lawmakers failed to give enough notice for the Joint Committee on Conference meeting held March 9, 2011, during which lawmakers settled on the final version of the collective bargaining bill. The bill requires most public union employees to contribute more to their healthcare and pension plans and limits their collective-bargaining powers to salary negotiations.
  
Sumi ruled that lawmakers failed to give enough notice for the Joint Committee on Conference meeting held March 9, 2011, during which lawmakers settled on the final version of the collective bargaining bill. The bill requires most public union employees to contribute more to their health care and pension plans and limits their collective-bargaining powers to salary negotiations.
+
Legislative leaders pledged to pass the legislation again as part of the biennial budget — but counted on the state Supreme Court to be the ultimate decider on this case.
  
Legislative leaders have pledged to pass the legislation again as part of the biennial budget — and they're counting on the state Supreme Court to be the ultimate decider on this case.
+
“There’s still a much larger separation-of-powers issue: whether one Madison judge can stand in the way of the other two democratically elected branches of government," said Senate Majority Leader [[Scott Fitzgerald]] in a statement. "The Supreme Court is going to have the ultimate ruling, and they’re still scheduled to hear the issue on June 6."<ref>[http://www.wisconsinreporter.com/judge-collective-bargaining-bill-violated-open-meetings-law ''Wisconsin Reporter'', "Judge: Collective bargaining bill violated open meetings law," May 26, 2011]</ref>
  
“There’s still a much larger separation-of-powers issue: whether one Madison judge can stand in the way of the other two democratically elected branches of government," said Senate Majority Leader [[Scott Fitzgerald]] in a statement. "The Supreme Court is going to have the ultimate ruling, and they’re still scheduled to hear the issue on June 6."<reF>[http://www.wisconsinreporter.com/judge-collective-bargaining-bill-violated-open-meetings-law "Judge: Collective bargaining bill violated open meetings law," ''Wisconsin Reporter'', May 26, 2011]</ref>
+
======Wisconsin Supreme Court overturns lower court ruling======
 +
On June 14, 2011, the [[Wisconsin Supreme Court|Wisconsin Supreme Court]] overturned the lower court opinion, ruling that Walker’s collective bargaining law was in effect.
  
====Commission on Waste, Fraud and Abuse====
+
The ruling voided [[Dane County Circuit Court|Dane County Circuit Court]] Judge [[Maryann Sumi|Maryann Sumi]]’s decision striking down the law because lawmakers broke the state’s [[Wisconsin Open Meetings Law|open meetings law]] during the passage of the legislation.
  
Gov. Walker called for the formation of a Commission on Waste, Fraud and Abuse. The seven-member committee assembled in January 2011 and in July 2011, it identified $266,555,737 in potential annual savings for state agencies. The commission found that if the agencies streamlined and improved current practices, the savings could amount to more than $250 million.
+
In its ruling, the state Supreme Court said that the Dane County Circuit Court had “invaded the legislature’s constitutional powers...under the Wisconsin Constitution” when Sumi issued a temporary restraining order preventing the law from going into effect.<ref>[http://www.wisconsinreporter.com/breaking-news-high-court-overrules-sumi-says-union-reform-law-in-effect ''Wisconsin Reporter'', "High court overrules Sumi, says union reform law in effect," June 14, 2011]</ref>
  
In their report, commission members scolded state agencies for failing to control expenses the way Wisconsin residents have been forced to do in the wake of the recession.
+
“We’ve been saying since day one that Republicans passed the budget repair bill correctly, so frankly this isn’t much of a surprise,” Senate Majority Leader [[Scott Fitzgerald]] and Assembly Speaker [[Jeff Fitzgerald]] said in a joint statement. “We followed the law when the bill was passed, simple as that.
  
“Wisconsin deserves a government that spends its financial resources just as carefully as the citizens of Wisconsin spend their own,” said Craig Rakowski, the commission’s chairman and president of James Craig Builders, in the report. “Everyone has been forced to take a closer look at how they spend their money. Our state government should be no different.”<ref>[http://www.wisconsinreporter.com/walkers-commission-finds-260-million-in-potential-savings-for-taxpayers "Walker’s commission finds $260 million in potential savings for taxpayers," ''Wisconsin Reporter'', July 13th, 2011]</ref>
+
====Issues====
 +
===On The Issues Vote Match===
 +
[[File:S020_080.gif|right|290px|thumb|Scott Walker's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 +
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2014.asp?quiz=Pres2016 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Walker is a '''Hard-Core Conservative'''. Walker received a score of 24 percent on social issues and 80 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Walker|Date=April 19, 2015|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://www.OnTheIssues.org/Scott_Walker.htm ''On The Issues'', "Scott Walker Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Opposes
 +
|Hiring= Favors
 +
|Marriage= Opposes
 +
|God= Unknown
 +
|ObamaCare= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Social Security= Opposes
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Favors
 +
|Animals= Favors
 +
|Crime= Strongly Favors
 +
|Guns= Strongly Favors
 +
|Taxes= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Citizenship= Opposes
 +
|Free Trade= Favors
 +
|United Nations= Favors
 +
|Military= Strongly Favors
 +
|Campaign Funds= Unknown
 +
|Iran= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Energy= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Marijuana= Strongly Favors
 +
|Stimulus= Strongly Opposes
 +
}}
 +
=====Response to the 2014 illegal immigration surge=====
 +
::''See also: [[2014 illegal immigration surge]]
 +
On July 22, 2014, the Republican governors of [[Robert J. Bentley|Alabama]], [[Pat McCrory|North Carolina]], [[Tom Corbett|Pennsylvania]], [[Gary R. Herbert|Utah]] and [[Scott Walker|Wisconsin]] sent [http://walker.wi.gov/sites/default/files/documents/7.22.14%20Letter%20to%20President%20Barack%20Obama.pdf a letter to President Obama] expressing their concerns about the handling of the ongoing border crisis. The crisis was over unaccompanied and undocumented immigrant children illegally crossing into [[Texas]]. The governors noted that a failure to return the children “will send a message that will encourage a much larger movement towards our southern border,endangering more children.<ref>[http://m.washingtonpost.com/blogs/govbeat/wp/2014/07/23/at-least-32-governors-have-weighed-in-on-the-border-crisis-heres-what-each-has-said/ ''Washington Post'', "At least 32 governors have weighed in on the border crisis. Here’s what each has said," July 23, 2014]</ref>
  
====Job creation ranking====
+
=====Commission on Waste, Fraud and Abuse=====
{{Govs by job creation ranking 2013|Name=Walker|Number=40}}
+
  
====September 2013 NYC event====
+
Walker called for the formation of a Commission on Waste, Fraud and Abuse. The seven-member committee assembled in January 2011, and in July 2011 it identified $266,555,737 in potential annual savings for state agencies. The commission found that if the agencies streamlined and improved current practices, the savings could amount to more than $250 million.
Six of the [[Republican Party]]’s leaders and potential 2016 nominees jointly headlined a fundraiser for the Republican National Committee (RNC) in New York in September 2013.  
+
  
According to an invitation that went out August 26, 2013, RNC Chairman Reince Priebus and Jets owner Woody Johnson would host the event September 23, 2013 at Johnson's home.<ref name="nyc"/>
+
In their report, commission members scolded state agencies for failing to control expenses the way Wisconsin residents had been forced to do in the wake of the recession.
  
It was a dinner and reception with [[Governor of New Jersey|New Jersey Gov.]] [[Chris Christie]], [[United States Senate|Senators]] [[Marco Rubio]] and [[Rand Paul]] and [[Governor of Wisconsin|Gov.]] Walker, as well as [[Governor of Michigan|Michigan Gov.]] [[Rick Snyder]] and [[U.S. House|Rep.]] [[Paul Ryan]], who were listed as the “special guests.”<ref name="nyc"/>
+
“Wisconsin deserves a government that spends its financial resources just as carefully as the citizens of Wisconsin spend their own,” said Craig Rakowski, the commission’s chairman and president of James Craig Builders, in the report. “Everyone has been forced to take a closer look at how they spend their money. Our state government should be no different.”<ref>[http://www.wisconsinreporter.com/walkers-commission-finds-260-million-in-potential-savings-for-taxpayers ''Wisconsin Reporter'', "Walker’s commission finds $260 million in potential savings for taxpayers," July 13, 2011]</ref>
  
It represented a major force of star power at a single event on behalf of the [[Republican Party|party]] and it featured some of the party’s brightest future talent, many of whom represent different wings of the GOP.<ref name="nyc">[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/08/gop-16-hopefuls-slated-for-nyc-event-95905.html#ixzz2dHJgP74Q ''Politico,'' "GOP 2016 hopefuls slated for NYC event," accessed August 28, 2013]</ref>
+
=====Voter ID=====
 +
In the summer of 2011, Wisconsin voters faced a unique slate of recall elections that provided voters with a test run of photo identification requirements at the polls. This all depended on a mid-May vote in the Senate and Walker's signature. The primary elections in spring 2012 were the first voter ID primaries.
  
====Voter ID====
+
The Government Accountability Board (GAB), the state’s elections agency, began preparing to train local clerks and poll workers before the Senate vote.
  
In the summer of 2011, Wisconsin voters faced a unique slate of recall elections which served to provide voters with a test run of needing to show photo identification when they arrived to vote at the polls. This all depended on a mid-May vote in the Senate and Gov. Walker's signature. The primary elections in spring 2012 would be the first voter ID primaries.
+
GAB spokesman Reid Magney said the agency could try a “soft implementation” of voter ID during recall elections for nine Wisconsin state senators, slated for July 12 or August 9, if a primary was required. Recall voters were asked, but not required, to provide ID and received literature explaining the new requirements.
 
+
The Government Accountability Board, the state’s elections agency, began preparing to train local clerks and poll workers before the Senate vote.
+
 
+
GAB spokesman Reid Magney said the agency could try a “soft implementation” of voter ID during recall elections for nine Wisconsin state senators, slated for July 12 or Aug. 9, if a primary was required. Recall voters were asked, but not required, to provide ID and received literature explaining the new requirements.
+
  
 
“We’ve begun the planning process for implementation, but at this point I think it’s too early to say that we’ll have it done by a certain day,” Magney said.
 
“We’ve begun the planning process for implementation, but at this point I think it’s too early to say that we’ll have it done by a certain day,” Magney said.
Line 161: Line 189:
 
In May 2011 the State Assembly passed the voter ID proposal, AB 7, by a mostly party-line vote of 60 to 35, with all Republicans and a few Democrats in support.
 
In May 2011 the State Assembly passed the voter ID proposal, AB 7, by a mostly party-line vote of 60 to 35, with all Republicans and a few Democrats in support.
  
State Senate Majority Leader [[Scott Fitzgerald]] said the proposal would protect the integrity of elections.
+
State Senate Majority Leader [[Scott Fitzgerald]] (R) said the proposal would protect the integrity of elections.
  
“I think that there’s enough isolated incidents over the years that anyone who casts a vote has to have the full faith in the idea that their vote counts and it’s not going to be canceled out by some other person in another part of the state involved in some shenanigans,” he said.<ref>[http://statehousenewsonline.com/2011/05/16/wisconsin-elections-board-11-will-serve-as-test-for-voter-id/ "Wisconsin elections board: ‘11 will be test for voter ID," ''Wisconsin Reporter'' on ''Statehouse News Online'', May 16, 2011]</ref>
+
“I think that there’s enough isolated incidents over the years that anyone who casts a vote has to have the full faith in the idea that their vote counts and it’s not going to be canceled out by some other person in another part of the state involved in some shenanigans,” he said.<ref>[http://statehousenewsonline.com/2011/05/16/wisconsin-elections-board-11-will-serve-as-test-for-voter-id/ ''Statehouse News Online'', "Wisconsin elections board: ‘11 will be test for voter ID," May 16, 2011]</ref>
  
====Budget bill, 2011====
+
The [[United States Supreme Court]] declined to hear a challenge to the voter ID law on March 23, 2015, allowing the voter ID requirement to proceed after legal challenges by the [[American Civil Liberties Union]] (ACLU) and other state groups. Wisconsin Attorney General [[Brad Schimel]] (R) declined to enforce the law for local elections in April 7 due to a short timeline for implementation, but indicated that voter ID would be used in future elections.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/24/us/supreme-court-rejects-challenge-to-wisconsin-voter-id-law.html?_r=0 ''The New York Times,'' "Wisconsin Decides Not to Enforce Voter ID Law," March 23, 2015]</ref>
  
The legislative process for creating and passing the [[SunshineReview:Wisconsin state budget|budget]] the state budget included protestors and a lot of national attention. Late on June 16, 2011, the state Senate passed Gov. Walker’s $66 billion budget on a party-line 19-14 vote after nine hours of debate.
+
=====Job creation ranking=====
 +
{{Govs by job creation ranking 2013|Name=Walker|Number=40}}
  
The 2011 legislative session was sharply divided between Republican and Democratic lawmakers on nearly all of Walker’s proposed legislation. The earlier protests included two protesters who chained themselves to railings in the Senate chamber’s viewing gallery.
+
=====September 2013 NYC event=====
 
+
Six of the [[Republican Party]]’s leaders and potential 2016 nominees jointly headlined a fundraiser for the Republican National Committee (RNC) in New York in September 2013.  
Walker signed the budget into law, which took effect July 1.
+
 
+
One protester began shouting from the Senate chamber’s viewing gallery as Senate President [[Michael Ellis]] called for a vote.
+
“I want my democracy back!” she screamed.
+
 
+
Republicans accused Democrats of being short-sighted and resisting measures that could bring jobs to Wisconsin, ultimately benefiting the state.
+
  
“You want to talk values? Let’s talk values,” said state Sen. [[Alberta Darling]]. “Frugality...having a job...that’s the mission we have.
+
According to an invitation that went out August 26, 2013, RNC Chairman Reince Priebus and Jets owner Woody Johnson hosted the event September 23, 2013, at Johnson's home.<ref name="nyc"/>
  
Democrats accused Republicans of ignoring the needs of children by slashing funding for education while introducing tax breaks for businesses, and of targeting low-income residents while refusing to raise taxes on the wealthy.
+
It was a dinner and reception with [[Governor of New Jersey|New Jersey Gov.]] [[Chris Christie]], [[United States Senate|Senators]] [[Marco Rubio]] and [[Rand Paul]], and [[Governor of Wisconsin|Gov.]] Walker, as well as [[Governor of Michigan|Michigan Gov.]] [[Rick Snyder]] and [[U.S. House|Rep.]] [[Paul Ryan]], who were listed as the “special guests.”<ref name="nyc"/>
  
“It’s an abandonment of our responsibility as officials to make sure that each citizen has the same opportunities,” said state Sen. [[Robert Jauch]].<ref>[http://www.wisconsinreporter.com/senate-oks-budget-above-din-of-protesters "Senate OKs budget above din of protesters, "Wisconsin Reporter", June 16th, 2011]</ref>
+
It represented a major force of star power at a single event on behalf of the [[Republican Party|party]], and it featured some of the party’s brightest future talent, many of whom represented different wings of the GOP.<ref name="nyc">[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/08/gop-16-hopefuls-slated-for-nyc-event-95905.html#ixzz2dHJgP74Q ''Politico'', "GOP 2016 hopefuls slated for NYC event," accessed August 28, 2013]</ref>
  
====Rejects Medicaid expansion====
+
=====Rejects Medicaid expansion=====
Addressing a meeting of Wisconsin Manufacturers and Commerce on February 13, 2013, Gov. Walker announced his decision to reject Medicaid expansion through the federal health care law. Instead, Walker offered an alternative plan that he said would reduce the number of uninsured people by nearly the same amount as Medicaid expansion.
+
Addressing a meeting of Wisconsin Manufacturers and Commerce on February 13, 2013, Walker announced his decision to reject Medicaid expansion through the federal healthcare law. Instead, Walker offered an alternative plan that he said would reduce the number of uninsured people by nearly the same amount as Medicaid expansion.
  
 
Walker stated, "My goal in looking at this is two things: One, I want to have fewer people in the state who are uninsured, but along with that I'd like to have fewer people in the state who are dependent on the government."<ref name="WSJ"> [http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/govt-and-politics/on-politics/on-politics-gov-scott-walker-announces-he-is-rejecting-federal/article_3bf0f724-7617-11e2-b2aa-0019bb2963f4.html ''Wisconsin State Journal,'' "Scott Walker rejects Medicaid expansion, proposes alternate plan to cover uninsured," February 13, 2013] </ref>
 
Walker stated, "My goal in looking at this is two things: One, I want to have fewer people in the state who are uninsured, but along with that I'd like to have fewer people in the state who are dependent on the government."<ref name="WSJ"> [http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/govt-and-politics/on-politics/on-politics-gov-scott-walker-announces-he-is-rejecting-federal/article_3bf0f724-7617-11e2-b2aa-0019bb2963f4.html ''Wisconsin State Journal,'' "Scott Walker rejects Medicaid expansion, proposes alternate plan to cover uninsured," February 13, 2013] </ref>
  
Under Walker's alternative plan, an enrollment cap on Medicaid programs for childless adults would be lifted, income eligibility for state residents able to use Medicaid programs would be tightened, and thousands of people currently in such programs would be moved to federal government run healthcare exchanges, allowing them to purchase private insurance.<ref name="WSJ"/>
+
Under Walker's alternative plan, an enrollment cap on Medicaid programs for childless adults would be lifted, income eligibility for state residents able to use Medicaid programs would be tightened, and thousands of people currently in such programs would be moved to federal government-run healthcare exchanges, allowing them to purchase private insurance.<ref name="WSJ"/>
  
As expected, Republicans praised the decision while Democrats soundly rejected it. Walker became the 14th Republican governor to reject the Medicaid expansion.<ref> [http://www.thonline.com/news/iowa-illinois-wisconsin/article_47311063-534f-5d56-bc7f-7296a4529b9e.html ''Telegraph Herald,'' "Walker says no to federal Medicaid expansion," February 14, 2013] </ref>
+
Republicans praised the decision, while Democrats soundly rejected it. Walker became the 14th Republican governor to reject the Medicaid expansion.<ref> [http://www.thonline.com/news/iowa-illinois-wisconsin/article_47311063-534f-5d56-bc7f-7296a4529b9e.html ''Telegraph Herald,'' "Walker says no to federal Medicaid expansion," February 14, 2013] </ref>
 +
 
 +
=====Tribal casinos=====
 +
In 2013, the Seminole and Menominee tribes gained approval from the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs for an off-reservation casino in [[Kenosha, Wisconsin]]. Walker held the sole authority over the casino's final fate and ultimately rejected an $800 million casino project in January 2015 after months of lobbying and television ads by both sides. Tribal leaders for the Potawatomi, Ho-Chunk and Oneida opposed the Kenosha casino project as a threat to revenues for their casinos. Supporters of the casino project included [[Robin Vos|Assembly Speaker Robin Vos]] (R) and Kenosha County Executive Jim Kreuser, who saw the project as a potential boost to the regional economy.<ref name=casino>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/govbeat/wp/2014/02/05/republican-governors-group-benefitting-big-from-wisconsin-casino-fight/ ''The Washington Post'', "Republican governors group benefitting big from Wisconsin casino fight," February 14, 2014]</ref><ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/scott-walker-rejects-menominee-bid-for-kenosha-casino-b99431696z1-289587411.html ''Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel,'' "Scott Walker rejects Menominee bid for Kenosha casino," January 23, 2015]</ref>
  
 
===County Executive of Milwaukee (2002 - 2010)===
 
===County Executive of Milwaukee (2002 - 2010)===
  
First elected in a special election to replace a County Executive who had left office under the cloud of a pension fund scandal, Walker went on to win re-election twice, with 57% with 2004 and 59% in 2008.<ref>[http://www.wisn.com/politics/2981352/detail.html ''WISN.com', "Walker Wins Race For Milwaukee County Executive", April 6, 2044]</ref><ref>[http://county.milwaukee.gov/2004ElectionResults9985.htm ''Milwaukee County'', "April 6, 2004 Election Results", accessed February 18, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://county.milwaukee.gov/ImageLibrary/Groups/cntyElectCommission/ElectionResults/2008/4108_Canvass_County_Executive.pdf ''Milwaukee County'', "April 1, 2008 Election Results", accessed February 18, 2011]</ref>  While in office, Walker returned substantial portions of his own salary - half of what he earned in most years. While in office, Walker also cut payroll and debt in Milwaukee County.
+
Walker was first elected to the county executive's office in a special election to replace a county executive who left office under the cloud of a pension fund scandal. He went on to win re-election twice, with 57 percent in 2004 and 59 percent in 2008.<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.wisn.com/politics/2981352/detail.html ''WISN.com'', "Walker Wins Race For Milwaukee County Executive," April 6, 2014]</ref><ref>[http://county.milwaukee.gov/2004ElectionResults9985.htm ''Milwaukee County'', "April 6, 2004 Election Results," accessed February 18, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://county.milwaukee.gov/ImageLibrary/Groups/cntyElectCommission/ElectionResults/2008/4108_Canvass_County_Executive.pdf ''Milwaukee County'', "April 1, 2008 Election Results," accessed February 18, 2011]</ref>  While in office, Walker returned portions of his salary to the county treasury.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/milwaukee/29505169.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel'', "Walker would lower salary givebacks," March 19, 2008]</ref>  He cut Milwaukee County's payroll and debt during his tenure in the position.<ref name=NPR2010>[http://www.webcitation.org/5waQHlpQj ''NPR'', "Election 2010: AP Election Guide," accessed July 25, 2014]</ref>
  
Toward the end of his time as a County Executive, the collapse of a public parking garage in Milwaukee, a tragedy that killed a 14 year old boy, became a rapidly politicized campaign point. Walker's opponent and his critics in general blamed him for being part a shoddy oversight that allowed the garage to be so poorly maintained as to be unsafe for use at the time of the collapse. Walker maintained, and investigations showed, that original construction, before he joined the County Executive's office, was partly responsible.
+
In the summer of 2010, when Walker's first campaign for [[Governor of Wisconsin]] was underway, a concrete panel fell from a county-owned parking structure, striking and killing a 15-year-old boy. This became an issue in the [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014|gubernatorial election]]. Walker's critics said that in his role as county executive, he had exercised insufficient oversight over the public building and it had therefore been poorly maintained and unsafe for use. An investigation was conducted, determining that the panel had been improperly installed. The family of the victims bought a lawsuit against the company that manufactured and installed the panels; they were awarded $33 million in damages. Milwaukee County received $6 million in damages from the company.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/milwaukee/insurance-firm-must-bear-brunt-of-odonnell-park-verdict-judge-says-b99202065z1-244800671.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel'', "Insurance firm must pay big part of O'Donnell Park verdict, judge says," February 10, 2014]</ref> 
 +
 
 +
Walker's staff during his time as county executive came under scrutiny in a "John Doe" legal proceeding; the investigation began in 2010 and continued for several years thereafter. Two of Walker's county aides were convicted of "misconduct in office for doing campaign work on county time" as a result of this investigation. Four other individuals were also convicted on various charges.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/milwaukee/new-emails-show-scott-walker-played-role-in-odonnell-park-news-flow-b9964849z1-217511151.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel'', "Probe of Scott Walker's aides may factor in O'Donnell Park death trial," October 6, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Wisconsin State Legislature (1993 - 2002)===
 
===Wisconsin State Legislature (1993 - 2002)===
  
During four terms as a state legislator, Walker earned a reputation as a supporter of cracking down on crime and curtailing welfare programs, as well as a staunch pro-life advocate on abortion issues.  His positions on the last issue was later to earn him multiple important endorsements from right to life groups during his gubernatorial run.
+
During four terms as a state legislator, Walker earned a reputation as a supporter of cracking down on crime and curtailing welfare programs, and he was also considered to be a staunch pro-life advocate on abortion issues.<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20100920033508/http://www.wrtl.org/pdf/WalkerVotingRecord.pdf ''Wisconsin Right to Life'', "ABOUT SCOTT WALKER," accessed July 25, 2014]</ref> His position on abortion earned him multiple endorsements from right-to-life groups during his gubernatorial run.
  
Walker's signature legislative work came on the Committees on Correctional Facilities, and Corrections and the Courts.  While building experience in criminal justice legislature, Walker authored one bill, aimed at 'truth in sentencing' that effectively ended the practice of shaving time off prisoners' sentences for good behavior.
+
Walker's signature legislative work came on the Committees on Correctional Facilities, and Corrections and the Courts.  While building experience in criminal justice legislature, Walker authored one bill, aimed at 'truth in sentencing,' that effectively ended the practice of shaving time off prisoners' sentences for good behavior.<ref name=NPR2010/>
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
===2016===
 +
====Presidency====
 +
::''See also: [[Scott Walker possible presidential campaign, 2016]] and [[Presidential election, 2016]]''
 +
Walker is considered a [[Republican presidential candidates, 2016|possible Republican presidential candidate]] in 2016.
 +
{{Walker2016/intro}}
 +
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
 
:: ''See also: [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014]]''
 
+
Walker was [[Wisconsin Gubernatorial election, 2014|re-elected]] to a second term as [[Governor of Wisconsin]] in 2014.<ref name=2014govrun/> Walker was renominated without opposition in the [[Republican]] primary on August 12. He ran on the [[Republican]] ticket with Lt. Gov. [[Rebecca Kleefisch]] in the general election on November 4, 2014.
Walker is eligible to run for re-election as [[Governor of Wisconsin]] in 2014. He has not yet made his intentions in the race known.
+
====Results====
 
+
=====General election=====
 +
{{WIGov2014GeneralResults}}
 +
====Race background====
 +
{{wigovbackground14}}
 +
====Debates====
 +
{{Wigovdebates2014}}
 
====Polls====
 
====Polls====
 
{{Wigovpolls14}}
 
{{Wigovpolls14}}
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{{WI Gov Recall 2012}}
 
{{WI Gov Recall 2012}}
  
Walker easily defeated [[Arthur Kohl-Riggs]] in the Republican primary. Five candidates sought the Democratic nomination - [[Kathleen Falk]], [[Kathleen Vinehout]], [[Doug La Follette]], [[Tom Barrett]] and [[Gladys Huber]].
+
Walker easily defeated [[Arthur Kohl-Riggs]] in the Republican primary. Five candidates sought the Democratic nomination [[Kathleen Falk]], [[Kathleen Vinehout]], [[Doug La Follette]], [[Tom Barrett]] and [[Gladys Huber]].
  
Talk of an attempt to recall Walker for his role in the passage of the [[Wisconsin Act 10, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill" (2011)|Budget Repair Bill]] began in February 2011, about a month after he took office. However, under Wisconsin law an elected official has to be in office for one year before they can be recalled. Although Walker was safe, nine [[Wisconsin State Senate|state Senators]] faced [[Recall of Wisconsin State Senators (2011)|recall elections]], which ultimately led to two incumbent Republicans being removed from office.  
+
Talk of an attempt to recall Walker for his role in the passage of the [[Wisconsin Act 10, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill" (2011)|Budget Repair Bill]] began in February 2011, about a month after he took office. However, under Wisconsin law an elected official has to be in office for one year before he or she can be recalled. Although Walker was safe, nine [[Wisconsin State Senate|state senators]] faced [[Recall of Wisconsin State Senators (2011)|recall elections]], which ultimately led to two incumbent Republicans being removed from office.  
  
 
On October 10, 2011, Wisconsin state Democratic Party chairman Mike Tate announced that they, in conjunction with United Wisconsin, would officially begin the recall campaign against Walker on November 15. In order to put a recall on the ballot, they had to collect 540,208 valid signatures in 60 days.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/effort-to-recall-Wisconsin-governor-to-begin-Nov-15-131489833.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,'' "Walker recall effort to get underway Nov. 15," October 10, 2011]</ref> On March 30, 2012, the [[Wisconsin Government Accountability Board]] officially certified just over 900,000 signatures and scheduled the recall.<ref>[http://wtaq.com/news/articles/2012/mar/30/recall-elections-officially-ordered-against-gov-walker-5-other-gop-lawmakers/ ''WTAQ,'' "Recall elections officially ordered against Gov. Walker, 5 other GOP lawmakers," March 30, 2012]</ref>
 
On October 10, 2011, Wisconsin state Democratic Party chairman Mike Tate announced that they, in conjunction with United Wisconsin, would officially begin the recall campaign against Walker on November 15. In order to put a recall on the ballot, they had to collect 540,208 valid signatures in 60 days.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/effort-to-recall-Wisconsin-governor-to-begin-Nov-15-131489833.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,'' "Walker recall effort to get underway Nov. 15," October 10, 2011]</ref> On March 30, 2012, the [[Wisconsin Government Accountability Board]] officially certified just over 900,000 signatures and scheduled the recall.<ref>[http://wtaq.com/news/articles/2012/mar/30/recall-elections-officially-ordered-against-gov-walker-5-other-gop-lawmakers/ ''WTAQ,'' "Recall elections officially ordered against Gov. Walker, 5 other GOP lawmakers," March 30, 2012]</ref>
Line 235: Line 274:
 
:: ''See also: [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2010]]'' and ''[[Gubernatorial elections, 2010]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2010]]'' and ''[[Gubernatorial elections, 2010]]''
  
Walker faced [[Tom Barrett]] (D), [[James James]] (Common Sense), and [[Jim Langer]] (I) in the general election on [[November 2, 2010 election results|November 2, 2010]]. Walker won the election with 52% of the vote.  In the primaries, Walker easily defeated two GOP challengers.  His general election battle with Tom Barrett was one of the most acrimonious of the 2010 cycle, becoming more fraught as Walker's poll number improved.
+
Walker faced [[Tom Barrett]] (D), [[James James]] (Common Sense) and [[Jim Langer]] (I) in the general election on [[November 2, 2010 election results|November 2, 2010]]. Walker won the election with 52 percent of the vote.  In the primaries, Walker easily defeated two GOP challengers.  His general election battle with Barrett, the Mayor of Milwaukee at the time, was one of the most acrimonious of the 2010 cycle, becoming more fraught as Walker's poll numbers improved.
  
 
Walker ran on a ticket with [[Rebecca Kleefisch]].
 
Walker ran on a ticket with [[Rebecca Kleefisch]].
  
His win was part of a midterm election night that overall favored Republicans.  Aside from the governorship, Republicans gains in Wisconsin on Election Night 2010 included picking up both chambers of the state legislature.<ref>[http://gab.wi.gov/sites/default/files/percent%20results%20post%20recount_120710.pdf ''Wisconsin Government Accountability Board'', "G.A.B. Canvass Reporting System", December 8, 2010]</ref>
+
His win was part of a midterm election night that overall favored Republicans.  In addition to the governorship, Republicans in Wisconsin picked up both chambers of the state legislature in the 2010 general election.<ref>[http://gab.wi.gov/sites/default/files/percent%20results%20post%20recount_120710.pdf ''Wisconsin Government Accountability Board'', "G.A.B. Canvass Reporting System," December 8, 2010]</ref>
  
 
{{SEO election box
 
{{SEO election box
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===2008===
 
===2008===
  
Scott Walker won election to a third term as Milwaukee County Executive against State Senator Lena Taylor on April 1, 2008.<ref name="county" />  
+
Scott Walker won election to a third term as Milwaukee County executive against State Senator Lena Taylor on April 1, 2008.<ref name="county" />  
  
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="margin: 1em 1em 1em 0; background: #f9f9f9; border: 1px #a3bfb1 solid; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="margin: 1em 1em 1em 0; background: #f9f9f9; border: 1px #a3bfb1 solid; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%;"
 
|- style="background-color:#778899; color: white;"
 
|- style="background-color:#778899; color: white;"
! colspan="5" | 2008 Milwaukee County Executive Election Results<ref name="county">[http://county.milwaukee.gov/ImageLibrary/Groups/cntyElectCommission/ElectionResults/2008/4108_Canvass_County_Executive.pdf ''Milwaukee County Elections Commission'' "2008 Spring Election Results", April 1, 2008]</ref>.
+
! colspan="5" | 2008 Milwaukee County Executive Election Results<ref name="county">[http://county.milwaukee.gov/ImageLibrary/Groups/cntyElectCommission/ElectionResults/2008/4108_Canvass_County_Executive.pdf ''Milwaukee County Elections Commission'', "2008 Spring Election Results," April 1, 2008]</ref>.
 
|-bgcolor="#cef2e0 align="center"
 
|-bgcolor="#cef2e0 align="center"
 
! colspan="2" style="width: 17em" |Candidates
 
! colspan="2" style="width: 17em" |Candidates
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|}
 
|}
  
NOTE: County Executive candidates are listed as non-partisan
+
NOTE: County Executive candidates are listed as nonpartisan
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
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|year=1998
 
|year=1998
 
|Editdate= May 6, 2013
 
|Editdate= May 6, 2013
|link=<ref> [http://www.followthemoney.org/database/uniquecandidate.phtml?uc=20394 ''Follow the Money,'' " Career fundraising for Scott Walker,"  accessed May 6, 2013] </ref>
+
|link=<ref> [http://www.followthemoney.org/database/uniquecandidate.phtml?uc=20394 ''Follow the Money,'' "Career fundraising for Scott Walker,"  accessed May 6, 2013] </ref>
 
|party= Republican
 
|party= Republican
 
|totalraised2012=37717808
 
|totalraised2012=37717808
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|outstate4=
 
|outstate4=
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
==Personal==
 +
 +
Walker and his wife, Tonnette Walker, have two sons.  The Walkers reside in Wauwatosa.<ref name="bio"/>
 +
 +
{{Wisconsin state profile}}
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "'''Scott + Walker + Wisconsin + Governor'''"
+
{{News feed form
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
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|Term1=Scott
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Scott+Walker+Wisconsin+Governor&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Scott Walker News Feed}}
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|Term2=Walker
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|Term3=Wisconsin
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|Term4=Governor
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}}
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
Line 418: Line 466:
 
* [[Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin]]
 
* [[Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin]]
 
* [[Rebecca Kleefisch|Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch]]
 
* [[Rebecca Kleefisch|Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch]]
 +
* [[Wisconsin Gubernatorial election, 2014]]
 +
* [[Presidential election, 2016]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
{{seosubmit}}
+
{{submit a link}}
 
* [http://walker.wi.gov/ Official Website of Governor Scott Walker]
 
* [http://walker.wi.gov/ Official Website of Governor Scott Walker]
 
* [http://www.scottwalker.org/ Scott Walker for Governor campaign website]
 
* [http://www.scottwalker.org/ Scott Walker for Governor campaign website]
{{SEOLinks | fb = governorscottwalker | flickr = 37769332@N08 | linked = scottkwalker | twitter = govwalker | youtube = supportscottwalker | nga = current-governors/col2-content/main-content-list/scott-walker.html | nndb = 037/000266236 | our = | votesmart = 109356 | wikipedia = Scott_Walker_(politician) | factcheck = scott-walker | politifact = scott-walker | followthemoney = 20394 | ontheissues = Scott_Walker.htm | worldcat = | c-span = scottwalker | rose =  | imdb = nm4588065 | bloomberg = scott-walker | nyt = w/scott_k_walker | wsj = | washpo = gIQAxXJcKP }}
+
{{SEOLinks | fb = governorscottwalker | flickr = 37769332@N08 | linked = scottkwalker | twitter = govwalker | youtube = supportscottwalker | nga = current-governors/col2-content/main-content-list/scott-walker.html | nndb = 037/000266236 | our = | votesmart = 3552 | wikipedia = Scott_Walker_(politician) | factcheck = scott-walker | politifact = scott-walker | followthemoney = 20394 | ontheissues = Scott_Walker.htm | worldcat = | c-span = scottwalker | rose =  | imdb = nm4588065 | bloomberg = scott-walker | nyt = w/scott_k_walker | wsj = | washpo = gIQAxXJcKP }}
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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{{end box}}
 
{{end box}}
  
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{{2014 state executive election}}
 
{{Current governors}}
 
{{Current governors}}
 
{{Wisconsin}}
 
{{Wisconsin}}
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[[Category:Republican Party]]
 
[[Category:Republican Party]]
 
[[Category:Wisconsin]]
 
[[Category:Wisconsin]]
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[[Category:Scott Walker]]
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[[Category:Potential Republican presidential contenders, 2016]]
  
 
<!--2010 categories-->
 
<!--2010 categories-->
 
{{Seocandidate|Year=2010|Status=|Office=Gubernatorial|Primary=W|General=W}}
 
{{Seocandidate|Year=2010|Status=|Office=Gubernatorial|Primary=W|General=W}}
 
<!--2014 categories-->
 
<!--2014 categories-->
{{Seocandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Office=Gubernatorial|Potential=Y|Primary=|General=|Unopposed=|Open=|Unopposedprimary=}}
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{{Seocandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Office=Gubernatorial|Primary=Y|General=W|Unopposed=|Open=|Unopposedprimary=}}

Latest revision as of 13:16, 27 April 2015

See also: Scott Walker possible presidential campaign, 2016
Scott Walker
Scott Walker 2.jpg
Governor of Wisconsin
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011 - Present
Term ends
2019
Years in position 4
PartyRepublican
PredecessorJim Doyle (D)
Compensation
Base salary$144,423
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Campaign $$48,848,814
Term limitsNone
Prior offices
Milwaukee County Executive
May 10, 2002-December 28, 2010
Wisconsin State Assembly
1993 - 2002
Education
High schoolDelevan-Darien High School (1986)
Personal
Date of birthNovember 2, 1967
Place of birthColorado Springs, CO
Websites
Office website
Personal website
Campaign website
Scott Walker (b. November 2, 1967, in Colorado Springs, Colorado) is a Republican currently serving as the 45th Governor of Wisconsin. He was first elected governor in November 2010, and was sworn into office January 3, 2011, replacing Democrat Jim Doyle. Walker won a second term in 2014, alongside running mate and current Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch (R).[1] His second term began in January 2015.

Walker is considered a possible presidential candidate in 2016.

Rising through the state ranks to reach the governorship, Walker first served in the Wisconsin State Assembly from 1993-2002 and as Milwaukee County executive from 2002-2010.[2]

Walker gained national attention soon after assuming the office of governor in 2011 due to his proposal of Wisconsin Act 10, which became known as the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill." The bill, which restricted the ability of public workers to engage in public bargaining, drew massive protests, mainly organized by unions. Opponents of the measure targeted Walker for recall, successfully forcing the incumbent to face a recall election on June 5, 2012.[3] Walker again faced Tom Barrett (D), defeating him 53 percent to 46 percent. In doing so Walker became the first governor to survive a recall.[4] The legislation also led to two years of State Senate recalls; as a result of these efforts, three Republican senators were removed from office.

An analysis of Republican governors by Nate Silver of the New York Times in April 2013 ranked Walker as the third most conservative governor in the country.[5] Walker is a member of the executive committee of the National Governors Association. He, along with eight other governors, will determine the association's priorities and actions for the year. He was named to this leadership role in August 2013.[6]

Biography

Born in Colorado Springs, Colorado, to Pat and Llewlyn Walker, Scott Walker first moved to Plainfield, Iowa, before settling in the small town of Delevan, Wisconsin, in 1977. Growing up, Walker was an active Boy Scout and ultimately earned the Eagle Scout rank. Walker continues to be involved with scouting. Through the American Legion, he also went to Ripon, Wisconsin, for Badger Boys State and then to Washington, D.C., for Boys Nation.[7] Walker has credited that experience with sparking his political interest.

He left Marquette University in his senior year to join the Red Cross in a marketing position. He also worked briefly for IBM while he was a student at Marquette.[7] Having never returned to finished his degree, Walker is now the first governor in over 64 years not to hold a college degree.

In 1993, Walker ran for and was elected to the Wisconsin State Assembly in a special election for the 14th District.[7] He was re-elected four times and served nine years in the Assembly.[7]

Walker ran for Milwaukee County executive in 2002 and won a special election that year after former county executive Tom Ament resigned during a pension scandal that affected the county.[2] Walker was re-elected as county executive for Wisconsin's largest county in 2004 and 2008.[7] In his 2008 re-election bid, Walker won over 57 percent of the vote.[8] Walker officially stepped down as County Executive on December 28, 2010, shortly after being elected the 45th Governor of Wisconsin.[2]

He previously ran for governor in 2006 but ended his candidacy over fundraising concerns. In April 2009, he announced his second run for governor.[9]

Education

  • High school diploma, Delevan-Darien High School (1986)
  • Attended, Marquette University (1986 to 1990)

Political career

Governor of Wisconsin (2011 - Present)

In both the 2010 primary and general election, Walker campaigned on a program of cutting spending, reversing taxes and reducing salaries and benefits for public sector union employees.[10] He specifically promised to decline a proposed $800 million federal grant to build a rail line between Madison and Milwaukee, saying the annual upkeep would dwarf federal government aid and be too expensive to make the project worthwhile.[11] After his victory in 2010, the grant was rescinded and the money given to other states. Walker avoided recall by winning an election in 2012 and won a second four-year term in 2014.

Controversies

Investigation of alleged campaign coordination

Michael Isikoff with Yahoo! Politics published an article on March 23, 2015, detailing $1.5 million in donations by John Menard, Jr. to the Wisconsin Club for Growth in support of Walker's 2012 campaign against recall. Menard, the owner of Menard's home improvement stores, received $1.8 million in tax credits from the Wisconsin Economic Development Corp. (WEDC) in 2013 and 2014. Isikoff also noted that the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources reduced their overall enforcement actions since 2010, which became a priority to Menard following $1.7 million in fines for hazardous waste dumping by his company during former Gov. Jim Doyle's (D) time in office.[12]

Walker spokesperson Laurel Patrick rejected Isikoff's notion of special treatment for Menard. Patrick also highlighted $1 million in tax credits provided to Menard under Walker's Democratic predecessor to counter charges of special favors.[12] Patrick also pointed out that while Walker chairs the WEDC, he did not vote on the tax credits because they fell below a $10 million threshold for his involvement.[13]

Isikoff drew on emails and internal documents seized by prosecutors as part of a larger investigation of potential illegal coordination between conservative groups and Walker during the 2012 recall election. This investigation, referred to as John Doe 2 to differentiate from an investigation of Walker's time as Milwaukee County executive, has revealed emails from Walker's recall campaign soliciting funds for the Wisconsin Club for Growth because of the group's non-disclosure of corporate donations. Donations were made by Menard and Donald Trump along with hedge fund investors Stephen Cohen and Paul Singer. Mining firm Gogebic Taconite also donated $700,000 to the group during the recall campaign while lobbying the Wisconsin State Assembly to secure iron ore rights in the northern part of the state. David Rivkin, an attorney for Wisconsin Club for Growth, countered John Doe 2 by stating that "the John Doe investigation is a transparent attempt to target and silence Wisconsin conservatives."[12] The Wisconsin Supreme Court will hear arguments for John Doe 2 on April 17 and April 20, 2015.[13]

Collective bargaining
See also: Wisconsin Act 10, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill" (2011) and Union protests in Madison, Wisconsin over Gov. Scott Walker's Budget Repair Bill

One of Walker's early proposals, Wisconsin Assembly Bill 11, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill", was aimed at saving Wisconsin citizens money by reducing the ability of government employee unions to engage in collective bargaining. Under the plan, only emergency responders would retain that privilege. The proposal also called for union members to make contributions to their own medical insurance and retirement savings, of 12.6 percent and 5.8 percent, respectively.[14][15]

The bill was introduced into the Assembly by the Committee on Assembly Organization, at the request of Walker, on February 15, 2011. It was then referred, successively, to the Joint Committee on Finance and the Joint Survey Committee on Retirement Systems. The Republican-controlled Assembly and the Senate were in favor of the bill; their Democratic colleagues took the opposite view. Lacking the numbers to vote the bill down, the entire Wisconsin Senate Democratic contingent refused to vote. Senate Republicans were one short of the 20 members needed to call a quorum and vote on spending bills, meaning the Democrats were able to halt a vote on the bill.

Walker ordered Wisconsin law enforcement to find the senators and compel them to return to the Capitol for the vote, causing the Democratic Senate delegation to decamp to a resort across the border in Rockford, Illinois.[16][17] In a February 17 press conference, Walker pressed lawmakers to return to the state and take a vote. Asked if he thought he had any legal authority to cross state lines and compel Senate Democrats to return to Madison, he told reporters, "That's a really big question for us."[18]

The response from unions became a national story; schools were closed for days as unionized teachers called in 'sick' and camped out inside the Capitol rotunda.[19] Republicans adjourned until Friday, February 18, 2011, still indicating a vote could go forward. Holding 19 seats in the Senate and requiring 20 for a vote, the GOP only needed one additional member to show up.[20][21] While the DNC, President Obama and national union heads weighed in against Walker's plan, one local paper wrote that Democrats needed to "get over their snits and get back to work."[22]

Union leaders and Democrats contrasted their actions as making a final stand to prevent similar bills from being introduced in other states. Both President Obama and union heads described the bill as an 'assault.'[23]

As the first week of protests ended, with Madison and Milwaukee schools having been closed three days, schools sought a temporary restraining order banning teachers from attending protests and thus forcing teachers to report to their jobs, something the courts denied on Friday, February 18.[24] Meanwhile, union members from other states began streaming into Wisconsin to join the protests and some of Walker's allies reported being picketed at their own homes.[25]

Republicans did not get their vote on Friday and protests continued through the weekend and the President's Day holiday, by which time the story was an international headline and other GOP governors were fashioning versions of the bill for their own states. By this point, protests from organized labor had spread to Indiana and Ohio, with pro-union crowds thronging those state capitols.[26]

Walker and his fellow party members steadfastly refused to back down on cutting collective bargaining rights, with Walker telling media outlets that he was doing exactly what he had promised during his campaign. On Tuesday, February 22, 2011, Wisconsin's Assembly Speaker, Jeff Fitzgerald, who also chaired the Assembly Committee that first saw the bill, spoke publicly before beginning the day's session; he vowed to pass the bill intact and echoed Walker's stance that Republicans were doing exactly what they had promised to do if elected.[27]

The start of the second week also brought an ultimatum from the governor, who warned public employees that he would commence layoffs if his bill continued to be stalled.[28] With Senate Democrats still out of Walker's reach, their Assembly counterparts spent the morning session pushing for more than 100 amendments. Both the Senate and the governor worked under heavy guard from state patrol officers with the roar of protesters audible throughout the Capitol.

Tuesday morning brought the first indications that Senate Republicans might have found a way to end collective bargaining without Democratic cooperation. While the Wisconsin Senate must have a quorum to pass spending and fiscal bills, they could theoretically sever the collective bargaining from the spending cuts and pass the former item in its own bill. Freshman Senator Leah Vukmir indicated the idea had been considered but that the GOP was not yet sure it wanted to take that route.[29]

The Wisconsin Assembly voted for final passage of the bill on March 10, 2011, and Walker signed the bill into law the following day.[30] The new law immediately faced legal challenges.

Law struck down by district court

Dane County District Judge Maryann Sumi ruled in May 2011 that lawmakers violated Wisconsin's open meetings law in passing the collective bargaining legislation in spring 2011, and therefore, the bill would be null and void. Walker had signed the bill into law, but the ruling overruled it.

"It is not the court's duty to determine whether 2011 Wisconsin Act 10 is good public policy or bad public policy; that is the business of the legislature," the ruling stated. It went on to say that the court had a responsibility to "apply the rule of law to the facts before it."

Sumi ruled that lawmakers failed to give enough notice for the Joint Committee on Conference meeting held March 9, 2011, during which lawmakers settled on the final version of the collective bargaining bill. The bill requires most public union employees to contribute more to their healthcare and pension plans and limits their collective-bargaining powers to salary negotiations.

Legislative leaders pledged to pass the legislation again as part of the biennial budget — but counted on the state Supreme Court to be the ultimate decider on this case.

“There’s still a much larger separation-of-powers issue: whether one Madison judge can stand in the way of the other two democratically elected branches of government," said Senate Majority Leader Scott Fitzgerald in a statement. "The Supreme Court is going to have the ultimate ruling, and they’re still scheduled to hear the issue on June 6."[31]

Wisconsin Supreme Court overturns lower court ruling

On June 14, 2011, the Wisconsin Supreme Court overturned the lower court opinion, ruling that Walker’s collective bargaining law was in effect.

The ruling voided Dane County Circuit Court Judge Maryann Sumi’s decision striking down the law because lawmakers broke the state’s open meetings law during the passage of the legislation.

In its ruling, the state Supreme Court said that the Dane County Circuit Court had “invaded the legislature’s constitutional powers...under the Wisconsin Constitution” when Sumi issued a temporary restraining order preventing the law from going into effect.[32]

“We’ve been saying since day one that Republicans passed the budget repair bill correctly, so frankly this isn’t much of a surprise,” Senate Majority Leader Scott Fitzgerald and Assembly Speaker Jeff Fitzgerald said in a joint statement. “We followed the law when the bill was passed, simple as that.”

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Scott Walker's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Walker is a Hard-Core Conservative. Walker received a score of 24 percent on social issues and 80 percent on economic issues.[33]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[34]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015.[33] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.
Response to the 2014 illegal immigration surge
See also: 2014 illegal immigration surge

On July 22, 2014, the Republican governors of Alabama, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Utah and Wisconsin sent a letter to President Obama expressing their concerns about the handling of the ongoing border crisis. The crisis was over unaccompanied and undocumented immigrant children illegally crossing into Texas. The governors noted that a failure to return the children “will send a message that will encourage a much larger movement towards our southern border,” endangering more children.[35]

Commission on Waste, Fraud and Abuse

Walker called for the formation of a Commission on Waste, Fraud and Abuse. The seven-member committee assembled in January 2011, and in July 2011 it identified $266,555,737 in potential annual savings for state agencies. The commission found that if the agencies streamlined and improved current practices, the savings could amount to more than $250 million.

In their report, commission members scolded state agencies for failing to control expenses the way Wisconsin residents had been forced to do in the wake of the recession.

“Wisconsin deserves a government that spends its financial resources just as carefully as the citizens of Wisconsin spend their own,” said Craig Rakowski, the commission’s chairman and president of James Craig Builders, in the report. “Everyone has been forced to take a closer look at how they spend their money. Our state government should be no different.”[36]

Voter ID

In the summer of 2011, Wisconsin voters faced a unique slate of recall elections that provided voters with a test run of photo identification requirements at the polls. This all depended on a mid-May vote in the Senate and Walker's signature. The primary elections in spring 2012 were the first voter ID primaries.

The Government Accountability Board (GAB), the state’s elections agency, began preparing to train local clerks and poll workers before the Senate vote.

GAB spokesman Reid Magney said the agency could try a “soft implementation” of voter ID during recall elections for nine Wisconsin state senators, slated for July 12 or August 9, if a primary was required. Recall voters were asked, but not required, to provide ID and received literature explaining the new requirements.

“We’ve begun the planning process for implementation, but at this point I think it’s too early to say that we’ll have it done by a certain day,” Magney said.

In May 2011 the State Assembly passed the voter ID proposal, AB 7, by a mostly party-line vote of 60 to 35, with all Republicans and a few Democrats in support.

State Senate Majority Leader Scott Fitzgerald (R) said the proposal would protect the integrity of elections.

“I think that there’s enough isolated incidents over the years that anyone who casts a vote has to have the full faith in the idea that their vote counts and it’s not going to be canceled out by some other person in another part of the state involved in some shenanigans,” he said.[37]

The United States Supreme Court declined to hear a challenge to the voter ID law on March 23, 2015, allowing the voter ID requirement to proceed after legal challenges by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and other state groups. Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel (R) declined to enforce the law for local elections in April 7 due to a short timeline for implementation, but indicated that voter ID would be used in future elections.[38]

Job creation ranking

In a June 2013 analysis by The Business Journals, which ranked 45 of the country's 50 governors by their job creation records, Walker was ranked number 40. The five governors omitted from the analysis all assumed office in 2013. The ranking was based on a comparison of the annual private sector growth rate in all 50 states using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.[39][40]

September 2013 NYC event

Six of the Republican Party’s leaders and potential 2016 nominees jointly headlined a fundraiser for the Republican National Committee (RNC) in New York in September 2013.

According to an invitation that went out August 26, 2013, RNC Chairman Reince Priebus and Jets owner Woody Johnson hosted the event September 23, 2013, at Johnson's home.[41]

It was a dinner and reception with New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, Senators Marco Rubio and Rand Paul, and Gov. Walker, as well as Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder and Rep. Paul Ryan, who were listed as the “special guests.”[41]

It represented a major force of star power at a single event on behalf of the party, and it featured some of the party’s brightest future talent, many of whom represented different wings of the GOP.[41]

Rejects Medicaid expansion

Addressing a meeting of Wisconsin Manufacturers and Commerce on February 13, 2013, Walker announced his decision to reject Medicaid expansion through the federal healthcare law. Instead, Walker offered an alternative plan that he said would reduce the number of uninsured people by nearly the same amount as Medicaid expansion.

Walker stated, "My goal in looking at this is two things: One, I want to have fewer people in the state who are uninsured, but along with that I'd like to have fewer people in the state who are dependent on the government."[42]

Under Walker's alternative plan, an enrollment cap on Medicaid programs for childless adults would be lifted, income eligibility for state residents able to use Medicaid programs would be tightened, and thousands of people currently in such programs would be moved to federal government-run healthcare exchanges, allowing them to purchase private insurance.[42]

Republicans praised the decision, while Democrats soundly rejected it. Walker became the 14th Republican governor to reject the Medicaid expansion.[43]

Tribal casinos

In 2013, the Seminole and Menominee tribes gained approval from the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs for an off-reservation casino in Kenosha, Wisconsin. Walker held the sole authority over the casino's final fate and ultimately rejected an $800 million casino project in January 2015 after months of lobbying and television ads by both sides. Tribal leaders for the Potawatomi, Ho-Chunk and Oneida opposed the Kenosha casino project as a threat to revenues for their casinos. Supporters of the casino project included Assembly Speaker Robin Vos (R) and Kenosha County Executive Jim Kreuser, who saw the project as a potential boost to the regional economy.[44][45]

County Executive of Milwaukee (2002 - 2010)

Walker was first elected to the county executive's office in a special election to replace a county executive who left office under the cloud of a pension fund scandal. He went on to win re-election twice, with 57 percent in 2004 and 59 percent in 2008.[46][47][48] While in office, Walker returned portions of his salary to the county treasury.[49] He cut Milwaukee County's payroll and debt during his tenure in the position.[50]

In the summer of 2010, when Walker's first campaign for Governor of Wisconsin was underway, a concrete panel fell from a county-owned parking structure, striking and killing a 15-year-old boy. This became an issue in the gubernatorial election. Walker's critics said that in his role as county executive, he had exercised insufficient oversight over the public building and it had therefore been poorly maintained and unsafe for use. An investigation was conducted, determining that the panel had been improperly installed. The family of the victims bought a lawsuit against the company that manufactured and installed the panels; they were awarded $33 million in damages. Milwaukee County received $6 million in damages from the company.[51]

Walker's staff during his time as county executive came under scrutiny in a "John Doe" legal proceeding; the investigation began in 2010 and continued for several years thereafter. Two of Walker's county aides were convicted of "misconduct in office for doing campaign work on county time" as a result of this investigation. Four other individuals were also convicted on various charges.[52]

Wisconsin State Legislature (1993 - 2002)

During four terms as a state legislator, Walker earned a reputation as a supporter of cracking down on crime and curtailing welfare programs, and he was also considered to be a staunch pro-life advocate on abortion issues.[53] His position on abortion earned him multiple endorsements from right-to-life groups during his gubernatorial run.

Walker's signature legislative work came on the Committees on Correctional Facilities, and Corrections and the Courts. While building experience in criminal justice legislature, Walker authored one bill, aimed at 'truth in sentencing,' that effectively ended the practice of shaving time off prisoners' sentences for good behavior.[50]

Elections

2016

Presidency

See also: Scott Walker possible presidential campaign, 2016 and Presidential election, 2016

Walker is considered a possible Republican presidential candidate in 2016. When asked on December 1, 2013, if he was considering a run for the presidency, Walker said, "I'm running for governor ... we'll see what happens after that. I've got to look at my state ... for now I'm focused on being governor."[54] Then, on February 5, 2015, when Martha Raddatz asked if he will run for president, Walker said, "I’ll just tell you one thing. After three elections for governor in four years in a state that hasn’t gone Republican since 1984 for president, I wouldn’t bet against me on anything."[55]

2014

See also: Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014

Walker was re-elected to a second term as Governor of Wisconsin in 2014.[1] Walker was renominated without opposition in the Republican primary on August 12. He ran on the Republican ticket with Lt. Gov. Rebecca Kleefisch in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Results

General election
Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngScott Walker/Rebecca Kleefisch Incumbent 52.3% 1,259,706
     Democrat Mary Burke/John Lehman 46.6% 1,122,913
     Libertarian Robert Burke/Joseph Brost 0.8% 18,720
     Independent Dennis Fehr 0.3% 7,530
     Nonpartisan Scattering 0.1% 1,248
     Nonpartisan Write-in votes 0% 200
Total Votes 2,410,317
Election Results via Wisconsin Government Accountability Board.

Race background

November 2014 marked incumbent Governor Scott Walker's third election in four years. He first won in the 2010 elections, and he faced a high-profile recall election in 2012. Walker, a Republican, defeated the same Democratic opponent, Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett, by a similar margin in both elections. In 2014, Walker's main Democratic challenger was Mary Burke, a former business executive and current member of the school board in Madison.

2012 recall
See also: Scott Walker recall, Wisconsin (2012)

Democrats targeted Walker for recall due to his efforts to limit the collective bargaining rights of public employee unions through Wisconsin Assembly Bill 11, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill", which the governor introduced in February 2011. The bill was immediately met with wide-scale protests. While the passions of the 2012 recall and of the 2010 election, an election that saw Republicans win control of the House of Representatives and many other offices across the country, may not have been as strong in the 2014 election cycle, the underlying issues still existed and Governor Walker remained a divisive figure.[56] Walker is the only governor to have survived a recall and only the third governor to face a recall election in U.S. history.[57]

Common Core
See also: Common Core State Standards Initiative

In addition to the ongoing issues that fueled the protests and subsequent failed recall, the issue of Common Core surfaced in this race. Walker, a former supporter of the education standards, began to back away from his stance and sought to change how Common Core is implemented in Wisconsin.[58] Burke publicly supported Common Core.[59]

State of the race

Polling in October 2014 indicated a close race with few undecided voters, driven by the highly charged political atmosphere and almost continuous campaigning caused by the recall. The race depended on each candidate's ability to motivate supporters to go to the polls, rather than the ability to change the minds of undecided voters. As of July 2014, The Cook Political Report rated this race as a "toss-up."[60]

Libertarian Robert Burke and Peoples Party candidate Dennis Fehr were identified as potential variables in this toss-up race, though their vote totals did not contribute to the outcome of the race. Burke, a "socially liberal" former Republican, said that he "...can mess things up for both sides."[61][62][63] Fehr is the founder and sole candidate of the Peoples Party, not to be confused with the People's Party.[64]

Primary races

Both Walker and Mary Burke faced primary challengers but won comfortably for their respective parties' nominations. Walker's only opponent, Steve Evans, ran as a write-in candidate, while Burke was endorsed by the Wisconsin Democratic Party's Administrative Committee over her opponent, State Assemblyman Brett Hulsey.[65]

Debates

Debate media

October 10 debate

October 17 debate
October 17 debate

The second debate between Mary Burke (D) and Scott Walker (R) centered on the state economy as both candidates jousted for position as the best candidate for Wisconsin voters. Burke hammered away at the Republican governor for failing to create 250,000 jobs in his first term as he pledged during his 2010 campaign. She also blamed Walker and Republican legislators for a projected budget shortfall of $1.8 billion. Walker countered that his administration helped generate 100,000 new jobs and $2 billion in tax cuts since 2011. He also argued that Burke's economic plan used word-for-word passages from the plans of other Democratic candidates, an issue emphasized in pro-Walker TV ads.[66]

October 10 debate

Burke and Walker discussed the minimum wage, economic policy and abortion during a debate hosted by the Wisconsin Broadcasters Association. Walker initially evaded a question about raising the minimum wage from $7.25 per hour, though he eventually responded that state officials should push to create jobs that earn more than minimum wage. Burke countered that Walker's argument was unrealistic as "retail and home health" workers would not be able to shift easily to industrial jobs. Walker argued that Wisconsin families experienced an average tax reduction of $322 in 2014, while Burke suggested that Walker should not be elected again because the state has a projected budget shortfall.[67]

Walker did not respond directly when asked whether he opposed abortion in cases of rape, noting that the Supreme Court resolved the question in Roe v. Wade. Burke echoed an ad campaign by Planned Parenthood prior to the general election, arguing that the governor's position on abortion was "anything but reasonable."[67]

Polls

Governor of Wisconsin, General election from August 2014
Poll Scott Walker * (R) Mary Burke (D)Undecided/OtherMargin of ErrorSample Size
Rasmussen Reports
August13-14, 2014
48%47%5%+/-4750
Marquette Law School Poll
August 21-24, 2014
47%49%4%+/-4.1609
YouGov
August 18-September 2, 2014
49%45%6%+/-41,473
We Ask America
September 3, 2014
44%48%8%+/-31,170
Marquette University Law School
September 11-14, 2014
49%46%5%+/-4.1589
Rasmussen Reports
September 15-16, 2014
48%46%6%+/-4750
New York Times/CBS News/YouGov
September 20-October 1, 2014
48%49%3%+/-31,444
Marquette University Law School
October 9-12, 2014
47%47%5%+/-3.21,004
WPR/St. Norbert College
October 19-21, 2014
47%46%6%+/-4603
Rasmussen Reports
October 20-21, 2014
48%49%3%+/-3973
New York Times/CBS News/YouGov
October 16-23, 2014
46%45%10%+/-33,308
Marquette University Law School
October 23-26, 2014
50%43%4%+/-31,409
Public Policy Polling
(October 28-30, 2014)
48%47%5%+/--1,814
AVERAGES 47.62% 46.69% 5.38% +/-3.26 1,222.77
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.
Governor of Wisconsin, General election through July 2014
Poll Scott Walker (R) Mary Burke (D)Undecided/OtherMargin of ErrorSample Size
Marquette University Law School Poll
October 21-24, 2013
47.1%44.9%6.5%+/-3.5800
Rasmussen Reports
March 10-11, 2014
45%45%10%+/-4.5500
Marquette University Law School Poll
March 20-23, 2014
48%41%11%+/-3.5801
St. Norbert College Strategic Research Institute
March 24 - April 3, 2014
55%40%5%+/-5401
Magellan Strategies for the Liberty Foundation of America
April 14-15,2014
47%47%6%+/-3.36851
Public Policy Polling
April 17-20, 2014
48%45%7%+/-2.91,144
Marquette University Law School Poll
May 15-18, 2014
46%46%6%+/-3.5805
Marquette University Law School Poll
July 17-20, 2014
46%45%9%+/-3.5804
Gravis Marketing
July 31-August 3, 2014
47%47%6%+/-31,346
AVERAGES 47.68% 44.54% 7.39% +/-3.64 828
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

Note: An asterisk (*) denotes incumbent status.

2012

See also: Scott Walker recall, Wisconsin (2012)

Walker defeated Tom Barrett (D) and Hariprasad "Hari" Trivedi (I) in a recall election on June 5, 2012. A primary took place on May 8.

Recall of Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngScott Walker Incumbent 53.1% 1,335,585
     Democratic Tom Barrett 46.3% 1,164,480
     Independent Hari Trivedi 0.6% 14,463
     Scattering - 0.1% 1,537
Total Votes 2,516,065
Election Results via Wisconsin Government Accountability Board


Walker easily defeated Arthur Kohl-Riggs in the Republican primary. Five candidates sought the Democratic nomination — Kathleen Falk, Kathleen Vinehout, Doug La Follette, Tom Barrett and Gladys Huber.

Talk of an attempt to recall Walker for his role in the passage of the Budget Repair Bill began in February 2011, about a month after he took office. However, under Wisconsin law an elected official has to be in office for one year before he or she can be recalled. Although Walker was safe, nine state senators faced recall elections, which ultimately led to two incumbent Republicans being removed from office.

On October 10, 2011, Wisconsin state Democratic Party chairman Mike Tate announced that they, in conjunction with United Wisconsin, would officially begin the recall campaign against Walker on November 15. In order to put a recall on the ballot, they had to collect 540,208 valid signatures in 60 days.[68] On March 30, 2012, the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board officially certified just over 900,000 signatures and scheduled the recall.[69]

Wisconsin Governor Recall - Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngScott Walker Incumbent 96.9% 626,962
Arthur Kohl-Riggs 3.1% 19,939
Patrick J. O'Brien (Write-In) 0% 17
Scattering 0% 204
Total Votes 647,122
Election Results via Wisconsin Government Accountability Board.


Endorsements

  • Milwaukee Journal Sentinel[70]

2010

See also: Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2010 and Gubernatorial elections, 2010

Walker faced Tom Barrett (D), James James (Common Sense) and Jim Langer (I) in the general election on November 2, 2010. Walker won the election with 52 percent of the vote. In the primaries, Walker easily defeated two GOP challengers. His general election battle with Barrett, the Mayor of Milwaukee at the time, was one of the most acrimonious of the 2010 cycle, becoming more fraught as Walker's poll numbers improved.

Walker ran on a ticket with Rebecca Kleefisch.

His win was part of a midterm election night that overall favored Republicans. In addition to the governorship, Republicans in Wisconsin picked up both chambers of the state legislature in the 2010 general election.[71]

Wisconsin Governor/Lt. Governor, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngScott Walker/Rebecca Kleefisch 52.2% 1,128,941
     Democratic Tom Barrett/Tom Nelson 46.5% 1,004,303
     Independent Jim Langer/No candidate 0.5% 10,608
     Libertarian No candidate/Terry Virgil 0.3% 6,790
     Common Sense James James/No candidate 0.4% 8,273
     Independent Leslie Ervin Smetak/David Myron Smetak 0% 19
     Independent Patricia Messici/No candidate 0% 22
     Independent Hari Trivedi/No candidate 0% 18
     - Scattering 0.1% 1,858
Total Votes 2,160,832
Election Results via Wisconsin Government Accountability Board

2008

Scott Walker won election to a third term as Milwaukee County executive against State Senator Lena Taylor on April 1, 2008.[72]

2008 Milwaukee County Executive Election Results[72].
Candidates Percentage
Scott Walker 57.74%
Lena Taylor 40.40%
Scattering 0.17%
Total votes 170,251

NOTE: County Executive candidates are listed as nonpartisan

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Walker is available dating back to 1998. Based on available campaign finance records, Walker raised a total of $48,848,814 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 6, 2013.[73]

Scott Walker's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 Governor of Wisconsin Won $37,717,808
2010 Governor of Wisconsin Won $11,016,186
2000 Wisconsin State Assembly Won $81,092
1998 Wisconsin State Assembly Won $33,728
Grand Total Raised $48,848,814

2012

Walker won re-election to the position of Governor of Wisconsin in 2012. During that election cycle, Walker raised a total of $37,717,808.

2010

Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Scott Walker's donors each year.[74] Click [show] for more information.


Personal

Walker and his wife, Tonnette Walker, have two sons. The Walkers reside in Wauwatosa.[7]

State profile

Wisconsin's population in 2013 was 5,742,713.

Wisconsin's population in 2013 was 5,742,713 according to the United States Census Bureau. This estimate represented a 1 percent change from the bureau's 2010 estimate. The state's population per square mile was 105 in 2010, exceeding the national average of 87.4. Wisconsin experienced a 1.5 percent increase in total employment from 2011 to 2012 based on census data, falling below a 2.2 percent increase at the national level during the same period.[75]

Demographics

Wisconsin fell below the national average for residents who attained at least bachelor's degrees based on census data from 2009 to 2013. The United States Census Bureau found that 26.8 percent of Wisconsin residents aged 25 years and older attained bachelor's degrees compared to 28.8 percent at the national level. The median household income in Wisconsin was $52,413 between 2009 and 2013 compared to a $53,046 national median income. Census information showed a 13.5 percent poverty rate in Wisconsin during the study period compared to a 14.5 percent national poverty rate.[75]

Racial Demographics, 2013[75]
Race Wisconsin (%) United States (%)
White 88.1 77.7
Black or African American 6.5 13.2
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.1 1.2
Asian 2.5 5.3
Two or More Races 1.7 2.4
Hispanic or Latino 6.3 17.1

Presidential Voting Pattern, 2000-2012[76][77]
Year Democratic vote in Wisconsin (%) Republican vote in Wisconsin (%) Democratic vote in U.S. (%) Republican vote in U.S. (%)
2012 52.8 45.9 51.1 47.2
2008 56.2 42.3 52.9 45.7
2004 49.7 49.3 48.3 50.7
2000 47.8 47.6 48.4 47.9

Note: The United States Census Bureau considers "Hispanic or Latino" to be a place of origin rather than a race. Citizens may report both their race and their place of origin, and as a result, the percentages in each column of the racial demographics table may exceed 100 percent.[78][79]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms "Scott Walker Wisconsin Governor."

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Scott Walker - Google News Feed

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See also

External links

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Scott Walker kicks off re-election bid with rallies around Wisconsin," April 15, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Today's TMJ 4, "Walker Works Last Day as County Executive," December 27, 2010
  3. UPI, "Recall election schedule set in Wisconsin," March 15, 2012
  4. Christian Science Monitor, "Gov. Scott Walker makes history, survives Wisconsin recall election," June 6, 2012
  5. New York Times, "In State Governments, Signs of a Healthier G.O.P.," April 16, 2013
  6. National Governors Association, "NGA Announces New Executive Committee Leadership," August 4, 2013
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 Scott Walker for Governor, "Official Biography," accessed October 27, 2010
  8. Milwaukee County Election Commission, "Spring 2008 General Election Results," accessed October 28, 2010
  9. Channel 3000, "Walker Expected To Announce Bid For Governor," April 27, 2009
  10. The Daily Reporter, "Walker targets wages and benefits," November 13, 2009
  11. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "Walker says no thanks to federal stimulus dollars," January 6, 2009
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Yahoo!, "Secret $1.5 million donation from Wisconsin billionaire uncovered in Scott Walker dark-money probe," March 23, 2015
  13. 13.0 13.1 Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "Report: Menards owner gave $1.5 million to pro-Scott Walker group," March 24, 2015
  14. Wall Street Journal, "Union Fight Heats Up," February 17, 2011
  15. Wisconsin State Journal, "Highlights of Gov. Walker's budget repair bill," February 11, 2011
  16. Green Bay Press Gazette, "Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker says National Guard ready for any unrest over anti-union bill," February 11, 2011
  17. ABC News, "Wisconsin State Senator Mark Miller Calls Governor Scott Walker's Budget Tactics 'Insulting,' Asks for 'Respect'," February 18, 2011
  18. The Hill, "Wis. governor: GOP won't be 'bullied' by union bill protesters," February 18, 2011
  19. Fox 6, "Milwaukee Public Schools closed for Friday due to high number of absentee calls from teachers," February 18, 2011 (dead link) (dead link)
  20. Green Bay Press Gazette, "Wisconsin Democrats flee to Clock Tower Hotel in Rockford, Ill., to block anti-union bill," February 17, 2011
  21. Bloomberg Businessweek, "Senator: Missing Wis. lawmakers left the state," February 17, 2011
  22. Journal-Sentinal Online, "The Dems' tantrum," February 17, 2011
  23. Washington Post, "Obama joins Wisconsin's budget battle, opposing Republican anti-union bill," February 18, 2011
  24. NBC 15, "UPDATE: Madison Schools Go To Court To Get Teachers Back," February 18, 2011
  25. The Journal Times, "Unions picket Wanggaard home over Walker’s overhaul proposal," February 15, 2011
  26. Wall Street Journal, "Political Fight Over Unions Escalates," February 22, 2011
  27. Yahoo News, "Wis. Assembly leader vows to pass anti-union bill," February 22, 2011
  28. Yahoo News, "Wisconsin governor warns of layoff notices," February 22, 2011
  29. The Daily Caller, "Wisconsin Senate can eliminate collective bargaining for teachers - even without Democrats who fled," February 21, 2011
  30. Wisconsin Legislative Documents, "Assembly Bill 11," accessed July 25, 2014
  31. Wisconsin Reporter, "Judge: Collective bargaining bill violated open meetings law," May 26, 2011
  32. Wisconsin Reporter, "High court overrules Sumi, says union reform law in effect," June 14, 2011
  33. 33.0 33.1 On The Issues, "Scott Walker Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015
  34. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  35. Washington Post, "At least 32 governors have weighed in on the border crisis. Here’s what each has said," July 23, 2014
  36. Wisconsin Reporter, "Walker’s commission finds $260 million in potential savings for taxpayers," July 13, 2011
  37. Statehouse News Online, "Wisconsin elections board: ‘11 will be test for voter ID," May 16, 2011
  38. The New York Times, "Wisconsin Decides Not to Enforce Voter ID Law," March 23, 2015
  39. The Business Journals, "Governors and jobs: How governors rank for job creation in their states," June 27, 2013
  40. The Business Journals, "How state governors rank on their job-growth record," June 27, 2013
  41. 41.0 41.1 41.2 Politico, "GOP 2016 hopefuls slated for NYC event," accessed August 28, 2013
  42. 42.0 42.1 Wisconsin State Journal, "Scott Walker rejects Medicaid expansion, proposes alternate plan to cover uninsured," February 13, 2013
  43. Telegraph Herald, "Walker says no to federal Medicaid expansion," February 14, 2013
  44. The Washington Post, "Republican governors group benefitting big from Wisconsin casino fight," February 14, 2014
  45. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "Scott Walker rejects Menominee bid for Kenosha casino," January 23, 2015
  46. WISN.com, "Walker Wins Race For Milwaukee County Executive," April 6, 2014
  47. Milwaukee County, "April 6, 2004 Election Results," accessed February 18, 2011
  48. Milwaukee County, "April 1, 2008 Election Results," accessed February 18, 2011
  49. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Walker would lower salary givebacks," March 19, 2008
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  79. Each column will add up to 100 percent after removing the "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin percentages, although rounding by the Census Bureau may make the total one- or two-tenths off from being exactly 100 percent. This Ballotpedia page provides a more detailed explanation of how the Census Bureau handles race and ethnicity in its surveys.
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Doyle (D)
Governor of Wisconsin
2011-Present
Succeeded by
N/A
Preceded by
Janine Geske
Milwaukee County Executive
2002–2010
Succeeded by
Lee Holloway
Preceded by
David Cullen (D)
Wisconsin State Assembly District 14
1993-2002
Succeeded by
Leah Vukmir (R)