The Sierra Club was founded in 1892 by John Muir. The group's first initiative was to fight a reduction to the boundaries of Yosemite National Park.  The first office opened a year later where they planned various national environmental and preservation campaigns. The Club's efforts helped establish or enlarge Mr. Rainier National Park, Glacier National Park, Sequoia National Park, Mt. Tamalpais State Park, Kings Canyon National Park, Anza State Park, Olympic National Park, Point Reyes, Redwood National Park, North Cascades National Park, Big Cypress Preserve and Grand Canyon National Park, among others. They also backed environmental legislation including the Clean Air Act in , opposition to a pipeline through the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and opposition to the Keystone XL pipeline.
"To explore, enjoy, and protect the wild places of the earth; To practice and promote the responsible use of the earth's ecosystems and resources; To educate and enlist humanity to protect and restore the quality of the natural and human environment; and to use all lawful means to carry out these objectives."
The Sierra Club's four "priority campaigns" are:
- Beyond Coal is an initiative to replace coal with clean energy.
- Beyond Oil is an initiative to replace oil with clean energy.
- Beyond Natural Gas is an initiative to replace natural gas with clean energy.
- Our Wild America is an initiative to create a network of connected wild lands to "preserve America's natural, cultural, and recreational heritage."
Other initiatives of the Sierra Club include:
- Borderlands Campaign
- Chill the Drills! Protect America's Arctic
- Electric Vehicles
- Environmental Justice
- Environmental Law
- Genetic Engineering Program
- Global Population and the Environment
- International Climate Campaign
- Mission Outdoors
- Nuclear Free Campaign
- Responsible Trade
As of December 9, 2013, Sierra Club had $0 spending for the 2014 elections.
The Sierra Club supported the passage of California's Proposition 39, the Clean Energy Jobs Act, which passed. The group also supported the "Michigan Energy, Michigan Jobs" ballot initiative, which failed.
The Sierra Club Independent Action Super PAC supported four candidates in the 2012 election, spending $286,286.
|Toxic Money, Toxic Votes targets|
The Sierra Club Independent Action Super PAC targeted six Republican representatives in the 2012 election with the "Toxic Money, Toxic Votes" campaign, spending $812,266.
|Toxic Money, Toxic Votes targets|
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- Welcome to the Sierra Club
- Sierra Club,"Goals pdf," accessed December 9, 2013
- Sierra Club,"Chapters," accessed December 9, 2013
- Sierra Club, "History: Sierra Club Timeline," accessed December 9, 2013
- Sierra Club,"Sierra Club Policies," accessed December 9, 2013
- Sierra Club,"Board of Directors: Meet the Board," accessed December 9, 2013
- Sierra Club, "Sierra Club Programs," accessed December 9, 2013
- Beyond Coal, "About Us," accessed December 9, 2013
- Beyond Oil, "What We Do," accessed December 9, 2013
- Beyond Natural Gas, "What We Do," accessed December 9, 2013
- Our Wild America, "About," accessed December 9, 2013
- OpenSecrets.org, "Outside Spending Summary 2014," accessed December 9, 2013
- Sierra Club, "Impact of the 2012 elections," accessed December 9, 2013
- OpenSecrets.org, "Sierra Club Independent Action," accessed December 9, 2013