Difference between revisions of "South Carolina House of Representatives"

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Elections for the office of South Carolina House of Representatives were held in [[South Carolina]] on [[State legislative elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. All '''124 seats''' were up for election.
 
Elections for the office of South Carolina House of Representatives were held in [[South Carolina]] on [[State legislative elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. All '''124 seats''' were up for election.
  
The [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state legislative elections | signature filing deadline]] for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 30, 2012. The [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state legislative elections | primary election day]] was June 12, 2012.<ref>[http://www.scvotes.org/files/2012%20ge%20calendar%20v3.2%20red.pdf ''South Carolina Election Commission'' "2012 Calendar"]</ref>
+
The [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state legislative elections | signature filing deadline]] for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 30, 2012. The [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state legislative elections | primary election day]] was June 12, 2012.<ref>[http://www.scvotes.org/files/2012%20ge%20calendar%20v3.2%20red.pdf ''South Carolina Election Commission'', "2012 Calendar"]</ref>
  
 
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
 
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

Revision as of 07:33, 2 May 2014

South Carolina House of Representatives

Seal of South Carolina.jpg
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 14, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Bobby Harrell, Jr. (R)
Majority Leader:   Bruce Bannister (R)
Minority leader:   James Rutherford (D)
Structure
Members:  124
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art III, South Carolina Constitution
Salary:   $10,400/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (124 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (124 seats)
Redistricting:  South Carolina Legislature has control
The South Carolina House of Representatives is the lower house of the South Carolina State Legislature. It consists of 124 representatives who are elected to two-year terms in even-numbered general election years. Each member represents an average of 37,301 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 32,355 residents.[2]

As of August 2014, South Carolina is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article III of the South Carolina Constitution establishes when the South Carolina State Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 9 of Article III states that the Legislature is to convene on the second Tuesday of January each year. Section 9 allows the General Assembly to recede from session for up to thirty days by a majority vote of the legislative house seeking to recede. Furthermore, one or both houses can recede from session for more than thirty days if that action is approved by two-thirds of the members.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will be in session from January 14 through June 30.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session include ethics reform and government restructuring.[3]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 8 through June 20.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included computer security, improving the state's roads and bridges and addressing healthcare.[4]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 11 through June 7.

Major issues

Legislators addressed a budget surplus of $900 million. Major agenda issues included tax reform, job security measures, reforming the state retirement system, and creating a new school funding formula.[5]

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in regular session from January 11 through June 2.[6] On June 2, Governor Nikki Haley attempted to call the Legislature into an "emergency" special session to begin on June 7 to create the new South Carolina Department of Administration. A lawsuit was filed by Senate President Pro Tem Glenn McConnell, in which he contended that Haley's call for a special session was unconstitutional, and that it violated the state Constitution's requirement of separation of powers among the governor, legislature and courts.[7] On June 6, the South Carolina Supreme Court ruled 3-2 against Governor Haley, stating that her order violated the Legislature's ability to set its calendar and agenda.[8]

The legislature met in a special redistricting session from June 14 - July 1.[9] The legislature re-convened July 26.[10]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House was in session from January 12 to June 3.[11]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[12] According to the report, South Carolina received a grade of D+ and a numerical score of 63, indicating that South Carolina was "lagging" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[12]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. South Carolina was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[13]

Elections

2014

See also: South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for all 124 seats in the South Carolina House of Representatives will take place in 2014. A primary election took place on June 10, 2014. The general election will take place on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was March 30, 2014.

2012

See also: South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of South Carolina House of Representatives were held in South Carolina on November 6, 2012. All 124 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 30, 2012. The primary election day was June 12, 2012.[14]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of South Carolina's House of Representatives were held in South Carolina on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 30, 2010. The primary election day was June 8, 2010.

In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $6,654,588 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were:[15]

2008

See also: South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of South Carolina House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 16, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $2,919,909. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

2006

See also: South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of South Carolina House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 13, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $7,658,515. The top 10 contributors were:[17]

2004

See also: South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of South Carolina House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 8, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $4,940,969. The top 10 contributors were:[18]

2002

See also: South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of South Carolina House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 11, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $5,440,606. The top 10 contributors were:[19]

2000

See also: South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of South Carolina House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on June 13, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $5,444,436. The top 10 contributors were:[20]

Qualifications

To be eligible to serve in the South Carolina House of Representatives, a candidate must be:[21]

  • A U.S. citizen at the time of filing
  • 21 years old at the filing deadline time
  • A resident of the district at the filing deadline time

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the house, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat. If candidates plan to seek the nomination through a party convention, the filing period begins on the third Friday after the vacancy happened. The qualifying deadline is ten days after the filing period opens.[22]

If a candidate plans to seek the nomination via petition, all signatures must submitted to the appropriate filing officer no later than sixty days before the election. All signatures must be verified by the filing officer no later than 45 days before the election.[23]

A primary election must be held on the eleventh Tuesday after the vacancy occurs. If necessary, a primary runoff must be held on the thirteenth Tuesday after the vacancy occurs. The special election is held on the eighteenth Tuesday after vacancy occurs. No special election can be held less than 60 days before the general election.[23]

Redistricting

The Legislature is tasked with legislative redistricting. In particular, the Senate Judiciary Committee has the responsibility of setting criteria for new districts.

2010 census

South Carolina's population grew 15.3 percent to 4.6 million, making it the 10th fastest growing state in the country. However, this led the state's majority-minority districts to pale in light of the ideal district sizes (37,301 for the House and 100,551 for the Senate). On June 15, 2011, both chambers passed Senate-originated maps, and the U.S. Department of Justice cleared the maps in November 2011. As of July 2012, a federal decision upholding the maps was being appealed by the state Democrats; the 2012 elections are not affected.[24]

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of August 2014
     Democratic Party 46
     Republican Party 78
Total 124


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the South Carolina State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the South Carolina State House.PNG

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the South Carolina Legislature are paid $10,400 a year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive $131 a day for meals and housing for each statewide session day and committee meeting. Per diem is tied to the federal rate.[25]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

South Carolina legislators assume office the Monday after the election.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.[26]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, South Carolina House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Bobby Harrell, Jr. Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore James Lucas Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Leader Bruce Bannister Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader James Rutherford Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, South Carolina House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Bill Whitmire Ends.png Republican 2002
2 Bill Sandifer, III Ends.png Republican 1994
3 B.R. Skelton Ends.png Republican 2002
4 Davey Hiott Ends.png Republican 2004
5 Phillip Owens Ends.png Republican 2002
6 Brian White Ends.png Republican 2000
7 Michael Gambrell Ends.png Republican 2006
8 Don Bowen Ends.png Republican 2006
9 Anne Thayer Ends.png Republican 2010
10 Joshua Putnam Ends.png Republican 2011
11 Craig Gagnon Ends.png Republican 2012
12 Julia Parks Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
13 Robert Shannon Riley Ends.png Republican 2012
14 Michael Pitts Ends.png Republican 2002
15 Samuel Rivers, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2012
16 Mark Willis Ends.png Republican 2008
17 Mike Burns Ends.png Republican 2012
18 Tommy Stringer Ends.png Republican 2008
19 Dwight Loftis Ends.png Republican 1996
20 Dan Hamilton Ends.png Republican 1996
21 Phyllis Henderson Ends.png Republican 2010
22 Wendy Nanney Ends.png Republican 2008
23 Chandra Dillard Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
24 Bruce Bannister Ends.png Republican 2004
25 Leola Robinson-Simpson Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
26 R. Raye Felder Ends.png Republican 2012
27 Garry Smith Ends.png Republican 2002
28 Eric Bedingfield Ends.png Republican 2006
29 Dennis Moss Ends.png Republican 2008
30 Steve Moss Ends.png Republican 2008
31 Harold Mitchell, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
32 Derham Cole, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2008
33 Eddie Tallon Ends.png Republican 2010
34 Mike Forrester Ends.png Republican 2008
35 Bill Chumley Ends.png Republican 2010
36 Merita Ann Allison Ends.png Republican 2008
37 Donna Wood Ends.png Republican 2012
38 Doug Brannon Ends.png Republican 2010
39 Ralph Shealy Kennedy Ends.png Republican 2012
40 Walton McLeod Electiondot.png Democratic 1996
41 MaryGail Douglas Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
42 Michael Anthony Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
43 F. Gregory "Greg" Delleney, Jr. Ends.png Republican 1990
44 Mandy Powers Norrell Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
45 Deborah Long Ends.png Republican 2008
46 Gary Simrill Ends.png Republican 1992
47 Tommy Pope Ends.png Republican 2010
48 Ralph W. Norman Ends.png Republican 2008
49 John King Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
50 Grady Brown Electiondot.png Democratic 1984
51 J. David Weeks Electiondot.png Democratic 2000
52 Laurie Funderburk Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
53 Ted Vick Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
54 Elizabeth Munnerlyn Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
55 Jackie Hayes Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
56 Mike Ryhal Ends.png Republican 2012
57 J. Wayne George Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
58 Liston Barfield Ends.png Republican 1996
59 Terry Alexander Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
60 Phillip Lowe Ends.png Republican 2006
61 Lester Branham, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2002
62 Robert Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
63 Kristopher Crawford Ends.png Republican 2006
64 Robert L. Ridgeway, III Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
65 James Lucas Ends.png Republican 1998
66 Gilda Cobb-Hunter Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
67 George Smith, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2000
68 Heather Ammons Crawford Ends.png Republican 2012
69 Rick Quinn Ends.png Republican 2010
70 Joseph Neal Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
71 Nathan Ballentine Ends.png Republican 2005
72 James Smith, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1996
73 Christopher Hart Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
74 James Rutherford Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
75 Kirkman Finley, III Ends.png Republican 2012
76 Leon Howard Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
77 Joseph McEachern Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
78 Beth Bernstein Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
79 Mia Butler Garrick Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
80 Jimmy Bales Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
81 Don Wells Ends.png Republican 2012
82 William Clyburn, Sr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1994
83 Bill Hixon Ends.png Republican 2010
84 James Smith Ends.png Republican 1988
85 Chip Huggins Ends.png Republican 1998
86 William Taylor Ends.png Republican 2010
87 Todd Atwater Ends.png Republican 2010
88 McLain Toole Ends.png Republican 2002
89 Kenneth Bingham Ends.png Republican 2000
90 Bakari Sellers Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
91 Lonnie Hosey Electiondot.png Democratic 1998
92 Joseph Daning Ends.png Republican 2008
93 Russell L. Ott Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
94 Jenny Horne Ends.png Republican 2008
95 Jerry Govan, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1992
96 Lawrence Kit Spires Ends.png Republican 2006
97 Patsy Knight Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
98 Chris Murphy Ends.png Republican 2010
99 James Merrill Ends.png Republican 2000
100 Edward Southard Ends.png Republican 2011
101 Ronnie Sabb Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
102 Joseph Jefferson, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
103 Carl Anderson Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
104 Tracy Edge Ends.png Republican 1996
105 Kevin J. Hardee Ends.png Republican 2012
106 Nelson Hardwick Ends.png Republican 2004
107 Alan Clemmons Ends.png Republican 2002
108 Stephen Goldfinch, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2012
109 David Mack Electiondot.png Democratic 1996
110 Harry Limehouse Ends.png Republican 1994
111 Wendell Gilliard Electiondot.png Democratic 2008
112 Mike Sottile Ends.png Republican 2008
113 Jackson Whipper Electiondot.png Democratic 1996
114 Bobby Harrell, Jr. Ends.png Republican 1992
115 Peter McCoy Ends.png Republican 2010
116 Robert L. Brown Electiondot.png Democratic 2010
117 Bill Crosby Ends.png Republican 2010
118 Bill Herbkersman Ends.png Republican 2002
119 Leonidas Stavrinakis Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
120 Weston Newton Ends.png Republican 2012
121 Kenneth Hodges Electiondot.png Democratic 2004
122 William Bowers Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
123 Andy Patrick Ends.png Republican 2010
124 Shannon Erickson Ends.png Republican 2006

Standing committees

The South Carolina House of Representatives has 11 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, South Carolina
Partisan breakdown of the South Carolina legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the South Carolina State House of Representatives for the first three years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 19 years. The South Carolina House of Representatives is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. South Carolina was under Republican trifectas for the final 11 years of the study.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of South Carolina, the South Carolina State Senate and the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of South Carolina state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

South Carolina was one of eight states to demonstrate a dramatic partisan shift in the 22 years studied. A dramatic shift was defined by a movement of 40 percent or more toward one party over the course of the study period. South Carolina was Republican-dominated during the years of the study but experienced a shift toward much stronger Republican control, resulting in Republican trifectas from 2003-2013.

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the South Carolina state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. South Carolina ranked in the bottom-10 during every year of the study except the most recent. In 2012 it improved, finishing at 38th. The state's worst ranking, finishing 47th, occurred during both divided government and Republican trifectas.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 44.30
  • SQLI average with divided government: 45.00
Chart displaying the partisanship of the South Carolina government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013
  3. wspa.com, "Legislature Kicks Off With Old Issues On Agenda," January 14, 2014
  4. WJBF, "South Carolina Lawmakers Start Legislative Session Vowing To Protect Your Information And Improve Roads," January 8, 2013
  5. The State, "Legislative key issues," January 8, 2012
  6. 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
  7. The State, Haley tells court she has right to call special session, 6 June 2011
  8. Wltx.com, SC Supreme Court Rules Against Nikki Haley's Extra Session, June 6, 2011
  9. TheSunNews.com, The Carolinas | S.C. House to have special session in June, 6 May 2011
  10. The Island Packet, S.C. Senate OKs new congressional districted anchored in Beaufort County, June 29, 2011
  11. 2010 session dates for South Carolina legislature
  12. 12.0 12.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  13. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  14. South Carolina Election Commission, "2012 Calendar"
  15. Follow the Money: "South Carolina House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  16. Follow the Money, "South Carolina 2008 Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  17. Follow the Money, "South Carolina 2006 Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  18. Follow the Money, "South Carolina 2004 Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  19. Follow the Money, "South Carolina 2002 Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  20. Follow the Money, "South Carolina 2000 Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  21. South Carolina Secretary of State, "Qualifications for office," accessed December 18, 2013
  22. South Carolina State Legislature, "South Carolina Code," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 7-13-190 (A)-(B))
  23. 23.0 23.1 South Carolina State Legislature, "South Carolina Code," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 7-13-190 (B))
  24. The State, "Democrats appeal redistricting lawsuit," March 20, 2012. Retrieved July 5, 2012
  25. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  26. South Carolina House Leadership