Difference between revisions of "South Carolina State Legislature"

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|Type = [[State legislature]]
 
|Type = [[State legislature]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|None]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|None]]
|Next session = [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions|January 8, 2013]]
+
|Next session = [[Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions|January 14, 2014]]
 
|Website = [http://www.scstatehouse.gov/ Official Legislature Page]
 
|Website = [http://www.scstatehouse.gov/ Official Legislature Page]
 
<!--Level 3-->
 
<!--Level 3-->
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|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$10,400/year]] + per diem
 
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$10,400/year]] + per diem
 
<!-- Level 5-->
 
<!-- Level 5-->
|Next election = November 4, 2014
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|Next election = November 4, 2014 <br> [[South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2014|124 seats (House)]]
 
|Last election = November 6, 2012 <br>[[South Carolina State Senate elections, 2012|46 seats (Senate)]]<br> [[South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2012|124 seats (House)]]
 
|Last election = November 6, 2012 <br>[[South Carolina State Senate elections, 2012|46 seats (Senate)]]<br> [[South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2012|124 seats (House)]]
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in South Carolina|South Carolina Legislature has control]]
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in South Carolina|South Carolina Legislature has control]]
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===2011===
 
===2011===
 
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions]]''
In 2011, the Legislature was in regular session from January 11 through June 2. <ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/?tabid=21346 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL]</ref> On June 2, Governor [[Nikki Haley]] attempted to call the Legislature into an "emergency" special session to begin on June 7 to create the new South Carolina Department of Administration. A lawsuit was filed  by Senate President Pro Tem [[Glenn McConnell]], in which he contended that Haley's call for a special session was unconstitutional, and that it violated the state Constitution's requirement of separation of powers among the governor, legislature and courts. <ref>[http://www.thestate.com/2011/06/06/1848825/haley-tells-court-she-has-right.html ''The State,'' Haley tells court she has right to call special session, 6 June 2011]</ref> On June 6, the South Carolina Supreme Court ruled 3-2 against Governor Haley, stating that her order violated the Legislature's ability to set its calendar and agenda. <ref>[http://www.wltx.com/news/article/139318/2/SC-Supreme-Court-Rules-Against-Haleys-Extra-Session ''Wltx.com,'' SC Supreme Court Rules Against Nikki Haley's Extra Session, June 6, 2011]</ref>  
+
In 2011, the Legislature was in regular session from January 11 through June 2.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/?tabid=21346 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL]</ref> On June 2, Governor [[Nikki Haley]] attempted to call the Legislature into an "emergency" special session to begin on June 7 to create the new South Carolina Department of Administration. A lawsuit was filed  by Senate President Pro Tem [[Glenn McConnell]], in which he contended that Haley's call for a special session was unconstitutional, and that it violated the state Constitution's requirement of separation of powers among the governor, legislature and courts.<ref>[http://www.thestate.com/2011/06/06/1848825/haley-tells-court-she-has-right.html ''The State,'' Haley tells court she has right to call special session, 6 June 2011]</ref> On June 6, the South Carolina Supreme Court ruled 3-2 against Governor Haley, stating that her order violated the Legislature's ability to set its calendar and agenda.<ref>[http://www.wltx.com/news/article/139318/2/SC-Supreme-Court-Rules-Against-Haleys-Extra-Session ''Wltx.com,'' SC Supreme Court Rules Against Nikki Haley's Extra Session, June 6, 2011]</ref>  
  
The legislature met in a special  redistricting session from June 14 - July 1. <ref>[http://www.thesunnews.com/2011/05/06/2142738/the-carolinas.html ''TheSunNews.com,'' The Carolinas | S.C. House to have special session in June, 6 May 2011]</ref> The legislature re-convened July 26. <ref>[http://www.islandpacket.com/2011/06/29/1709269/sc-senate-oks-new-congressional.html ''The Island Packet,'' S.C. Senate OKs new congressional districted anchored in Beaufort County, June 29, 2011]</ref>
+
The legislature met in a special  redistricting session from June 14 - July 1.<ref>[http://www.thesunnews.com/2011/05/06/2142738/the-carolinas.html ''TheSunNews.com,'' The Carolinas | S.C. House to have special session in June, 6 May 2011]</ref> The legislature re-convened July 26.<ref>[http://www.islandpacket.com/2011/06/29/1709269/sc-senate-oks-new-congressional.html ''The Island Packet,'' S.C. Senate OKs new congressional districted anchored in Beaufort County, June 29, 2011]</ref>
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
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==Ethics and transparency==
 
==Ethics and transparency==
 +
===Following the Money report===
 +
{{Following the Money 2014 Report by State|State=South Carolina|Grade=D+|Score=63|Level=Lagging}}
 
===Open States Transparency===
 
===Open States Transparency===
 
{{Transparency card|State=South Carolina|Grade=C}}
 
{{Transparency card|State=South Carolina|Grade=C}}
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===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 
{{who runs badge|align=left}}
 
{{who runs badge|align=left}}
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, South Carolina]]’’
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::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, South Carolina]]''
 
[[File:South Carolina legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the South Carolina legislature from 1992-2013]]
 
[[File:South Carolina legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the South Carolina legislature from 1992-2013]]
 
'''South Carolina State Senate:'''
 
'''South Carolina State Senate:'''
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Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
 
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
  
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
+
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
  
 
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of South Carolina|Office of the Governor of South Carolina]], the [[South Carolina State Senate]] and the [[South Carolina House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of South Carolina|Office of the Governor of South Carolina]], the [[South Carolina State Senate]] and the [[South Carolina House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
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==External links==
 
==External links==
  
* [http://www.scstatehouse.net/ South Carolina Legislature Online]
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* [http://www.scstatehouse.gov/ South Carolina Legislature Online]
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Carolina_Legislature South Carolina General Assembly on Wikipedia]
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Carolina_Legislature South Carolina General Assembly on Wikipedia]
  
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{{state legislatures}}
 
{{state legislatures}}
 +
{{South Carolina}}
 
[[Category:South Carolina]]
 
[[Category:South Carolina]]
 
[[Category:State legislatures, South Carolina]]
 
[[Category:State legislatures, South Carolina]]
 
[[Category:Legislature]]
 
[[Category:Legislature]]

Revision as of 11:49, 15 April 2014

South Carolina State Legislature

Seal of South Carolina.jpg
General Information
Type:   State legislature
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 14, 2014
Website:   Official Legislature Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Glenn McConnell (R)
House Speaker:  Bobby Harrell, Jr. (R)
Majority Leader:   Harvey Peeler (R) (Senate),
Bruce Bannister (R) (House)
Minority leader:   John Land (D) (Senate),
J. Todd Rutherford (D) (House)
Structure
Members:  46 (Senate), 124 (House)
Length of term:   4 years (Senate), 2 years (House)
Authority:   Art III, South Carolina Constitution
Salary:   $10,400/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012
46 seats (Senate)
124 seats (House)
Next election:  November 4, 2014
124 seats (House)
Redistricting:  South Carolina Legislature has control
The South Carolina General Assembly, also called the South Carolina Legislature, is the state legislature of South Carolina. It consists of the lower House of Representatives and the upper State Senate. Prior to Reynolds v. Sims, the House of Representatives was apportioned so that each county had a number of representatives based on population, with each county guaranteed at least one Representative, while each county had one Senator. Moreover, each county's General Assembly delegation also doubled as its county council.

Reynolds v. Sims caused district lines to cross county lines, causing legislators to be on multiple county councils. This led to the passage of the Home Rule Act of 1975, which created county councils that were independent of the General Assembly. However, some functions that in many other states are performed by county governments are still handled by county legislative delegations in South Carolina.

The General Assembly meets in joint session to elect judges, with all 170 members having an equal vote in such elections.

As of July 2014, South Carolina is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article III of the South Carolina Constitution establishes when the Legislature is to be in session. Section 9 of Article III states that the Legislature is to convene on the second Tuesday of January each year. Section 9 allows the General Assembly to recede from session for up to thirty days by a majority vote of the legislative house seeking to recede. Furthermore, one or both houses can recede from session for more than thirty days if that action is approved by two-thirds of the members.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will be in session from January 14 through June 30.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session include ethics reform and government restructuring.[1]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 8 to June 20.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included computer security, improving the state's roads and bridges and addressing healthcare.[2]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Legislature was in session from January 11 through June 7.

Major issues

Legislators addressed a budget surplus of $900 million. Major agenda issues included tax reform, job security measures, reforming the state retirement system, and creating a new school funding formula.[3]

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Legislature was in regular session from January 11 through June 2.[4] On June 2, Governor Nikki Haley attempted to call the Legislature into an "emergency" special session to begin on June 7 to create the new South Carolina Department of Administration. A lawsuit was filed by Senate President Pro Tem Glenn McConnell, in which he contended that Haley's call for a special session was unconstitutional, and that it violated the state Constitution's requirement of separation of powers among the governor, legislature and courts.[5] On June 6, the South Carolina Supreme Court ruled 3-2 against Governor Haley, stating that her order violated the Legislature's ability to set its calendar and agenda.[6]

The legislature met in a special redistricting session from June 14 - July 1.[7] The legislature re-convened July 26.[8]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Legislature was in session from January 12 to June 3.[9]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[10] According to the report, South Carolina received a grade of D+ and a numerical score of 63, indicating that South Carolina was "Lagging" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[10]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. South Carolina was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[11]

Senate

The South Carolina Senate is the upper house of the South Carolina General Assembly. It consists of 46 senators elected from single member districts for four-year terms at the same time as United States Presidential elections. Each member represents an average of 100,551 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[12] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 87,218 residents.[13]

South Carolina State Capitol
The South Carolina Constitution of 1895 provided for each county to elect one senator for a four-year term. The election of senators was staggered so that half of the state Senate was elected every two years. After the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1964 for the case Reynolds v. Sims, the state Senate was reapportioned in 1966 as a temporary measure into 27 districts with 50 members for two-year terms. In 1967, the state Senate was again reapportioned, this time into 20 districts with 46 members for four-year terms. The number of districts was reduced to 16 in 1972 and in 1984, they were eliminated with the creation of single member districts.

Senators serve without term limits.


Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 17
     Republican Party 28
     Vacancy 1
Total 46


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the South Carolina State Senate from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the South Carolina State Senate.PNG

House of Representatives

The South Carolina House of Representatives is the lower house of the South Carolina General Assembly. It consists of 124 Representatives elected to two year terms at the same time US Congressional elections. Unlike many legislatures, seating on the floor is not divided by party, but is arranged by county delegation. Each member represents an average of 37,301 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[14] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 32,355 residents.[15]

Representatives serve without term limits.

Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 46
     Republican Party 78
Total 124


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the South Carolina State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the South Carolina State House.PNG

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, South Carolina
Partisan breakdown of the South Carolina legislature from 1992-2013

South Carolina State Senate: From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the South Carolina State Senate for the first nine years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 13 years. South Carolina was under Republican trifectas for the final 11 years of the study.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

South Carolina State House of Representatives: From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the South Carolina State House of Representatives for the first three years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 19 years. The South Carolina House of Representatives is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. South Carolina was under Republican trifectas for the final 11 years of the study.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of South Carolina, the South Carolina State Senate and the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of South Carolina state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

South Carolina was one of eight states to demonstrate a dramatic partisan shift in the 22 years studied. A dramatic shift was defined by a movement of 40 percent or more toward one party over the course of the study period. South Carolina was Republican-dominated during the years of the study but experienced a shift toward much stronger Republican control, resulting in Republican trifectas from 2003-2013.

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the South Carolina state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. South Carolina ranked in the bottom-10 during every year of the study except the most recent. In 2012 it improved, finishing at 38th. The state's worst ranking, finishing 47th, occurred during both divided government and Republican trifectas.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 44.30
  • SQLI average with divided government: 45.00
Chart displaying the partisanship of the South Carolina government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

Legislators

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the South Carolina Legislature are paid $10,400 a year during legislative sessions. Legislators receive $131 a day for meals and housing for each statewide session day and committee meeting. Per diem is tied to the federal rate.[16]

Salary controversy

An October 2010 report by The Nerve showed that S.C. lawmakers receive, on average, about $32,000 per year in combined salary, reimbursements and expenses for serving in the Legislature and performing duties and tasks related to their legislative posts, according to an examination of legislative compensation for a recent two-and-a-half-year period.[17]

In all, S.C. taxpayers shelled out at least $14.8 million to cover salaries and expenses for 202 current or former House and Senate members from Jan. 1, 2008, through July 31, 2010, The Nerve reported.[18]

That works out to an average of more than $73,000 per legislator for the 2.5-year period.[18]

Total salary and expenses for individual lawmakers in The Nerve’s analysis ranged from a high of $133,529 for the 2.5-year period for Senate President Pro Tempore Glenn McConnell, R-Charleston, to a one-year low of $14,287 for former Rep. Bessie Moody-Lawrence, D-York.[18]

Salaries for other key S.C. legislators during the 30-month period include:

The Nerve reported that in terms of lawmakers’ taxable legislative income, legislators most often earn at least $22,400 per year – more than two times their $10,400 salary, and in some cases much higher – when other types of compensation legislators receive are added to their base pay.[17] The Nerve obtained the financial data for the period from January 2008 through mid-2010 using the S.C. Freedom of Information Act.

The $32,000 average annual total amount of lawmakers’ salary and expenses didn’t include legislators’ pensions and health care benefits, the investigative website added.[17]

While the S.C. General Assembly has not increased legislators’ salaries in 20 years, The Nerve’s investigation revealed an opaque system of legislative compensation that masks the true costs of lawmakers.

The fogginess shows up in the other types of remuneration to legislators, the website reported. In dollar amounts from most to least, the three largest supplemental payments to lawmakers are for “in-district expenses,” “subsistence” and mileage.[17]

All three categories have caps, sort of:

  • In-district: $1,000 per month, or $12,000 annually.
  • Subsistence: $131 per legislative meeting day, whether in or out of session, for lodging and meals.
  • Mileage: 50 cents per mile for senators; 44.5 cents for House members.

Lawmakers also can claim a $35 per-diem for attending a legislative-related meeting on a non-session day, and they are provided allocations for postage and flags, too.

The vast majority of South Carolina lawmakers claimed the annual maximum for in-district expenses during the 2.5-year review period. Thus, at $12,000, that alone more than doubled their annual salaries – from $10,400 to $22,400.[17]

Reinforcing the point, legislators’ in-district payments are treated as income for tax and pension purposes. For lawmakers who live within 50 miles of the State House, their subsistence also is equated as income under the tax code.

The Nerve also reported that S.C. lawmakers are not required to document their actual in-district and subsistence expenses.

Mileage is the one category with a built-in accountability feature. But when it comes to in-district and subsistence expenses, legislators file vouchers – not receipts – to claim those payments, filling in the amounts as they wish, up to the caps.[17]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

South Carolina legislators assume office the Monday after the election.

Joint legislative committees

The South Carolina Legislature has no standing committees, but it does have 19 joint special committees.

External links

References

  1. wspa.com, "Legislature Kicks Off With Old Issues On Agenda," January 14, 2014
  2. WJBF, "South Carolina Lawmakers Start Legislative Session Vowing To Protect Your Information And Improve Roads," January 8, 2013
  3. The State, "Legislative key issues," January 8, 2012
  4. 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
  5. The State, Haley tells court she has right to call special session, 6 June 2011
  6. Wltx.com, SC Supreme Court Rules Against Nikki Haley's Extra Session, June 6, 2011
  7. TheSunNews.com, The Carolinas | S.C. House to have special session in June, 6 May 2011
  8. The Island Packet, S.C. Senate OKs new congressional districted anchored in Beaufort County, June 29, 2011
  9. 2010 session dates for South Carolina legislature
  10. 10.0 10.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  11. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  12. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  13. Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013
  14. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  15. Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013
  16. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 Legislators Get an Average 32K Per Year, The Nerve, Oct. 6, 2010
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 Lawmakers Cost Taxpayers Millions, The Nerve, Oct. 5, 2010