Difference between revisions of "South Dakota State Senate"

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==External links==
 
==External links==
  
* [http://legis.state.sd.us/ Official website of the South Dakota State Senate]
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* [http://legis.sd.gov/ Official website of the South Dakota State Legislature
* [http://legis.state.sd.us/sessions/2010/MemberMenu.aspx List of 2010 members of the South Dakota State Senate]
+
* [http://legis.sd.gov/Legislators/Legislators/Roster.aspx?Body=S&CurrentSession=True List of 2014 members of the South Dakota State Senate]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 17:04, 7 February 2014

South Dakota State Senate

Seal of South Dakota.jpg
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   4 terms (8 years)
2014 session start:   January 14, 2014
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Matthew Michels, (R)
Majority Leader:   Tim Rave, (R)
Minority leader:   Jason Frerichs, (D)
Structure
Members:  35
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art III, Sec 1, South Dakota Constitution
Salary:   $12,000/2 years + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (35 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (35 seats)
Redistricting:  South Dakota Legislature has control
The South Dakota Senate is the upper house of the South Dakota State Legislature.

The senate consists of 35 state senators who serve two-year terms with term limits.[1]

Each state senator represents an average of 23,262 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 21,567 residents.[3]

As of August 2014, South Dakota is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article III of the South Dakota Constitution establishes when the South Dakota State Legislature, of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session. Section 7 of Article III states that the Legislature is to meet in regular session each year on the second Tuesday of January.

The South Dakota Constitution also contains provisions concerning special sessions of the Legislature. Section 3 of Article IV allows the Governor of South Dakota to convene a special session of the Legislature. Additionally, Section 31 of Article III allows for a special session to be convened by the presiding officers of both legislative houses upon the written request of two-thirds of the members of each house.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will be in session from January 14 through March 31.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session include the state budget, a texting ban and domestic violence.[4]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 8 through March 25.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 included reforming the state's criminal justice system and approving a balanced budget.[5]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 10 through March 19.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Legislature was in session from January 11 through March 28. [6]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Senate was in session from January 12 to March 29.[7]

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. South Dakota was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[8]

Elections

2014

See also: South Dakota State Senate elections, 2014

The general elections for the office of South Dakota State Senate will take place on November 4, 2014. A primary election took place on June 3, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was March 25, 2014.

2012

See also: South Dakota State Senate elections, 2012

Elections for the office of South Dakota State Senate were held in South Dakota on November 6, 2012. A total of 35 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline was March 27, 2012.

South Dakota state senators are subject to term limits and may not serve more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 3 state senators will be termed-out.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: South Dakota State Senate elections, 2010

Elections for the office of South Dakota's State Senate were held in South Dakota on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 30, 2010. The primary election day was June 8, 2010.

In 2010, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $1,090,800 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [9]

2008

See also: South Dakota State Senate elections, 2008

Elections for the office of South Dakota State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 3, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $2,196,661. The top 10 contributors were:[10]

2006

See also: South Dakota State Senate elections, 2006

Elections for the office of South Dakota State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 6, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $1,811,174. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

2004

See also: South Dakota State Senate elections, 2004

Elections for the office of South Dakota State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 1, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $859,976. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2002

See also: South Dakota State Senate elections, 2002

Elections for the office of South Dakota State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 4, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $429,255. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2000

See also: South Dakota State Senate elections, 2000

Elections for the office of South Dakota State Senate consisted of a primary election on June 6, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $429,065. The top 10 contributors were:[14]


Qualifications

To be eligible to serve in the South Dakota Senate, a candidate must be:[15]

  • A U.S. citizen at the time of filing
  • 21 years old at the filing deadline time
  • A two-year resident of South Dakota at the filing deadline time
  • May not have been convicted of bribery, perjury or other infamous crime; may not have illegally taken "public moneys"
  • A qualified voter. A qualified voter is someone who is:
* A U.S. citizen
* Reside in South Dakota
* At least 18 years old old on or before the next election
* Not currently serving a sentence for a felony conviction which included imprisonment, served or suspended, in an adult penitentiary system
* Not be judged mentally incompetent by a court of law
* Not have served 4 consecutive terms

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

Under the state constitution, the Governor is responsible for appointing a replacement in the event a vacancy happens in the senate. There are no deadlines set in the state constitution to when the Governor has to fill the vacancy.[16]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The South Dakota legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the South Dakota Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that South Dakota senators are subject to term limits of no more than four consecutive two-year terms, or eight consecutive years. State senators can run again after they have been out of office for a term.[1]

The South Dakota State Legislature has tried on more than one occasion, each time unsuccessfully, to persuade the state's voters to repeal term limits. The most recent such failed attempt was when Amendment J lost in 2008 by 75-25%.

The first year that the term limits enacted in 1992 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2000.

Redistricting

The Legislature is tasked with drawing and passing new legislative maps, which the Governor can veto. The maps must be pre-cleared by the U.S. Department of Justice or the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia per Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act.

2010 census

Census data was delivered to South Dakota on February 11, 2011. The state's population grew 7.9 percent to 814,180, making it the 25th fastest-growing state in the country.[17] On October 24, 2011, the state legislature passed HB 1001, which was signed by Governor Dennis Daugaard on October 25, and precleared on January 19, 2012.[18]

Senators

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the South Dakota Legislature are paid $12,000/two-year term. Legislators receive $110/day per diem. Rates are set by the legislature.[19]

Pension

South Dakota does not provide pensions for legislators.[20]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

South Dakota legislators assume office the first day of session after election (Jan. 11).

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates
Party As of August 2014
     Democratic Party 7
     Republican Party 28
Total 35


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the South Dakota State Senate from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the South Dakota State Senate.PNG

Leadership

The Lieutenant Governor acts as President of the Senate. The President only votes in the case of a tie. The senate elects one member to serve as President pro tempore; this officer presides in the absence of the president, appoints committees, and assigns legislation to committee.

Current leadership

Current Leadership, South Dakota State Senate
Office Representative Party
President of the Senate Matthew Michels Ends.png Republican
President Pro Tempore of the Senate Bob Gray Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Leader Tim Rave Ends.png Republican
State Senate Assistant Majority Leader Dan Lederman Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Whip Ried Holien Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Whip Larry Rhoden Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Whip Ryan Maher Ends.png Republican
State Senate Minority Leader Jason Frerichs Electiondot.png Democratic

List of current members

Current members, South Dakota State Senate
District Senator Party Assumed office
1 Jason Frerichs Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
2 Chuck Welke Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
3 Al Novstrup Ends.png Republican 2009
4 Tim Begalka Ends.png Republican 2011
5 Ried Holien Ends.png Republican 2011
6 Ernie Otten Jr. Ends.png Republican 2013
7 Larry Tidemann Ends.png Republican 2011
8 Chuck Jones Ends.png Republican 2013
9 Deb Peters Ends.png Republican 2011
10 Shantel Krebs Ends.png Republican 2011
11 David Omdahl Ends.png Republican 2013
12 R. Blake Curd Ends.png Republican 2013
13 Phyllis Heineman Ends.png Republican 2011
14 Deb Soholt Ends.png Republican 2013
15 Angie Buhl O'Donnell Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
16 Dan Lederman Ends.png Republican 2011
17 Tom Jones Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
18 Jean Hunhoff Ends.png Republican 2007
19 Bill Van Gerpen Ends.png Republican 2013
20 Mike Vehle Ends.png Republican 2009
21 Billie H. Sutton Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
22 Jim White Ends.png Republican 2013
23 Corey Brown Ends.png Republican 2009
24 Jeff Monroe Ends.png Republican 2013
25 Tim Rave Ends.png Republican 2011
26 Larry J. Lucas Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
27 James Bradford Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
28 Ryan Maher Ends.png Republican 2007
29 Larry Rhoden Ends.png Republican 2009
30 Bruce Rampelberg Ends.png Republican 2011
31 Bob Ewing Ends.png Republican 2013
32 Alan Solano Ends.png Republican 2014
33 Phil Jensen Ends.png Republican 2009
34 Craig Tieszen Ends.png Republican 2009
35 Mark Kirkeby Ends.png Republican 2013

Senate Committees

The South Dakota State Senate has 13 standing committees.

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, South Dakota’’
Partisan breakdown of the South Dakota legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the South Dakota State Senate for two years while the Republicans were the majority for 20 years. The South Dakota State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. South Dakota was under Republican trifectas for the final 19 years of the study.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of South Dakota, the South Dakota State Senate and the South Dakota House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of South Dakota state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the South Dakota state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. For all but two years of the study, South Dakota had Republican trifectas. For over half the years of the study South Dakota was ranked in the top-10. Its best ranking, finishing 5th, occurred in 2010, and its worst, finishing 14th, occurred in 2000.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the South Dakota government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 termlimits.org, "List of state legislative term limits," accessed December 18, 2013
  2. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  3. Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013
  4. kotatv.com, "Sneak Peek into 2014 South Dakota Legislative Session," December 24, 2013
  5. KTIV, "UPDATE: SD Governor asks lawmakers to revamp criminal justice system," January 8, 2013
  6. 2011 SD Legislative Calendar
  7. 2010 session dates for South Dakota Legislature
  8. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  9. Follow the Money: "South Dakota Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  10. Follow the Money, "South Dakota 2008 Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  11. Follow the Money, "South Dakota 2006 Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  12. Follow the Money, "South Dakota 2004 Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  13. Follow the Money, "South Dakota 2002 Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  14. Follow the Money, "South Dakota 2000 Candidates," accessed July 31, 2013
  15. South Dakota Secretary of State, "Qualification to Hold Office & Term Limitations," accessed December 18, 2013
  16. South Dakota Legislature, "South Dakota Constitution," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Section Article 3, Section 10)
  17. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 South Dakota census statistics, retrieved July 5, 2012.
  18. All About Redistricting, Loyola University School of Law, retrieved July 5, 2012.
  19. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  20. USA Today, "State-by-state: Benefits available to state legislators," September 23, 2011