Difference between revisions of "Voter identification laws by state"

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| [[Georgia elections, 2014|Georgia]]  
| [[Georgia elections, 2014|Georgia]]  
|Each voter must present photo identification. Valid identification includes driver's license, state ID card, tribal ID card, United States passport, employee ID card or military ID card providing that it contains a photo of the voter.  
| Voters must present photo identification in order to vote. Valid photo ID includes a driver's license, state ID card, tribal ID card, United States passport, employee ID card, military ID card, or a Voter ID card issued by the voter's county registrar's office.<ref>[http://sos.ga.gov/index.php/elections/georgia_voter_identification_requirements2 ''Georgia Secretary of State'', "Georgia Voter Identification Requirements," Accessed March 13, 2014]</ref>
| [http://sos.ga.gov/index.php/elections/georgia_voter_identification_requirements2 Link]
| [http://sos.ga.gov/index.php/elections/georgia_voter_identification_requirements2 Link]

Revision as of 10:48, 13 March 2014

Voter ID Laws are laws in each state that may require a voter to show government issued photo identification at the polling places. All states must meet the minimum requirement set by the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA) which requires photo ID for those who register by mail and did not provide identification. However, some states have stricter requirements set by state law.[1]

Voter ID by the numbers
20 states require photo ID
14 states have non-photo requirements
Read about pending voter ID laws and lawsuits here.
Click on a tab below for more details

In general, valid forms of photo ID often include:

  • a valid driver's license
  • military ID
  • a state identification card
  • United States passport
  • student identification

If valid ID is not provided, most states issue a provisional ballot. Provisional ballots are usually counted once a voter's eligibility is confirmed. Some states require that confirmation be provided within a particular time frame following the election. Make sure to check your state for specific details.

(last updated February 20, 2014)

For the purposes of this page, we assessed each state's laws by categorizing them into two broad groups: whether the state does or does not require photo IDs on election day at polling locations.

Some states do require photo IDs in particular situations but not in general (first time voters, for example). On the tab called "Details by state" you'll find more information about upcoming changes in state laws, pending legislation and links to state documents that outline details about what is considered a valid form of identification.

State Brief summary Link for specific details
Alabama All voters are required to provide identification. This includes photo and non-photo identification.

Note: Starting with the June 2014 primaries, each voter will be required to provide a valid photo ID. A 2011 voter photo ID law went into effect after the Supreme Court of the United States overturned Section 5 of the 1965 Voting Rights Act on June 25, 2013, no longer requiring certain states to seek pre-approval for changes in voting laws.[2] Attorney General Luther Strange said the Secretary of State’s Office is in the process of developing rules for a new free voter ID.[3]

Alaska All voters are required to provide identification. This includes photo and non-photo identification. Link
Arizona All voters are required to show proof of identity at the polling place before receiving a ballot. The voter must announce his/her name, place of residence and present photo identification.

Note: Proposition 200, approved by voters in 2004, required voters to present evidence of U.S. citizenship prior to voting. The state's law was reviewed by the United States Supreme Court the week of March 18, 2013. (Case name: Arizona vs. The Inter Tribal Council of Arizona Inc.)[4][5] On June 17, 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that states cannot require proof of citizenship in cases of voter registration for federal elections unless the state receives federal or court approval to do so. The court ruled 7-2. Justices Samuel Alito and Clarence Thomas dissented. The current federal form asks if registering voters are citizens but does not require proof.[6][7]

Arkansas All voters are required to provide state or federal photo identification, such as a driver's license, U.S. passport, state or federal employee badge, military ID, college ID or concealed carry permit.

Note: On March 19, 2013 the Arkansas Senate sent a voter-ID bill (SB 2) to Gov. Mike Beebe for final approval. The Senate voted 22-12 in agreement with a House amendment to the measure. According to reports, the governor planned to wait for Arkansas Attorney General Dustin McDaniel to respond to a lawmaker's question about the constitutionality of the bill. Prior to the Senate's vote the Senate Rules Committee issued a non-binding advisory opinion that the Senate had previously not properly passed the bill. The committee said that because SB 2 would alter the Arkansas Constitution it would require a 2/3 vote approval. The advisory opinion was rejected by the full Senate.[8] On March 25, 2013, Gov. Beebe rejected the bill, claiming it "unnecessarily restricts and impairs our citizens' right to vote." Beebe also noted that the implementation costs would rise to $300,000.[9] On March 27, 2013 the Arkansas Senate voted 21-12, along party lines, to override the governor's veto.[10] On April 1, 2013 the Arkansas House of Representatives voted 52-45 in agreement with the Arkansas Senate to override Gov. Beebe's veto.[11][12] The new law took effect January 1, 2014.[13]

California All voters are required to provide a driver's license number or state identification number. If voters do not have a driver's license or state ID, they may use the last four digits of their social security card. If they also do not have a social security card number, the state will assign a unique number which may be used for voting purposes. Link
Colorado All voters are required to provide identification. This includes photo and non-photo identification. Link
Connecticut First-time voters are required to present identification. Valid identification includes photo ID that features voter's name and address or a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck or other government document that shows voter's name and address. Link
Delaware Valid identification includes photo ID, utility bill, paycheck or any other government document featuring voter's name and address. Link
Florida At the polls, valid photo identification with a signature is required. If photo identification does not contain a signature, voters will be asked for additional identification that does include a signature. Link
Georgia Voters must present photo identification in order to vote. Valid photo ID includes a driver's license, state ID card, tribal ID card, United States passport, employee ID card, military ID card, or a Voter ID card issued by the voter's county registrar's office.[14] Link
Hawaii In order to vote, voters must present valid photo ID with a signature. Additionally, voters will be asked to sign a poll book to record that they voted at the polling place. Voter Registration Notice is NOT an acceptable form of identification. Link
Idaho Voters must present valid photo ID. The name on the ID must match the name on the voter registration list (abbreviations and nicknames are acceptable). A name change requires the voter to re-register. If a voter is unable to show an acceptable ID, the voter is given the option to sign the Personal Identification Affidavit. On the Affidavit, the voter swears to his/her identity under penalty of perjury, a felony under 34-1114, Idaho Code. Link
Illinois Two forms of identification are needed, with at least one showing the voter's address. Valid identification includes photo and non-photo ID. Voters using Early Voting must provide a photo ID, such as an Illinois driver's license, state ID card or a U.S. passport.[15] Link
Indiana All voters are required to provide government-issued photo identification to vote. The name on the ID must conform to the voter registration record, which means the names must match to a reasonable extent. The ID must have an expiration date and either be current or have expired after the date of the last election and must have been issued by the state of Indiana or the U.S. government.[16] Link
Iowa No photo ID is required to vote. However, photo IDs are required for election day registrants. Link
Kansas The Kansas Secure and Fair Elections Act (S.A.F.E.) was signed into law on April 18, 2011 by Gov. Sam Brownback. Starting January 1, 2012, Kansas voters are required to show photo ID when voting in person. When voting by mail, voters are required to have their signature verified and include a copy of a valid photo ID. As of January 1, 2013, persons registering to vote for the first time must prove U.S. citizenship. Link
Kentucky Voters are required to produce identification, however the identification does not need to feature a photograph. Election officers can confirm identity either by personal acquaintance or via a document. Link
Louisiana Voters must present one of the following: a driver's license, a Louisiana special ID, or other generally recognized picture ID that contains your name and signature. If a photo ID is not presented, a utility bill, payroll check or other government document that includes your name and address can be presented. However, such voters would also have to sign an affidavit. Link
Maine According to Maine's "Voter Rights," registered voters in Maine are not required to show ID to get a ballot. 21-A MRSA §§111 and 671. Link
Maryland In general, most voters meet the necessary HAVA requirements during registration. Identification at the polls is usually only requested for voters that do not have a driver's license, state ID card, or social security card and who submitted their voter registration applications by mail after January 1, 2006; and those voters who registered to vote by mail between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2005 and have not yet voted for the first time. Link
Massachusetts Voters must present valid identification which must include the voter's name and address. Link
Michigan Each voter must show a photo ID. Your photo ID does not need to have your address on it. Voters without photo ID may sign an affidavit attesting that he or she is not in possession of photo identification. Link
Minnesota Valid identification includes photo and non-photo identification. Link
Mississippi Government-issued photo identification is required. If a voter lacks photo ID, he or she may obtain one at no cost from the Mississippi Department of Public Safety.[17]
Note: Mississippi's 2011 voter ID amendment required an implementing statute and faced USDOJ pre-clearance, before it could take effect. In October 2012, the justice department requested additional information about the law. Mississippi voters, therefore, did not have to show proof of identification to vote in the November 6, 2012 elections.[18] In late January 2013, proposed administration rules for the new voter photo identification rules were submitted to the USDOJ for approval. According to reports, the rules allow for voters who lack an acceptable photo ID to obtain a free voter photo ID card by presenting the same identification materials accepted when a person registers to vote.[19] Since Section 5 of the 1965 Voting Rights Act was overturned by the United States Supreme Court on July 25, 2013, federal pre-approval is no longer required, allowing the 2011 voter ID amendment to go into effect.[20] Mississippi Secretary of State Delbert Hosemann said the new photo ID requirements would not take effect until June 2014, as the state did not have time to issue every voter an ID by the November 2013 elections.[21]
Missouri Pursuant to Section 115.427, RSMO Supp. 2006, before receiving a ballot, voters are required to establish their identify and eligibility to vote. Valid forms of ID include: federal or state issued IDs, a copy of a current utility bill or bank statement, or a driver's license or state identification card issued by another state. If a voter does not possess valid identification, they may still cast a ballot if two supervising election judges (one from each major political party) verify that they know the voter. (Missouri Secretary of State: Voter ID requirements) Link
Montana Voters are required to present identification prior to receiving a ballot. If you do not have a photo ID, you can provide a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, voter confirmation notice, government check or other government document that shows your name and current address. Link
Nebraska Voters do not need to present identification in order to vote. Voters are asked for their ID if they are first time Nebraska registrants who mailed in their registration application and did not provide an ID at that time. Link
Nevada NRS 293.277. If a person's name appears in the election board register the person is entitled to vote. Voters must sign their name in the election board register at the polling place. The signature must be compared with the signature on a person's original application to vote or another form of identification. Other forms of identification include: a driver's license, a state identification card, military identification or another government issued ID. Link
New Hampshire Note: On June 27, 2012 the New Hampshire State Senate and House of Representatives voted to override the governor’s veto of Senate Bill 289. Senate voted 18-5, while the House voted 231-112. The two-thirds requirement to override the governor's veto was met. Both re-introduced and approved an amended version of House Bill 1354. The governor has five days from June 27 to sign, veto or let HB 1354 become law without his signature. The bill would require people to present photo identification when voting. Those who do not have a photo ID can vote a valid ballot after executing an affidavit right there at the polls.[22] Before implementation, the new law requires DOJ clearance.[23] New Hampshire debuted the new voter identification law in the September 2012 primaries. However, voters could still cast a ballot without an ID. For the November 2012 elections, voters could cast ballots without ID but they had to sign an affidavit. After the election, the attorney general's office planned to contact each person who signed an affidavit to verify the identity of the voter.[24] Link
New Jersey If identification was not provided at the time of registering to vote or if the identification information could not be verified, a voter must show identification at the polling place. Identification includes: any current and valid photo ID or bank statement, car registration, government check or document, etc. Link
New Mexico Voters are asked for their ID if they are first time New Mexico voters who mailed in their registration application and did not provide verification of their identification. Link
New York Valid identification includes photo and non-photo identification. Link
North Carolina Voters are asked for their ID if they are first time voters who mailed in their registration application and did not provide verification of their identification.
Note: On July 25, 2013 the North Carolina legislature passed a new voter ID law. The law "limits the kind of identification that voters can use at the polls to a North Carolina driver’s license, a state-issued ID card, a military ID, or a U.S. passport." According to the law, out of state licenses will only work for voters that have moved into the state within 60 days of the election. College IDs are not valid forms of identification. The approved bill also cut early voting.[25][26][27] Governor Pat McCrory (R) signed the bill into law on August 12, 2013.[28] Parts of the law take effect in 2014, although primary photo ID requirements will not take effect until the 2016 elections.[28][29] Two lawsuits were filed after the governor signed the bill, alleging that it discriminated against minority groups.[30] On September 30, 2013, the U.S. Department of Justice also sued the state over the new photo ID law, charging that the law's new limits on voting discriminated against minorities and thus violated the Voting Rights Act.[31] As of January 2, 2014, North Carolina residents who do not have valid forms of photo identification may apply for a free ID card at any North Carolina DMV.[32]
North Carolina was the first state to approve a voter ID law since the Supreme Court June 2013 ruling, where the high court struck down portions of the federal Voting Rights Act.[25]
North Dakota Voters must present identification before voting. Acceptable forms of identification must include the voter's address. If a valid form of identification cannot be produced, voters can still vote if either an election poll worker can vouch for their identity and residence; or if they complete a voter's affidavit.
Note: On April 6, 2013 the North Dakota State Senate approved a voter identification bill. House Bill 1332 passed by a 30-16 vote. According to reports, the bill eliminates the voter affidavit process and requires a voter ID.[33][34] On April 12, 2013 the House voted 68-24 to pass House Bill 1332.[35]
Ohio On election day at the polling place, Ohio law requires that every voter announce his or her full name and current address. Additionally, voters must provide proof of their identity. A photo ID is not required. Link
Oklahoma Oklahoma State Question 746, approved in 2010, requires every voter to show proof of identity before receiving a ballot. Valid forms of identification are required to contain the name of the voter, a photograph and an expiration date that is after the date of the election. Link
Oregon Vote by mail. If you do not provide valid identification during registration, you will not be eligible to vote for Federal races. You will, however, still be eligible to vote for state and local contests. Link
Pennsylvania Valid identification includes photo and non-photo identification.
Note: A law requiring all Pennsylvania voters to show photo ID in order to vote was signed by Governor Tom Corbett in March 2012.[36] On July 25, 2012 the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court heard a challenge of the law from the ACLU and other voting rights groups.[37] On August 16, 2012 Judge Robert Simpson threw out the ACLU challenge.[38] Supporters and opponents next argued the validity of the voter ID law before the Pennsylvania Supreme Court on September 13, 2012.[39] On September 18, 2012 the Pennsylvania Supreme Court issued a 4-2 per curiam (unsigned) decision that sent the case back to the trial court for more fact finding.[40][41] The state's high court asked the trial court "to ensure there is 'liberal access' to new voting-only IDs and there will be 'no disenfranchisement' of voters on Nov. 6."[42] In response to the fact finding mission, a judge ruled that for the most part the Pennsylvania voter ID law could remain intact for the November 6, 2012 elections.[43] However, a narrow injunction allowed those without IDs to cast a ballot.[44] The state's voter ID rule was also not enforced for the May 2013 primary.[45] On January 17, 2014, Judge Bernard McGinley of the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court struck down the requirement that all voters must show photo ID to vote, claiming that part of the law was unconstitutional because it lacked a way to give voters liberal access to voter photo IDs. These photo IDs had to be obtained through Department of Transportation licensing centers, of which there are only 71 across the state, many with limited hours. Judge McGinley wrote this was an inconvenience to voters and could easily disenfranchise them. The ruling did not strike down the entire law, but it did prohibit the state from enforcing the photo ID requirement.[46] On January 27, 2014 lawyers on behalf of Gov. Tom Corbett filed a request that Judge Bernard McGinley reconsider his ruling to strike down the voter ID requirement.[47]
Rhode Island Identification is required at the polls. If a voter is unable to present photo ID they can use certain non-photo IDs. The ID must include your name and address. Additionally, the identification must be dated since November 2, 2010, unless the document is of permanent nature (such as a birth certificate or social security card). In such cases, only a name is required to appear on the identification. Link
South Carolina All voters are required to show photo identification at the polls. This includes a state driver's license, identification card, voter registration card that contains a photo, federal military ID or a U.S. passport. Voters can get a free photo ID from their county voter registration office by providing their name, date of birth and the last four digits of their social security number.[48]
Note: South Carolina’s current photo ID law was first sent for pre-clearance to the U.S. Department of Justice in 2011 and was denied. Though the state applied for reconsideration, it was again denied pre-clearance on June 29, 2012.[49][50] South Carolina then took the law to court, and in October of 2012, a panel of federal judges blocked the law for the November 6, 2012 election, saying that given the short time left before the election, the law put a burden on minority voters that violated the Voting Rights Act. However, the judges also said there was nothing inherently discriminatory about the law and that it could be utilized in elections after 2012.[51] Thus, South Carolina’s photo ID law took effect January 1, 2013.[52]
South Dakota All first time voters must show proof of identification. Approved forms of photo identification include: South Dakota driver’s license or nondriver ID card, U.S. government photo ID, U.S. Armed Forces ID, student photo ID from a South Dakota high school or South Dakota accredited institution of higher education or Tribal photo ID. If you do not have a photo ID, you can sign a personal identification affidavit. Link
Tennessee At polling places, voters must show government-issued photo identification. Valid forms of ID do not include student ID cards from state universities.
Note: Tennessee's voter ID law has been scrutinized by several courts. On September 26, 2012 a judge ruled that Tennessee's voter ID law did not violate the state constitution.[53][54] On October 25, 2012, the Court of Appeals upheld Tennessee's voter ID law as well, though the court did issue an order requiring state officials to accept Memphis library cards as government-issued photo identification. State officials announced plans to appeal the ruling over the library card, arguing that library IDs were not valid because they were not issued by the state government.[55] On February 6, 2013 the Tennessee Supreme Court was asked to decide whether the state’s voter ID law deprived people of the right to vote, if safeguards should be implemented to prevent election fraud and if a city-issued photo library card could be used as identification to vote.[56] On April 24, 2013 Gov. Bill Haslam signed into law a bill that required photo identification issued by the state of Tennessee or United States to vote, which made library cards and photo IDs issued by other states invalid. However, the Tennessee Supreme Court ordered that Memphis Public Library photo IDs be accepted until the court's final ruling.[57][58] In August of 2013, before the Tennessee Supreme Court issued their final ruling, the Tennessee Green Party filed a federal lawsuit attempting to get rid of Tennessee's voter ID law, claiming it was unconstitutional and unfair to minority voters.[59] The Tennessee Supreme Court issued their final ruling on the voter ID law on October 17, 2013, upholding the law and allowing the legislature to block the use of library cards as valid photo IDs.[60]
Texas At polling places, voters must show government-issued photo identification as well as a voter registration certificate, which is obtained after registering to vote. Additionally, all voters who registered to vote in Texas must provide a Texas driver's license number, personal identification number issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety or the last four digits of their social security number.

Note: Before Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act was overturned on June 25, 2013, Texas's photo ID law, SB14, required pre-clearance by the U.S. Department of Justice before going into effect. Pre-clearance was denied on March 13, 2012, and a lawsuit was subsequently filed by the state.[61][62] On August 30, 2012, a three-judge panel in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia unanimously struck down the SB14 voter ID law. The court ruled that the law would hurt minority voter turnout and impose strict burdens on the poor.[63] The state filed a lawsuit against the ruling, and on December 17, 2012 a federal court deferred those proceedings until the Supreme Court of the United States ruled on whether part of the Voting Rights Act was constitutional.[64] The Supreme Court overturned the Voting Rights Act in June 2013, allowing Texas's SB14 voter ID law to immediately take effect, as the state was no longer required to get pre-clearance for changes to election laws.[65] On August 22, 2013 the U.S. Department of Justice sued Texas over the SB14 voter ID law, using a different section of the 1965 Voting Rights Act to claim that the law would result in "denying or abridging the right to vote on account of race, color, or membership in a language minority group.”[66] The opening arguments for the case will begin in September of 2014.[67]

Utah At the polling place, voters can either present a form of identification that bears the name and photograph of the voter or two forms of identification that bear the name of the voter and provide evidence of the voter’s residence. Link
Vermont Only first time voters who registered by mail are required to show identification in order to vote. Link
Virginia For persons who registered to vote in Virginia by mail, federal law requires them to show identification when voting for the first time in a federal election if they did not send a copy of one of these IDs with their voter registration applications. Virginia law requires all other voters to provide identification at the polls, or sign an Affirmation of Identity under felony penalty, in order to vote at the polls.
Note: On May 20, 2012 Gov. Bob McDonnell signed legislation that requires someone without identification to vote provisionally. This would eliminate the Affirmation of Identity. According to reports, the U.S. Justice Department must determine whether Virginia's new law is constitutional. On August 20, 2012 the Justice Department approved the voter ID changes.[68] On February 20, 2013 the Virginia House approved a strict photo identification bill with a vote of 65-30. The bill would require all voters to present photo identification to cast a ballot. Voters without photo identification would be required to cast a provisional ballot that would only be counted if proper identification was displayed by noon on the Friday following the election.[69] On March 26, 2013 Gov. McDonnell signed the bill into law. The new law goes into effect for 2014 elections.[70]
Washington Valid identification includes photo and non-photo identification. Link
West Virginia Valid identification includes photo and non-photo identification. Link
Wisconsin Photo ID is not currently required in Wisconsin.
Note: On March 6 and March 12, 2012, two separate judges issued injunctions preventing the Government Accountability Board from enforcing photo ID requirements in 2011 Act 23. The Wisconsin Department of Justice appealed those injunctions and the appeals have been certified to the Wisconsin Supreme Court, which on April 16 sent them back to the respective Courts of Appeals. In mid-July 2012, Dane County Circuit Judge David Flanagan ruled that "the state's requirement that all voters show photo ID at the polls creates a 'substantial impairment of the right to vote' guaranteed by the state constitution." An appeal was filed, however, the court is not expected to rule until after November 2012. This means that photo IDs will not be required at the polls in the August 14 primary and November 6 election.[71] On September 27, 2012, the Wisconsin Supreme Court declined to take the case, for the time being. The high court said that if it were to review the law, it would hear arguments from both cases at the same time. Following the court's decision, an initial appeal brief was filed in one of the cases.[72] On January 14, 2013, the Wisconsin Supreme Court again refused to take the case.[73] On May 30, 2013 a state appeals court overturned the Dane County Circuit Court Judge Flanagan's ruling. However, the voter ID requirement remains blocked because it remains pending in another case.[74] In November of 2013, a federal judge reviewed the case. The decision is expected in early 2014.[75]
Wyoming Photo and non-photo identification is acceptable in Wyoming. Identification should include the voter's name and address. Valid ID includes: photo IDs, United States passport, identification card from a state university, social security card, current utility bill, current bank statement, etc. Link

Click on the tab above called "Details by state" for an overview of voter identification requirements, recently passed and pending laws, as well as links to state documents.

For a breakdown of what is scheduled to appear on each state's ballot, click on a state on the map below.

Washington elections, 2014Oregon elections, 2014California elections, 2014Nevada elections, 2014Arizona elections, 2014Alaska elections, 2014Hawaii elections, 2014Utah elections, 2014Idaho elections, 2014Montana elections, 2014Wyoming elections, 2014Colorado elections, 2014New Mexico elections, 2014Texas elections, 2014Oklahoma elections, 2014Kansas elections, 2014Nebraska elections, 2014South Dakota elections, 2014North Dakota elections, 2014Minnesota elections, 2014Iowa elections, 2014Missouri elections, 2014Arkansas elections, 2014Louisiana elections, 2014Mississippi elections, 2014Tennessee elections, 2014Alabama elections, 2014Florida elections, 2014Georgia elections, 2014South Carolina elections, 2014North Carolina elections, 2014Kentucky elections, 2014Virginia elections, 2014West Virginia elections, 2014Wisconsin elections, 2014Illinois elections, 2014Indiana elections, 2014Michigan elections, 2014Michigan elections, 2014Ohio elections, 2014Pennsylvania elections, 2014Maryland elections, 2014Maryland elections, 2014Delaware elections, 2014Delaware elections, 2014Connecticut elections, 2014New Jersey elections, 2014New Jersey elections, 2014New York elections, 2014Connecticut elections, 2014Massachusetts elections, 2014Rhode Island elections, 2014Massachusetts elections, 2014Vermont elections, 2014New Hampshire elections, 2014Maine elections, 2014New Hampshire elections, 2014Vermont elections, 2014State by State Voter ID LawsVoter ID Laws.png

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All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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See also

External links


  1. National Conference of State Legislatures, "Voter Identification Requirements," accessed December 27, 2011
  2. AL.com, "Alabama photo voter ID law to be used in 2014, state officials say," June 25, 2013
  3. AL.com,"State has yet to seek preclearance of photo voter ID law approved in 2011," June 12, 2013
  4. The Republic,"Supreme Court to weigh Arizona's voter-ID law," March 17, 2013
  5. KMBZ,"Supreme Court to Hear Challenge to Arizona Voter ID Law," March 17, 2013
  6. Yahoo News,"Supreme Court strikes down Arizona voter ID citizenship law," June 17, 2013
  7. Huffington Post,"Supreme Court Strikes Down Arizona Voter Registration Citizenship Requirement," June 17, 2013
  8. Arkansas News Bureau,"UPDATE Senate sends voter ID bill to governor," March 19, 2013
  9. CNN,"Arkansas governor rejects voter ID measure," March 25, 2013
  10. Associated Press,"Arkansas Senate overrides veto of voter ID bill," March 27, 2013
  11. Associated Press,"Arkansas: Veto of Voter ID Law Is Overridden," April 1, 2013
  12. Associated Press,"Arkansas' GOP-led Legislature passes voter ID law," April 1, 2013
  13. Arkansasmatters.com, "Voter ID Law Rules Approved, ACLU Promises Challenge," October 9, 2013
  14. Georgia Secretary of State, "Georgia Voter Identification Requirements," Accessed March 13, 2014
  15. Board of Election Commissioners for the City of Chicago, "When You Need ID to Vote," Accessed January 22, 2014
  16. Indiana Secretary of State Website, "Photo ID Law," Accessed February 5, 2014
  17. Mississippi Secretary of State, "Initiative Measure, No. 27," accessed October 14, 2013
  18. Clarion Ledger,"No voter ID ruling before election," October 2, 2012
  19. Y'all Politics,"Voter ID Implementation Procedures sent to Dept. of Justice for Approval," January 29, 2013
  20. Washington Post, "The state of voting rights’ fights in the states," August 28, 2013
  21. WTVA, "Hosemann: No voter ID in Mississippi until next year," October 10, 2013
  22. Union Leader,"Legislature overrides Lynch veto on voter ID," June 27, 2012
  23. Union Leader,"Attorney general asks DOJ to expedite voter ID review," July 11, 2012
  24. Pew Center on the States,"Voter ID Rolls Out in New Hampshire," October 4, 2012
  25. 25.0 25.1 Politic 365,"Strict North Carolina voter ID law passes, DOJ could review law," July 28, 2013
  26. The Huffington Post,"North Carolina Voter ID Opponents React To Bill's Passage, Vow To Continue To Fight," April 25, 2013
  27. The Anson Record,"State House passes Voter ID bill; next stop is Senate approval," April 24, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 Washington Post, "Gov. McCrory quietly signs Republican-backed bill making sweeping changes to NC voting," August 12, 2013
  29. Washington Post, "The next round of the battle over voting rights has begun," August 14, 2013
  30. CBS News, "N.C. sued soon after voter ID bill signed into law," August 13, 2013
  31. Politico, "Justice Department challenges North Carolina voter ID law," September 30, 2013
  32. WSOCTV.com, "NC to offer no-fee voter ID cards starting Thursday," January 2, 2014
  33. The Bismark Tribune,"Senate passes voter identification measure," April 3, 2013
  34. The Forum of Frago-Moorhead,"Voter ID bill passes Senate with changes," April 4, 2013
  35. The Bismark Tribune,"North Dakota House passes voter ID bill," April 12, 2013
  36. Centre Daily Times, "Judge spikes photo ID requirement for Pa. voters," January 17, 2014
  37. The Nation,"Pennsylvania Voter ID Law Goes to Court," July 24, 2012
  38. Wall Street Journal,"A Voter ID Victory," August 17, 2012
  39. The Patriot-News,"Voter ID law set for review by state Supreme Court," September 9, 2012
  40. Election Law Blog,"The Pa. Supreme Court’s Curious Voter ID Punt," September 18, 2012
  41. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette,"Pa. voter ID law gets new hearings for next week," September 21, 2012
  42. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette,"Pennsylvania voter ID requirements change," September 25, 2012
  43. Governing,"Judge Halts Part of Pennsylvania Voter ID Law," October 2, 2012
  44. Election Law Blog,"CORRECTED Breaking News: PA Trial Court Requires State to Count Ballots from Voters Without ID This Election, Now Updated with Analysis," October 2, 2012
  45. Pocono Record,"Voter ID rule won't be enforced during May primary," February 19, 2013
  46. Centre Daily Times, "Judge spikes photo ID requirement for Pa. voters," January 17, 2014
  47. Philly.com, "Corbett wants judge to reconsider voter ID ruling," Updated January 28, 2014
  48. South Carolina State Election Commission Website, "New Photo ID Requirements," Updated October 29, 2013
  49. U.S. Department of Justice,"South Carolina Voter ID law," June 29, 2012
  50. Montgomery Advertiser,"States' actions on voter ID laws stoke debate," July 14, 2012
  51. Business Week,"South Carolina Voter ID Law Blocked Until After Election," October 11, 2012
  52. CarolinaLive,"Voter ID law takes effect in 2013," January 1, 2013
  53. The Tennessean,"Judge rejects challenge to Voter ID law," September 26, 2012
  54. Reuters,"Tennessee judge tosses challenge to state voter ID law," September 27, 2012
  55. Associated Press,"Tenn. to appeal voter ID ruling over library card," October 25, 2012
  56. The Tennessean,"TN Supreme Court hears voter ID case," February 7, 2013
  57. Associated Press,"Governor signs voter ID measure," April 24, 2013
  58. WREG,"Changes Made To Tennessee Voter ID Policy," April 25, 2013
  59. The Tennessean, "Green Party sues over voter ID law," August 26, 2013
  60. WBIR.com, "TN Supreme Court upholds voter ID law," October 17, 2013
  61. Business Week,"Texas Photo-ID Law Vetted for Voter Bias in U.S. Trial," July 9, 2012
  62. Reuters,"Texas to test 1965 voting rights law in court," June 8, 2012
  63. The New York Times,"Court Blocks Texas Voter ID Law, Citing Racial Impact," August 30, 2012
  64. Bloomberg,"Texas Voter ID Suit Put on Hold Till Supreme Court Rules," December 17, 2012
  65. The Dallas Morning News, Texas voter ID law “will take effect immediately,” says Attorney General Greg Abbott, June 25, 2013
  66. WP Politicis, "Justice Department sues Texas over voter ID law", August 22, 2013
  67. Texas Public Radio, "Federal Judge Denies Abbott’s Request To Move Voter ID Trial To After 2014 Election," December 2, 2013
  68. TPM,"Justice Department Approves Va. Voter ID Law," August 20, 2012
  69. Associated Press,"Photo ID voting mandate passes in Virginia, heads to governor," February 20, 2013
  70. Reuters,"Virginia governor approves photo ID requirement for voters," March 26, 2013
  71. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,"Second judge rejects state voter ID law," July 17, 2012
  72. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel,"State Supreme Court declines to take up voter ID, for now," September 27, 2012
  73. Associated Press,"Voter ID case stays with court of appeals," January 14, 2013
  74. Milwaukee-Wisconsin Journal Sentinel,"Wisconsin appeals court rules state voter ID law constitutional," May 30, 2013
  75. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Trial of two challenges to Wisconsin's voter ID law concludes," November 15, 2013