Difference between revisions of "State by State Voting Equipment"

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'''Voting Equipment Used by State''' is a listing of which types of voting equipment are used in each state.
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[[File:Vote button.jpg|right|link=Portal:Elections|150px]]{{tnr}}'''Voting equipment by state''' is a listing of the types of voting equipment that are used in the U.S. and also specifically in each state.
  
==Types of Voting Equipment Used==
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==Types of voting equipment used==
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These types of voting equipment are used in U.S. elections:<ref>[https://www.verifiedvoting.org/resources/voting-equipment/ ''The Verifier'', "Voting Equipment in the United States," accessed March 19, 2014]</ref>
  
===Lever Machines===
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*'''Optical Scan Paper Ballot Systems''' are a type of voting equipment in which voters mark paper ballots that are subsequently tabulated by scanning devices. On most optical scan ballots voters indicate their selections by filling in an oval, completing an arrow or filling in a box. Ballots may be either scanned on precinct-based optical scan systems in the polling place or collected in a ballot box to be scanned at a central location.
  
[[Image:Lever Voting Machine.jpg|125px|right]]
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*'''Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) Systems''' are a type of voting equipment in which, using one of three basic interfaces (pushbutton, touchscreen or dial), voters record their votes directly into computer memory. The voter’s choices are stored in DREs via a memory cartridge, diskette or smart card and added to the choices of all other voters. An alphabetic keyboard is typically provided with the entry device to allow for the possibility of write-in votes, though with older models this is still done manually.  
  
This is one of the first and oldest types of voting machines used for elections.  [[New York|New York State]] is the only state that mandates that option depending on the municipality on voting machines. These machines use a lever to indicate the correct choice.
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*'''Ballot Marking Devices and Systems''' are a type of voting equipment that provide an interface to assist voters with disabilities in marking a paper ballot, which is then scanned or counted manually. Most ballot marking devices provide a touchscreen interface together with audio and other accessibility features similar to those provided with DREs, but rather than recording the vote directly into computer memory, the voter’s selections are indicated through a marking a paper ballot, which is then scanned or counted manually.  
  
===Optical Scan Ballot===
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*'''Punch Card Voting Systems Punchcard systems''' are a type of voting equipment that employ a card (or cards) and a small clipboard-sized device for recording votes. Voters punch holes in the cards (with a supplied punch device) opposite their candidate or ballot issue choice. After voting, the voter may place the ballot in a ballot box, or the ballot may be fed into a computer vote-tabulating device at the precinct.
  
An optical scan ballot is a type of ballot in which a voter uses a special pen or a pencil to mark their choice and they feed it to a scanner.  Optical scanners in the polling place known as "precinct-count optical scanners" can check paper ballots for correct marking and also for write in votes.
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*'''Mechanical Lever Voting Machines''' are a type of voting equipment that was first introduced in the 1890s and used in many states during the 20th century. As recently as 1996, mechanical lever machines were used by 20.7% of registered voters in the United States; however, since 2010, no mechanical lever voting machines are used in U.S. elections.  
  
There are two columns in the accompanying ballot box for an optical scanner in which one column is for ballots with no-write in votes, and another for write-in votes included in the ballot. There is also a seperate box in the front for provisional ballots or during in the case of an election that an optical scanner malfunctions in which ballots are kept seperate until the polls are closed.
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*'''Hand Counted Paper Ballots''' are a type of voting that a significant number of jurisdictions use in which paper ballots are manually cast in polling places by hand and counted. This type also includes [[Absentee ballot|absentees]] and provisional ballots, which are also cast and counted by hand. While not a type of "voting equipment," many of the issues of ballot design and voter intent that effect all voting systems are relevant to hand counted paper ballots as well.  
  
When the election is over, a tally sheet printout from the optical scanner must be signed by the poll workers and posted publicly. Also each poll worker and observer must receive a duplicate signed printout. For each optical scanner, all ballots and another signed tally sheet printout must be stored together in a sealed bag so that recounts can be done scanner by scanner. The sealed bag of ballots and other records must be observed (guarded) at all times until the election is certified. The contents of each bag should not be mixed with the contents of any other bag<ref>http://www.electronic-vote.org/TERMINI/pcos_en.php</ref>.  
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==Voting equipment by state==
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::''Note: This voting equipment is up-to-date as of the 2012 presidential election.''
  
[[Image:OpScan Ballot Feeder.jpg|right]]
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VVPAT = Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail Printers<br>
[[Image:OpScan Ballot.jpg|300px]]
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DRE = Direct-recording Electronic<ref>[https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/ ''The Verifier'', "Election Equipment 2012," accessed March 19, 2014]</ref>
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[[File:Voting equipment by state 2012.png|right|border|link=State by State Voting Equipment|1000px]]
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===States that use paper ballots===
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Alabama Alabama]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Arizona Arizona]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=California California]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Connecticut Connecticut]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Florida Florida]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Idaho Idaho]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Illinois Illinois]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Indiana Indiana]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Iowa Iowa]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Kansas Kansas]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Maine Maine]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Massachusetts Massachusetts]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Michigan Michigan]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Minnesota Minnesota]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Mississippi Mississippi]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Missouri Missouri]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Montana Montana]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Nebraska Nebraska]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=New%20Hampshire New Hampshire]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=New%20Mexico New Mexico]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=New%20York New York]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=North%20Carolina North Carolina]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=North%20Dakota North Dakota]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Ohio Ohio]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Oklahoma Oklahoma]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Oregon Oregon]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Pennsylvania Pennsylvania]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Puerto%20Rico Puerto Rico]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Rhode%20Island Rhode Island]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=South%20Dakota South Dakota]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Texas Texas]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Vermont Vermont]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Virginia Virginia]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=West%20Virginia West Virginia]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Wisconsin Wisconsin]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Wyoming Wyoming]
  
===Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT)===
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===States that use a paper ballot and punch card===
[[Image:VVPAT.jpg|175px|right]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Idaho Idaho]
A Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) or a Voter Verified Paper Ballot" refer to a kind of vote receipt printed by an electronic voting machine that shows the elector his or her vote as it is being entered into the electoral system. The voter must be required to perform an action that confirms that their choices have been recorded correctly on the paper, hence making it a verified rather than just "verifiable" ballot in a legal sense. The VVPAT is kept by the election official, as the record of votes cast, for audit and recount purposes. Verification of a small percentage of VVPAT should to be activated when elections are close<ref>http://www.electronic-vote.org/TERMINI/vvpat_en.php</ref>.
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===Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) Voting Machine===
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===States that use a mixed paper ballot and DREs with VVPAT===
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Alaska Alaska]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Arizona Arizona]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Arkansas Arkansas]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=California California]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Colorado Colorado]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=District%20of%20Columbia Washington, D.C.]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Hawaii Hawaii]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Illinois Illinois]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Missouri Missouri]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=North%20Carolina North Carolina]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Ohio Ohio]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Washington Washington]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=West%20Virginia West Virginia]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Wisconsin Wisconsin]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Wyoming Wyoming]
  
A Direct Electronic Recording (DRE) voting machine records votes by means of a ballot display provided with mechanical or electro-optical components that can be activated by the voter (typically buttons or a touchscreen) that processes data by means of a computer program, and that records voting data and ballot images in memory components. After the election, a DRE produces a tabulation of the voting data stored in a removable memory component and as printed copy. A DRE system may also provide a means for transmitting individual ballots or vote totals to a central location for consolidating and reporting results from precincts at the central location<ref>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DRE_voting_machine</ref>.
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===States that use DREs with VVPAT===
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Arkansas Arkansas]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=California California]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Colorado Colorado]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Illinois Illinois]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Kansas Kansas]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Mississippi Mississippi]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Nevada Nevada]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=North%20Carolina North Carolina]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Ohio Ohio]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Utah Utah]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=West%20Virginia West Virginia]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Wyoming Wyoming]
  
==Voting Equipment Used By State==
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===States that use a mixed paper ballot and DREs with and without VVPAT===
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Arkansas Arkansas]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Colorado Colorado]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Kansas Kansas]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Mississippi Mississippi]
  
===States With Paper Based Voting Systems-Precinct Optical Scanners===
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===States that use a mixed paper ballot and DREs without VVPAT===
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Colorado Colorado]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Florida Florida]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Indiana Indiana]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Kansas Kansas]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Kentucky Kentucky]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Pennsylvania Pennsylvania]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Tennessee Tennessee]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Texas Texas]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Virginia Virginia]
  
These states have a primarily paper-based voting system using mostly optical scanners with paper ballots.
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===States that use DREs without VVPAT===
 
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Arkansas Arkansas]
* [[Alabama]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Delaware Delaware]
* [[Connecticut]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Georgia Georgia]
* [[Idaho]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Indiana Indiana]
* [[Iowa]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Kansas Kansas]
* [[Kansas]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Kentucky Kentucky]
* [[Maine]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Louisiana Louisiana]
* [[Massachusetts]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Maryland Maryland]
* [[Michigan]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Mississippi Mississippi]
* [[Minnesota]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=New%20Jersey New Jersey]
* [[Montana]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Pennsylvania Pennsylvania]
* [[Nebraska]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=South%20Carolina South Carolina]
* [[New Hampshire]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Tennessee Tennessee]  
* [[New Mexico]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Texas Texas]
* [[North Dakota]]
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/map.php?&ec=allall&year=2012&state=Virginia Virginia]
* [[Oklahoma]]
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* [[Oregon]]-All Paper Ballots as Oregon is a Vote By Mail State
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* [[South Dakota]]
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* [[Vermont]]
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===States That Use Direct Recording Electronic Voting Systems and Require Voter Verified Paper Audit Trails===
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These states employ Direct Recording Electronic Method in their voting systems and require a Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail when conducting elections.
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* [[Alaska]]
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* [[Arizona]]
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* [[California]]
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* [[Hawaii]]
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* [[Illinois]]
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* [[Missouri]]
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* [[Nevada]]
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* [[North Carolina]]
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* [[Ohio]]
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* [[Utah]]
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* [[West Virginia]]
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* [[Washington|Washington State]]
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* [[Wisconsin]]
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* [[Wyoming]]
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===States That Use Direct Recording Electronic Voting Systems and Do Not Require Voter Verified Paper Audit Trails===
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These states employ Direct Recording Electronic Method in their voting systems and xo not require a Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail when conducting elections.
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* [[Delaware]]
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* [[Washington, D.C.|District of Columbia]]
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* [[Florida]]
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* [[Georgia]]
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* [[Indiana]]
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* [[Kentucky]]
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* [[Louisiana]]
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* [[Maryland]]
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* [[New Jersey]]
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* [[Ohio]]
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* [[Pennsylvania]]
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* [[South Carolina]]
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* [[Texas]]
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* [[Virginia]]
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===States That Use Direct Recording Electronic Voting Systems and Have Optional Voter Verified Paper Audit Trails===
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These states employ Direct Recording Electronic Method in their voting systems and have an option varying by precinct if they want to use Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail when conducting elections.
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* [[Arkansas]]
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* [[Colorado]]
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* [[Kansas]]
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* [[Mississippi]]
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===States that Use Lever Machines or Straight Paper Ballots===
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* [[New York|New York State]]
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==See also==
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* [[Voting machines]]
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* [[Voting]]
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* [[Voter registration]]
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==External links==
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{{submit a link}}
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* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/resources/voting-equipment/ ''The Verifier'', "Voting Equipment in the United States"]
 +
* [https://www.verifiedvoting.org/verifier/ ''The Verifier'', "Election Equipment 2012"]
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
+
{{reflist}}
{{reflist|2}}
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{{election info}}
 
+
[[Category:Elections]] [[Category:Election dictionary]]
 
+
{{vote fraud}}
+
{{vote fraud action}}
+

Revision as of 08:14, 21 March 2014

Vote button.jpg
Voting equipment by state is a listing of the types of voting equipment that are used in the U.S. and also specifically in each state.

Types of voting equipment used

These types of voting equipment are used in U.S. elections:[1]

  • Optical Scan Paper Ballot Systems are a type of voting equipment in which voters mark paper ballots that are subsequently tabulated by scanning devices. On most optical scan ballots voters indicate their selections by filling in an oval, completing an arrow or filling in a box. Ballots may be either scanned on precinct-based optical scan systems in the polling place or collected in a ballot box to be scanned at a central location.
  • Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) Systems are a type of voting equipment in which, using one of three basic interfaces (pushbutton, touchscreen or dial), voters record their votes directly into computer memory. The voter’s choices are stored in DREs via a memory cartridge, diskette or smart card and added to the choices of all other voters. An alphabetic keyboard is typically provided with the entry device to allow for the possibility of write-in votes, though with older models this is still done manually.
  • Ballot Marking Devices and Systems are a type of voting equipment that provide an interface to assist voters with disabilities in marking a paper ballot, which is then scanned or counted manually. Most ballot marking devices provide a touchscreen interface together with audio and other accessibility features similar to those provided with DREs, but rather than recording the vote directly into computer memory, the voter’s selections are indicated through a marking a paper ballot, which is then scanned or counted manually.
  • Punch Card Voting Systems Punchcard systems are a type of voting equipment that employ a card (or cards) and a small clipboard-sized device for recording votes. Voters punch holes in the cards (with a supplied punch device) opposite their candidate or ballot issue choice. After voting, the voter may place the ballot in a ballot box, or the ballot may be fed into a computer vote-tabulating device at the precinct.
  • Mechanical Lever Voting Machines are a type of voting equipment that was first introduced in the 1890s and used in many states during the 20th century. As recently as 1996, mechanical lever machines were used by 20.7% of registered voters in the United States; however, since 2010, no mechanical lever voting machines are used in U.S. elections.
  • Hand Counted Paper Ballots are a type of voting that a significant number of jurisdictions use in which paper ballots are manually cast in polling places by hand and counted. This type also includes absentees and provisional ballots, which are also cast and counted by hand. While not a type of "voting equipment," many of the issues of ballot design and voter intent that effect all voting systems are relevant to hand counted paper ballots as well.

Voting equipment by state

Note: This voting equipment is up-to-date as of the 2012 presidential election.

VVPAT = Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail Printers
DRE = Direct-recording Electronic[2]

Voting equipment by state 2012.png

States that use paper ballots

States that use a paper ballot and punch card

States that use a mixed paper ballot and DREs with VVPAT

States that use DREs with VVPAT

States that use a mixed paper ballot and DREs with and without VVPAT

States that use a mixed paper ballot and DREs without VVPAT

States that use DREs without VVPAT

See also

External links

BallotpediaAvatar bigger.png
Suggest a link

References