Difference between revisions of "State executive official irregular office changes"

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[[File:StateExecLogo.png|150px|right]]Throughout the course of a year, state officials leave their position for a variety of reasons. Some of them resign for other jobs, some of them resign due to scandal. Still others are appointed to higher positions which then create vacancies in their prior posts. This page will compile a '''list of the various office changes''' in state executive offices covered by Ballotpedia staff.
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{{tnr}}[[File:StateExecLogo.png|150px|right]]Throughout the course of a year, state officials leave their position for a variety of reasons. Some of them resign for other jobs, some of them resign due to scandal. Still others are appointed to higher positions which then create vacancies in their prior posts. This page will compile a '''list of the various office changes''' in state executive offices covered by Ballotpedia staff.
  
 
We define an irregular office change to be when an elected or appointed official does not complete the full term of office. Some appointed officials serve an indefinite term where they are either not subject to reappointment or "serve at the pleasure of the governor." These have been included in the numbers below.
 
We define an irregular office change to be when an elected or appointed official does not complete the full term of office. Some appointed officials serve an indefinite term where they are either not subject to reappointment or "serve at the pleasure of the governor." These have been included in the numbers below.
<br>
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==Party Breakdown==
<br>
+
This chart compares the party breakdown of irregular office changes by year.
<br>
+
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:40%;"
<br>
+
!style="background-color:#008000; color: white;" colspan="4" align="center"|Party breakdown by year
=Overall comparison=
+
|-
 +
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |
 +
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2012
 +
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2013
 +
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2014
 +
|-
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
|4
 +
|12
 +
|1
 +
|-
 +
| {{blue dot}}
 +
|1
 +
|3
 +
|0
 +
|-
 +
| {{gray dot}}
 +
|14
 +
|43
 +
|2
 +
|-
 +
|'''Total'''
 +
|'''19'''
 +
|'''58'''
 +
|'''3'''
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
==Ballot breakdown==
 +
This chart compares irregular office changes per year by top ballot and down ballot offices.
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:40%;"
 +
!style="background-color:#008000; color: white;" colspan="4" align="center"|Top ballot and Down ballot offices
 +
|-
 +
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |
 +
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2012
 +
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2013
 +
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2014
 +
|-
 +
| Top ballot
 +
|2
 +
|10
 +
|1
 +
|-
 +
| Down ballot
 +
|17
 +
|48
 +
|2
 +
|-
 +
|'''Total'''
 +
|'''19'''
 +
|'''58'''
 +
|'''3'''
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
''Click the tabs to view results for previous years.''
 +
=Changes in 2014=
 +
{{Seoirregularchanges2014}}
 +
=Changes in 2013=
 +
{{Seoirregularchanges2013}}
 +
=Changes in 2012=
 +
{{Seoirregularchanges2012}}
 +
<headertabs/>
 +
==Office comparison==
 
This chart compares the party breakdown of irregular office changes by position.
 
This chart compares the party breakdown of irregular office changes by position.
 
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:40%;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:40%;"
Line 87: Line 148:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 
+
==State Comparison==
This chart compares the party breakdown of irregular office changes by year.
+
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:40%;"
+
!style="background-color:#008000; color: white;" colspan="4" align="center"|Party breakdown by year
+
|-
+
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |
+
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2012
+
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2013
+
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2014
+
|-
+
| {{red dot}}
+
|4
+
|12
+
|1
+
|-
+
| {{blue dot}}
+
|1
+
|3
+
|0
+
|-
+
| {{gray dot}}
+
|14
+
|43
+
|2
+
|-
+
|'''Total'''
+
|'''19'''
+
|'''58'''
+
|'''3'''
+
|-
+
|}
+
 
+
This chart compares irregular office changes per year by top ballot and down ballot offices.
+
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:40%;"
+
!style="background-color:#008000; color: white;" colspan="4" align="center"|Top ballot and Down ballot offices
+
|-
+
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |
+
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2012
+
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2013
+
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | 2014
+
|-
+
| Top ballot
+
|2
+
|10
+
|1
+
|-
+
| Down ballot
+
|17
+
|48
+
|2
+
|-
+
|'''Total'''
+
|'''19'''
+
|'''58'''
+
|'''3'''
+
|-
+
|}
+
 
+
 
This chart compares irregular office changes per year by state.
 
This chart compares irregular office changes per year by state.
 
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:40%;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:40%;"
Line 360: Line 364:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 
=2014=
 
{{Seoirregularchanges2014}}
 
=2013=
 
{{Seoirregularchanges2013}}
 
 
=2012=
 
{{Seoirregularchanges2012}}
 
 
<headertabs/>
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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{{state executive offices}}
 
{{state executive offices}}
 
[[Category:Features of state executive offices]]
 
[[Category:Features of state executive offices]]
__NOTOC__
 

Revision as of 12:07, 1 May 2014

StateExecLogo.png
Throughout the course of a year, state officials leave their position for a variety of reasons. Some of them resign for other jobs, some of them resign due to scandal. Still others are appointed to higher positions which then create vacancies in their prior posts. This page will compile a list of the various office changes in state executive offices covered by Ballotpedia staff.

We define an irregular office change to be when an elected or appointed official does not complete the full term of office. Some appointed officials serve an indefinite term where they are either not subject to reappointment or "serve at the pleasure of the governor." These have been included in the numbers below.

Party Breakdown

This chart compares the party breakdown of irregular office changes by year.

Party breakdown by year
2012 2013 2014
Ends.png Republican 4 12 1
Electiondot.png Democratic 1 3 0
Grey.png Nonpartisan 14 43 2
Total 19 58 3

Ballot breakdown

This chart compares irregular office changes per year by top ballot and down ballot offices.

Top ballot and Down ballot offices
2012 2013 2014
Top ballot 2 10 1
Down ballot 17 48 2
Total 19 58 3

Click the tabs to view results for previous years.

[edit]

Note: This list may be incomplete. If you know of any irregular office changes which have not been included here, please email us.

So far in 2014, 5 irregular office changes have taken place in 5 states.

The reasons for state executive official changes in 2014 are as follows:

  • 0 due to appointments to other political positions
  • 1 due to retirement/family/personal reasons
  • 0 due to various/unspecified reasons
  • 1 fired/asked to resign
  • 0 due to candidacy for another office
  • 0 due to the position being eliminated
  • 3 due to resignation to take a private sector job
  • 0 due to scandal/criminal issues
  • 0 due to officeholder's death

The partisan breakdown for vacancies created in 2014 is as follows:

  • 0 Democratic positions
  • 2 Republican positions
  • 3 Independent/Nonpartisan positions

Notable changes

  • Mark Darr (R) of Arkansas resigned as lieutenant governor effective February 1, 2014, under threat of impeachment stemming from various campaign finance abuses investigated by the state ethics commission.[1][2]

Full table of resignations

State Executive Officials who Left Office Prior to their Term Completion
Name State Office Partisan Reason Departure Date Term End Date Successor
1. Mark Darr Arkansas Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas Ends.png Republican Scandal, threat of impeachment February 1, 2014 January 13, 2015 NA
2. Mark J. Ferron California California Public Utilities Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Health reasons January 15, 2014 December 31, 2014 Michael Picker
3. Daniel Esty Connecticut Connecticut Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection Grey.png Nonpartisan Resignation to take a private sector job February 3, 2014 N/A Robert Klee
4. Diane DeBacker Kansas Kansas Commissioner of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Resignation to take job in Abu Dhabi April 9, 2014 N/A Brad Neuenswander
5. Glenn McConnell South Carolina South Carolina Lieutenant Governor Ends.png Republican Resignation to take up college presidency June 18, 2014 N/A John McGill


Note: This list may be incomplete. If you know of any irregular office changes which have not been included here, please email us.

In 2013, 58 irregular office changes took place in 31 states. Indiana, with seven changes, had the most. There were 10 irregular changes in top ballot offices and 48 in down ballot offices.

The reasons for state executive official changes in 2013 are as follows:

  • 15 due to appointment to new position/government post
  • 9 due to accepting new private sector job
  • 17 due to retirement/family reasons
  • 8 due to scandal/asked to resign
  • 5 due to reasons unclear
  • 1 due to denied reappointment
  • 1 resigned after new law changed the office
  • 1 resigned to campaign for different office
  • 1 other

The partisan breakdown for vacancies created in 2013 is as follows:

  • 3 Democratic positions
  • 12 Republican positions
  • 43 Independent/Nonpartisan positions

Notable changes

In 2013, four lieutenant governors resigned:

  • Nebraska's Rick Sheehy (R) left his post on the heels of an investigative report from the Omaha World-Herald revealing that Sheehy had abused his state-issued mobile phone privileges by making thousands of personal phone calls to women other than his wife over the previous four years.[3]
  • Jennifer Carroll (R) resigned her position in Florida on March 13, 2013 after being asked to do so by Gov. Rick Scott. Carroll had been named as a subject of interest in her affiliation with Allied Veterans of the Worlds, who were found to be operating illegal gambling companies.[4]
  • Tim Murray (D) of Massachusetts resigned his seat effective June 2, in order to lead the Worcester Regional Chamber of Commerce.[5]
  • Greg Bell (R) of Utah announced on September 16 that he was resigning to return to the private sector in order to be able to save money for retirement.[6]

Full table of resignations

State Executive Officials who Left Office Prior to their Term Completion
Name State Office Partisan Reason Departure Date Term End Date Successor
Jennifer Carroll Florida Florida Lieutenant Governor Ends.png Republican Scandal 3/13/2013 January 2015 Carlos Lopez-Cantera Republican Party
Rick Sheehy Nebraska Nebraska Lieutenant Governor Ends.png Republican Scandal 2/2/2013 January 2015 Lavon Heidemann Republican Party
David Vaudt Iowa Iowa Auditor of State Ends.png Republican Accept new job 5/3/2013 January 2015 Mary Mosiman Republican Party
Lawrence G. Rebman Missouri Missouri Director of Labor and Industrial Relations Grey.png Nonpartisan Appointed to new position 3/18/2013 N/A Julie Gibson
James Guthrie Nevada Nevada Superintendent of Public Instruction Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, reason unclear 3/29/2013 N/A Rorie Fitzpatrick
Karla Davis Tennessee Tennessee Commissioner of Labor and Workforce Development Grey.png Nonpartisan Family reasons 3/18/2013 N/A Burns Phillips
Glenn Coffee Oklahoma Oklahoma Secretary of State Ends.png Republican Accept new job 2/1/2013 January 2015 Larry Parman
Andre Porter Ohio Ohio Public Utilities Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Appointed to new position 4/22/2013 April 10, 2016 Asim Z. Haque
Tom Pauken Texas Texas Workforce Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Unspecified reasons March 2013 February 1, 2015 Hope Andrade
Dan Newhouse Washington Washington Director of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Denied reappointment by new governor April 1, 2013 N/A Bud Hover
Joseph Kelsay Indiana Indiana Director of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Accept new job before being fired January 21, 2013 N/A Gina Sheets
Steve Kimbell Vermont Vermont Insurance Commissioner Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired January 3, 2013 N/A Susan Donegan
Tony Weiler North Dakota North Dakota Commissioner of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Accepted new job May 27, 2013 N/A Bonnie Storbakken
Tim Murray Massachusetts Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts Electiondot.png Democratic Accepted private sector job June 2, 2013 January 2015 N/A
Martha Ann Shoffner Arkansas Arkansas Treasurer Electiondot.png Democratic Resigned amid extortion scandal, FBI arrest May 21, 2013 January 2015 Charles Robinson Democratic Party
John Griffin Maryland Maryland Secretary of Natural Resources Grey.png Nonpartisan Appointed to new position May 20, 2013 N/A Joseph Gill
Jim Riesberg Colorado Colorado Commissioner of Insurance Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired July 2013 January 2015 Marguerite Salazar
Jeff Chiesa New Jersey Attorney General of New Jersey Ends.png Republican Appointed to new office June 10, 2013 January 2014 John Hoffman Republican Party
John Bemis New Mexico New Mexico Secretary of Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired April 16, 2013 N/A F. David Martin
David Wright South Carolina South Carolina Public Service Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired May 31, 2013 June 30, 2014 Brent L. McGee
Douglas R. M. Nazarian Maryland Maryland Public Service Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Appointed to court of special appeals January 8, 2013 June 30, 2013 W. Kevin Hughes
Ronald Tomalis Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Secretary of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan appointed special adviser to the governor on higher education June 1, 2013 N/A William Harner
Richard Allan Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Secretary of Conservation and Natural Resources Grey.png Nonpartisan Asked to resign by governor June 13, 2013 N/A Ellen Ferretti
Jason Glass Iowa Iowa Director of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Accepted new job July 1, 2013 2015 Duane Magee (Interim)
Mark Brown (Kentucky) Kentucky Kentucky Secretary of Labor Cabinet Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, unspecified reasons May 15, 2013 N/A Larry Roberts
David McDermott Colorado Colorado Controller Grey.png Nonpartisan appointed to new position May 2013 N/A Robert Jaros
Sara Kyle Tennessee Tennessee Regulatory Authority Grey.png Nonpartisan resigned after new law changed the office March 13, 2013 2014 Robin Bennett
Walt Bones South Dakota South Dakota Secretary of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired April 29, 2013 N/A Lucas Lentsch
Gregory Phillips Wyoming Wyoming Attorney General Electiondot.png Democratic Appointed to judgeship July 8, 2013 N/A Peter Michael Republican Party
Swati Dandekar Iowa Iowa Utilities Board Grey.png Nonpartisan to focus on potential congressional bid July 22, 2013 April 30, 2015 Sheila Tipton
Tim Berry Indiana Indiana Auditor of State Ends.png Republican accept new position July 22, 2013 January 2015 Dwayne Sawyer Republican Party
Roger Breed Nebraska Nebraska Commissioner of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan retired June 30, 2013 N/A Scott Swisher (Interim)
Tony Bennett Florida Florida Commissioner of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan resigned amid scandal August 1, 2013 N/A Pam Stewart (Interim)
Louis Savage Oregon Oregon Commissioner of Insurance Grey.png Nonpartisan Accept new job July 15, 2013 N/A Laura N. Cali
Jarrod Johnson South Dakota South Dakota Commissioner of School and Public Lands Ends.png Republican resigned to spend time with family August 15, 2013 January 2015 Vernon L. Larson Republican Party
Leonard Bentz Mississippi Mississippi Public Service Commission Ends.png Republican resigned to accept new position August 19, 2013 January 2016 Steve Renfroe
William Harner Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Secretary of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan asked to resign by Governor August 26, 2013 N/A Carolyn Dumaresq
Daniel S. Sullivan Alaska Alaska Commissioner of Natural Resources Grey.png Nonpartisan resigned to run for U.S. Senate September 24, 2013 N/A Joe Balash
Sean Keefer Indiana Indiana Commissioner of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to become Governor's legislative director September 18, 2013 N/A Rick Ruble
Greg Bell Utah Utah Lieutenant Governor Ends.png Republican Resigned to return to the private sector October 16, 2013 January 2017 Spencer Cox Republican Party
Andy Dillon Michigan Michigan Treasurer Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned for personal issues Nov. 1, 2013 NA Kevin Clinton
Kevin Clinton Michigan Michigan Commissioner of Insurance Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to become state treasurer Nov. 1, 2013 2015 Ann Flood
Jon Hagler Missouri Missouri Director of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Fired by Gov. Nixon, reason unclear October 11, 2013 NA Harry Bozoian
Pamela Roberts South Dakota South Dakota Secretary of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired October 10, 2013 NA Marcia Hultman
Bryan Butcher Alaska Alaska Commissioner of the Department of Revenue Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to take new job August 6, 2013 NA Angela Rodell
Donald Butler Arizona Arizona Director of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired October 1, 2013 NA Jack Peterson
Larry Parman Oklahoma Oklahoma Secretary of State Ends.png Republican Appointed to head Dept. of Commerce November 2013 NA Chris Benge Republican Party
Roger Madsen Idaho Idaho Director of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired November 15, 2013 NA Ken Edmunds
John Swallow Utah Attorney General of Utah Ends.png Republican Resigned amid scandal December 3, 2013 January 2017 Brian Tarbet (Interim)
Dwayne Sawyer Indiana Indiana Auditor Ends.png Republican Resigned citing family reasons December 15, 2013 January 2015 Erin Sheridan (Interim)
Russell Kokubun Hawaii Hawaii Commissioner of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired with wife December 2013 December 2014 Scott Enright
Dale Rodman Kansas Kansas Secretary of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired December 10, 2013 NA Jackie McClaskey
Mark Sievers Kansas Chairman, Kansas Corporation Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to spend time with family December 9, 2013 March 2015 Jay Emler
James Tarpey Colorado Colorado Public Utilities Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, reasons unclear January 7, 2014 2017 Glenn Vaad
Matt Lohr Virginia Virginia Commissioner of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to take new job December 16, 2013 NA Sandra J. Adams
Larry Landis Indiana Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired January 2014 December 2015 NA
Kari Bennett Indiana Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to take new job November 22, 2013 March 2014 NA
Gina Sheets Indiana Indiana Director of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to work in Liberia December 16, 2013 NA Ted McKinney


Note: This list may be incomplete. If you know of any irregular office changes which have not been included here, please email us.

In 2012, 19 irregular office changes took place in 17 states. Texas, with three, had the most. There were 2 irregular changes in top ballot offices and 17 in down ballot offices.

The reasons for state executive official changes in 2012 were as follows:

  • 5 due to appointments to other political positions
  • 3 due to retirement/family reasons
  • 3 due to various/unspecified reasons
  • 2 fired/asked to resign
  • 2 due to candidacy for another office
  • 1 due to the position being eliminated
  • 1 due to resignation to take a private sector job
  • 1 due to scandal/criminal issues
  • 1 due to officeholder's death

The partisan breakdown for vacancies created in 2012 was as follows:

  • 1 Democratic position
  • 4 Republican positions
  • 14 Independent/Nonpartisan positions

Notable changes

Full table of resignations

State Executive Officials who Left Office Prior to their Term Completion
Name State Office Partisan Reason Departure Date Term End Date Successor
Susan Castillo Oregon Oregon Superintendent of Public Instruction Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, accept new job June 30, 2012 January 2015 Rob Saxton
Glenn Marshall Connecticut Connecticut Commissioner of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, family reasons June 29, 2012 January 2015 Dennis Murphy
Alexander Sanchez Maryland Maryland Secretary of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Grey.png Nonpartisan Accept new position May 2012 N/A Scott R. Jensen
Jim Bennett Alabama Alabama Commissioner of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, position eliminated by department merger September 27, 2012 N/A Tom Surtees
Robert Scott Texas Texas Commissioner of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, upset over budget cuts September 1, 2012 N/A Michael Williams
Stan Heffner Ohio Ohio Superintendent of Public Instruction Grey.png Nonpartisan Scandal August 10, 2012 N/A Michael Sawyers
Scott Angelle Louisiana Louisiana Secretary of Natural Resources Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to run for new office August 8, 2012 N/A Stephen Chustz
Elizabeth Ames Jones Texas Texas Railroad Commission Ends.png Republican Resigned to run for new office April 2012 November 7, 2012 Buddy Garcia
Brian E. Schatz Hawaii Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii Electiondot.png Democratic Appointed to new position December 26, 2012 December 1, 2014 Shan Tsutsui
Ted Boyer Utah Utah Public Service Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired December 1, 2012 March 27, 2009 Thad LeVar
Lillian Lowery Delaware Delaware Secretary of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Accept new job June 1, 2012 N/A Mark Murphy
Steven Hilfinger Michigan Michigan Director of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs Grey.png Nonpartisan Appointed to new position December 2012 N/A Steve Arwood
Joseph Meyer Wyoming Wyoming Treasurer Ends.png Republican Death October 7, 2012 January 2015 Mark Murphy
Hope Andrade Texas Texas Secretary of State Ends.png Republican Resigned November 23, 2012 N/A John Steen
Maria Baier Arizona Arizona Commissioner of Lands Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned November, 2012 N/A Vanessa Hickman
Gerard Robinson Florida Florida Commissioner of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, family reasons August 31, 2012 N/A Tony Bennett
Jorea Marple West Virginia West Virginia Superintendent of Schools Grey.png Nonpartisan Fired, Board cited need for new leadership November 15, 2012 N/A Chuck Heinlien
Donna M. Jones Idaho Idaho Controller Ends.png Republican Injured in car accident October 15, 2012 January 5, 2015 Brandon Woolf (R)
Karin Brownlee Kansas Kansas Secretary of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Asked to step down, reason unspecified September 20, 2012 N/A Lana Gordon


Office comparison

This chart compares the party breakdown of irregular office changes by position.

Breakdown by position
2012 2013 2014
Governor 0 0 0
Lieutenant Governor 1 4 1
Secretary of State 1 2 0
Attorney General 0 3 0
Treasurer 1 3 0
Auditor 0 3 0
Superintendent of Schools 6 6 0
Insurance Commissioner 0 4 0
Controller 1 1 0
Agriculture Commissioner 0 9 0
Natural Resources Commissioner 2 5 1
Labor Commissioner 5 8 0
Public Services Commissioner 2 10 1
Total 19 58 3

State Comparison

This chart compares irregular office changes per year by state.

State breakdown
2012 2013 2014
Alabama 1 0 0
Alaska 0 2 0
Arkansas 0 1 1
Arizona 1 1 0
California 0 0 1
Colorado 0 3 0
Connecticut 1 0 1
Delaware 1 0 0
Florida 1 2 0
Hawaii 1 1 0
Idaho 1 1 0
Indiana 0 7 0
Iowa 0 3 0
Kansas 1 2 0
Kentucky 0 1 0
Louisiana 1 0 0
Maryland 1 2 0
Massachusetts 0 1 0
Michigan 1 2 0
Mississippi 0 1 0
Missouri 0 2 0
Nebraska 0 2 0
Nevada 0 1 0
New Jersey 0 1 0
New Mexico 0 1 0
North Dakota 0 1 0
Ohio 1 1 0
Oklahoma 0 2 0
Oregon 1 1 0
Pennsylvania 0 3 0
South Carolina 0 1 0
South Dakota 0 3 0
Tennessee 0 2 0
Texas 3 1 0
Utah 1 2 0
Vermont 0 1 0
Virginia 0 1 0
Washington 0 1 0
West Virginia 1 0 0
Wyoming 1 1 0
Total 19 58 3

References