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Difference between revisions of "State executive official irregular office changes"

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{{tnr}}[[File:StateExecLogo.png|150px|right]]Throughout the course of a year, state officials leave their position for a variety of reasons. Some of them resign for other jobs, some of them resign due to scandal. Still others are appointed to higher positions which then create vacancies in their prior posts. This page will compile a '''list of the various office changes''' in state executive offices covered by Ballotpedia staff.
 
{{tnr}}[[File:StateExecLogo.png|150px|right]]Throughout the course of a year, state officials leave their position for a variety of reasons. Some of them resign for other jobs, some of them resign due to scandal. Still others are appointed to higher positions which then create vacancies in their prior posts. This page will compile a '''list of the various office changes''' in state executive offices covered by Ballotpedia staff.
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Tracking these changes in offices can help us to identify trends in the turnovers. We want to see why officials are leaving, if one office often leaves for a particular reason and who may be the most likely to leave. In 2013 we saw that the state of [[Indiana state executive offices|Indiana]] had the highest number of irregular office changes and four [[Lieutenant Governor|lieutenant governors]] across the country left their posts early. We will continue to collect this data and be able to see if Indiana's officials and lieutenant governors continue to abruptly leave earlier than other states or offices.
  
 
We define an irregular office change to be when an elected or appointed official does not complete the full term of office. Some appointed officials serve an indefinite term where they are either not subject to reappointment or "serve at the pleasure of the governor." These have been included in the numbers below.
 
We define an irregular office change to be when an elected or appointed official does not complete the full term of office. Some appointed officials serve an indefinite term where they are either not subject to reappointment or "serve at the pleasure of the governor." These have been included in the numbers below.

Revision as of 13:43, 1 May 2014

StateExecLogo.png
Throughout the course of a year, state officials leave their position for a variety of reasons. Some of them resign for other jobs, some of them resign due to scandal. Still others are appointed to higher positions which then create vacancies in their prior posts. This page will compile a list of the various office changes in state executive offices covered by Ballotpedia staff.

Tracking these changes in offices can help us to identify trends in the turnovers. We want to see why officials are leaving, if one office often leaves for a particular reason and who may be the most likely to leave. In 2013 we saw that the state of Indiana had the highest number of irregular office changes and four lieutenant governors across the country left their posts early. We will continue to collect this data and be able to see if Indiana's officials and lieutenant governors continue to abruptly leave earlier than other states or offices.

We define an irregular office change to be when an elected or appointed official does not complete the full term of office. Some appointed officials serve an indefinite term where they are either not subject to reappointment or "serve at the pleasure of the governor." These have been included in the numbers below.

Party Breakdown

This chart compares the party breakdown of irregular office changes by year.

Party breakdown by year
2012 2013 2014
Ends.png Republican 4 12 1
Electiondot.png Democratic 1 3 0
Grey.png Nonpartisan 14 43 2
Total 19 58 3

Ballot breakdown

This chart compares irregular office changes per year by top ballot and down ballot offices.

Top ballot and Down ballot offices
2012 2013 2014
Top ballot 2 10 1
Down ballot 17 48 2
Total 19 58 3

Click the tabs to view results for previous years.

[edit]

In 2014, 12 irregular office changes took place in 12 states. There were four irregular changes in top ballot offices and eight in down ballot offices.

The reasons for state executive official changes in 2014 were as follows:

Political - 4
Professional - 4
Personal - 4

The partisan breakdown for vacancies created in 2014 were as follows:

Democratic Party Democratic positions - 1
Republican Party Republican positions - 4
Independent Independent/Nonpartisan positions - 7

Notable changes

  • Mark Darr (R) of Arkansas resigned as lieutenant governor effective February 1, 2014, under threat of impeachment stemming from various campaign finance abuses investigated by the state ethics commission.[1][2]
  • Lavon Heidemann (R) of Nebraska announced his resignation from the lieutenant governor's office on September 9, 2014, following reports of a physical altercation with his sister, Lois Bohling. Bohling claimed that Heidemann grabbed her wrists and pushed her following a heated argument over their deceased father's estate. Heidemann and Bohling disagreed about her August 13 filing, which would have stripped him of his ability to farm two parcels of land previously owned by their father. This altercation led to a September 8 order from Johnson County District Judge Daniel Bryan prohibiting Heidemann from contacting his sister, visiting her home or visiting their mother's home. Heidemann stated that he disputed his sister's account of the discussion, but the order led to calls for his resignation by state Democratic leaders.[3] On September 29, 2014, Gov. Dave Heineman selected former state legislator John Nelson as his new lieutenant governor.[4]

Full table of resignations

The highlighted cells in the table below indicate which category the irregular office change falls into: political, professional and personal. N/A indicates a change that does not conform to any of the three categories or the reasons were never specified.

Note: This list may be incomplete. If you know of any irregular office changes which have not been included here, please email us.
State Executive Officials who Left Office Prior to their Term Completion
Name State Office Partisan Reason Departure Date Term End Date Successor
1. Mark Darr Arkansas Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas Ends.png Republican Asked to resign, threat of impeachment February 2014 January 2015 Tim Griffin
2. Mark J. Ferron California California Public Utilities Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Health reasons January 2014 December 2014 Michael Picker
3. Daniel Esty Connecticut Connecticut Commissioner of Energy and Environmental Protection Grey.png Nonpartisan Resignation to take a private sector job February 2014 March 2015 Robert Klee
4. Diane DeBacker Kansas Kansas Commissioner of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Resignation to take private sector job April 2014 N/A (hired by State Board of Education) Brad Neuenswander
5. Glenn McConnell South Carolina South Carolina Lieutenant Governor Ends.png Republican Resignation to take private sector job June 2014 January 2015 John McGill
6. David Cash Massachusetts Massachusetts Public Utilities Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Resignation to join state Department of Environmental Protection March 2014 January 2015 Kate McKeever
7. Lavon Heidemann Nebraska Lieutenant Governor of Nebraska Ends.png Republican Resignation due to legal issues September 2014 January 2015 John Nelson
8. Ryan Palmer West Virginia West Virginia Public Service Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Resignation to take position with FCC September 2014 June 2015 Brooks McCabe
9. Jim Rier Maine Maine Commissioner of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Placed on indefinite medical leave November 2014 N/A Rachelle Tome
10. Jerry Abramson Kentucky Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky Electiondot.png Democratic Resignation to take position in White House November 2014 December 2015 Crit Luallen
11. Judy Baar Topinka Illinois Illinois Comptroller Ends.png Republican Death December 9, 2014 January 2015 Jerry Stermer
12. Thoran Towler Nevada Nevada Commissioner of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Resignation to take private sector job December 2014 January 2015 Shannon Chambers

In 2013, 36 irregular office changes took place in 23 states. Indiana, with five changes, had the most. There were 9 irregular changes in top ballot offices and 27 in down ballot offices.

The reasons for state executive official changes in 2013 are as follows:

Political - 12
Professional - 8
Personal - 14
N/A - 2

The partisan breakdown for vacancies created in 2013 is as follows:

Democratic Party Democratic positions - 3
Republican Party Republican positions - 12
Independent Independent/Nonpartisan positions - 21

Notable changes

In 2013, four lieutenant governors resigned:

  • Nebraska's Rick Sheehy (R) left his post on the heels of an investigative report from the Omaha World-Herald revealing that Sheehy had abused his state-issued mobile phone privileges by making thousands of personal phone calls to women other than his wife over the previous four years.[6]
  • Jennifer Carroll (R) resigned her position in Florida on March 13, 2013 after being asked to do so by Gov. Rick Scott. Carroll had been named as a subject of interest in her affiliation with Allied Veterans of the Worlds, who were found to be operating illegal gambling companies.[7]
  • Tim Murray (D) of Massachusetts resigned his seat effective June 2, in order to lead the Worcester Regional Chamber of Commerce.[3]
  • Greg Bell (R) of Utah announced on September 16 that he was resigning to return to the private sector in order to be able to save money for retirement.[8]

Full table of resignations

The highlighted cells in the table below indicate which category the irregular office change falls into: political, professional and personal. N/A indicates a change that does not conform to any of the three categories or the reasons were never specified.

Note: This list may be incomplete. If you know of any irregular office changes which have not been included here, please email us.
State Executive Officials who Left Office Prior to their Term Completion
Name State Office Partisan Reason Departure Date Term End Date Successor
1. Jennifer Carroll Florida Florida Lieutenant Governor Ends.png Republican Scandal March 2013 January 2015 Carlos Lopez-Cantera Republican Party
2. Rick Sheehy Nebraska Nebraska Lieutenant Governor Ends.png Republican Scandal February 2013 January 2015 Lavon Heidemann Republican Party
3. David Vaudt Iowa Iowa Auditor of State Ends.png Republican Resigned to take new private sector job May 2013 January 2015 Mary Mosiman Republican Party
4. Glenn Coffee Oklahoma Oklahoma Secretary of State Ends.png Republican Resigned to take new private sector job February 2013 January 2015 Larry Parman
5. Andre Porter Ohio Ohio Public Utilities Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Appointed to new position April 2013 April 2016 Asim Z. Haque
6. Tom Pauken Texas Texas Workforce Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Unspecified reasons March 2013 February 2015 Hope Andrade
7. Joseph Kelsay Indiana Indiana Director of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Accepted new job before being fired January 2013 N/A Gina Sheets
8. Steve Kimbell Vermont Vermont Insurance Commissioner Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired January 2013 January 2014 Susan Donegan
9. Tim Murray Massachusetts Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts Electiondot.png Democratic Resigned to take new private sector job June 2013 January 2015 Karyn Polito Republican Party
10. Martha Ann Shoffner Arkansas Arkansas Treasurer Electiondot.png Democratic Resigned amid extortion scandal, FBI arrest May 2013 January 2015 Charles Robinson Democratic Party
11. Jim Riesberg Colorado Colorado Commissioner of Insurance Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired July 2013 January 2015 Marguerite Salazar
12. Jeff Chiesa New Jersey Attorney General of New Jersey Ends.png Republican Appointed to new office June 2013 January 2014 John Hoffman Republican Party
13. David Wright South Carolina South Carolina Public Service Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired May 2013 June 2014 Brent L. McGee
14. Douglas R. M. Nazarian Maryland Maryland Public Service Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Appointed to court of special appeals January 2013 June 2013 W. Kevin Hughes
15. Ronald Tomalis Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Secretary of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Appointed special advisor to the governor on higher education June 2013 January 2015 William E. Harner
16. Richard Allan Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Secretary of Conservation and Natural Resources Grey.png Nonpartisan Asked to resign by governor June 2013 N/A Ellen Ferretti
17. Jason Glass Iowa Iowa Director of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to take new private sector job July 2013 2015 Duane Magee (Interim)
18. Sara Kyle Tennessee Tennessee Regulatory Authority Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned after new law changed the office March 2013 2014 Robin Bennett
19. Gregory Phillips Wyoming Wyoming Attorney General Electiondot.png Democratic Appointed to judgeship July 2013 N/A Peter Michael Republican Party
20. Swati Dandekar Iowa Iowa Utilities Board Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to focus on potential congressional bid July 2013 April 2015 Sheila Tipton
21. Tim Berry Indiana Indiana Auditor of State Ends.png Republican Accepted new position as head of state GOP July 2013 January 2015 Dwayne Sawyer Republican Party
22. Tony Bennett Florida Florida Commissioner of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Scandal August 2013 N/A Pam Stewart (Interim)
23. Jarrod Johnson South Dakota South Dakota Commissioner of School and Public Lands Ends.png Republican Resigned to spend time with family August 2013 January 2015 Vernon L. Larson Republican Party
24. Leonard Bentz Mississippi Mississippi Public Service Commission Ends.png Republican Resigned to take new private sector job August 2013 January 2016 Steve Renfroe
25. William Harner Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Secretary of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Asked to resign by the governor August 2013 January 2015 Carolyn Dumaresq
26. Greg Bell Utah Utah Lieutenant Governor Ends.png Republican Resigned to return to the private sector October 2013 January 2017 Spencer Cox Republican Party
27. Andy Dillon Michigan Michigan Treasurer Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned for personal issues November 2013 January 2015 Kevin Clinton
28. Kevin Clinton Michigan Michigan Commissioner of Insurance Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to become state treasurer November 2013 2015 Ann Flood
29. Larry Parman Oklahoma Oklahoma Secretary of State Ends.png Republican Appointed to head Dept. of Commerce November 2013 January 2014 Chris Benge Republican Party
30. John Swallow Utah Attorney General of Utah Ends.png Republican Scandal December 2013 January 2017 Brian Tarbet (Interim)
31. Dwayne Sawyer Indiana Indiana Auditor Ends.png Republican Resigned citing family reasons December 2013 January 2015 Erin Sheridan (Interim)
32. Russell Kokubun Hawaii Hawaii Commissioner of Agriculture Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired with wife December 2013 December 2014 Scott Enright
33. Mark Sievers Kansas Chairman, Kansas Corporation Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to spend time with family December 2013 March 2015 Jay Emler
34. James Tarpey Colorado Colorado Public Utilities Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, reasons unclear January 2014 2017 Glenn Vaad
35. Larry Landis Indiana Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired January 2014 December 2015 Carol Stephan
36. Kari Bennett Indiana Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to take new private sector job November 2013 March 2014 Angela Weber


In 2012, 15 irregular office changes took place in 11 states. Texas, with three, had the most. There were two irregular changes in top ballot offices and 14 in down ballot offices.

The reasons for state executive official changes in 2012 were as follows:

Political - 6
Professional - 4
Personal - 5

The partisan breakdown for vacancies created in 2012 was as follows:

Democratic Party Democratic positions - 1
Republican Party Republican positions - 4
Independent Independent/Nonpartisan positions - 10

Notable changes

Full table of resignations

The highlighted cells in the table below indicate which category the irregular office change falls into: political, professional and personal. N/A indicates a change that does not conform to any of the three categories or the reasons were never specified.

Note: This list may be incomplete. If you know of any irregular office changes which have not been included here, please email us.
State Executive Officials who Left Office Prior to their Term Completion
Name State Office Partisan Reason Departure Date Term End Date Successor
1. Susan Castillo Oregon Oregon Superintendent of Public Instruction Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, accepted new job June 2012 January 2015 Rob Saxton
2. Glenn Marshall Connecticut Connecticut Commissioner of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, family reasons June 2012 January 2015 Dennis Murphy
3. Jim Bennett Alabama Alabama Commissioner of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Position eliminated by department merger September 2012 N/A Tom Surtees
4. Robert Scott Texas Texas Commissioner of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned in reaction to budget cuts September 2012 N/A Michael Williams
5. Stan Heffner Ohio Ohio Superintendent of Public Instruction Grey.png Nonpartisan Scandal August 2012 N/A Michael Sawyers
6. Scott Angelle Louisiana Louisiana Secretary of Natural Resources Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned to run for new office August 2012 N/A Stephen Chustz
7. Elizabeth Ames Jones Texas Texas Railroad Commission Ends.png Republican Resigned to run for new office April 2012 November 2012 Buddy Garcia
8. Brian E. Schatz Hawaii Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii Electiondot.png Democratic Appointed to new position December 2012 December 2014 Shan Tsutsui
9. Ted Boyer Utah Utah Public Service Commission Grey.png Nonpartisan Retired December 2012 March 2009 Thad LeVar
10. Joseph Meyer Wyoming Wyoming Treasurer Ends.png Republican Death October 2012 January 2015 Mark Murphy
11. Hope Andrade Texas Texas Secretary of State Ends.png Republican Resigned to accept new appointed position November 2012 January 2015 John Steen
12. Gerard Robinson Florida Florida Commissioner of Education Grey.png Nonpartisan Resigned, family reasons August 2012 N/A Tony Bennett
13. Jorea Marple West Virginia West Virginia Superintendent of Schools Grey.png Nonpartisan Fired, board cited need for new leadership November 2012 N/A Chuck Heinlien
14. Donna M. Jones Idaho Idaho Controller Ends.png Republican Injured in car accident October 2012 January 2015 Brandon Woolf (R)
15. Karin Brownlee Kansas Kansas Secretary of Labor Grey.png Nonpartisan Asked to step down by governor September 2012 N/A Lana Gordon


Office comparison

This chart compares the party breakdown of irregular office changes by position.

Breakdown by position
2012 2013 2014
Governor 0 0 0
Lieutenant Governor 1 4 1
Secretary of State 1 2 0
Attorney General 0 3 0
Treasurer 1 3 0
Auditor 0 3 0
Superintendent of Schools 6 6 0
Insurance Commissioner 0 4 0
Controller 1 1 0
Agriculture Commissioner 0 9 0
Natural Resources Commissioner 2 5 1
Labor Commissioner 5 8 0
Public Services Commissioner 2 10 1
Total 19 58 3

State Comparison

This chart compares irregular office changes per year by state.

State breakdown
2012 2013 2014
Alabama 1 0 0
Alaska 0 2 0
Arkansas 0 1 1
Arizona 1 1 0
California 0 0 1
Colorado 0 3 0
Connecticut 1 0 1
Delaware 1 0 0
Florida 1 2 0
Hawaii 1 1 0
Idaho 1 1 0
Indiana 0 7 0
Iowa 0 3 0
Kansas 1 2 0
Kentucky 0 1 0
Louisiana 1 0 0
Maryland 1 2 0
Massachusetts 0 1 0
Michigan 1 2 0
Mississippi 0 1 0
Missouri 0 2 0
Nebraska 0 2 0
Nevada 0 1 0
New Jersey 0 1 0
New Mexico 0 1 0
North Dakota 0 1 0
Ohio 1 1 0
Oklahoma 0 2 0
Oregon 1 1 0
Pennsylvania 0 3 0
South Carolina 0 1 0
South Dakota 0 3 0
Tennessee 0 2 0
Texas 3 1 0
Utah 1 2 0
Vermont 0 1 0
Virginia 0 1 0
Washington 0 1 0
West Virginia 1 0 0
Wyoming 1 1 0
Total 19 58 3

References