State legislative elections, 2013

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2013 State Legislative Elections

States
New JerseyVirginia

Other 2013 Election coverage
Primary electionsStatewide elections, 2013State legislative special elections, 2013State executive official elections, 20132013 ballot measures
In the 50 states, there are 99 state legislative chambers altogether, and three of the 99 chambers held state legislative elections on November 5, 2013.

The three chambers with elections in 2013 were in two states. They were:

Louisiana and Mississippi also typically hold elections in odd years. However, legislators are elected to 4-year terms in those states and those are not up for election again until 2015.

A total of 40 of the country's 1,972 state senate seats were up for re-election in November 2013, and 180 of the country's 5,411 state house seats were up for re-election. Altogether, 220 of the country's 7,383 state legislative seats were up for re-election on November 5, 2013.

Partisan Balance of All 99 Chambers Before and After 2013 Elections
Pre-election Post-election
Legislative chamber Democratic Party Republican Party Purple.png Independent Democratic Party Republican Party Purple.png Independent
State senates 20 28 1 1 20 28 1 1
State houses 21 28 0 0 21 28 0 0
Totals: 41 56 1 1 41 56 1 1

Analysis of competitiveness

See also: 2013 state legislative elections analyzed using a Competitiveness Index

An overview of the degree of competitiveness of the 2013 state legislative elections was conducted that examined three competitiveness factors:

Green check mark transparent.png 15 incumbents faced a primary challenger in 2013.
Green check mark transparent.png 191 incumbents (92.7%) who ran for re-election in 2013 had no primary challenger.
Green check mark transparent.png Since 205 incumbents ran for re-election in 2013, that means that only 7.3% of incumbents faced a primary challenger.
Green check mark transparent.png 58 major party candidates (26.4%) had no major party challenger on November 5.
Green check mark transparent.png In 205 (93.2%) of the 220 seats up for election on November 5, the incumbent ran for re-election.
Green check mark transparent.png In 15 (6.8%) of the 220 seats up for election on November 5, the incumbent did not run for re-election.

New Jersey

Elections were held in all 40 of New Jersey's senate districts on November 5, 2013.

New Jersey's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins at noon of the second Tuesday in January.

As of May 13, 2013, Democratic candidates for the state Legislature had raised $15.5 million and spent $11.4 million, while Republicans had raised $7 million and spent $6.2 million. In the 2011 election cycle, Democrats raised $11.4 million and Republicans raised $6.2 million in the same amount of time.[1]

The state legislative races in New Jersey also attracted attention from outside groups, including the Washington, D.C., super PAC the Fund for Jobs, Growth and Security. This super PAC with Democratic affiliations and was founded to prevent Governor Chris Christie (R) from governing with Republican majorities and allowing him to advance a conservative agenda in the state.[2]

New Jersey State Senate
Party As of November 4, 2013 After the 2013 Election
     Democratic Party 24 24
     Republican Party 16 16
Total 40 40
New Jersey General Assembly
Party As of November 4, 2013 After the 2013 Election
     Democratic Party 48 48
     Republican Party 32 32
Total 80 80

Virginia

Virginia did not hold any state senate elections in 2013.

Virginia's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the second Wednesday in January after the election.


Virginia House of Delegates
Party As of November 4, 2013 After the 2013 Election
     Democratic Party 32 33
     Republican Party 65 67
     Independent 1 0
     Vacancy 2 0
Total 100 100


Special elections

Across the nation, special elections are frequently conducted to fill vacancies in state legislatures. 27 states use special elections to fill legislative vacancies. In two states, Illinois and Indiana, special elections are used in limited circumstances. As of July 2013, 84 special elections (not including runoffs) have been scheduled in 23 states. Since these elections are intended to fill unexpected vacancies, more will be scheduled as new vacancies arise.

See also: State legislative special elections, 2013

Recalls

As of July 2013, six recall efforts to oust state legislators have been attempted. Two recall campaigns, both from Colorado, obtained enough signatures prior to their deadlines to initiate an election. Recall elections for Senators Angela Giron and John Morse were held on September 10, 2013. Both legislators were targeted for recall after passing gun control legislation through means that circumvented any possible voter referendum.[3][4][5]

See also: Political recall efforts

Angela Giron Recall

See also: Angela Giron recall, Colorado State Senate (2013)

Angela Giron was recalled from her position as Senator for District 3 on September 10. George Rivera (R) was selected to succeed her.[6]

Shall Angelo Giron be recalled from the office of State Senate, District 3?
ResultVotesPercentage
Approveda Recall19,35556.01%
Retain15,20143.99%
Candidates nominated to succeed Angela Giron should se be recalled:
ResultVotesPercentage
ApprovedaGeorge Rivera (R) 19,301 88.16%
DefeateddWrite-in 2,592 11.84%

John Morse Recall

See also: John Morse recall, Colorado State Senate (2013)

John Morse was recalled from his position as President of the Colorado State Senate and Senator for District 11 on September 10. Bernie Herpin (R) was selected to succeed him.[7]

Shall John Morse be recalled from the office of State Senate, District 11?
ResultVotesPercentage
Approveda Recall9,09450.96%
Retain8,75149.04%
Candidates nominated to succeed John Morse should he be recalled:
ResultVotesPercentage
ApprovedaBernie Herpin (R) 8,895 83.2%
DefeateddWrite-in 1,796 16.8%

See also

References