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{{Slpelec2014}}In the 50 states, there are [[state legislature|99 state legislative chambers]] altogether, and '''87 of the 99 chambers are holding state legislative elections on [[BC2014#November|November 4, 2014]].'''  
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{{Slpelec2014}}In the 50 states, there are [[state legislature|99 state legislative chambers]] altogether, and '''87 of the 99 chambers are holding state legislative elections on [[Ballotpedia:Calendar#November|November 4, 2014]].'''  
  
 
A total of 1,090 (55.3%) of the country's 1,972 state senate seats are up for election in November 2014, and 4,958 (91.6%) of the country's 5,411 state house seats are up for election. Altogether, 6,048 (81.9%) of the country's 7,383 state legislative seats are up for election during the midterm election year.  
 
A total of 1,090 (55.3%) of the country's 1,972 state senate seats are up for election in November 2014, and 4,958 (91.6%) of the country's 5,411 state house seats are up for election. Altogether, 6,048 (81.9%) of the country's 7,383 state legislative seats are up for election during the midterm election year.  

Revision as of 18:38, 24 February 2014

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2014 State Legislative Elections

States
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In the 50 states, there are 99 state legislative chambers altogether, and 87 of the 99 chambers are holding state legislative elections on November 4, 2014.

A total of 1,090 (55.3%) of the country's 1,972 state senate seats are up for election in November 2014, and 4,958 (91.6%) of the country's 5,411 state house seats are up for election. Altogether, 6,048 (81.9%) of the country's 7,383 state legislative seats are up for election during the midterm election year.

The 6,048 seats up for election is 33 more than the 6,015 that were contested in 2012.

What's at stake

After the 2008 election, the GOP launched a strategy called the REDistricting MAjority Project, or REDMAP. The strategy shifted GOP focus towards state legislative elections in an effort to control the redistricting process following the 2010 census. REDMAP was successful, netting Republicans more than 660 state legislative seats in November 2010.

Heading into the redistricting process, the GOP took over both legislative chambers in 25 states and had control of the legislature and governorship in 21 states. They used this advantage to realign districts in their favor, securing Republican-controlled seats and allowing for some states to elect Republican majorities while losing the popular vote. For example, Democrats in Michigan won more than 54 percent of the vote in state House elections yet ended up with only 51 of the 110 seats.

The GOP control on the state level has also been used to pass voter ID and registration laws that Democrats claim are intended to restrict minority voting. Republicans have also made use of their majorities to pass measures limiting abortion, unions and same-sex marriage.[1][2]

In 2012, Democrats were able to gain back some of the ground lost in 2010, gaining control of 41 chambers from 36. Former Vermont Governor Howard Dean announced in early 2013 that the political action committee he founded would be pushing to flip state legislatures through data-driven campaigns on behalf of candidates in key states.[3] The AFL-CIO has set its sights on state legislative and gubernatorial elections in Florida, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin.[4]

Impact of term limits

Main article: Impact of term limits on state legislative elections in 2014

Fourteen state senate chambers and thirteen state house chambers holding general elections on November 4, 2014, include some state legislators who are unable to run for re-election in 2014 because of their state's legislative term limits.

  • A total of 63 state senators are termed-out in 2014. This represents 19% of the 331 total state senate seats up for election in the 14 term-limited state senates with elections in November 2014.
  • A total of 160 state representatives are termed-out. This represents 12.7% of the 1,261 total seats up for election in the 13 term-limited states with elections in November 2014.

Altogether, 223 current state legislators must leave office after the November elections because of term limits. This is 14% of the 1,592 state legislative seats up for election in the 14 term-limited states with 2014 elections, and about 3.7% of the 6,047 state legislative seats that are up for election altogether in 2014, including the non-term-limited states.

State senators

Main article: Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2014

There are 42 state senates holding general elections in November 2014. In 14 of these states, state senators are subject to term limits. Louisiana is the only state with state senate term limits that will not have a general election in 2014.

A total of 63 current state senators are ineligible to run for re-election in November because of term limit laws in their state. This includes:

  • 22 incumbent Democratic state senators
  • 24 incumbent Republican state senators
  • 17 nonpartisan state senators.

Going into the 2014 elections, the Democratic Party is the majority party in four of the 14 state senates with term limits. The Republican Party is the majority in 9 of the 14 state senates with term limits. Nebraska's state senate is term-limited and officially Non-partisan.

  • In four states, more Democrats are term-limited out than Republicans. In California, the majority party is Democratic. In Arkansas, Florida and Montana, the majority party is Republican.
  • In seven states, more Republicans are term-limited out than Democrats. In Michigan, Missouri, Oklahoma and South Dakota, the majority party is Republican. In Colorado, Maine and Nevada, the majority party is Democratic.
  • In one state, Ohio, equal numbers of Republicans and Democrats are term-limited in November 2014. Heading into the election, the majority party in Ohio is Republican.
  • There are no Arizona senators affected by term-limits in 2014.

State representatives

Main article: Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2014

There are 45 state houses holding general elections in November 2014. In 13 of these states, state house terms are subject to term limits. There are 15 states with state legislative term limits, but Louisiana will not hold a state house election in 2014 and Nebraska does not have a state house.

160 current state representatives are ineligible to run for re-election in November because of term limit laws in their state. This includes:

  • 73 incumbent Democratic state representatives
  • 87 incumbent Republican state representatives

Going into the 2014 elections, the Democratic Party is the majority party in four of the 14 state senates with term limits. The Republican Party is the majority in 9 of the 14 state senates with term limits. Nebraska's state senate is term-limited and officially Non-partisan.

  • In four states, more Democrats are term-limited out than Republicans. In California, the majority party is Democratic. In Arkansas, Florida and Montana, the majority party is Republican.
  • In seven states, more Republicans are term-limited out than Democrats. In Michigan, Missouri, Oklahoma and South Dakota, the majority party is Republican. In Colorado, Maine and Nevada, the majority party is Democratic.
  • In one state, Ohio, equal numbers of Republicans and Democrats are term-limited in November 2014. Heading into the election, the majority party in Ohio is Republican.
  • There are no Arizona senators affected by term-limits in 2014.

Impact on parties

Republican representatives will take a larger hit from term limits in the 2014 state legislative elections than the Democratic Party, both in terms of how many individual incumbent legislators the Republican Party will lose (113, versus 95 for the Democratic Party) and in terms of how many state legislative chambers lost more Republicans (12, versus 10 for Democrats).

Incumbents

The following table details the number of state legislators unable to run for re-election due to term limits broken down by party and chamber. Republicans, who control about 11% more seats across the country, will lose 19% more incumbents to term limits than Democrats.

Party # of termed senators # of termed representatives Total
Democratic 22 73 95
Republican 24 87 113
Non-partisan 17 0 17

Chambers

The following table details the number of chambers where one party will lose more incumbents due to term limits.

Party Senates with most losses Houses with most losses Total
Democratic 4 6 10
Republican 5 7 12
Equal D/R losses (or nonpartisan chamber) 4 0 4

Election dates

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 state legislative elections

Illinois and Texas opened the 2014 campaign season with filing deadlines in December 2013. The latest filing deadline in 2014 will be in Delaware on July 8.

The 2014 state legislative primaries start in Texas on March 4 and will end on September 9 with a cluster of primaries in Delaware, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York and Rhode Island.

The state legislative filing deadlines and primary dates listed by month are as follows:

Filing deadlines

The number of days between the candidate filing deadline and primary election vary widely from state to state

December

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

Primaries

March

May

June

August

September

Length of primary campaigns

While each state holds a primary, the amount of time between signature filing deadlines and primaries can differ greatly. In 2014, candidates running for state legislative office in Alabama have just 60 days between their filing deadline and primary. Meanwhile, candidates in Missouri have a massive 133 days, more than double that of Alabama, to to campaign for the primary election. On average, candidates are given about 84 days between the filing deadline and primary election to get their message to voters.

Alabama

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (11) Republican Party (23)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (37) Republican Party (66)

Alabama's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins at midnight following the day of the election.

Alaska

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (7) Republican Party (13)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (14) Republican Party (26)

Alaska's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins the fourth Monday of January following a November election.

Arizona

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (13) Republican Party (16)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (24) Republican Party (36)

Arizona's state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins the first day of the session after they are elected. Each regular session begins on the first Monday in January. Members are limited to four terms, for a total of eight years.

Arkansas

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (13) Republican Party (22)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (48) Republican Party (51)

Arkansas's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins the first day of the session after they are elected. Each regular session begins on the second Monday in January. Members are limited to two terms, for a total of eight years.

California

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (28) Republican Party (11)
Assembly Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (55) Republican Party (25)

California's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first Monday in December following their election. Senators are limited to serving no more than two four-year terms. California's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Monday in December following their election. Representatives are limited to serving no more than four two-year terms.

Colorado

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (18) Republican Party (17)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (37) Republican Party (28)

Colorado's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on first day of the legislative session after their election, which begins no later than 10:00 AM on the second Wednesday of January. Senators are limited to to no more than two consecutive terms. Colorado's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on first day of the legislative session after their election, which begins no later than 10:00 AM on the second Wednesday of January. Representatives are limited to no more than four consecutive terms.

Connecticut

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (22) Republican Party (14)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (98) Republican Party (53)

Connecticut's state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins on the Wednesday following the first Monday of January after their election. Connecticut's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the Wednesday following the first Monday of January after their election.

Delaware

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (13) Republican Party (8)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (27) Republican Party (14)

Delaware's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins the second Tuesday in January following their election.. Delaware's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins the second Tuesday in January following their election.

Florida

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (14) Republican Party (26)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (45) Republican Party (75)

Florida's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins two weeks following their election. Senators are limited to no more than two consecutive four-year terms. Florida's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins two weeks following their election. Representatives are limited to no more than four consecutive terms.

Georgia

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (18) Republican Party (38)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (60) Republican Party (117)

Georgia's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the second Monday in January. Georgia's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the second Monday in January.

Hawaii

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (24) Republican Party (1)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (44) Republican Party (7)

Hawaii's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first day of Legislative session after the election (usually the third Wednesday of January). Hawaii's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of Legislative session after the election (usually the third Wednesday of January).

Idaho

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (7) Republican Party (28)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (13) Republican Party (57)

Idaho's state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of December following the general election. Idaho's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of December following the general election.

Illinois

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (40) Republican Party (19)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (71) Republican Party (47)

Illinois' state senators are elected to a two or four-year term that begins on the second Wednesday in January. Under the Illinois Constitution of 1970, senators are divided into three groups, each group having a two-year term at a different part of the decade between censuses, with the rest of the decade being taken up by two four-year terms Illinois' state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the second Wednesday in January.

Indiana

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (13) Republican Party (37)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (31) Republican Party (69)

Indiana's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the day after their general election. Indiana's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the day after their general election.

Iowa

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (26) Republican Party (24)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (47) Republican Party (53)

Iowa's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the second Monday of January after their election. Iowa's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the second Monday of January after their election.

Kansas

Kansas will not hold any state senate elections in 2014.

House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (33) Republican Party (91)

Kansas's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the second Monday of January after their election.

Kentucky

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (14) Republican Party (23)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (54) Republican Party (46)

Kentucky's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first day of January after their election. Kentucky's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of January after their election.

Louisiana

Louisiana will not hold any state legislative elections in 2014.

Maine

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (19) Republican Party (15)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (89) Republican Party (58)

Maine's state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Wednesday in December after their election. Senators are limited to no more than four consecutive terms. Maine's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Wednesday in December after their election. Representatives are limited to no more than four consecutive terms.

Maryland

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (35) Republican Party (12)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (98) Republican Party (43)

Maryland's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the second Wednesday in January after the election. Maryland's state representatives are elected to a four-year term that begins on the second Wednesday in January after the election.

Massachusetts

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (35) Republican Party (4)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (126) Republican Party (29)

Massachusetts' state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Wednesday in January after the election. Massachusetts' state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Wednesday in January after the election.

Michigan

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (12) Republican Party (26)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (50) Republican Party (59)

Michigan's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first day of January. Michigan's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of January.

Minnesota

Minnesota will not hold any state senate elections in 2014.

House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (73) Republican Party (61)

Minnesota's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of the legislative session.

Mississippi

Mississippi will not hold any state legislative elections in 2014.

Missouri

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (9) Republican Party (24)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (52) Republican Party (108)

Missouri's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first day of the legislative session. Senators are limited to no more than two four-year terms. Missouri's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of the legislative session. Representatives are limited to no more than four two-year terms.

Montana

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (21) Republican Party (29)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (38) Republican Party (61)

Montana's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first Monday of January following the election. Montana term limits state that officials may not seek re-election if they have held office for eight years in a 16-year period. Montana's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Monday of January following the election. Montana term limits state that officials may not seek re-election if they have held office for eight years in a 16-year period.

Nebraska

Nebraska's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first Wednesday after the first Monday in January. Senators are limited to no more than two four-year terms.

Nevada

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (11) Republican Party (10)
Assembly Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (26) Republican Party (15)

Nevada's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the day after the election. Nevada's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the day after the election.

New Hampshire

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (11) Republican Party (13)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (220) Republican Party (179)

New Hampshire's state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins on the month after elections (December). New Hampshire's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the month after elections (December).

New Jersey

New Jersey will not hold any state legislative elections in 2014.

New Mexico

New Mexico will not hold any state senate elections in 2014.

House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (37) Republican Party (33)

New Mexico's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on January 1st.

New York

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (32) Republican Party (29)
Assembly Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (101) Republican Party (40)

New York's state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins on January 1st. New York's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on January 1st.

North Carolina

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (17) Republican Party (33)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (43) Republican Party (77)

North Carolina's state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of the new General Assembly in January. North Carolina's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of the new General Assembly in January.

North Dakota

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (14) Republican Party (33)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (23) Republican Party (71)

North Dakota's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on December 1st. North Dakota's state representatives are elected to a four-year term that begins on December 1st.

Ohio

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (10) Republican Party (23)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (38) Republican Party (61)

Ohio's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on January 1st. Senators are limited to no more than two consecutive terms. Ohio's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on January 1st. Representatives are limited to no more than four consecutive terms.

Oklahoma

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (12) Republican Party (36)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (29) Republican Party (72)

Oklahoma's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on November 17th. Senators are limited to no more than a combined total of twelve years in the senate and house of representatives. Oklahoma's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on November 17th. Representatives are limited to no more than a combined total of twelve years in the senate and house of representatives.

Oregon

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (16) Republican Party (14)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (34) Republican Party (26)

Oregon's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the second Monday in January. Oregon's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the second Monday in January.

Pennsylvania

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (23) Republican Party (26)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (92) Republican Party (111)

Pennsylvania's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins in January. Pennsylvania's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins in January.

Rhode Island

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (32) Republican Party (5)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (68) Republican Party (6)

Rhode Island's state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Tuesday in January. Rhode Island's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Tuesday in January.

South Carolina

South Carolina will not hold any state senate elections in 2014.

House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (46) Republican Party (78)

South Carolina's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the Monday after the election.

South Dakota

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (7) Republican Party (28)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (17) Republican Party (53)

South Dakota's state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of session after election (Jan. 11). Senators are limited to no more than four consecutive terms. South Dakota's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of session after election (Jan. 11). Representatives are limited to no more than four consecutive terms.

Tennessee

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (7) Republican Party (26)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (27) Republican Party (71)

Tennessee's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the 15th of January after the election. Tennessee's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the 15th of January after the election.

Texas

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (12) Republican Party (18)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (54) Republican Party (95)

Texas's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the beginning of the legislative session (January). Texas's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the beginning of the legislative session (January).

Utah

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (5) Republican Party (24)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (14) Republican Party (61)

Utah's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first day of January following a November election. Utah's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of January following a November election.

Vermont

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (21) Republican Party (7)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (95) Republican Party (45)

Vermont's state senators are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Wednesday after the first Tuesday in January. Vermont's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Wednesday after the first Tuesday in January.

Virginia

Virginia will not hold any state legislative elections in 2014.

Washington

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (22) Republican Party (24)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (55) Republican Party (41)

Washington's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first day of session. Washington's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of session.

West Virginia

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (24) Republican Party (10)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (54) Republican Party (46)

West Virginia's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first day of December following the election. West Virginia's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first day of December following the election.

Wisconsin

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (15) Republican Party (18)
Assembly Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (39) Republican Party (60)

Wisconsin's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first Monday in January following the election. Wisconsin's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Monday in January following the election.

Wyoming

Senate Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (4) Republican Party (26)
House Partisan Breakdown: Democratic Party (8) Republican Party (52)

Wyoming's state senators are elected to a four-year term that begins on the first Monday in January following the election. Wyoming's state representatives are elected to a two-year term that begins on the first Monday in January following the election.

References