State legislatures compared by extent of electoral competitiveness in 2012

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2012 Competitiveness Overview
Competitiveness study logo 2012.jpg
Primary competition (state comparison)
Incumbents with no challenges at all in 2012
Incumbents defeatedVictorious challengers
Primary competitiveness
Major party challengers (state comparison)
List of candidates with no competition
Open seats (state comparisons)
Impact of term limits on # of open seats
Long-serving senatorsLong-serving reps
Star bookmark.png   Chart Comparing 2012 Results   Star bookmark.png
Chart Comparing 2012 ResultsComparisons Between Years
Competitiveness IndexAbsolute Index
2012 State Legislative Elections
2012 Competitiveness Tracker
Competitiveness Studies from Other Years
200720092010201120132014

This chart captures the ranking that a state legislature received on all three factors in this Election Competitiveness Index.

  • The first column, "Primary Contests," ranks states against each other based on the percentage of incumbents who had a primary challenger.
  • The second column, "Major Party Competition," ranks states against each other based on the percentage of major party candidates on the general election ballot with a major party challenger.
  • The third column, "Open Seats," contrasts states based on the percentage of incumbents who ran for re-election in 2012.
  • The fourth column is an arithmetical average of the state's scores on the all three factors.

Note: California, Louisiana and Washington employ a top-two primary system. In top-two states, two candidates can advance to the general election.[1]

States compared by electoral competitiveness

Legend:      States with state legislative term limits



Note on ranking system: In each case, 1 represents the most electorally competitive environment, and 4 represents the least electorally competitive environment. (4 is the highest relevant number in 2012, because there are state legislative elections in 4 states in 2012.)

State legislature Primary contests Open seats Major party competition Overall rank
Alaska 16 25 22 16
Arizona 3 19 26 12
Arkansas 34 5 35 29
California 10 1 4 1
Colorado 41 2 6 11
Connecticut 44 34 9 26
Delaware 28 31 37 40
Florida 15 10 30 21
Georgia 23 37 43 43
Hawaii 8 40 25 24
Idaho 1 7 16 4
Illinois 24 28 38 39
Indiana 31 30 28 31
Iowa 33 14 21 23
Kansas 4 11 19 7
Kentucky 25 38 34 38
Maine 43 3 2 9
Massachusetts 38 44 40 44
Michigan 7 21 1 2
Minnesota 40 16 3 13
Missouri 21 9 44 37
Montana 26 4 11 10
Nebraska 20 6 7 5
Nevada 14 8 12 6
New Hampshire 2 12 13 3
New Mexico 17 24 32 27
New York 27 39 23 28
North Carolina 18 13 27 17
North Dakota 37 17 8 15
Ohio 35 33 5 18
Oklahoma 29 26 33 36
Oregon 42 35 14 30
Pennsylvania 30 42 31 41
Rhode Island 13 41 36 34
South Carolina 22 32 41 42
South Dakota 19 15 24 14
Tennessee 9 29 29 25
Texas 12 23 39 33
Utah 6 27 10 8
Vermont 39 36 18 32
Washington 36 18 17 22
West Virginia 5 43 20 20
Wisconsin 32 20 15 19
Wyoming 11 22 42 35

See also

References

  1. On September 14, 2012, Joseph Perkins from CalWatchdog published an article arguing that the top-two system was not explicitly included in Ballotpedia's study. For more read here.