Difference between revisions of "State legislatures with term limits"

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{{term limits}}{{Features vnt}}{{tnr}}In '''15 state legislatures''', [[state legislature|state legislators]] are subject to [[term limits]].  Voters in six additional states voted to have term limits, but in two cases, the state legislature voted to nullify the limits imposed by voters and in four other states, courts nullified the voter-imposed limits, primarily for technical reasons.
 
{{term limits}}{{Features vnt}}{{tnr}}In '''15 state legislatures''', [[state legislature|state legislators]] are subject to [[term limits]].  Voters in six additional states voted to have term limits, but in two cases, the state legislature voted to nullify the limits imposed by voters and in four other states, courts nullified the voter-imposed limits, primarily for technical reasons.
  
In the United States, there are [[state senators|1,971 state senate seats]] and [[state representative|5,413 state house seats]].  562 of the 1,971 state senate seats, or 28.5%, come with a limit.  1,368 of the 5,413 state house seats, or 25%, come with a limit.  Of the total of 7,384 state legislative seats, 1,930 (26.1%) are limited.
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In the United States, there are [[state senators|1,972 state senate seats]] and [[state representative|5,411 state house seats]].  562 of the 1,972 state senate seats, or 28.5%, come with a limit.  1,368 of the 5,411 state house seats, or 25%, come with a limit.  Of the total of 7,383 state legislative seats, 1,930 (26.1%) are limited.
 
   
 
   
 
==Lifetime versus consecutive==
 
==Lifetime versus consecutive==

Revision as of 11:34, 17 July 2013

Voting on
Term Limits
Term limits.jpg
Ballot Measures
By state
By year
Not on ballot

State legislative
term limits

Gubernatorial
term limits
Lieutenant Governors
term limits
Secretaries of State
term limits
Attorneys General
term limits
State executive
term limits
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Features of State Legislatures

Party dominance in state legislatures2012 Session TopicsStanding committees analysis for 2011-2012 sessionLength of terms of state representativesHow vacancies are filled in state legislaturesStates with a full-time legislatureState legislative chambers that use multi-member districtsState legislatures with term limitsComparison of state legislative salariesWhen state legislators assume office after a general electionPopulation represented by state legislatorsState constitutional articles governing state legislaturesState legislative sessionsResign-to-run laws
In 15 state legislatures, state legislators are subject to term limits. Voters in six additional states voted to have term limits, but in two cases, the state legislature voted to nullify the limits imposed by voters and in four other states, courts nullified the voter-imposed limits, primarily for technical reasons.

In the United States, there are 1,972 state senate seats and 5,411 state house seats. 562 of the 1,972 state senate seats, or 28.5%, come with a limit. 1,368 of the 5,411 state house seats, or 25%, come with a limit. Of the total of 7,383 state legislative seats, 1,930 (26.1%) are limited.

Lifetime versus consecutive

Legislative term limits can be either lifetime or consecutive. In the nine states where the limits are consecutive, once a state legislator has served the maximum number of terms in office, he or she, if eligible, can run for office for the state's other legislative chamber, or leave the legislature. After a period of time no longer in office in a particular legislative chamber, however, the legislator is allowed to run again for office in that legislative chamber. The period of time that a legislator must be out of office before being able to run again is usually two years.

In six of the 15 states with limits on state legislators, the limit is a lifetime limit. These states are Arkansas, California, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada and Oklahoma. In these states, once a legislator has served the maximum allowable number of terms in a particular legislative chamber, they may never again run for or hold office in that particular chamber.[1]

States with legislative limits

State legislature Limits in effect Year limits imposed Year limits took effect
Arizona Legislature H: 4 terms (8 years)
S: 4 terms (8 years)
1992 H: 2000
S: 2000
Arkansas Legislature H: 3 terms (6 years)
S: 2 terms (8 years)
1992 H: 1998
S: 2000
California Legislature 12 year cumulative total, in either or both 1990, modified 2012 A: 1996
S: 1998
Colorado Legislature H: 4 terms (8 years)
S: 2 terms (8 years)
1990 H: 1998
S: 1998
Florida Legislature H: 4 terms (8 years)
S: 2 terms (8 years)
1992 H: 2000
S: 2000
Louisiana Legislature H: 3 terms (12 years)
S: 3 terms (12 years)
1995 H: 2007
S: 2007
Maine Legislature H: 4 terms (8 years)
S: 4 terms (8 years)
1993 H: 1996
S: 1996
Michigan Legislature H: 3 terms (6 years)
S: 2 terms (8 years)
1992 H: 1998
S: 2002
Missouri Legislature H: 4 terms (8 years)
S: 2 terms (8 years)
Amendment 13 (1992)
(also see: Amendment 3 (2002)
H: 2002
S: 2002
Montana Legislature H: 4 terms (8 years)
S: 2 terms (8 years)
1992 H: 2000
S: 2000
Nebraska Unicameral S: 2 terms (8 years) 2000 S: 2008
Nevada Legislature A: 6 terms (12 years)
S: 3 terms (12 years)
Initiative passed in 1996, took effect with those elected in 1998 A: 2010
S: 2010
Ohio Legislature H: 4 terms (8 years)
S: 2 terms (8 years)
1992 H: 2000
S: 2000
Oklahoma Legislature 12 year cumulative total, in either or both 1990 2004 for both chambers
South Dakota Legislature H: 4 terms (8 years)
S: 4 terms (8 years)
1992 H: 2000
S: 2000

Impact on elections

[edit]

See also: Impact of term limits on state legislative elections in 2010
2011


2010
State senates:
ArizonaArkansasCalifornia
ColoradoFloridaMaine
MichiganMissouriMontana
NebraskaNevadaOhio
OklahomaSouth Dakota
State houses:
ArizonaArkansasCalifornia
ColoradoFloridaMaine
MichiganMissouriMontana
NevadaOhio
OklahomaSouth Dakota
State legislatures with term limits
Term limits on the ballot

14 state senate chambers and 13 state house chambers held general elections on November 2, 2010 that included some state legislators who were unable to run for re-election in 2010 because of their state's legislative term limits.

122 state senators were termed-out in 2010. This represented 36% of the 337 total state senate seats up for election in November in the 14 term-limited state senates with elections in 2010.

253 state representatives were termed-out. This represented 20% of the 1,263 total seats up for election in November in the 13 term-limited states with elections in November 2010.

Altogether, 375 current state legislators were required to leave office after the November elections because of term limits. This was 23% of the 1,600 state legislative seats up for election in the 14 term-limited states with 2010 elections.

The Republican Party took more of a hit from term limits in the 2010 state legislative elections than the Democratic Party, both in terms of how many individual incumbent legislators the Republican Party lost (190, versus 182 for the Democratic Party) and in terms of how many state legislative chambers lost more Republicans (13, versus 10 for the Democratic Party).

Incumbents

Party # of termed senators # of termed representatives Total
Democratic 55 127 182
Republican 66 124 190
Non-partisan 1 2 3

Chambers

Party Senates with most losses Houses with most losses Total
Democratic 4 6 10
Republican 7 6 13
Equal D/R losses 2 1 3

Impact on party control of seats

In 2010, a total of 376 seats were termed out in state senates and state houses combined. Of those, 61 seats, or 16.2%, changed party hands. In state senates, 19 seats, or 15.7% of termed-out seats, changed party hands. In state houses, 42 seats, or 16.5% of termed-out seats, changed party hands.

Term-limited seats that changed party control in the 2010 elections
State Senators Termed Out 2010 Representatives Termed Out 2010 Democratic Seats lost to other Parties - Senate Republican Seats lost to other Parties - Senate Democratic Seats lost to other Parties - House Republican Seats lost to other Parties - House Percent of Termed-Out Senate Seats that Changed Party Percent of Termed-Out House Seats that Changed Party Total Legislative Seats that Changed Party
Arizona 10 13 0 0 0 0 0% 0% 0
Arkansas 13 34 Republican Party 7 0 Republican Party 11 Democratic Party 1 53.8% 35.3% 19
California 8 18 0 0 Independent 1 Democratic Party 1 0% 11.1% 2
Colorado 3 8 0 0 Republican Party 1 0 0% 12.5% 1
Florida 7 23 0 0 0 0 0% 0% 0
Maine 4 20 Republican Party 1 0 Republican Party 5, Independent 1 Democratic Party 2 25% 40% 9
Michigan 29 37 Republican Party 3 0 Republican Party 6 Democratic Party 1 10.3% 18.9% 10
Missouri 10 52 Republican Party 1 0 Republican Party 6 0 10% 11.5% 7
Montana 15 15 Republican Party 2 0 Republican Party 4 0 13.3% 26.7% 6
Nebraska 1 N/A[2] 0 0 - - 0% - 0
Nevada 4 10 0 0 0 0 0% 0% 0
Ohio 7 13 0 0 0 0 0% 0% 0
Oklahoma 6 4 Republican Party 4 0 0 0 66.7% 0% 4
South Dakota 4 8 Republican Party 1 0 Republican Party 1 Democratic Party 1 25% 25% 3
Total: 121 255 Republican Party 19 0 Republican Party 34, Independent 2 Democratic Party 6 15.7% 16.5% 61




See also: Impact of term limits on state legislative elections in 2012
2014
2011
Term Limits
SLP badge.png
Impact of Term Limits by Year
2010201120122014
State senates
ArizonaArkansasCalifornia
ColoradoFloridaMaine
MissouriMontana
NebraskaNevadaOhio
OklahomaSouth Dakota
State houses
ArizonaArkansasCalifornia
ColoradoFloridaMaine
MichiganMissouriMontana
NevadaOhio
OklahomaSouth Dakota
State legislatures with term limits
Term limits on the ballot

Thirteen state senate chambers and thirteen state house chambers that held general elections on November 6, 2012 include some state legislators who were unable to run for re-election in 2012 because of their state's legislative term limits.

  • 83 state senators were termed-out in 2012. This represents 15.9% of the 523 total state senate seats up for election in the 13 term-limited state senates with elections in November 2012.
  • 172 state representatives were termed-out. This represents 13.6% of the 1,263 total seats up for election in the 13 term-limited states with elections in November 2012.

Altogether, 255 current state legislators had to leave office after the November elections because of term limits. This was14.3% of the 1,786 state legislative seats up for election in the 14 term-limited states with 2012 elections, and about 4% of the 6,015 state legislative seats that were up for election altogether in 2012, including the non-term-limited states.

Incumbents

Party # of termed senators # of termed representatives Total
Democratic 33 85 118
Republican 38 84 122
Non-partisan 7 0 7

Chambers

Party Senates with most losses Houses with most losses Total
Democratic 4 6 10
Republican 5 7 12
Equal D/R losses (or non-partisan chamber) 4 0 4

Impact on parties

Although the difference is marginal, the Republican Party took more of a hit from term limits in the 2012 state legislative elections than the Democratic Party, both in terms of how many individual incumbent legislators the Republican Party lost (125, versus 122 for the Democratic Party) and in terms of how many state legislative chambers lost more Republicans (12, versus 10 for the Democratic Party).

Limits overturned

By legislature

Voting on
Term Limits
Term limits.jpg
Ballot Measures
By state
By year
Not on ballot

State legislative
term limits

Gubernatorial
term limits
Lieutenant Governors
term limits
Secretaries of State
term limits
Attorneys General
term limits
State executive
term limits

By courts

See also

External links

References

  1. Chart of states with term limits from NCSL
  2. Nebraska has no lower house