Difference between revisions of "States"

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{{tnr}}A '''U.S. state''' is any one of the fifty sub-national entities of the United States. Additionally, there are four U.S. territories - Puerto Rico, Guam, United States Virgin Islands and Northern Mariana Islands.
  
<center>
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[[#State governments|State governments]] | [[#Initiative & referendum in the U.S.|Initiative & referendum in the U.S.]] | [[#Origin of states' names|Origin of states' names]]
<big><b>Choose your state to get started:</b></big><br><br>
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{{US map}}
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==State governments==
 +
:: ''See also: [[U.S. Constitution]] and [[Congress]]
 +
States can organize their state governments any way they like, as long as they conform to the sole requirement of the [[U.S. Constitution]] that they have "a Republican Form of Government." In practice, each state has adopted a three branch system of government generally along the sames lines as that of the federal government -- though this is not a requirement.
  
====18 states where citizens can initiate constitutional amendments====
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Nebraska, for example, has a [[unicameral]] legislature.
  
[[Arizona]] | [[Arkansas]] | [[California]] | [[Colorado]] | [[Florida]] | [[Illinois]] | [[Massachusetts]]<br>[[Michigan]] | [[Mississippi]] | [[Missouri]] | [[Montana]] | [[Nebraska]] | [[Nevada]] | [[North Dakota]]<br>[[Ohio]] | [[Oklahoma]] | [[Oregon]] | [[South Dakota]]
+
===Alabama===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Alabama]]''
  
====49 states with legislatively-referred constitutional amendments====
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* [[Governor of Alabama]]
 +
* [[Alabama State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Alabama State Senate]]
 +
* [[Alabama House of Representatives]]
  
Every state except for [[Delaware]]
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===Alaska===
 +
<imagemap>
 +
Image:US_map.png|600px|right|
  
====21 states where citizens can initiate laws/statutes====
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poly 227 105 220 148 257 204 279 126 [[Nevada]]
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rect 125 248 188 303 [[Alaska]]
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rect 82 172 97 185 [[Hawaii]]
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poly 279 190 253 251 313 274 322 206 [[Arizona]]
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poly 287 116 276 184 321 193 332 144 [[Utah]]
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poly 327 204 320 273 389 277 389 212 [[New Mexico]]
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poly 336 141 332 193 403 201 407 154 [[Colorado]]
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poly 328 84 320 133 383 141 388 96 [[Wyoming]]
 +
poly 183 97 184 165 223 224 253 218 [[California]]
 +
poly 208 41 185 86 254 106 266 62 [[Oregon]]
 +
poly 210 36 260 52 271 16 228 2 [[Washington]]
 +
poly 276 14 261 105 314 115 [[Idaho]]
 +
poly 286 18 307 79 386 85 393 35 [[Montana]]
 +
poly 400 33 398 73 465 74 460 42 [[North Dakota]]
 +
poly 396 78 397 113 461 118 462 81 [[South Dakota]]
 +
poly 394 120 392 142 410 143 412 155 474 156 460 126 [[Nebraska]]
 +
poly 414 167 413 203 488 207 481 170 [[Kansas]]
 +
poly 435 210 427 241 483 251 487 214 [[Oklahoma]]
 +
poly 397 212 400 283 367 287 380 310 443 357 497 309 492 266 [[Texas]]
 +
poly 469 38 474 111 512 109 519 53 [[Minnesota]]
 +
poly 468 119 483 154 523 152 522 123 [[Iowa]]
 +
poly 484 159 499 208 545 209 517 161 [[Missouri]]
 +
poly 496 217 500 256 533 260 537 222 [[Arkansas]]
 +
poly 499 272 506 313 539 312 543 297 525 272 [[Louisiana]]
 +
poly 544 239 538 283 562 293 559 243 [[Mississippi]]
 +
poly 572 236 570 289 605 284 593 235 [[Alabama]]
 +
poly 522 72 520 96 538 121 555 120 554 85 [[Wisconsin]]
 +
poly 544 131 528 158 555 195 563 144 [[Illinois]]
 +
poly 550 213 549 232 608 228 632 206 [[Tennessee]]
 +
poly 564 205 616 201 626 190 604 177 [[Kentucky]]
 +
poly 569 141 568 187 594 174 591 138 [[Indiana]]
 +
poly 574 81 575 130 607 129 607 81 [[Michigan]]
 +
poly 598 136 602 170 624 172 638 134 [[Ohio]]
 +
poly 598 237 610 287 650 284 652 268 624 239 [[Georgia]]
 +
poly 604 295 655 292 678 356 [[Florida]]
 +
poly 625 229 656 264 677 233 [[South Carolina]]
 +
poly 619 226 681 231 700 198 640 205 [[North Carolina]]
 +
poly 628 198 696 193 676 160 [[Virginia]]
 +
poly 623 171 636 188 664 161 643 154 [[West Virginia]]
 +
poly 641 125 646 151 703 137 689 117 [[Pennsylvania]]
 +
poly 660 101 647 118 710 114 701 72 [[New York]]
 +
circle 660 43 20 [[Vermont]]
 +
circle 694 42 20 [[New Hampshire]]
 +
circle 778 81 8 [[Massachusetts]]
 +
circle 778 107 8 [[Rhode Island]]
 +
circle 776 130 12 [[Connecticut]]
 +
circle 775 151 12 [[New Jersey]]
 +
circle 776 173 9 [[Delaware]]
 +
circle 776 198 12 [[Maryland]]
 +
circle 773 220 15 [[Portal:Washington, D.C.]]
 +
poly 732 80 726 58 738 21 766 51 [[Maine]]
 +
 
 +
desc none
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</imagemap>
 +
:: ''See also: [[Alaska]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Alaska]]
 +
* [[Alaska State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Alaska State Senate]]
 +
* [[Alaska House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Arizona===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Arizona]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Arizona]]
 +
* [[Arizona State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Arizona State Senate]]
 +
* [[Arizona House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Arkansas===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Arkansas]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Arkansas]]
 +
* [[Arkansas State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Arkansas State Senate]]
 +
* [[Arkansas House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===California===
 +
:: ''See also: [[California]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of California]]
 +
* [[California State Legislature]]
 +
* [[California State Senate]]
 +
* [[California House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Colorado===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Colorado]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Colorado]]
 +
* [[Colorado State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Colorado State Senate]]
 +
* [[Colorado House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Connecticut===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Connecticut]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Connecticut]]
 +
* [[Connecticut State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Connecticut State Senate]]
 +
* [[Connecticut House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Delaware===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Delaware]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Delaware]]
 +
* [[Delaware State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Delaware State Senate]]
 +
* [[Delaware House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Florida===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Florida]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Florida]]
 +
* [[Florida State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Florida State Senate]]
 +
* [[Florida House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Georgia===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Georgia]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Georgia]]
 +
* [[Georgia State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Georgia State Senate]]
 +
* [[Georgia House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Hawaii===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Hawaii]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Hawaii]]
 +
* [[Hawaii State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Hawaii State Senate]]
 +
* [[Hawaii House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Idaho===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Idaho]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Idaho]]
 +
* [[Idaho State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Idaho State Senate]]
 +
* [[Idaho House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Illinois===
 +
{{slp badge}}
 +
:: ''See also: [[Illinois]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Illinois]]
 +
* [[Illinois State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Illinois State Senate]]
 +
* [[Illinois House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Indiana===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Indiana]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Indiana]]
 +
* [[Indiana State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Indiana State Senate]]
 +
* [[Indiana House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Iowa===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Iowa]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Iowa]]
 +
* [[Iowa State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Iowa State Senate]]
 +
* [[Iowa House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Kansas===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Kansas]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Kansas]]
 +
* [[Kansas State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Kansas State Senate]]
 +
* [[Kansas House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Kentucky===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Kentucky]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Kentucky]]
 +
* [[Kentucky State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Kentucky State Senate]]
 +
* [[Kentucky House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Louisiana===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Louisiana]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Louisiana]]
 +
* [[Louisiana State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Louisiana State Senate]]
 +
* [[Louisiana House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Maine===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Maine]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Maine]]
 +
* [[Maine State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Maine State Senate]]
 +
* [[Maine House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Maryland===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Maryland]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Maryland]]
 +
* [[Maryland State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Maryland State Senate]]
 +
* [[Maryland House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Massachusetts===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Massachusetts]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Massachusetts]]
 +
* [[Massachusetts State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Massachusetts State Senate]]
 +
* [[Massachusetts House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Michigan===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Michigan]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Michigan]]
 +
* [[Michigan State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Michigan State Senate]]
 +
* [[Michigan House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Minnesota===
 +
::''See also: [[Minnesota]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Minnesota]]
 +
* [[Minnesota State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Minnesota State Senate]]
 +
* [[Minnesota House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Mississippi===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Mississippi]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Mississippi]]
 +
* [[Mississippi State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Mississippi State Senate]]
 +
* [[Mississippi House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Missouri===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Missouri]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Missouri]]
 +
* [[Missouri State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Missouri State Senate]]
 +
* [[Missouri House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Montana===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Montana]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Montana]]
 +
* [[Montana State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Montana State Senate]]
 +
* [[Montana House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Nebraska===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Nebraska]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Nebraska]]
 +
* [[Nebraska State Senate (Unicameral)]]
 +
 
 +
===Nevada===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Nevada]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Nevada]]
 +
* [[Nevada State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Nevada State Senate]]
 +
* [[Nevada House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===New Hampshire===
 +
:: ''See also: [[New Hampshire]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of New Hampshire]]
 +
* [[New Hampshire State Legislature]]
 +
* [[New Hampshire State Senate]]
 +
* [[New Hampshire House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===New Jersey===
 +
:: ''See also: [[New Jersey]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of New Jersey]]
 +
* [[New Jersey State Legislature]]
 +
* [[New Jersey State Senate]]
 +
* [[New Jersey House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===New Mexico===
 +
:: ''See also: [[New Mexico]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of New Mexico]]
 +
* [[New Mexico State Legislature]]
 +
* [[New Mexico State Senate]]
 +
* [[New Mexico House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===New York===
 +
:: ''See also: [[New York]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of New York]]
 +
* [[New York State Legislature]]
 +
* [[New York State Senate]]
 +
* [[New York House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===North Carolina===
 +
:: ''See also: [[North Carolina]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of North Carolina]]
 +
* [[North Carolina State Legislature]]
 +
* [[North Carolina State Senate]]
 +
* [[North Carolina House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===North Dakota===
 +
:: ''See also: [[North Dakota]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of North Dakota]]
 +
* [[North Dakota State Legislature]]
 +
* [[North Dakota State Senate]]
 +
* [[North Dakota House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Ohio===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Ohio]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Ohio]]
 +
* [[Ohio State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Ohio State Senate]]
 +
* [[Ohio House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Oklahoma===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Oklahoma]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Oklahoma]]
 +
* [[Oklahoma State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Oklahoma State Senate]]
 +
* [[Oklahoma House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Oregon===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Oregon]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Oregon]]
 +
* [[Oregon State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Oregon State Senate]]
 +
* [[Oregon House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Pennsylvania===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Pennsylvania]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Pennsylvania]]
 +
* [[Pennsylvania State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Pennsylvania State Senate]]
 +
* [[Pennsylvania House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Rhode Island===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Rhode Island]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Rhode Island]]
 +
* [[Rhode Island State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Rhode Island State Senate]]
 +
* [[Rhode Island House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===South Carolina===
 +
:: ''See also: [[South Carolina]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of South Carolina]]
 +
* [[South Carolina State Legislature]]
 +
* [[South Carolina State Senate]]
 +
* [[South Carolina House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===South Dakota===
 +
:: ''See also: [[South Dakota]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of South Dakota]]
 +
* [[South Dakota State Legislature]]
 +
* [[South Dakota State Senate]]
 +
* [[South Dakota House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Tennessee===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Tennessee]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Tennessee]]
 +
* [[Tennessee State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Tennessee State Senate]]
 +
* [[Tennessee House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Texas===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Texas]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Texas]]
 +
* [[Texas State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Texas State Senate]]
 +
* [[Texas House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Utah===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Utah]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Utah]]
 +
* [[Utah State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Utah State Senate]]
 +
* [[Utah House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Vermont===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Vermont]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Vermont]]
 +
* [[Vermont State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Vermont State Senate]]
 +
* [[Vermont House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Virginia===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Virginia]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Virginia]]
 +
* [[Virginia State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Virginia State Senate]]
 +
* [[Virginia House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Washington===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Washington]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Washington]]
 +
* [[Washington State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Washington State Senate]]
 +
* [[Washington House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===West Virginia===
 +
:: ''See also: [[West Virginia]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of West Virginia]]
 +
* [[West Virginia State Legislature]]
 +
* [[West Virginia State Senate]]
 +
* [[West Virginia House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Wisconsin===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Wisconsin]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Wisconsin]]
 +
* [[Wisconsin State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Wisconsin State Senate]]
 +
* [[Wisconsin House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
===Wyoming===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Wyoming]]''
 +
 
 +
* [[Governor of Wyoming]]
 +
* [[Wyoming State Legislature]]
 +
* [[Wyoming State Senate]]
 +
* [[Wyoming House of Representatives]]
 +
 
 +
==Initiative & referendum in the U.S.==
 +
{{sbm badge}}
 +
===Initiate constitutional amendments===
 +
18 states where citizens can {{icafull}}, they are:
 +
[[Arizona]] | [[Arkansas]] | [[California]] | [[Colorado]] | [[Florida]] | [[Illinois]] | [[Massachusetts]]<br>[[Michigan]] | [[Mississippi]] | [[Missouri]] | [[Montana]] | [[Nebraska]] | [[Nevada]] | [[North Dakota]]<br>[[Ohio]] | [[Oklahoma]] | [[Oregon]] | [[South Dakota]]
 +
 
 +
===Legislatively-referred constitutional amendments===
 +
Every state except for [[Delaware]] has {{lrcafull}}s.
 +
 
 +
===Initiated state statutes===
 +
21 states where citizens can {{issfull}}, they are:
  
 
[[Alaska]] | [[Arizona]] | [[Arkansas]] | [[California]] | [[Colorado]] | [[Idaho]] | [[Maine]] | [[Massachusetts]] | [[Michigan]] | [[Missouri]] | [[Montana]] | [[Nebraska]]<br>[[Nevada]] | [[North Dakota]] | [[Ohio]] | [[Oklahoma]] | [[Oregon]] | [[South Dakota]] | [[Utah]] | [[Washington]] | [[Wyoming]]
 
[[Alaska]] | [[Arizona]] | [[Arkansas]] | [[California]] | [[Colorado]] | [[Idaho]] | [[Maine]] | [[Massachusetts]] | [[Michigan]] | [[Missouri]] | [[Montana]] | [[Nebraska]]<br>[[Nevada]] | [[North Dakota]] | [[Ohio]] | [[Oklahoma]] | [[Oregon]] | [[South Dakota]] | [[Utah]] | [[Washington]] | [[Wyoming]]
  
====24 states and 1 unincorporated organized territory with legislatively-referred law/statutes====
+
===Legislatively-referred state statutes===
 +
24 states and 1 unincorporated organized territory with {{lrssfull}}, they are:
  
 
[[Arizona]] | [[Arkansas]] | [[California]] | [[Colorado]] | [[Delaware]] | [[Idaho]] | [[Illinois]] | [[Kentucky]] | [[Maine]] | [[Maryland]] | [[Massachusetts]] | [[Michigan]] | [[Missouri]]<br>[[Montana]] | [[Nebraska]] | [[Nevada]] | [[New Mexico]] | [[North Dakota]] | [[Ohio]] | [[Oklahoma]] | [[Oregon]] | Puerto Rico | [[South Dakota]] | [[Utah]] | [[Washington]]
 
[[Arizona]] | [[Arkansas]] | [[California]] | [[Colorado]] | [[Delaware]] | [[Idaho]] | [[Illinois]] | [[Kentucky]] | [[Maine]] | [[Maryland]] | [[Massachusetts]] | [[Michigan]] | [[Missouri]]<br>[[Montana]] | [[Nebraska]] | [[Nevada]] | [[New Mexico]] | [[North Dakota]] | [[Ohio]] | [[Oklahoma]] | [[Oregon]] | Puerto Rico | [[South Dakota]] | [[Utah]] | [[Washington]]
  
====25 states where citizens can overturn state statutes through veto referendum====
+
===Veto referendum===
 +
25 states where citizens can overturn state statutes through {{vrfull}}, they are:
  
 
[[Alaska]] | [[Arizona]] | [[Arkansas]] | [[California]] | [[Colorado]] | [[Idaho]] | [[Kentucky]] | [[Maine]] | [[Maryland]]<br>[[Massachusetts]] | [[Michigan]] | [[Missouri]] | [[Montana]] | [[Nebraska]] | [[Nevada]] | [[New Mexico]] | [[North Dakota]] | [[Ohio]]<br>[[Oklahoma]] | [[Oregon]] | [[South Dakota]] | [[Utah]] | [[Washington]] | [[Washington, D.C.]] | [[Wyoming]]
 
[[Alaska]] | [[Arizona]] | [[Arkansas]] | [[California]] | [[Colorado]] | [[Idaho]] | [[Kentucky]] | [[Maine]] | [[Maryland]]<br>[[Massachusetts]] | [[Michigan]] | [[Missouri]] | [[Montana]] | [[Nebraska]] | [[Nevada]] | [[New Mexico]] | [[North Dakota]] | [[Ohio]]<br>[[Oklahoma]] | [[Oregon]] | [[South Dakota]] | [[Utah]] | [[Washington]] | [[Washington, D.C.]] | [[Wyoming]]
  
====18 states with the right of statewide recall====
+
===Statewide recall===
 +
18 states with the right of statewide recall, they are:
  
 
[[Arizona]] | [[Alaska]] | [[California]] | [[Colorado]] | [[Georgia]] | [[Idaho]] | [[Kansas]] | [[Louisiana]] | [[Michigan]] | [[Minnesota]]<br> [[Montana]] | [[Nevada]] | [[New Jersey]] | [[North Dakota]] | [[Oregon]] | [[Rhode Island]] | [[Washington]] | [[Wisconsin]]
 
[[Arizona]] | [[Alaska]] | [[California]] | [[Colorado]] | [[Georgia]] | [[Idaho]] | [[Kansas]] | [[Louisiana]] | [[Michigan]] | [[Minnesota]]<br> [[Montana]] | [[Nevada]] | [[New Jersey]] | [[North Dakota]] | [[Oregon]] | [[Rhode Island]] | [[Washington]] | [[Wisconsin]]
  
====1 state with the right of statute affirmation====
+
===Right of statute affirmation===
 +
1 state with the right of statute affirmation - [[Nevada]]
  
[[Nevada]]
+
===Right of citizen-initiated grand jury empanelment===
 +
6 states and 1 unincorporated organized territory with the right of citizen-initiated grand jury empanelment, they are:
 +
[[Kansas]] | [[Nebraska]] | [[Nevada]] | [[New Mexico]] | [[North Dakota]] | [[Oklahoma]] | Puerto Rico
  
====6 states and 1 unincorporated organized territory with the right of citizen-initiated grand jury empanelment====
+
== Origin of states' names ==
 +
State names speak to the circumstances of their creation.
  
[[Kansas]] | [[Nebraska]] | [[Nevada]] | [[New Mexico]] | [[North Dakota]] | [[Oklahoma]] | Puerto Rico
+
===British===
 +
: Some states on the Atlantic coast originated from British colonies named after British monarchs: [[Georgia]], the Carolinas, [[Virginia]], and [[Maryland]]. Others, also former British colonies, take their names from places in the British Isles: [[New Hampshire]], [[New Jersey]], and [[New York]]. [[Pennsylvania]], meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the father of its founder, William Penn. [[Delaware]] is named after Thomas West, Lord De La Warr, an early colonist and governor of the Jamestown Colony.
 +
 
 +
===Native American===
 +
: Many states' names are those of Native American tribes or are from Native American languages: [[Alabama]], [[Alaska]], [[Arkansas]], [[Connecticut]], the Dakotas, [[Illinois]], [[Iowa]], [[Kansas]], [[Kentucky]], [[Massachusetts]], [[Michigan]], [[Minnesota]], [[Mississippi]], [[Missouri]], [[Nebraska]], [[Ohio]], [[Oklahoma]], [[Tennessee]], [[Texas]], [[Utah]], [[Wisconsin]] and others. Additionally, the name of [[Idaho]] was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist George M. Willing, though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. [[Indiana]] means literally "land of Indians."
  
====Native American tribes====
+
===Spanish===
 +
: Because they are on territories previously controlled by Spain or Mexico, many states in the southeast and southwest have Spanish names. They include [[Colorado]], [[Florida]], [[Nevada]], [[Montana]], and, ultimately of Native American origin, [[New Mexico]]. [[California]] is also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear.
  
[[Navajo Nation ballot measures|Navajo Nation]] | [[Lumbee Nation]]
+
===French===
 +
: Because it was previously a French colony, [[Louisiana]] is named after Louis XIV (the King of France at the time). [[Maine]] may also be named after the historical French province of Maine, although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland," differentiating it from the outlying islands. [[Vermont]] is derived from the French term for "green mountains", a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.
  
====4 unincorporated organized territories====
+
===Other===
 +
: Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, [[Rhode Island]] likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of Aquidneck Island (the body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of Newport and the towns of Portsmouth and Middletown) to the Greek Isle of Rhodes, however as it was originally an offshoot of the Dutch colony of Nieu Netherlands, it is more likely the name is an Anglicization of the Dutch name for the place, "Rhodt" or simply "Red Island," which probably referred to the color of the soil there.  Providence Plantations, which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds Narragansett Bay, was named by its religious founders for God's divine providence.  The state of [[Washington]] was named after George Washington. [[Arizona]] may come from a Basque term, or it may be of Native American origin. The name [[Hawaii]] came from Hawaiʻiloa, legendary discoverer of the Hawaiian islands.
  
Puerto Rico | Guam | Northern Mariana Islands | Virgin Islands of the United States </center>
+
===Origin unknown===
 +
: The origin of [[Oregon]] is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to be of Native American origin.
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 +
{{Submit a link}}
 
* [[Forms of direct democracy in the American states]]
 
* [[Forms of direct democracy in the American states]]
 
* [[Ballot measure|Understanding different types of ballot measures]]
 
* [[Ballot measure|Understanding different types of ballot measures]]
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* [[Initiative frequency and success throughout the decades]]
 
* [[Initiative frequency and success throughout the decades]]
  
__NOTOC__
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==External links==
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* [http://factfinder.census.gov/bf/_lang=en_vt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_GCTPH1R_US9S_geo_id=01000US.html Tables with areas, populations, densities and more (in order of population)]
 +
* [http://factfinder.census.gov/bf/_lang=en_vt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_GCTPH1_US9_geo_id=01000US.html Tables with areas, populations, densities and more (alphabetical)]
 +
* [http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0854966.html Origin of State Names]
 +
* [http://www.firstgov.gov/Agencies/State_and_Territories.shtml State and Territorial Governments on FirstGov.gov]
 +
* [http://www.statemaster.com/index.php StateMaster - statistical database for US States]
  
[[Category:States]]
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[[Category:Terms and definitions]]
[[Category:Lists on Ballotpedia]]
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[[Category:State portals]]
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Revision as of 12:45, 20 March 2014

A U.S. state is any one of the fifty sub-national entities of the United States. Additionally, there are four U.S. territories - Puerto Rico, Guam, United States Virgin Islands and Northern Mariana Islands.

State governments | Initiative & referendum in the U.S. | Origin of states' names

State governments

See also: U.S. Constitution and Congress

States can organize their state governments any way they like, as long as they conform to the sole requirement of the U.S. Constitution that they have "a Republican Form of Government." In practice, each state has adopted a three branch system of government generally along the sames lines as that of the federal government -- though this is not a requirement.

Nebraska, for example, has a unicameral legislature.

Alabama

See also: Alabama

Alaska

NevadaAlaskaHawaiiArizonaUtahNew MexicoColoradoWyomingCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoMontanaNorth DakotaSouth DakotaNebraskaKansasOklahomaTexasMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaWisconsinIllinoisTennesseeKentuckyIndianaMichiganOhioGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaNorth CarolinaVirginiaWest VirginiaPennsylvaniaNew YorkVermontNew HampshireMassachusettsRhode IslandConnecticutNew JerseyDelawareMarylandPortal:Washington, D.C.MaineUS map.png
See also: Alaska

Arizona

See also: Arizona

Arkansas

See also: Arkansas

California

See also: California

Colorado

See also: Colorado

Connecticut

See also: Connecticut

Delaware

See also: Delaware

Florida

See also: Florida

Georgia

See also: Georgia

Hawaii

See also: Hawaii

Idaho

See also: Idaho

Illinois

Portal:State legislatures
See also: Illinois

Indiana

See also: Indiana

Iowa

See also: Iowa

Kansas

See also: Kansas

Kentucky

See also: Kentucky

Louisiana

See also: Louisiana

Maine

See also: Maine

Maryland

See also: Maryland

Massachusetts

See also: Massachusetts

Michigan

See also: Michigan

Minnesota

See also: Minnesota

Mississippi

See also: Mississippi

Missouri

See also: Missouri

Montana

See also: Montana

Nebraska

See also: Nebraska

Nevada

See also: Nevada

New Hampshire

See also: New Hampshire

New Jersey

See also: New Jersey

New Mexico

See also: New Mexico

New York

See also: New York

North Carolina

See also: North Carolina

North Dakota

See also: North Dakota

Ohio

See also: Ohio

Oklahoma

See also: Oklahoma

Oregon

See also: Oregon

Pennsylvania

See also: Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

See also: Rhode Island

South Carolina

See also: South Carolina

South Dakota

See also: South Dakota

Tennessee

See also: Tennessee

Texas

See also: Texas

Utah

See also: Utah

Vermont

See also: Vermont

Virginia

See also: Virginia

Washington

See also: Washington

West Virginia

See also: West Virginia

Wisconsin

See also: Wisconsin

Wyoming

See also: Wyoming

Initiative & referendum in the U.S.

Portal:Ballot Measures

Initiate constitutional amendments

18 states where citizens can initiated constitutional amendment, they are: Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Florida | Illinois | Massachusetts
Michigan | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | North Dakota
Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | South Dakota

Legislatively-referred constitutional amendments

Every state except for Delaware has legislatively-referred constitutional amendments.

Initiated state statutes

21 states where citizens can initiated state statute, they are:

Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Idaho | Maine | Massachusetts | Michigan | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska
Nevada | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | South Dakota | Utah | Washington | Wyoming

Legislatively-referred state statutes

24 states and 1 unincorporated organized territory with legislatively-referred state statute, they are:

Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Delaware | Idaho | Illinois | Kentucky | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Missouri
Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Mexico | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Puerto Rico | South Dakota | Utah | Washington

Veto referendum

25 states where citizens can overturn state statutes through veto referendum, they are:

Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Idaho | Kentucky | Maine | Maryland
Massachusetts | Michigan | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Mexico | North Dakota | Ohio
Oklahoma | Oregon | South Dakota | Utah | Washington | Washington, D.C. | Wyoming

Statewide recall

18 states with the right of statewide recall, they are:

Arizona | Alaska | California | Colorado | Georgia | Idaho | Kansas | Louisiana | Michigan | Minnesota
Montana | Nevada | New Jersey | North Dakota | Oregon | Rhode Island | Washington | Wisconsin

Right of statute affirmation

1 state with the right of statute affirmation - Nevada

Right of citizen-initiated grand jury empanelment

6 states and 1 unincorporated organized territory with the right of citizen-initiated grand jury empanelment, they are: Kansas | Nebraska | Nevada | New Mexico | North Dakota | Oklahoma | Puerto Rico

Origin of states' names

State names speak to the circumstances of their creation.

British

Some states on the Atlantic coast originated from British colonies named after British monarchs: Georgia, the Carolinas, Virginia, and Maryland. Others, also former British colonies, take their names from places in the British Isles: New Hampshire, New Jersey, and New York. Pennsylvania, meaning "Penn's woods," in Latin, takes its name from the father of its founder, William Penn. Delaware is named after Thomas West, Lord De La Warr, an early colonist and governor of the Jamestown Colony.

Native American

Many states' names are those of Native American tribes or are from Native American languages: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Connecticut, the Dakotas, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin and others. Additionally, the name of Idaho was presented as a Native American word by eccentric lobbyist George M. Willing, though it was later revealed that he likely made it up. Indiana means literally "land of Indians."

Spanish

Because they are on territories previously controlled by Spain or Mexico, many states in the southeast and southwest have Spanish names. They include Colorado, Florida, Nevada, Montana, and, ultimately of Native American origin, New Mexico. California is also believed to be of Spanish origin, though this is not entirely clear.

French

Because it was previously a French colony, Louisiana is named after Louis XIV (the King of France at the time). Maine may also be named after the historical French province of Maine, although another theory derives "Maine" from "mainland," differentiating it from the outlying islands. Vermont is derived from the French term for "green mountains", a reference to its mountainous but forested terrain.

Other

Formally referred to as the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Rhode Island likely gained its name through the supposed similarity of Aquidneck Island (the body of land known as Rhode Island, which contains the city of Newport and the towns of Portsmouth and Middletown) to the Greek Isle of Rhodes, however as it was originally an offshoot of the Dutch colony of Nieu Netherlands, it is more likely the name is an Anglicization of the Dutch name for the place, "Rhodt" or simply "Red Island," which probably referred to the color of the soil there. Providence Plantations, which makes reference to the mainland that surrounds Narragansett Bay, was named by its religious founders for God's divine providence. The state of Washington was named after George Washington. Arizona may come from a Basque term, or it may be of Native American origin. The name Hawaii came from Hawaiʻiloa, legendary discoverer of the Hawaiian islands.

Origin unknown

The origin of Oregon is not certain, although various theories exist, but is most likely to be of Native American origin.

See also

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